Reflective Patents (Class 204/192.27)
  • Patent number: 10557196
    Abstract: A method for reducing the adhesion of dirt to a substrate is provided, where a thin, incompletely closed layer of a material is deposited on at least one surface area of the substrate by means of a vacuum deposition process, and then said surface area is acted upon by accelerated ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Steffen Günther, Cindy Steiner, Jörg Kubusch
  • Patent number: 10466392
    Abstract: A window or other component may have glass layers and an interposed polymer layer in which a textured light-scattering layer with a diffuse reflectivity is embedded. The textured light-scattering layer may have a textured polymer carrier film coated with a partially reflective layer such as a metal layer. The polymer carrier film may be textured to cause gaps to form within the partially reflective layer. The gaps may be patterned to form ohmic heating current paths or other signal paths through the partially reflective layer. The partially reflective layer may also serve as an electrode in a light modulator such as a liquid crystal light modulator or other light modulator. Images may be projected onto the textured light-scattering layer. The light-scattering layer may also help extract light from a light guiding layer adjacent to the partially reflective layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Melcher, Christopher D. Jones, James R. Wilson, Matthew S. Rogers, Clarisse Mazuir, Gregory A. Cohoon, Matthew E. Last
  • Patent number: 10388421
    Abstract: A laminated metal consisting of any metallic or semi-metallic base material onto which alternate layers of monocrystalline nickel and monolayer graphene are deposited. The base material can be any metal, such as alloys of steel, copper, aluminum, nickel, palladium, cobalt, platinum, or silicon. The finished material will have one or more layers of nickel/graphene on its surface. In the case of wire, the layers are coaxial to the core material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Inventor: Thomas A. Barkow
  • Patent number: 10126020
    Abstract: Selective solar absorbent coating and manufacturing method, with solar absorption and low emissivity properties. The coating comprises a substrate (1) of metal, dielectric or ceramic material, at least one highly reflective metal layer (2) in mid-far infrared applied to the substrate itself which provides low emissivity properties, a mufti-layer structure of alternating dielectric and metallic layers (3) of subnanometric thickness applied to the reflective metal layer and at least one dielectric layer (4) that acts as an anti-reflective layer for the solar spectrum. The coating is applicable as a selective absorbent coating in absorbent tubes for parabolic-trough solar collectors, in solar panels for hot water, heating or domestic cooling, both in the form of absorbent tubes and absorbent sheets, in capture systems in tower solar thermoelectric power plants, and in capture systems in Stirling disk systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Abengoa Solar New Technologies, S.A.
    Inventors: Francisco Villuendas Yuste, Carlos Alcañiz Garcia, Rafael Alonso Esteban, Javier Pelayo Zueco, Jesús Mario Subías Domingo, Carlos Heras Vila, Noelia Martínez Sanz
  • Patent number: 10007037
    Abstract: An infrared-ray reflective film (100) of the present invention is configured by disposing an infrared reflective layer (20) and a transparent protective layer (30) on a transparent film backing (10) in this order. The infrared reflective layer (20) comprises: a first metal oxide layer (21); a metal layer (25) made of a silver alloy containing silver in an amount of 96 to 99.9 weight %; and a second metal oxide layer (22), which are arranged in this order from the side of the transparent film backing (10), wherein each of the first metal oxide layer (21) and the second metal oxide layer (22) is in direct contact with the metal layer (25). There is no metal layer between the transparent film backing (10) and the infrared reflective layer (20) and between the infrared reflective layer (20) and the transparent protective layer (30). Preferably, the infrared-ray reflective film of the present invention has a visible ray transmittance of 65% or more, a shading coefficient of less than 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Junichi Fujisawa, Yutaka Ohmori, Masahiko Watanabe
  • Patent number: 9994490
    Abstract: A building material includes a base material, a first mirror coating formed on the surface of the base material, a second mirror coating formed on the surface of the first mirror coating, wherein the first mirror coating contains a filler and a first resin material, the pencil hardness of the first mirror coating is in the range of about 3H to about 8H, the second mirror coating contains at least a second resin material, and the pencil hardness of the second mirror coating is in the range of about B to about 2H.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: NICHIHA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Miho Murase, Hiroyuki Taguchi
  • Patent number: 9977157
    Abstract: A dielectric mirror includes a coating having alternating high and low index layers. The mirror coating has no metallic reflective layer, and may have film side and/or glass side visible reflection of from about 50-90% (more preferably from about 60-80% and most preferably from about 65-75%) and visible transmission of from about 10-50% (more preferably from about 20-40%, and most preferably from about 25-35%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Guardian Europe S.à r.l.
