Catalytic Patents (Class 208/134)
  • Patent number: 10406495
    Abstract: Catalytic chemical reactor comprising a perforated wall (6) adjacent to a supporting wall of the reactor or of a catalytic cartridge contained in the reactor, wherein said perforated wall comprises a plurality of panels (7) and comprises first sectors (9) resting on the supporting wall and second sectors (10) spaced from said supporting wall defining a cavity (11), and wherein means are provided for local securing said gas-permeable wall to said supporting wall, said securing means comprising: a plurality of support elements (13) fixed to the supporting wall (4) and passing through respective openings (15) of the first sectors (9) of the gas-permeable wall and a respective plurality of locking elements (14) which can be associated with the said support elements, the panels of the gas-permeable wall being gripped between said supporting wall and said locking elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: Casale SA
    Inventor: Enrico Rizzi
  • Patent number: 10358963
    Abstract: An exhaust purification system of an internal combustion engine comprising at least two exhaust treatment catalysts arranged in an engine exhaust passage, a hydrogen feed source, and a plurality of hydrogen feed passages for feeding hydrogen from the hydrogen feed source to the exhaust treatment catalysts. When warming up the exhaust treatment catalysts, hydrogen is fed from the hydrogen feed source through the corresponding hydrogen feed passage to the exhaust treatment catalyst with the larger rise of the exhaust removal rate when hydrogen is fed among the exhaust treatment catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Fujiwara, Yuji Miyoshi, Shinichi Takeshima, Hiromasa Nishioka
  • Patent number: 10155211
    Abstract: Reactor (1) for catalytic chemical reactions, comprising: a partially open outer vessel (2) comprising a manhole (6) for accessing to the interior, and at least one internal wall (5) comprising a plurality of panels (5.1, 5.2, . . . 5.n) assembled inside the vessel (2) so as to form said wall (5); the panels are flexible and deformable so that they may be inserted through said manhole (6), and the resulting wall (5) is not self-supporting and rests against a load-bearing wall (7) of the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: Casale SA
    Inventor: Enrico Rizzi
  • Patent number: 10150105
    Abstract: A new crystalline aluminosilicate zeolite comprising a MTT framework has been synthesized that has been designated UZM-53. This zeolite is represented by the empirical formula: M+mRrAl1-xExSiyOz where M represents sodium, potassium or a combination of sodium and potassium cations, R is the organic structure directing agent or agents derived from reactants R1 and R2 where R1 is diisopropanolamine and R2 is a chelating diamine, and E is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from UZM-53 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions such as oligomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Mark A. Miller
  • Patent number: 10087372
    Abstract: Separation methods for producing an extract and a raffinate from a solvent extraction feed material, wherein the feed material is derived from a process for recovering bitumen from oil sands. The methods may include producing an intra-stage recycle component from an overflow zone of a solvent extraction stage and recycling the intra-stage recycle component to the solvent extraction stage, and/or the methods may include providing an underflow component withdrawal rate for a solvent extraction stage other than a final solvent extraction stage which is greater than an underflow component withdrawal rate for the final solvent extraction stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: TITANIUM CORPORATION INC.
    Inventors: Kevin Moran, Jacques Doiron
  • Patent number: 9925513
    Abstract: An integrated process simultaneously removes the diluent and reduces the TAN, resulting in cost savings from the diluent recovery and increasing the value of the produced heavy crude stream by removing the acids and other contaminants, while reducing the overall energy requirements when compared to performing the two processes separately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Quanta Associates, L.P.
