With Metal Or Metal Oxide Patents (Class 208/110)
  • Patent number: 10829701
    Abstract: Novel catalysts comprising nickel oxide nanoparticles supported on alumina nanoparticles, methods of their manufacture, heavy oil compositions contacted by these nanocatalysts and methods of their use are disclosed. The novel nanocatalysts are useful, inter alia, in the upgrading of heavy oil fractions or as aids in oil recovery from well reservoirs or downstream processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Petroraza SAS
    Inventors: Jose Edgar Patiño, Farid Bernardo Cortés
  • Patent number: 10711207
    Abstract: Slurry hydrocracking processes are described. The methods include hydrotreating a heavy residual hydrocarbon feed in a hydrotreating zone under residual hydrotreating conditions to form a hydrotreated effluent. The hydrotreated effluent is separated in an first separator to form an overhead vapor stream and a bottoms stream. The bottoms stream is hydrocracked in a slurry hydrocracking zone under slurry hydrocracking conditions. The effluent from the slurry hydrocracking zone is fractionated in a fractionation zone into at least two streams. Slurry hydrocracking apparatus is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Ping Sun, John A. Petri
  • Patent number: 10526553
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for cracking a hydrocarbon feedstock in a steam cracker unit, comprising the following steps of: feeding a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock to a hydrocracking unit, separating the stream thus hydrocracked in said hydrocracking unit into a high content aromatics stream and a gaseous stream comprising C2-C4 paraffins, hydrogen and methane, separating C2-C4 paraffins from said gaseous stream, feeding said C2-C4 paraffins thus separated to the furnace section of a steam cracker unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignees: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION, SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Andrew Mark Ward, Thomas Hubertus Maria Housmans, Arno Johannes Maria Oprins
  • Patent number: 10472581
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for quenching a hydrocracked stream to prepare it for hydroisomerization. A fractionated hydroisomerized stream is recycled to quench a hot hydrocracked stream prior to hydroisomerization. Sufficient quenching can inactivate the hydroisomerization catalyst bed. The hydroisomerization catalyst bed can be heated back to hydroisomerization temperature and can actively hydroisomerize again.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sailesh B. Kumar, Andrew J. Towarnicky, Vasant P. Thakkar, Massimo Sangalli, John A. Petri
  • Patent number: 10385279
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for recycling LCO and/or HCO to a hydroprocessing zone to saturate aromatics for cracking in an FCC unit is disclosed. The recycle cracked stream may be recycled to a downstream hydroprocessing zone to avoid a first hydroprocessing zone that is primarily for demetallizing (and desulfurizing) feed to the FCC unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Xin X. Zhu, Trung Pham, Selman Z. Erisken, Haiyan Wang, David X. Wu
  • Patent number: 10358612
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing BTX comprising catalytic cracking, aromatic ring opening and BTX recovery. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a process installation to convert a hydrocarbon feedstream into BTX comprising a catalytic cracking unit, an aromatic ring opening unit and a BTX recovery unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignees: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION, SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventor: Raul Velasco Pelaez
  • Patent number: 10301559
    Abstract: A process for converting hydrocarbons originating from refinery operations such as atmospheric distillation unit or a fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCC), into lighter boiling hydrocracked hydrocarbons having a boiling point lower than naphthalene and lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignees: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION, SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Arno Johannes Maria Oprins, Ravichander Narayanaswamy, Andrew Mark Ward
  • Patent number: 10301555
    Abstract: Novel catalysts comprising nickel oxide nanoparticles supported on alumina nanoparticles, methods of their manufacture, heavy oil compositions contacted by these nanocatalysts and methods of their use are disclosed. The novel nanocatalysts are useful, inter alia, in the upgrading of heavy oil fractions or as aids in oil recovery from well reservoirs or downstream processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: PETRORAZA SAS
    Inventors: Jose Edgar Patiño, Farid Bernardo Cortés
  • Patent number: 10286381