    Inventor: Gyorgy Vikor
  • Patent number: 9970684
    Abstract: The present invention addresses the issue of providing an optical selective film that contributes to efficiently converting light into heat. This optical selective film is characterized in that: the optical selective film includes at least an Ag-containing layer, and an Ag diffusion prevention layer that is disposed adjacent to the Ag-containing layer; and the Ag diffusion prevention layer contains FeSix (X=1 to 2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI, JAPAN FINE CERAMICS CENTER
    Inventors: Takuhito Tsutsui, Kazuto Noritake, Toru Sasatani, Yoshiki Okuhara, Seiichi Suda
  • Patent number: 9932267
    Abstract: An architectural transparency includes a substrate, a first dielectric layer formed over at least a portion of the substrate, a continuous metallic layer formed over at least a portion of the first dielectric layer, a second dielectric layer formed over at least a portion of the first metallic layer, and a subcritical metallic layer formed over at least a portion of the second dielectric layer such that the subcritical metallic layer forms discontinuous metallic regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: Vitro, S.A.B. de C.V.
    Inventors: Adam D. Polcyn, Andrew V. Wagner, Harry Buhay, Abhinav Bhandari, James J. Finley, Paul R. Ohodnicki, Jr., Dennis J. O'Shaughnessy, Jeffrey A. Benigni, Paul A. Medwick, James P. Thiel
  • Patent number: 9671609
    Abstract: A display device includes a printed circuit board (PCB) having a plurality of light emitting members, an anti-moiré member spaced away from the plurality of light emitting members at about a first distance (d), and a frame member receiving the PCB such that the PCB is interposed between the anti-moiré and the frame member. The anti-moiré member includes a first layer disposed to face the PCB and having a first foil with a randomized pattern surface. The first distance (d) equals L/(2*tan (?)). The second distance (L) is a shortest distance between two adjacent light emitting members. Each of the array of light emitting members has a radiation angle ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignees: SCT TECHNOLOGY, LTD., DISPLAY SYSTEMS AS
    Inventors: Shahnad Nadershahi, Kjetil Osa Edvardsen
  • Patent number: 9630875
    Abstract: A coated glass pane comprising at least the following layers in sequence: a glass substrate; a lower anti-reflection layer; a silver-based functional layer; a barrier layer, comprising at least the following three partial barrier layers in sequence from the silver-based functional layer, a lower partial barrier layer based on an oxide of Zn, Ti, ZnSn, InSn, Zr, Al, Sn and/or Si, and/or an (oxi)nitride of Si and/or of Al, having a thickness of at most 5 nm, a central partial barrier layer based on an oxide of Zn, Ti, Zn Sn, InSn, Zr, Al, Sn and/or Si, and/or an (oxi)nitride of Si and/or of Al, having a thickness of at most 5 nm, and an upper partial barrier layer based on an oxide of Zn, Ti, Zn Sn, InSn, Zr, Al, Sn and/or Si, and/or an (oxi)nitride of Si and/or of Al, having a thickness of at most 10 nm; and an upper anti-reflection layer; wherein the central partial barrier layer has a different composition to both the lower partial barrier layer and the upper partial barrier layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Pilkington Group Limited
    Inventors: Neil McSporran, Monica Joscelyn Hughes, Gregory Charles Bernard Clarke
  • Patent number: 9512953
    Abstract: Provided is a thermal insulation laminate having both of an excellent thermal insulation property and high visible light transmittance, and further having a provided antifouling property and an excellent scratch resistance. A thermal insulation laminate includes a photocatalytic layer (4); a transparent thermal insulation layer (10) having two transparent base plates (1, 1) and composite materials including a fiber assembly (2) and inorganic particles (3) therebetween; and an adhesive layer (5); the photocatalytic layer (4) is an outermost layer of one side thereof, and the adhesive layer (5) is an outermost layer of other side. A hard coat layer may be sandwiched in either at least one of between the photocatalytic layer (4) and the transparent thermal insulation layer (10), and between the transparent thermal insulation layer (10) and the adhesive layer (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Mogi, Yoshihiro Kubota
  • Patent number: 9397304
    Abstract: The invention relates to a transparent substrate for an organic light-emitting device comprising an electrode-bearing carrier, said electrode consisting in a multilayer comprising at least, in order starting from the substrate, a first dielectric layer (D1), a first conduction metal layer (M1), a second dielectric layer (D2), a second conduction metal layer (M2), and a third dielectric layer (D3), the conduction metal layers (M) in the electrode (11) being two in number, and the third dielectric layer (D3) not comprising an indium-oxide-based layer. It is characterised in that the geometric thickness of the second dielectric layer (D2) is at least 65 nm and the geometric thickness of the first conduction metal layer (M1) is at least 8.5 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventors: Benoit Domercq, Philippe Roquiny