    Inventors: Bengt Arne Jarlsjo, Thomas Gieskes, Joe Travis Moore, Lance Dawson McCarver
  • Patent number: 9901916
    Abstract: Useful portions of equilibrium catalyst from a Fluid Catalytic Cracking unit are obtained by fractionating to obtain a narrow size fraction, followed by separation of the narrow size fraction using density as a fractionating criterion. Size fractionating may be performed in vibrating sieves, and the density fractionating may be performed in an air cyclone. Both beneficial and detrimental fractions can be identified; in one embodiment, large particles are removed from ECAT to improve the coking factor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Inventor: Augusto R. Quinones
  • Patent number: 9669373
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for heating catalyst is presented. Cooler catalyst is removed from a reactor and heated with a hot gas in a riser, heated in a heating tube or heated in a heating chamber. Heated catalyst is disengaged from the hot gas if necessary and returned to the reactor. The process and apparatus can be used for producing light olefins. The hot gas may be a flue gas from an FCC regenerator or a combustion gas from a heater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Robert L. Mehlberg
  • Patent number: 9302957
    Abstract: A process for controlling a yield of an isomerization zone. Prior to entering the isomerization zone, C6 cyclic hydrocarbons are removed from a feed stream. Disproportionation reaction selectivity is observed which produces valuable C3 hydrocarbons and C4 hydrocarbons. Also, a higher ring opening conversion of C5 cyclic hydrocarbons is observed. The disproportionation reactions and the ring opening reactions may be selectively controlled by adjusting an amount of C6 cyclic hydrocarbons passed into the isomerization zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark P. Lapinski, Matthew Lippmann, Gregory Funk, David James Shecterle, Lakshmi P. Mokka
  • Patent number: 9302960
    Abstract: A process for producing a feed for a stream cracker. At least a portion of the C6 cyclic hydrocarbons are removed from a stream prior to it being passed into an isomerization zone. Disproportionation reaction selectivity is increased, producing valuable C3 hydrocarbons and C4 hydrocarbons. Also, a higher ring opening conversion of C5 cyclic hydrocarbons is observed. The yield may be adjusted by controlling an amount of C6 cyclic hydrocarbons passed to the isomerization zone. The catalyst in the isomerization zone is free of chloride, and the streams including effluent from the isomerization zone may be passed to a steam cracker without requiring chloride removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark P. Lapinski, Matthew Lippmann
  • Patent number: 9302958
    Abstract: A process for increasing a yield of an isomerization zone by removing at least a portion of the C6 cyclic hydrocarbons from a stream prior to it being passed into the isomerization zone. Additionally, disproportionation reaction selectivity is also increased, producing valuable C3 hydrocarbons and C4 hydrocarbons. Also, a higher ring opening conversion of C5 cyclic hydrocarbons is observed. The isomerization zone may have an average operating temperature of at least 176° C. and an outlet molar ratio of hydrogen to hydrocarbon feed in the isomerization zone is less than about 0.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Mark P. Lapinski
  • Patent number: 9302959
    Abstract: A process for increasing a yield of an isomerization zone by removing at least a portion of the C6 cyclic hydrocarbons from a stream having iC4 hydrocarbons, iC5 hydrocarbons, and iC6 hydrocarbons prior to the stream being passed into the same isomerization zone. Suppression of the iC4 hydrocarbons does not occur, allowing the iC4 hydrocarbons to be isomerized in the same isomerization zone as the iC5 hydrocarbons and iC6 hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark P. Lapinski, Matthew Lippmann, Gregory Funk
  • Patent number: 9302956
    Abstract: A process for increasing a yield of an isomerization zone by removing at least a portion of the C6 cyclic hydrocarbons from a stream prior to it being passed into the isomerization zone. Additionally, disproportionation reactions occur producing valuable C3 hydrocarbons and C4 hydrocarbons. Also, a higher ring opening conversion of C5 cyclic hydrocarbons is observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark P. Lapinski, Matthew Lippmann, Gregory Funk, David James Shecterle, Lakshmi P. Mokka
  • Patent number: 9266036
    Abstract: A process and apparatus are presented for the conversion of light paraffins to heavier liquid fuels or distillate. The process and apparatus includes conversion of a paraffin stream to an olefinic stream. The olefinic stream is passed through a reactor zone to convert the olefins to heavier hydrocarbons, including branched paraffins and branched olefins. The process includes recycling a portion of the product to the reactors for controlling the heat and reaction rate of the dimerization or oligomerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Charles P. Luebke, Christopher P. Nicholas, Steven L. Krupa, Hosoo Lim
  • Patent number: 9254478
    Abstract: This invention provides a process for forming a solution composition, which process comprises forming a primary solution by bringing together, in an aqueous medium, i) at least one phosphorus compound, ii) at least one Group VI metal compound, iii) at least one Group VIII metal compound, and iv) an additive which is a) tetraethylene glycol, b) polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400, c) a mixture of tetraethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400, or d) a mixture of (1) tetraethylene glycol and/or polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400 and (2) one or more of monoethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and triethylene glycol. The molar ratio of additive to the total moles of Group VI metal and Group VIII metal is above 0.30:1, and the atomic ratio of phosphorus to Group VI metal is at least about 0.33:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: ALBEMARLE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sona Eijsbouts-Spickova, Marcel Adriaan Jansen
