Patents Examined by Stanley D. Miller
  • Patent number: 5144254
    Abstract: A frequency synthesizer comprising at least two main PLL's, where each PLL has programmable dividers in both its input path (M and P) and its feedback path (N and Q), and where the first PLL is driven by a reference source of frequency F.sub.ref and has output Fl=(.sup.N /.sub.M) *F.sub.ref, and where this output serves as the input to the second main PLL, whose output in turn is F.sub.out =(.sup.Q /.sub.P) *Fl=(.sup.Q /.sub.P)*(.sup.N /.sub.M)*F.sub.ref, and each of the programmable counters is controlled by a calculation and control means, said synthesizer utilizing a method to produce an output frequency F.sub.out that is a close approximation to a requested frequency F.sub.req. The method includes doing several approximations to the ratio .sup.F req/F.sub.ref, and picking the best, calculating the four integers, generating several signals, and dividing them by said integers, locking said loops, and thereby producing F.sub.out. In one form of the invention, an approximation .sup.X 1/Y.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Inventor: William G. Wilke
  • Patent number: 5144173
    Abstract: A programmable delay line with digital input to a two-part digital-to-analog converter structure to define an equivalent resistance at a pull-down node. Preferred embodiments are configured as two identical halves. The outputs of the two halves are combined to produce an exactly symmetrical waveform. This is particularly advantageous in a programmable delay line, since this architecture assures that control changes which change the delay will not also introduce asymmetry into the output waveform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Dallas Semiconductor Corporation
    Inventor: Titkwan Hui
  • Patent number: 5144156
    Abstract: In a semiconductor phase synchronizing circuit, variations in specific frequency and damping factor due to unavoidable variations in manufacturing conditions are prevented so that variations in phase synchronizing characteristics from one product to another are reduced. A charge pump of the phase synchronizing circuit is provided with a proportional charging electric current source and a proportional discharging electric current source arranged to be in the form of a feedback loop and to pass to a loop filter charging/discharging electric currents which are proportional to a converted electric current (output electric current) of a V/I converting circuit. The proportional charging electric current source is a P-type MOSFET, while the proportional discharging electric current source is an N-type MOSFET. The charge pump is a current mirror circuit in front of which a current mirror circuit of the V/I converting circuit is disposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Takeshi Kawasaki
  • Patent number: 5144172
    Abstract: A circuit for detecting the current in an MOS type power transistor comprises a detection transistor (T2) connected with its drain and gate in common to the power transistor (T1) and having characteristics such that the current flowing through it is equal to a fraction of the current (I1) flowing through the power transistor (T1). Downstream from the detection transistor (T2) is a comparison transistor (T6, T13) for comparing a first current (I3), which is equal to a fraction of the current flowing through the detection transistor, with a second or reference current (Ig1) having a pre-set value. The comparison transistor (T6, T13) produces a detection signal of the value of the current in the power transistor (I1) in relation to the difference between the first current (I3) and the reference current (Ig1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: SGS-Thomson Microelectronics S.r.l.
    Inventors: Sergio Palara, Donato Tagliavia
  • Patent number: 5144462
    Abstract: In a liquid crystal projection color display apparatus having three liquid crystal display devices used for red, green and blue light, each liquid crystal display device has a liquid crystal display panel and a microlens array disposed on the light-source side or the light-source and screen sides of the liquid crystal display panel. The microlens array has a controllable refractive power which is controlled by applying an electrtical power thereto. An electrical voltage is applied between transparent electrodes formed on both surfaces of a microlens array so that the refractive power of the microlens array can be made a value adapted to suit the corresponding one of red, green and blue light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Otsuka, Shin-Ichiro Ishihara, Yoshito Miyatake, Sadayoshi Hotta
  • Patent number: 5144154
    Abstract: A range selecting impedance is switched into or out of a parallel range-selecting network by connecting the impedance across the network through an n-channel and a p-channel FET connected in parallel output configuration. The n-channel FET does the switching if the drains are negative with respect to the sources. The p-channel FET does the switching if the drains are positive with respect to the sources. Each FET is controlled by a gate drive whose output waveform is varied to select the rate at which the FETs switch. In cases of several different switched range impedances, the FETs are used to switch the smallest impedance into the network, another range impedance is selected, and then the FETs used to switch the smallest impedance out of the network. In this way, fast glitch-free range switching is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Keithley Instruments, Inc.