  • Patent number: 9110390
    Abstract: A method of in situ treating an optical component reflecting EUV and/or soft X-ray radiation in an optical device includes providing at least one source of one or several surface materials in a vacuum chamber of the optical device where the optical component is arranged. The optical component includes one or several reflecting surfaces having a top layer of one or several surface materials. The method includes providing a source of the one or several surface materials in the chamber, and depositing surface material from the source on the one or several reflecting surfaces during operation and/or during operation-pauses of the optical device in order to cover or substitute deposited contaminant material and/or to compensate for ablated surface material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILPS N.V.
    Inventors: Peter Zink, Christof Metzmacher, Rolf Theo Anton Apetz
  • Patent number: 9025242
    Abstract: An infrared reflector is provided. The infrared reflector includes a metallic substrate coated with a layer of zirconium and chromium nitride of general formula (ZrxCr1-x)1-yNy with x between 0.15 and 0.7 and y between 0.01 and 0.265. A method of manufacturing this infrared reflector is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Arcelormittal Investigación y Desarrollo, S.L.
    Inventors: Claire Poirier, Christophe Le Pen
  • Patent number: 9017525
    Abstract: In a method for forming a metal fluoride film, a metal fluoride film is formed on a substrate by sputtering using a metal target and a mixed gas containing O2 gas and a reactive gas being a fluorocarbon gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hideo Akiba
  • Publication number: 20150109694
    Abstract: A textured reflector for a solar cell of thin film type is produced by deposition of a metal film on a support through openings of a mask. The mask is formed by a thin film formed by coplanar and preferably joined balls, the gaps between the balls forming the openings of the mask. The thin film is further advantageously formed by balls made from silica or from polymer material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: COMMISSARIAT À L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: Cédric Ducros, Helga Szambolics
  • Publication number: 20150055108
    Abstract: A mirror (1) for the EUV wavelength range having a reflectivity of greater than 40% for at least one angle of incidence of between 0° and 25° includes a substrate (S) and a layer arrangement, wherein the layer arrangement has at least one non-metallic individual layer (B, H, M), and wherein the non-metallic individual layer (B, H, M) has a doping with impurity atoms of between 10 ppb and 10%, in particular between 100 ppb and 0.1%, providing the non-metallic individual layer (B, H, M) with a charge carrier density of greater than 6*1010 cm?3 and/or an electrical conductivity of greater than 1*10?3 S/m, in particular with a charge carrier density of greater than 6*1013 cm?3 and/or an electrical conductivity of greater than 1 S/m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Huber, Gisela Von Blanckenhagen
  • Publication number: 20150034989
    Abstract: an anisotropic conductive adhesive which uses conductive particles where a silver-based metal is used as a conductive layer, having high light reflectance and excellent migration resistance is provided. The anisotropic conductive adhesive includes light reflective conductive particles in an insulating adhesive resin. The light reflective conductive particle includes a light reflective metal layer made of a metal alloy including silver, gold and hafnium formed on the surface of a resin particle as a core by sputtering method. The light reflective metal layer is preferably formed having a composition ratio of a silver of at least 50% by weight to at most 80% by weight: a gold of at least 10% by weight to at most 45%: a hafnium of at least 10% by weight to at most 40% by weight, and a total ratio does not exceed 100% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Hidetsugu NAMIKI, Shiyuki KANISAWA, Hideaki UMAKOSHI, Masaharu AOKI, Akira ISHIGAMI
  • Publication number: 20150010770
    Abstract: A chromium-based reflective coating for a polymeric substrate, wherein the coating has a thickness of 200 nm or less and is an alloy of chromium and a dopant material, the dopant material being selected from the hexagonally close-packed transition metals, the alloy having a crystal structure of a primary body-centered cubic phase in coexistence with a secondary omega hexagonally close-packed phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicants: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA, SMR PATENTS S.A.R.L.