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nitrous oxide decomposition catalyst, the preparation and use. The catalyst contains rhodium on a catalyst carrier. The carrier is obtained by mixing zirconium dioxide powder with a silicon compound as binder, to form a kneadable composition, homogenizing the composition, shaping the composition into shaped articles, drying and calcination, wherein the binder is selected from silicon compounds of general formulae (I) to (VI) (Hal)xSiR4-x??(I) (Hal)xSi(OR1)4-x??(II) (Hal)xSi(NR1R2)4-x??(III) RxSi(OR1)4-x??(IV) RxSi(NR1R2)4-x??(V) (R1O)xSi(NR1R2)4-x??(VI) where Hal in each occurrence is independently halogen, R in each occurrence is independently H or a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, arylalkyl or aryl radical, R1 and R2 in each occurrence are each independently H or a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, acyl, arylalkyl or aryl radical, and x is from 0 to 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Stephan Deuerlein, Regine Helga Bebensee, Harald Würz, Denis Stella, Andreas Spiegel
  • Patent number: 10196333
    Abstract: A process is described for improving the performance of certain multiphase reaction systems including a solid catalyst, one or more reactants in the gas phase and one or more reactants in the liquid phase, wherein a targeted maximum concentration of a reactant in the liquid phase is identified for providing improved value in terms of byproduct formation, catalyst deactivation and yields of desired products, and this targeted concentration is closely approached and preferably achieved, but not substantially exceeded, downstream in a continuous process or later in time from the initiation of a batch in a semibatch mode of operation of such processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventors: Carlos Gustavo Dassori, Chi-Cheng Ma, Todd Werpy
  • Patent number: 10077334
    Abstract: The present invention is related to the application of solid polymers or copolymers prepared from monomers having in their structure a polycyclic aromatic ring, an aromatic ring of the type of naphthalene, or polyesters, polyethers, polyamides or polyvynil derivatives having naphthalene units in their structure, in the hydrotreatment or hydrocracking of heavy hydrocarbons, such as heavy or extra-heavy crude oils or residues from the distillation of petroleum; these polymers or copolymers may be supported, anchored or in a physical mixture with metallic oxides such as alumina, silica, titania or kaolin, and they have an application as heterogeneous hydrogen donors in reactions of hydrotreatment or hydrocracking of heavy or extra-heavy crude oils, residues from the distillation of petroleum and cuts and streams deived from this distillation. These solid polymers or copolymers operate in the presence of hydrogen or methane-rich gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: INSTITUTO MEXICANO DEL PETRÓLEO
    Inventors: Laura Olivia Alemán Vázquez, José Luis Cano Domínguez, Federico Jiménez Cruz, José Luis García Gutiérrez, Fidencio Hernández Pérez, María Teresa Mares Gallardo
  • Patent number: 9914887
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a refining process for producing heavy lubricating base oils (LBO) from a blended hydrocarbonaceous feedstock containing a heavy coker gas oil, a visbroken gas oil, heavy cycle oil, oils from residue hydrocracking, aromatic extract or any other feedstock normally not conducive to lube oil basestock production, using a two-stage hydrocracking process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Subhasis Bhattacharya
  • Patent number: 9738838
    Abstract: Provided is an improved hydroprocessing process allowing one to realize superior isoselectivity. The process comprises contacting a feed comprised of normal hydrocarbons under hydroprocessing conditions with a catalyst comprising delaminated SSZ-70. The delaminated SSZ-70 has been found to provide unexpected improvements in the catalysis of hydroprocessing hydrocarbons. Delaminated SSZ-70 offers a zeolite layer with a single unit cell of thickness in one dimension, allowing an elimination of mass transfer in comparison with non-delaminated SSZ-70.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Bi-Zeng Zhan, Stacey Ian Zones, Christopher M. Lew
  • Patent number: 9708554
    Abstract: Provided is a system for the hydroconversion of heavy oils essentially consisting of a solid accumulation reactor and a stripping section of the products of hydroconversion outside or inside the reactor itself.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Luigi Patron, Giuseppe Bellussi, Lorenzo Tagliabue, Vincenzo Piccolo
  • Patent number: 9657237