    Inventor: John G. Banaska
  • Patent number: 5144158
    Abstract: A latch circuit including at least three gate circuits, and a noise resistance circuit. A first gate circuit (3, 4, 11, 16) receives a data signal (DT) and a clock signal (CLK). A second gate circuit (1, 7, 13, 17) is connected to an output of the first gate circuit. A third gate circuit (2, 5, 12 18) receives a first inverted clock signal (CLK) at an input terminal. A second input terminal of the third gate circuit is connected to an output of the second gate circuit and is a first output terminal is connected to an input terminal of the second gate circuit, so that a feedback line is formed between the second and third gate circuits. The noise resistance circuit (8, 9, 20, 21) has at least a signal delay element in the feedback line. The noise resistance circuit may include a filter circuit. The noise resistance circuit may also include an amplifier circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Yasunori Kanai, Kazumasa Nawata, Mitsuhisa Shimizu, Hiroki Yada, Taichi Saitoh, Toshiaki Sakai
  • Patent number: 5144157
    Abstract: A timing delay circuit includes a first transistor having a control electrode coupled to an input terminal, a reference electrode coupled to a first DC bias terminal and an output electrode coupled to an output terminal of the timing delay circuit. The timing delay circuit further includes a second transistor having a control electrode coupled to the input terminal, a reference electrode coupled to a second DC bias terminal and an output electrode. The timing delay circuit further includes a third transistor having a control electrode coupled to the output electrode of the second transistor, a reference electrode coupled to the second DC bias terminal and an output electrode coupled to the output terminal of the timing delay circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Mark E. Russell, David C. Miller
  • Patent number: 5144463
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display unit uses a photoconductive type liquid crystal light valve. By using non-monochromatic light as the writing light, the light excitation can be induced near the surface layer of the photoconductive layer by light of a shorter wavelength and also on portions deep in the layer by light of a longer wavelength. Thus, it is possible to induce the light excitation effectively on the photoconductive layer even when it is thick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Pioneer Electronic Corporation
    Inventors: Hideki Hatano, Akira Yokoi, Masayuki Iwasaki, Takashi Yamaji
  • Patent number: 5144174
    Abstract: A programmable delay circuit of the present invention is comprised of an input terminal to which an input signal to be delayed is supplied, N (N.gtoreq.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventor: Daisuke Murakami
  • Patent number: 5144164
    Abstract: A current switching circuit includes first and second FETs of the same channel type whose drain-source paths are commonly connected at one end and whose gates are connected to receive logic input signals in an inverted relation, and the other end of the drain-source path of the first FET is connected to an external circuit. The current switching circuit further includes a bipolar transistor connected to a commonly connected node between the drain-source paths of the first and second FETs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Sugimoto, Satoshi Mizoguchi, Hiromi Mafune
  • Patent number: 5144159
    Abstract: An output of a power-on-reset (POR) circuit is coupled to another circuit which needs to have the logic states thereof reset during each time a power supply used to power same is switched on. The POR circuit includes a first input circuit for generating an output signal that tracks the power supply output voltage Vdd approximately a first predetermined threshold below Vdd, as Vdd ramps up and further includes a second input circuit which generates an output signal which tracks approximately a second predetermined threshold above a second fixed voltage level, e.g., ground. The POR circuit further includes a comparator which compares the output signals from the first and second input circuits and switches an output signal thereof from a first to a second logic state once the input circuit output signals cross each other. A buffer is typically coupled to the output of the comparator to limit loading on same so as not to affect the comparator switching point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Assignee: Delco Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony E. Frisch, David W. Stringfellow
  • Patent number: 5142389
    Abstract: A liquid crystal color display provides a transmitted light output that is of one or more colors, black and/or white, as a function of the color of the incident light input and controlled energization or not of respective optically serially positioned liquid crystal color layers and/or multicolor composite liquid crystal color layer(s) in the display. Each liquid crystal layer may include plural volumes of operationally nematic liquid crystal material in a containment medium that tends to distort the natural liquid crystal structure in the absence of a prescribed input. Each layer includes a dye mixed with the liquid crystal material so as to have a particular coloring effect on light incident thereon. By selectively energizing or not respective portions of respective liquid crystal color layers, a multi-color light output can be produced. Such light output may be employed in a liquid crystal display that produces stationary or moving images.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Manchester R & D Limited Partnership