    Inventors: Drew Raymond Evans, Kamil Zuber, Colin James Hall, Simon David Field
  • Patent number: 8916032
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an improved method of LED reflector manufacturing process where the method includes providing a substrate, wherein said substrate comprises a reflector unit, and a Light Emitting Diode; providing a shield member with ferromagnetic property; placing said shield member over the desired area of over the substrate; providing a magnet where said shield member is attracted to; placing said magnet immediately below the substrate wherein said magnet is capable of immobilizing the shield member over the substrate; performing a vacuum deposition coating; and removing the magnet and the shield member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Inventors: Roger Wen Yi Hsu, Shu-Yu Hsu, Shu-His Hsu
  • Publication number: 20140356638
    Abstract: A method of fabricating a component for use in a watch includes a step of depositing a first thin film on a wafer wherein the first thin film is adapted to allow light reflected away from the wafer to be indicative of a first color characteristic. The step of depositing the first thin film is performed by using a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition process or a low pressure chemical vapor deposition process. The method may further include a step of fabricating a second color characteristic, including defining a pattern on the first thin film using photolithography, and, processing a region within a boundary of the pattern so that the region is adapted to allow light reflected away from the wafer to be indicative of the second color characteristic. The step of processing the region within the boundary of the pattern includes depositing a metal or a ceramic material within the boundary of the pattern which is indicative of the second color characteristic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Ying Nan WANG, Ching Tom KONG
  • Patent number: 8900423
    Abstract: A method for forming boron oxide films formed using reactive sputtering. The boron oxide films are candidates as an anti-reflection coating. Boron oxide films with a refractive index of about 1.38 can be formed. The boron oxide films can be formed using power densities between 2 W/cm2 and 11 W/cm2 applied to the target. The oxygen in the reactive sputtering atmosphere can be between 40 volume % and 90 volume %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Intermolecular, Inc.
    Inventors: Guowen Ding, Mohd Fadzli Anwar Hassan, Minh Huu Le, Zhi-Wen Sun, Yu Wang
  • Patent number: 8894826
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for forming a thin film of a copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS)-type material are disclosed. The method includes providing first and second targets in a common sputtering chamber. The first target includes a source of CIGS material, such as an approximately stoichiometric polycrystalline CIGS material, and the second target includes a chalcogen, such as selenium, sulfur, tellurium, or a combination of these elements. The second target provides an excess of chalcogen in the chamber. This can compensate, at least in part, for the loss of chalcogen from the CIGS-source in the first target, resulting in a thin film with a controlled stoichiometry which provides effective light absorption when used in a solar cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventors: Jesse A. Frantz, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, Robel Y. Bekele, Vinh Q Nguyen, Ishwar D. Aggarwal, Allan J. Bruce, Michael Cyrus, Sergey V. Frolov
  • Publication number: 20140322507
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for forming low emissivity panels. In some embodiments, a partially fabricated panel may be provided that includes a substrate, a reflective layer formed over the substrate, and a barrier layer formed over the reflective layer such that the reflective layer is formed between the substrate and the barrier layer. The barrier layer may include a partially oxidized alloy of three or more metals. A first interface layer may be formed over the barrier layer. A top dielectric layer may be formed over the first interface layer. The top dielectric layer may be formed using reactive sputtering in an oxygen containing environment. The first interface layer may prevent further oxidation of the partially oxidized alloy of the three or more metals when forming the top dielectric layer. A second interface layer may be formed over the top dielectric layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Intermolecular Inc.