    Abstract: A process and apparatus are disclosed for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon feed in a hydrotreating unit and hydrocracking a second hydrocarbon stream in a hydrocracking unit. The hydrocracking unit and the hydrotreating unit may share the same recycle gas compressor. A make-up hydrogen stream may also be compressed in the recycle gas compressor. The second hydrocarbon stream may be a diesel stream from the hydrotreating unit. The diesel stream may be a diesel and heavier stream from a bottom of a hydrotreating fractionation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Paul R. Zimmerman, Peter Kokayeff
  • Patent number: 9574145
    Abstract: A method of upgrading bitumen in a plant comprising a diluent recovery unit that processes diluted bitumen and outputs atmospheric topped bitumen (ATB), a vacuum distillation unit which processes ATB and outputs vacuum topped bitumen (VTB), and at least one fluid coker unit which processes VTB and outputs a tar pot bottom stream comprising heavy heavy gas oil is provided comprising the step of processing the tar pot bottom stream in a catalytic hydrocracking unit comprising an ebullated bed reactor to produce naphtha, light gas oil, and heavy gas oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: SYNCRUDE CANADA LTD.
    Inventors: Craig A. McKnight, Jason Wiens
  • Patent number: 9556388
    Abstract: Aromatic extraction and hydrocracking processes are integrated to optimize the hydrocracking units design and/or performance. By processing aromatics-rich and aromatic-lean fractions separately, the hydrocracking operating severity and or catalyst reactor volume requirement decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: Omer Refa Koseoglu
  • Patent number: 9422487
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for recovering cycle oil from FCC CSO is described. By feeding the additional cycle oil to a hydrocracking unit additional diesel, naphtha and petrochemical feedstock may be obtained. The additional cycle oil is obtained by vacuum separation of the CSO. The described process and apparatus can provide additional recovery for a refiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jibreel A. Qafisheh, Jill A. Bonucci, Xin X. Zhu, Boyd E. Cabanaw
  • Patent number: 9394496
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for recovering cycle oil from FCC CSO is described. By feeding the additional cycle oil to a hydrocracking unit additional diesel, naphtha and petrochemical feedstock may be obtained. The additional cycle oil is obtained by vacuum separation of the CSO. The described process and apparatus can provide additional recovery for a refiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jibreel A. Qafisheh, Boyd E. Cabanaw, Xin X. Zhu
  • Patent number: 9339796
    Abstract: Novel catalysts comprising nickel oxide nanoparticles supported on alumina nanoparticles, methods of their manufacture, heavy oil compositions contacted by these nanocatalysts and methods of their use are disclosed. The novel nanocatalysts are useful, inter alia, in the upgrading of heavy oil fractions or as aids in oil recovery from well reservoirs or downstream processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Petroraza SAS
    Inventors: Jose Edgar Patiño, Farid Bernardo Cortés
  • Publication number: 20150136659
    Abstract: A coal tar process is described. A coal tar stream is provided, and the coal tar stream is separated to provide a plurality of hydrocarbon streams. At least one of the hydrocarbon streams is hydroprocessed in a fluidized bed hydroprocessing zone with a catalyst to provide a gaseous volatile product and a solid heavy hydrocarbon product absorbed onto the catalyst. The gaseous volatile product is separated from the catalyst. The catalyst is regenerating by separating the absorbed heavy hydrocarbon product from the catalyst. The regenerated catalyst is recycled into the hydroprocessing zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Paul T. Barger, Maureen L. Bricker, Joseph A. Kocal, Matthew Lippmann
  • Publication number: 20150122701
    Abstract: Methods are provided for dewaxing a distillate fuel boiling range feed to improve one or more cold flow properties of the distillate fuel feed, such as cloud point, where the distillate fuel feed is fractionated to produce both a jet fuel product and an arctic diesel fuel product. The decrease of cloud point is achieved by using a feedstock having a concentration of nitrogen of less than about 50 wppm and a concentration of sulfur of less than about 15 wppm. Further, the dewaxing catalyst may have a reduced content of hydrogenation metals, such as a content of Pt or Pd of from about 0.05 wt % to about 0.35 wt %. A distillate fuel feed can be dewaxed to achieve a desired cloud point differential using a reduced metals content dewaxing catalyst under the same or similar conditions to those required for a dewaxing catalyst with higher metals content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Stuart S. Shih, Xiaochun Xu, William J. Novak, Carlos N. Lopez, Timothy Lee Hilbert, Stephen John McCarthy