  • Patent number: 9192919
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to catalysts and methods for use in olefin production. More particularly, the present invention relates to novel amorphously supported single-center, Lewis acid metal ions and use of the same as catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Inventors: Adam S. Hock, Neil M. Schweitzer, Jeffrey T. Miller, Bo Hu
  • Patent number: 9120056
    Abstract: According to one aspect of the present invention, a catalyst assembly is provided for treating an exhaust from an engine. In one embodiment, the catalyst assembly includes a first catalyst material catalytically active at a first temperature and loaded at a first catalyst material loading, the first catalyst material including a first base metal loading, and a second catalyst material catalytically active at a second temperature lower than the first temperature and loaded at a second catalyst material loading, the second catalyst material including a second base metal loading, wherein the second base metal loading is higher than the first base metal loading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Giovanni Cavataio, Hungwen Jen, James Robert Warner, James W. Girard, Christine Kay Lambert
  • Patent number: 9050571
    Abstract: An apparatus for a radial-flow reactor according to various approaches includes a catalyst transfer pipe having an inwardly tapered end portion. According to various approaches, a catalyst transfer port of the reactor may include a centering device having an upper tapered surface for facilitating assembly of the reactor. A method according to various aspects includes assembling a radial-flow reactor by installing a catalyst transfer pipe through a catalyst transfer port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Nathan Siedler
  • Patent number: 9028675
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for increasing thermal stability of fuel, as well as in reducing nitrogen content and/or enhancing color quality of the fuel. According to the method, a fuel feedstock can be treated with a solid phosphoric acid catalyst under appropriate catalyst conditions, e.g., to increase the thermal stability of the fuel feedstock. Preferably, the fuel feedstock can be treated with the solid phosphoric acid catalyst at a ratio of catalyst mass within a contact zone to a mass flow rate of feedstock through the zone of at least about 18 minutes to increase the thermal stability of the fuel feedstock, along with reducing nitrogen content and/or enhancing color quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Sebastien Bergeron, Ashok Uppal, Robert J. Falkiner, Marc-André Poirier
  • Patent number: 9023194
    Abstract: A process for reforming a feed composed of one or more hydrocarbon cuts containing 9 to 22 carbon atoms which includes, at least one first step for reforming the feed in at least one reforming unit, during which a stream of hydrogen is produced and at least one first step for distillation of the effluent from the reforming unit in the presence of a reforming catalyst in order to obtain 4 cuts. The 4 cuts are, a liquefied petroleum gas cut (LPG) (A), a C5-C8 cut: naphtha (B), a C9-C15 cut: densified kerosene (C), and a C16-C22 cut: densified gas oil cut (D). The invention also concerns the device for carrying out this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventors: Eric Sanchez, Jacques Rault, Pierre Yves Le Goff, Christophe Pierre, Joana Fernandes
  • Patent number: 9023298
    Abstract: An apparatus for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The apparatus involves changing the design of reformers and associated equipment to allow for increasing the processing temperatures in the reformers and heaters. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize advantages in the equilibriums, but require modifications to prevent increasing thermal cracking and to prevent increases in coking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark D. Moser, Clayton C. Sadler, Mark P. Lapinski, Kurt M. VandenBussche
  • Patent number: 8999143
    Abstract: A process is presented for increasing the aromatics content in a reformate process stream. The process modifies existing processes to change the operation without changing the reactors or heating units. The process includes bypasses to utilize heating capacity of upstream heating units, and passes the excess capacity of the upstream heating units to downstream process streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Clayton C. Sadler, Mark D. Moser
  • Publication number: 20150057480
    Abstract: A system for radial flow contact of a reactant stream with catalyst particles includes a reactor vessel and a catalyst retainer in the reactor vessel. The catalyst retainer includes an inner particle retention device and an outer particle retention device. The inner particle retention device and the outer particle retention device are spaced apart to define a catalyst retaining space. The inner particle retention device defines an axial flow path of the reactor vessel, and the outer particle retention device and an inner surface of a wall of the reactor vessel define an annular flow path of the reactor vessel. The system includes an inlet nozzle having an exit opening in fluid communication with the axial flow path, and an outlet nozzle in fluid communication with the annular flow path. The system can further include a fluid displacement device in the axial flow path of the reactor vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. Grott, David A. Wegerer, William Yanez, Ka Lok
  • Patent number: 8940154
    Abstract: A system and process for the preparation of high quality gasoline through recombination of catalytic hydrocarbon includes fractionator and extractor. The upper part of the fractionator is equipped with light petrol pipeline, the lower part of the fractionator is equipped with heavy petrol pipeline, the middle part of the fractionator is equipped with medium petrol pipeline. The medium petrol pipeline is connected with a medium petrol extractor, the upper part of the medium petrol extractor is connected with the medium petrol raffinate oil hydrogenation unit through the pipeline, the lower part of the medium petrol extractor is connected with the medium petrol aromatic hydrocarbon hydrogenation unit through the pipeline.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Ranfeng Ding