    Inventors: Guowen Ding, Jeremy Cheng, Muhammad Imran, Minh Huu Le, Daniel Schweigert, Yongli Xu, Guizhen Zhang
  • Patent number: 8864955
    Abstract: The invention is related to a process to apply a heater function to a plastic glass that was made of a polycarbonate. The process includes a sputtering process that allows producing high performance heater function on a plastic glass. Another aspect of the invention is the plastic glass mirrors produced by the inventive process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: SMR Patents S.a.r.l.
    Inventors: Gilles Benoit, Farid Manzeh, Christophe Laloup
  • Publication number: 20140308528
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for forming a low emissivity panel. In various embodiments, a partially fabricated panel may be provided. The partially fabricated panel may include a substrate, a reflective layer formed over the substrate, and a top dielectric layer formed over the reflective layer such that the reflective layer is formed between the substrate and the top dielectric layer. The top dielectric layer may include tin having an oxidation state of +4. An interface layer may be formed over the top dielectric layer. A top diffusion layer may be formed over the interface layer. The top diffusion layer may be formed in a nitrogen plasma environment. The interface layer may substantially prevent nitrogen from the nitrogen plasma environment from reaching the top dielectric layer and changing the oxidation state of tin included in the top dielectric layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: Intermolecular Inc.
    Inventors: Guowen Ding, Brent Boyce, Jeremy Cheng, Jose Ferreira, Muhammad Imran, Minh Huu Le, Daniel Schweigert, Yu Wang, Yongli Xu, Guizhen Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140268377
    Abstract: Systems and methods for improving the performance of one way mirror applications are disclosed. Methods consistent with the present disclosure include introducing a glass substrate into a processing chamber. The processing chamber comprises a sputter target assembly disposed over the substrate. Next, depositing metal silicide material within a plurality of site-isolated regions on the substrate to form a metal silicide coating within each region. Notably, each metal silicide coating has a thickness between 0.001 and 0.5 microns. Finally, evaluating results of the metal silicide coating formed within the plurality of site-isolated regions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Intermolecular, Inc.
    Inventors: Xuena Zhang, Dipankar Pramanik
  • Publication number: 20140272395
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for forming low emissivity panels that may include a first reflective layer, a second reflective layer, and a spacer layer disposed between the first reflective layer and the second reflective layer. In some embodiments, the spacer layer may have a thickness of between about 20 nm and 90 nm. The spacer layer may include a bi-metal oxide that may include tin, and may further include one of zinc, aluminum, or magnesium. The spacer layer may have a substantially amorphous structure. Moreover, the spacer layer may have a substantially uniform composition throughout the thickness of the spacer layer. The low emissivity panel may be configured to have a color change as determined by Rg ?E (i.e. as determined on the glass side) that is less than about 1.7 in response to an application of a heat treatment to the low emissivity panel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Intermolecular Inc.
    Inventors: Guowen Ding, Jeremy Cheng, Tong Ju, Minh Huu Le, Daniel Schweigert, Zhi-Wen Wen Sun, Yongli Xu, Guizhen Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140272354
    Abstract: Low emissivity panels can include a separation layer of Zn2SnOx between multiple infrared reflective stacks. The low emissivity panels can also include NiNbTiOx as barrier layer. The low emissivity panels have high light to solar gain, color neutral, together with similar observable color before and after a heat treatment process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: INTERMOLECULAR INC.