  • Patent number: 8999145
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a slurry hydrocracking process. The process can include providing one or more hydrocarbon compounds having an initial boiling point temperature of at least about 340° C., and a slurry catalyst to a slurry hydrocracking zone. The slurry catalyst may have about 32-about 50%, by weight, iron; about 3-about 14%, by weight, aluminum; no more than about 10%, by weight, sodium; and about 2-about 10%, by weight, calcium. Typically, all catalytic component percentages are as metal and based on the weight of the dried slurry catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lorenz J. Bauer, Maureen L. Bricker, Beckay J. Mezza, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150072298
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the production of a fully synthetic heavy fuel oil, said process including at least fractionation of hydrocarbons obtained from the hydroconversion of C5 and heavier Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process products to obtain a product that is heavier than a middle distillate and has an ASTM D86 cut-off temperature in excess of 350° C. Further, the invention provides a fuel made in accordance with the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Luis Pablo Fidel Dancuart Kohler, Paulus Stephanus Gravett, Jacques Van Heerden
  • Patent number: 8940952
    Abstract: A new family of coherently grown composites of TUN and IMF zeotypes have been synthesized. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. NanMmk+TtAl1-xExSiyOz where “n” is the mole ratio of Na to (Al+E), M represents a metal or metals from zinc, Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 and or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, “m” is the mole ratio of M to (Al+E), “k” is the average charge of the metal or metals M, T is the organic structure directing agent or agents, and E is a framework element such as gallium. These zeolites are similar to TNU-9 and IM-5 but are characterized by unique compositions and synthesis procedures and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for carrying out various separations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Mark A. Miller
  • Patent number: 8936717
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising at least one IZM-2 zeolite, at least one amorphous matrix, at least one hydro-dehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by the elements from group VIB and from group VIII of the periodic table and excluding platinum and palladium. The catalyst also optionally contains a controlled quantity of at least one doping element selected from phosphorus, boron and silicon, optionally at least one element from group VB of the periodic table of the elements, and optionally a group VIIA element. The invention also relates to hydrocracking and hydrotreatment processes implementing this catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Emmanuelle Guillon, Laurent Simon
  • Patent number: 8933287
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous silicometallophosphates designated MAPSO-64 and modified forms thereof have been synthesized. These silicometallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as ETMA+ or DEDMA+, M is an alkaline earth or transition metal cation of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The MAPSO-64 compositions are characterized by a BPH framework topology and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8916738
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous metallophosphates designated AlPO-67 has been synthesized. These metallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as the ETMA+ or DEDMA+, M is a framework metal alkaline earth or transition metal of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The AlPO-67 compositions have the LEV topology and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8845881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of middle distillates from a paraffinic feedstock that is produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, implementing a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization catalyst that comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal that is selected from the group that is formed by the metals of group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table and a substrate that comprises at least one zeolite that has at least one series of channels of which the opening is defined by a ring with 12 oxygen atoms modified by a) a stage for introducing at least one alkaline cation that belongs to group IA or IIA of the periodic table, b) a stage for treatment of said zeolite in the presence of at least one molecular compound that contains at least one silicon atom, c) at least one stage for partial exchange of said alkaline cations by NH4+ cations such that the remaining content of alkaline cations in the modified zeolite at the end of stage c) is such that the alkaline cation/aluminum molar ratio