  • Patent number: 8932455
    Abstract: Exemplary embodiments of the present invention relate to the processing of hydrocarbon-containing feedstreams in the presence of an interstitial metal hydride containing catalyst comprising a surface, and a Group VI/Group VIII metal sulfide coated onto the surface of the interstitial metal hydride. The catalysts and processes of the present invention can improve overall hydrogenation, product conversion, as well as sulfur reduction in hydrocarbon feedstreams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Chuansheng Bai, Adrienne J. Thornburg, Heather A. Elsen, Jean W. Beeckman, William G. Borghard
  • Patent number: 8926829
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The process involves splitting a naphtha feedstream to at least two feedstreams and passing each feedstream to separation reformers. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize the differences in the reaction properties of the different hydrocarbon components. The process utilizes a common catalyst, and common downstream processes for recovering the desired aromatic compounds generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Manuela Serban, Antoine Negiz, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Mark D. Moser, David A. Wegerer, Gregory J. Gajda
  • Patent number: 8926830
    Abstract: Processes for producing aromatics from a naphtha feedstream are provided. An exemplary process includes passing the feedstream to a fractionation unit, thereby generating a first stream including hydrocarbons having less than 8 carbon atoms and a second stream including hydrocarbons having at least 8 carbon atoms. The first stream is passed to a first reformer operated at a first set of reaction conditions to generate a first product stream. The first set of reaction conditions includes a first temperature and a first pressure. The second stream is passed to a second reformer operated at a second set of reaction conditions to generate a second product stream. The second set of reaction conditions includes a second temperature and a second pressure. The first pressure is lower than the second pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Gajda, Mary J. Wier, Clayton Colin Sadler
  • Patent number: 8920633
    Abstract: High energy (e.g., ultrasonic) mixing of a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock and reactants comprised of an oxidation source, catalyst and acid yields a diesel fuel product or additive having substantially increased cetane number. Ultrasonic mixing creates cavitation, which involves the formation and violent collapse of micron-sized bubbles, which greatly increases the reactivity of the reactants. This, in turn, substantially increases the cetane number compared to reactions carried out using conventional mixing processes, such as simple mechanical stirring. Alternatively, an aqueous mixture comprising water and acid can be pretreated with an oxidation source such as ozone and subjected to ultrasonic cavitation prior to reacting the pretreated mixture with a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Cetamax Ventures Ltd.
    Inventors: Kin Meng Chan, Kamalul Arifin Yusof, Shahrul Niza Bin Abdul Rahim, Md Asraff Bin Abdul Karim, Roger Kai Lott
  • Patent number: 8912110
    Abstract: One embodiment is a catalyst for catalytic reforming of naphtha. The catalyst can have a noble metal including one or more of platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, osmium, and iridium, an alkali or alkaline-earth metal, a lanthanide-series metal, and a support. Generally, an average bulk density of the catalyst is about 0.300 to about 1.00 gram per cubic centimeter. The catalyst has a platinum content of less than about 0.375 wt %, a tin content of about 0.1 to about 2 wt %, a potassium content of about 100 to about 600 wppm, and a cerium content of about 0.1 to about 1 wt %. The lanthanide-series metal can be distributed at a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal in a 100 micron surface layer of the catalyst less than two times a concentration of the lanthanide-series metal at a central core of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Manuela Serban, Mark P. Lapinski
  • Patent number: 8906223
    Abstract: A process is presented for increasing the aromatics content in a reformate process stream. The process modifies existing processes to change the operation without changing the reactors or heating units. The process includes bypasses to utilize heating capacity of upstream heating units, and passes the excess capacity of the upstream heating units to downstream process streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark D. Moser, Clayton C. Sadler
  • Patent number: 8906226
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The process involves splitting a naphtha feedstream to at least two feedstreams and passing each feedstream to separation reformers. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize the differences in the reaction properties of the different hydrocarbon components. The process utilizes a common catalyst, and common downstream processes for recovering the desired aromatic compounds generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Gajda, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Mark D. Moser, David A. Wegerer
  • Patent number: 8900442
    Abstract: A process is presented for increasing the aromatics content in a reformate process stream. The process modifies existing processes to change the operation without changing the reactors or heating units. The process includes bypasses to utilize heating capacity of upstream heating units, and passes the excess capacity of the upstream heating units to downstream process streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Clayton C. Sadler, Mark D. Moser