    Inventors: Guowen Ding, Jeremy Cheng, Tong Ju, Minh Huu Le, Phil Lingle, Daniel Schweigert, Zhi-Wen Wen Sun, Guizhen Zhang
  • Patent number: 8828194
    Abstract: A layer system that can be annealed comprises a transparent substrate, preferably a glass substrate, and a first layer sequence which is applied directly to the substrate or to one or more bottom layers that are deposited onto the substrate. The layer sequence includes a substrate-proximal blocking layer, a selective layer and a substrate-distal blocking layer. Also provided is a method for producing a layer system that can be annealed and has a sufficient quality even under critical climatic conditions and/or undefined conditions of the substrate. During the heat treatment (annealing, bending), the color location of the layer system is maintained substantially stable and the color location can be widely varied at a low emissivity of the layer system. For this purpose, a first dielectric intermediate layer is interposed between the substrate-proximal blocking layer and the selective layer and is configured as a substoichiometric gradient layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Fiukowski, Matthias List, Hans-Christian Hecht, Falk Milde
  • Patent number: 8821697
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for sputter depositing silver selenide and controlling defect formation in and on a sputter deposited silver selenide film are provided. A method of forming deposited silver selenide comprising both alpha and beta phases is further provided. The methods include depositing silver selenide using sputter powers of less than about 200 W, using sputter power densities of less than about 1 W/cm2, using sputter pressures of less than about 40 mTorr and preferably less than about 10 mTorr, using sputter gasses with molecular weight greater than that of neon, using cooling apparatus having a coolant flow rate at least greater than 2.5 gallons per minute and a coolant temperature less than about 25° C., using a magnetron sputtering system having a magnetron placed a sufficient distance from a silver selenide sputter target so as to maintain a sputter target temperature of less than about 350° C. and preferably below about 250° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jiutao Li, Allen McTeer
  • Publication number: 20140233093
    Abstract: The invention relates to multilayer systems for selective reflection of electromagnetic radiation from the wavelength spectrum of sunlight, and to a method for producing said systems on suitable, preferably polymeric, carrier materials. Such a multilayer system of the invention is formed with at least one layer composed of silver or silver alloy, which is coated over the whole area on both surfaces with in each case a seed layer and a cap layer. In this case, the seed layer and cap layer are formed from dielectric material. These are ZnO and/or ZnO:X. In this case, at least one such multilayer system is formed on a flexible polymeric substrate, preferable a film which is optically transparent in the visible spectral range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: SOUTHWALL EUROPE GMBH
    Inventors: Roland Claus Thielsch, Ronny Kleinhempel, Andre Karl-Heinz Wahl
  • Publication number: 20140217450
    Abstract: An anisotropic conductive adhesive which uses conductive particles where a silver-based metal is used as a conductive layer, having high light reflectance and excellent migration resistance is provided. The anisotropic conductive adhesive includes light reflective conductive particles in an insulating adhesive resin. The light reflective conductive particle includes a light reflective metal layer made of a metal having at least 60% of reflectance at a peak wavelength of 460 nm formed on the surface of a resin particle as a core, and a coating layer made of a silver alloy formed on the surface of the light reflective metal layer. The light reflective metal layer is preferably formed by a plating method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventors: Akira ISHIGAMI, Shiyuki KANISAWA, Hidetsugu NAMIKI, Hideaki UMAKOSHI, Masaharu AOKI
  • Publication number: 20140198306
    Abstract: A multilayer mirror for use in device lithography is configured to reflect and/or pattern radiation having a wavelength in the range of about 6.4 nm to about 7.2 nm. The multilayer mirror has a plurality of alternating layers of materials. The plurality of alternating layers of materials include first layers of materials and second layers of materials. The second layers have a higher refractive index for the radiation than the first layers. The materials of the first layers and the materials of the second layers are mutually chemically unreactive at an interface therebetween at temperatures less than 300° C. This may allow the mirrors to have a narrow boundary region of intermingled materials from alternating layers between the layers, for example of 0.5 nm or less in width, which may improve sharpness of the boundary region and improve reflectivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: ASML Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Andrei Mikhailovich Yakunin, Denis Alexandrovich Glushkov, Vladimir Nikolaevich Polkovnikov, Nikolay Nikolaevitch Salashchenko, Leonid Aizikovitch Sjmaenok
  • Patent number: 8764950