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Christophe Bouchy
  • Patent number: 8795514
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a regenerated hydrotreatment catalyst regenerated from a hydrotreatment catalyst for treating a petroleum fraction, the hydrotreatment catalyst being prepared by supporting molybdenum and at least one species selected from metals of Groups 8 to 10 of the Periodic Table on an inorganic carrier containing an aluminum oxide, wherein a residual carbon content is in the range of 0.15 mass % to 3.0 mass %, a peak intensity of a molybdenum composite metal oxide with respect to an intensity of a base peak is in the range of 0.60 to 1.10 in an X-Ray diffraction spectrum, and a peak intensity of a Mo—S bond derived from a residual sulfur peak with respect to an intensity of a base peak is in the range of 0.10 to 0.60 in a radial distribution curve obtained from an extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum of an X-ray absorption fine structure analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation, Japan Petroleum Energy Center
    Inventors: Nobuharu Kimura, Yoshimu Iwanami, Wataru Sahara, Souichirou Konno
  • Patent number: 8795513
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst for hydrocracking of heavy oil which is excellent in both functions of cracking activity and desulfurization activity with respect to heavy oil by striking a balance between the cracking activity and desulfurization activity and which includes a support including a crystalline aluminosilicate and a porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate, with an active metal being supported on the support, in which (a) the support includes the crystalline aluminosilicate in an amount of 45% by mass or greater and smaller than 60% by mass and the porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate in an amount of greater than 40% by mass and 55% by mass or smaller, based on the sum of an amount of the crystalline aluminosilicate and an amount of the porous inorganic oxide excluding the crystalline aluminosilicate, (b) the active metal is at least one kind of metal selected from metals belonging to Groups 6, 8, 9, and 10 of the Periodic Table, and (c) the catalyst fo
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: JGC Catalysts and Chemicals Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Inamura, Akira Iino, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Yoji Sunagawa, Mitsunori Watabe, Yuichi Yamahata, Shinya Eura, Yuji Shirahama
  • Publication number: 20140206918
    Abstract: A new family of crystalline microporous silicometallophosphates designated MAPSO-64 and modified forms thereof have been synthesized. These silicometallophosphates are represented by the empirical formula R+rMm2+EPxSiyOz where R is an organoammonium cation such as ETMA+ or DEDMA+, M is an alkaline earth or transition metal cation of valence 2+, and E is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The MAPSO-64 compositions are characterized by a BPH framework topology and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes, and separation properties for separating at least one component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Lisa M. Knight, Paulina Jakubczak, Justin E. Stanczyk
  • Patent number: 8778171
    Abstract: This invention relates to hydrocracking catalysts utilizing stabilized aggregates of small primary crystallites of zeolite Y that are clustered into larger secondary particles. At least 80% of the secondary particles may comprise at least 5 primary crystallites. The size of the primary crystallites may be at most about 0.5 micron, or at most about 0.3 micron, and the size of the secondary particles may be at least about 0.8 micron, or at least about 1.0 ?m. The silica to alumina ratio of the resulting stabilized aggregated Y zeolite may be 4:1 or more. This invention also relates to the use of such catalysts in hydrocracking processes for the conversion of heavy oils into lighter fuel products. The invention is particularly suited for the selective production of diesel range products from gas oil range feedstock materials under hydrocracking conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Christopher G. Oliveri, Wenyih Frank Lai, Ajit B. Dandekar, Scott J. Weigel, Jason Wu, Robert E. Kay
  • Patent number: 8758598
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon conversion catalyst comprising a modified beta zeolite, an amorphous inorganic oxide and a hydrogenation component wherein the said catalyst support has an NH3-AI of less than 3.5 and/or an IEC-AI of less than 3.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Jens A. Hansen, Niels J. Blom, Birgitte R. Byberg, John W. Ward
  • Patent number: 8754279