    Inventor: James L. Fergason
  • Patent number: 5142168
    Abstract: A signal transmission circuit which transmits a signal over a transmission line includes a line driver circuit comprising a differential amplifier and an emitter follower circuit connected thereto, and a metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor which provides a high impedance when power supply from a power supply source is turned off and, thereby, causes the line driver circuit to provide a high output impedance to the transmission line when power supply is turned off.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventor: Hiroshi Matsunaga
  • Patent number: 5142390
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an MIM device having a hard carbon film as the insulator. The hard carbon film contains at least one of the following elements: a group III element, a group IV element, a group V element, an alkali metal element, an alkaline earth metal element, nitrogen, oxygen, a chalcogen element or a halogen element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Eiichi Ohta, Yuji Kimura, Hitoshi Kondo
  • Patent number: 5142169
    Abstract: Synchronization pulses for an internal combustion engine are generated by identifying the second of two consecutive pulses of the same polarity in a pulse train of positive going and negative going pulses. An evaluation pulse sequence is generated which switches from a low level to a high level in response to a positive going pulse and from the high level to a low level in response to a negative going pulse. A synchronization pulse is generated in response to a differentiated pulse derived from the pulse train when the level of the evaluation pulse sequence indicates that a switching pulse of said same polarity as that of the differentiated pulse has just occurred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Klaus Huser
  • Patent number: 5142394
    Abstract: An optical head device has a light source for emitting a light, a polarizing element for converting the linearly polarized emitted light into a concentric-circle polarized light or a radially polarized light, a concentric grating coupler through which the polarized light is introduced into a waveguide layer, and another polarizing element for converting the light radiated from the waveguide layer into a linearly polarized light. The light is applied to and reflected by the surface of an optical disk and introduced into the waveguide layer again as a concentric-circle polarized light or radially polarized light due to reversability of light, whereby the reflected light is detected. Each of the polarizing elements has a twist nematic liquid crystal layer having a linearly oriented liquid crystal orientation surface and a concentric-circle oriented liquid crystal orientation surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junichi Asada, Seiji Nishiwaki, Shinji Uchida
  • Patent number: 5142386
    Abstract: An active matrix liquid crystal display panel is composed of a number of liquid crystal display elements arranged in the form a matrix, each of the liquid crystal display elements being composed of an individual display electrode, a common electrode, and a liquid crystal material sandwiched between the individual display electrode and the common electrode. The individual display electrode of each of the liquid crystal display elements is selectively activated through an associated active element. A liquid crystal display element connected to a defective active element is modified by burning the associated color filter and/or heating the liquid crystal to render the liquid crystal translucent to become a half tone display element, so that the liquid crystal display element connected to the defective active element becomes overshadowed or inconspicuous when the display panel is in operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Shuji Ishihara
  • Patent number: 5142395
    Abstract: An improved liquid crystal device is described. The distance between a pair of substrates is kept constant by means of spacers interposed therebetween. The spacers consist of two kinds of spacers. One kind of spacers is fusable and functions to prevent the distance from expanding. The other kind of spacers is non-fusable and functions to prevent the distance from contracting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunpei Yamazaki, Toshio Watanabe, Hideiaka Nakajima
  • Patent number: 5142387
    Abstract: The projection-type display device has a light source emitting a parallel luminous flux, a liquid crystal light valve disposed on the luminous flux and outputs a rectangular two-dimensional image to be projected on a screen, and a projection lens magnifying the rectangular two-dimensional image output. The light source has a first concave mirror (parabolic mirror) the reflective surface of which is oriented in the direction of emission of the luminous flux, a lamp laced in front of the first concave mirror, and a second concave mirror (parabolic mirror or spherical mirror), the reflective surface of which is oriented toward the first concave mirror. In the second concave mirror is formed an aperture window, which is a rectangle of substantially similar to that of the liquid crystal light valve and emits a rectangular luminous flux.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shinsuke Shikama, Masahiro Usui, Eiichi Toide, Hiroshi Kida, Mitsushige Kondo