    Abstract: Conventional electrochromic devices frequently suffer from poor reliability and poor performance. Improvements are made using entirely solid and inorganic materials. Electrochromic devices are fabricated by forming an ion conducting electronically-insulating interfacial region that serves as an IC layer. In some methods, the interfacial region is formed after formation of an electrochromic and a counter electrode layer. The interfacial region contains an ion conducting electronically-insulating material along with components of the electrochromic and/or the counter electrode layer. Materials and microstructure of the electrochromic devices provide improvements in performance and reliability over conventional devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: View, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhongchun Wang, Anshu Pradhan, Robert Rozbicki
  • Patent number: 8764951
    Abstract: Conventional electrochromic devices frequently suffer from poor reliability and poor performance. Improvements are made using entirely solid and inorganic materials. Electrochromic devices are fabricated by forming an ion conducting electronically-insulating interfacial region that serves as an IC layer. In some methods, the interfacial region is formed after formation of an electrochromic and a counter electrode layer. The interfacial region contains an ion conducting electronically-insulating material along with components of the electrochromic and/or the counter electrode layer. Materials and microstructure of the electrochromic devices provide improvements in performance and reliability over conventional devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: View, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhongchun Wang, Anshu Pradhan, Robert Rozbicki
  • Publication number: 20140173894
    Abstract: A method of coating a rear glass substrate for an electrochromic reflective element includes providing a fixture having a recess and a masking element extending from a perimeter region of the recess over a portion of the recess. The masking element includes a disc portion and an arm portion extending between the disc portion and the perimeter region of the recess of the fixture. A rear glass substrate is positioned in the recess and the masking element extends over and is spaced from the surface of the glass substrate. The glass substrate surface is coated with a mirror reflector coating. The masking element is shaped such that the mirror reflector coating is deposited at the surface behind the arm portion but is substantially not deposited behind the disc portion so as to establish a window region through the mirror reflector coating at the glass substrate surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: MAGNA MIRRORS OF AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: John T. Uken, Michael J. Baur, Ian A. McCabe, Hamid Habibi
  • Publication number: 20140112452
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a double-multilayer monochromator. The monochromator comprises a base, a housing moveably mounted on the base and having in one side thereof at least one inlet window for the inlet of a X-ray beam and in another side thereof an outlet window for the outlet a monochromatized X-ray beam, support means mounted in the housing to support opposed mirror pairs, wherein each of the mirrors has a coated surface, each of said coated mirror surfaces being coated with a multilayer coating in alternating layers of a scatterer material (A) having a thickness dA and a spacer material (B) having a thickness dB. The present monochromator provides an enhanced purity of the synchrotron beam, where even and odd orders of higher harmonics are rejected. This is achieved in that the ratio dA:(dA+dB) on one of the facing mirrors of the mirror pairs is about 1:2 and the ratio dA:(dA+dB) on the other of the facing mirrors of the mirror pairs is about 1:3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Zentrum Für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Stoermer, Astrid Haibel
  • Patent number: 8679302
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to a layer of or including Ti1-xSixOy and/or a method of making the same. In certain example embodiments, the Ti1-xSixOy-based layer may be substoichiometric with respect to oxygen. In certain example embodiments of this invention, the layer may include Ti1-xSixOy where x is from about 0.05 to 0.95 (more preferably from about 0.1 to 0.9, and even more preferably from about 0.2 to 0.8, and possibly from about 0.5 to 0.8) and y is from about 0.2 to 2 (more preferably from about 1 to 2, and even more preferably from about 1.5 to 2, and possibly from about 1.9 to 2). The layer may have an index of refraction of from about 1.6 to 1.9. The layer may also be used with a transparent conductive oxide in a transparent conductive coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Yiwei Lu
  • Patent number: 8663433
    Abstract: A coated article is provided with at least one infrared (IR) reflecting layer. In certain embodiments, the coating is provided with at least one layer of zirconium silicon oxynitride (e.g., ZrSiOxNy), for improving the coated article's ability to block of UV radiation. The oxygen content of the layer may be adjusted in order to tune the coating's visible transmission versus UV blockage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignees: Guardian Industries Corp., Centre Luxembourg de Recherches pour le Verre et la Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.)