    Abstract: A new family of aluminosilicate zeolites designated UZM-44 has been synthesized. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. NanMmk+TtAl1-xExSiyOz where “n” is the mole ratio of Na to (Al+E), M represents a metal or metals from zinc, Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 and or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, “m” is the mole ratio of M to (Al+E), “k” is the average charge of the metal or metals M, T is the organic structure directing agent or agents, and E is a framework element such as gallium. These zeolites are similar to IM-5 but are characterized by unique compositions and synthesis procedures and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for carrying out various separations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Miller, Christopher P. Nicholas, Stephen T. Wilson
  • Patent number: 8747655
    Abstract: A new family of aluminosilicate zeolites designated UZM-44 has been synthesized. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. NanMmk+TtAl1-xExSiyOz where “n” is the mole ratio of Na to (Al+E), M represents a metal or metals from zinc, Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 and or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, “m” is the mole ratio of M to (Al+E), “k” is the average charge of the metal or metals M, T is the organic structure directing agent or agents, and E is a framework element such as gallium. These zeolites are similar to IM-5 but are characterized by unique compositions and synthesis procedures and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for carrying out various separations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Miller, Christopher P. Nicholas, Stephen T. Wilson
  • Patent number: 8747652
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a catalyst comprising at least one crystalline material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity and at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and/or group VIII of the periodic table of the elements. Said crystalline material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity is constituted by at least two spherical elementary particles, each of said particles comprising a matrix based on oxide of silicon, which is mesostructured, with a mesopore diameter in the range 1.5 to 30 nm and having microporous and crystalline walls with a thickness in the range 1.5 to 60 nm, said elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The invention also concerns hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Alexandra Chaumonnot
  • Patent number: 8715485
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a catalyst comprising at least one amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity and at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and/or group VIII of the periodic table of the elements. Said amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity is constituted by at least two spherical elementary particles, each of said spherical particles comprising a matrix based on oxide of silicon, which is mesostructured, with a mesopore diameter in the range 1.5 to 30 nm and having amorphous and microporous walls with a thickness in the range 1.5 to 50 nm, said elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The invention also concerns hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Alexandra Chaumonnot
  • Patent number: 8709234
    Abstract: A process in which the paraffinic effluent derived from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis unit is separated to obtain a heavy C5+ fraction, said heavy fraction then being hydrogenated in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst at a temperature in the range 80° C to 200° C, at a total pressure in the range 0.5 to 6 MPa, at an hourly space velocity in the range 1 to 10 h-1, and at a hydrogen flow rate corresponding to a hydrogen/hydrocarbons volume ratio in the range 5 to 80 NI/I/h, the liquid hydrogenated effluent then being brought into contact with a hydroisomerization/hydrocracking catalyst, with no prior separation step, the hydroisomerized/hydrocracked effluent then being distilled to obtain middle distillates and possibly oil bases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Aurelie Dandeu, Nathalie Marchal-George, Vincent Coupard, Eric Caprani, Jean Cosyns, Damien Douziech, Stephane Fedou
  • Patent number: 8679323
    Abstract: A process is described for the production of middle distillates from a paraffinic feedstock wherein the feedstock is subjected to hydrocracking and/or hydro-isomerization in the presence of a hydrocracking/hydro-isomerization catalyst. The catalyst comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal selected from metals of groups VIB and VIII, and a substrate that comprises at least one dealuminified Y zeolite. The dealuminified Y zeolite is modified by a basic treatment stage wherein the dealuminified Y zeolite is mixed with a basic aqueous solution, and at least one heat treatment stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignees: ENI S.P.A., IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Emmanuelle Guillon, Christophe Bouchy
  • Patent number: 8647499
    Abstract: The present invention describes a method for hydrocracking and/or hydrotreating hydrocarbon-containing feeds using a catalyst comprising at least one hydro-dehydrogenizing metal selected from the group made up of group VIB and non-noble group VIII metals of the periodic table and a support comprising at least one zeolite having at least pore openings containing 12 oxygen atoms, modified by a) at least a stage of introducing at least one alkaline cation belonging to groups IA or IIA of the periodic table, b) a stage of treating said zeolite in the presence of at least one molecular compound containing at least one silicon atom, c) at least one stage of partial exchange of said alkaline cations by NH4+ cations in such a way that the proportion of alkaline cations remaining in the modified zeolite at the end of stage c) is such that the alkaline cation/aluminum molar ratio ranges between 0.2:1 and 0.01:1, and d) at least one thermal treatment stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventor: Laurent Simon
  • Patent number: 8641889
    Abstract: Described herein is a hydrocracking and/or hydrotreatment process which uses a catalyst comprising an active phase containing at least one hydrogenating/dehydrogenating component, and a support comprising at least one dealuminated zeolite Y having an overall initial atomic ratio of silicon to aluminum between 2.5 and 20, an initial weight fraction of extra-lattice aluminum atoms greater than 10%, an initial mesopore volume greater than 0.07 ml.g?1, and an initial crystal lattice parameter a0 between 24.38 ? and 24.30 ?. The zeolite Y is modified by a basic treatment stage, and at least one thermal treatment stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Emmanuelle Guillon
  • Publication number: 20140021096
    Abstract: A process is described for the preparation of an inorganic material with a hierarchical porosity in the micropore and mesopore domains. The material has at least two elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The process comprises: a) preparing a solution containing zeolitic nanocrystals with a maximum nanometric dimension equal to 60 nm based on silicon and/or precursor elements of proto-zeolitic entities based on silicon; b) mixing, in solution, metallic particles or at least one metallic precursor of metallic particles, a surfactant and the solution obtained in accordance with a) such that the ratio of the volumes of inorganic and organic materials, Vinorganic/Vorganic, is 0.29 to 0.50; c) aerosol atomization of the solution obtained in b) resulting in formation of spherical droplets; d) drying the droplets; g) eliminating the template and surfactant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicants: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE
    Inventors: Alexandra Chaumonnot, Clement Sanchez, Cedric Boissiere, Frederic Colbeau-Justin, Audrey Bonduelle
  • Publication number: 20130334099
    Abstract: A process for the hydrocracking a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock in which at least 50% by weight of the compounds have an initial boiling point above 340° C. and a final boiling point below 540° C., using a catalyst having, in its oxide form, at least one metal selected from the metals of groups VIB, VIII and VB, said metals being present in the form of at least one polyoxometallate of formula (HhXxMmOy)q?, said polyoxometallates being present within a mesostructured matrix based on oxide of at least one element Y, said matrix having a pore size between 1.5 and 50 nm and having amorphous walls of thickness between 1 and 30 nm, said catalyst being sulphurized before used in said process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicants: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
    Inventors: Karin Marchand, Alexandra Chaumonnot, Audrey Bonduelle, Veronique Dufaud, Frederic Lefebvre, Manuela Bader, Susana Lopes Silva
  • Patent number: 8608944
    Abstract: A catalytic conversion process for increasing the light olefin yields, which comprises bringing a hydrocarbon oil feedstock into contact with a catalytic conversion catalyst in a catalytic conversion reactor including one or more reaction zones to carry out the reaction, wherein the hydrocarbon oil feedstock is subjected to the catalytic conversion reaction in the presence of an inhibitor; and separating the reactant vapor optionally containing the inhibitor from the coke deposited catalyst, wherein a target product containing ethylene and propylene is obtained by separating the reactant vapor, and the coke deposited catalyst is stripped and regenerated for recycle use by being returned to the reactor. The process can weaken the further converting reaction of produced light olefins such as ethylene and propylene to 50-70% of the original level by injecting the inhibitor; thereby it can increase the yields of the target products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignees: Research Institute of Petroleum Processing SINOPEC, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Zheng Li, Jun Long, Shuandl Hou, Zhijian Da, Chaogang Xie, Jiushun Zhang, Zhanzhu Zhang