    Inventors: Ratchaneekorn Chonlamaitri, Anton Dietrich, Bernd Disteldorf
  • Publication number: 20140055857
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to sputtered aluminum second surface mirrors with tapes optionally provided thereto, and/or methods of making the same. The tape replaces the paint backing that conventionally is used in the mirror industry to help protect the reflecting member of the mirror from the ingress of moisture. The final layer of the thin film layer stack is selected so as to help make its interface with the tape less sensitive to moisture. Because the safety tape can remain adhered to the layer stack even in high humidity environments, such minors may be used in a potentially broader array of applications and/or environments such as, for example, bathrooms, interior and/or exterior applications in areas where there are humid climates, etc. In one of the example embodiments, the tape is a safety tape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Alexey KRASNOV, Willem DEN BOER, Lisa GREEN
  • Patent number: 8652306
    Abstract: To provide a method for manufacturing a mask blank capable of manufacturing a high quality mask blank that suppresses generation of defects in a thin film for forming a mask pattern with high yields, a method for manufacturing a transfer mask that manufactures the thin film of the mask blank by patterning, and a sputtering target used for manufacturing the mask blank. By using the sputtering target containing silicon and having a hardness of 900 HV or more in Vickers' hardness, the thin film for forming the mask pattern on a substrate is formed by sputtering, and the high quality mask blank that suppresses generating of defects is manufactured, and further the transfer mask is manufactured by patterning the thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventor: Masaru Mitsui
  • Publication number: 20130342900
    Abstract: A reflection layer system and a method for the production thereof for front-surface mirrors for solar applications are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: VON ARDENNE Anlagentechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Christoph Koeckert, Markus Berendt
  • Publication number: 20130344321
    Abstract: A coated glass pane comprising at least the following layers in sequence: a glass substrate; a lower anti-reflection layer, comprising in sequence from the glass substrate; a layer based on an oxide of Zn and Sn and/or an oxide of Sn, a separation layer based on a metal oxide and/or an (oxi)nitride of silicon and/or an (oxi)nitride of aluminum, and a top layer based on an oxide of Zn; and a silver-based functional layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: PILKINGTON GROUP LIMITED
    Inventors: Neil McSporran, Monica Joscelyn Hughes, Gregory Clarke
  • Patent number: 8562794
    Abstract: To provide a process for producing an EUV mask blank, capable of reducing foreign matter attributable to a sputtering target, and a process for producing a substrate with a functional film for such a mask blank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Junichi Kageyama
  • Patent number: 8551300
    Abstract: A coated article, and a corresponding method of making the same are provided. The coated article includes a coating supported by a substrate, the coating including a thin metal or metal nitride contact layer (e.g., NiCr, Ni, Cr, CrNx or NiCrNx) located directly between and contacting an infrared (IR) reflecting layer (e.g., Ag) and an oxide barrier layer (e.g., NiCrOx).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventor: Grzegorz Stachowiak
  • Publication number: 20130256121
    Abstract: The present invention provides a manufacturing method of a reflective layer for a reflective type liquid crystal display, comprising: providing a manufacturing method of the reflective layer for a reflective type liquid crystal display, comprising: providing a substrate, the substrate comprising a reflective area and a non-reflective area; coating a photoresist to cover the non-reflective area; placing the substrate in a sputtering chamber for depositing a reflective metal layer on the reflective area of the substrate; passing the reaction gas into the sputtering chamber, and using the RF magnetron sputtering method to bombard the surface of the reflective metal layer such that the surface of the reflective metal layer and the reaction gas react to form a metal compound as the reflective layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: Shenzhen China Star Optoelcetronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jun Wang
  • Patent number: 8542424
    Abstract: A heat resistant black coating film which is capable of making the surface of optical members to be low reflection property and black property, a black light shading plate having a resin film using the same as a base substrate, and a diaphragm, a diaphragm device for light intensity adjustment and a shutter using the same, and heat resistant light shading tape. They are provided by a black coating film (A), where a titanium oxide film containing titanium and oxygen as main components, and having an oxygen content of from 0.7 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Abe, Katsushi Ono, Yukio Tsukakoshi
  • Patent number: 8524051
    Abstract: A coated article is provided that may be heat treated in certain example embodiments. A graded layer (e.g., contact layer or other suitable layer) is formed by initially sputter-depositing a layer, and thereafter ion beam treating the sputter-deposited layer with at least reactive gas ions in order to form a graded layer. In certain example embodiments, the result is a coated article that has improved visible transmission and/or durability, without sacrificing optional heat treatability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignees: Centre Luxembourg de Recherches pour le Verre et al Ceramique S. A. (C.R.V.C.), Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Jens-Peter Muller, Vijayen S Veerasamy