  • Patent number: 8597495
    Abstract: The described invention discloses an innovative solvent deasphalter and hydroconversion-processing configuration for converting bitumen or heavy oils to produce a transportable synthetic crude oil (SCO). The innovative processing scheme disclosed herein maximizes the synthetic crude oil yield at a minimal investment compared to currently known methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventor: James J. Colyar
  • Patent number: 8425760
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for converting a stream of natural or associated gas into liquid fractions, comprising: a) a step for converting said stream of gas into a synthesis gas SG; b) a step FT for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to convert the SG into liquid fractions; c) a step for fractionating the effluents from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis into at least one relatively heavy fraction comprising waxes with a boiling point of 565° C. or more and at least one relatively light fraction; d) a step HCKI for isomerization hydrocracking of the relatively heavy fraction, in which at least 75% by weight of the fraction of the feed with a boiling point of more than 565° C. is converted into compounds boiling below 565° C.; e) at least one step for mixing at least the effluents from step HCKI (step d)), the light fraction from step c) and a crude oil P, to thereby produce an oil P*.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Eric Lenglet, Patrick Chaumette
  • Patent number: 8399373
    Abstract: The invention describes a porous composite material that comprises a porous substrate based on a refractory inorganic oxide in which said substrate has a zeolite crystal content that is less than 25% by mass, whereby said crystals are dispersed homogeneously in the pores of said substrate, and the distribution coefficient that is measured by Castaing microprobe is between 0.75 and 1.25, and in which the total pore volume of said substrate represents at least 40% of the initial total pore volume of the substrate, and the mean diameter of the pores represents at least 50% of the mean diameter of the pores of the initial substrate, its process for preparation and its use as catalyst in the hydrocarbon feedstock conversion reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Simone Goergen, Loic Rouleau, Emmanuelle Guillon, Florent Guillou, Laurent Simon, Christophe Bouchy, Joël Patarin
  • Patent number: 8303802
    Abstract: An ebullated bed hydroprocessing system, and also a method for upgrading an existing ebullated bed hydroprocessing system, involves introducing a colloidal or molecular catalyst, or a catalyst precursor capable of forming the colloidal or molecular catalyst, into an ebullated bed reactor. The colloidal or molecular catalyst is formed by intimately mixing a catalyst precursor into a heavy oil feedstock and raising the temperature of the feedstock to above the decomposition temperature of the catalyst precursor to form the colloidal or molecular catalyst in situ. The improved ebullated bed hydroprocessing system includes at least one ebullated bed reactor that employs both a porous supported catalyst and the colloidal or molecular catalyst to catalyze hydroprocessing reactions involving the feedstock and hydrogen. The colloidal or molecular catalyst provides catalyst in what would otherwise constitute catalyst free zones within the ebullated bed hydroprocessing system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Headwaters Heavy Oil, LLC
    Inventors: Roger K. Lott, Lap-Keung Lee
  • Patent number: 8202815
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a catalyst composition comprises from about 5 weight percent to about 70 weight percent of silica-alumina; from about 30 weight percent to about 90 weight percent alumina; and from about 0.01 weight percent to about 2.0 weight percent of a group VIII metal. In another embodiment, a method for processing hydrocarbons comprises hydro-treating the hydrocarbons in the presence of a catalyst composition, wherein the catalyst comprises from about 5 weight percent to about 70 weight percent silica-alumina; from about 30 weight percent to about 90 weight percent alumina; and from about 0.01 weight percent to about 2.0 weight percent of a group VIII metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Gregg Anthony Deluga, Daniel Lawrence Derr