  • Patent number: 8894842
    Abstract: The present invention concerns an optimized reforming catalyst comprising at least platinum, at least one promoter metal selected from the group formed by rhenium and iridium, at least one halogen, and at least one alumina support with a low sulphur and phosphorus content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Sylvie Lacombe, Malika Boualleg, Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 8882992
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multistage reforming process to produce a high octane product. A naphtha boiling range feedstock is processed in a multi-stage reforming process, in which the process involves at least 1) a penultimate stage for reforming the naphtha feedstock to produce a penultimate effluent 2) a final stage for further reforming at least a portion of the penultimate effluent 3) a regeneration step for the final stage catalyst. The severity of the penultimate stage can be increased during final stage catalyst regeneration in order to maintain the target RON of the reformate product and avoid reactor downtime.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Stephen J. Miller, James N. Ziemer
  • Patent number: 8882994
    Abstract: A process is presented for the increasing the yields of aromatics from reforming a hydrocarbon feedstream. The process includes splitting a naphtha feedstream into a light hydrocarbon stream, and a heavier stream having a relatively rich concentration of naphthenes. The heavy stream is reformed to convert the naphthenes to aromatics and the resulting product stream is further reformed with the light hydrocarbon stream to increase the aromatics yields. The process includes passing a catalyst stream in a counter-current flow relative to the hydrocarbon process stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark D. Moser, David A. Wegerer, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Manuela Serban, Mark P. Lapinski, Mary Jo Wier, Gregory J. Gajda
  • Patent number: 8882993
    Abstract: This invention relates to stabilized aggregates of small primary crystallites of zeolite Y that are clustered into larger secondary particles. At least 80% of the secondary particles may comprise at least 5 primary crystallites. The size of the primary crystallites may be at most about 0.5 micron, or at most about 0.3 micron, and the size of the secondary particles may be at least about 0.8 micron, or at least about 1.0 ?m. The silica to alumina ratio of the resulting stabilized aggregated Y zeolite may be 4:1 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Wenyih Frank Lai, Robert E. Kay, Jason Wu, Kun Wang, Robert C. Lemon
  • Publication number: 20140319024
    Abstract: Embodiments of a method for producing a diesel range material having improved cold flow properties are provided. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of providing a waxy diesel range feedstock, producing an intermediary product stream containing a predetermined amount of oxygenated organocompounds from the waxy diesel range feedstock, and contacting the intermediary product stream with a dewaxing catalyst under process conditions at which the oxygenated organocompounds chemically interact with the dewaxing catalyst to convert a portion of the n-paraffins within the intermediary product stream to iso-paraffins while minimizing cracking of the diesel range material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Suheil F. Abdo
  • Patent number: 8865608
    Abstract: Systems and processes for regenerating catalyst are provided herein that include a catalyst regeneration tower having a cooling zone that receives a catalyst cooling stream generated by a cooling gas loop. The systems and processes include a first thermocompressor that utilizes a first motive vapor and a second thermocompressor that utilizes a second motive vapor in order to provide the catalyst cooling stream to the regeneration tower. The second thermocompressor operates in parallel with the first thermocompressor. The first thermocompressor can utilize combustion air as the motive vapor. The second thermocompressor can utilize nitrogen as the motive vapor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Brian Nabozny, William D. Schlueter, Kate Tuson
  • Publication number: 20140291205
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for processing hydrocarbon streams are provided. In an embodiment, a method for processing a hydrocarbon stream includes heating a feed stream in a convective bank. In the method, the feed stream is reacted in a first reaction zone to form a first effluent. The first effluent is heated in a first radiant cell that combusts fuel gas to heat the first effluent and forms a first exhaust gas. The method includes contacting the first exhaust gas with the convective bank to heat the feed stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: UPO LLC
    Inventors: William M. Hartman, Xin X. Zhu, William Yanez, Lisa M. Lane
  • Patent number: 8845884
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The process involves splitting a naphtha feedstream to at least two feedstreams and passing each feedstream to separation reformers. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize the differences in the reaction properties of the different hydrocarbon components. The process utilizes a common catalyst, and common downstream processes for recovering the desired aromatic compounds generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Gajda, Mary Jo Wier, Mark P. Lapinski, David A. Wegerer, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Mark D. Moser
  • Patent number: 8845881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of middle distillates from a paraffinic feedstock that is produced by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, implementing a hydrocracking/hydroisomerization catalyst that comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal that is selected from the group that is formed by the metals of group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table and a substrate that comprises at least one zeolite that has at least one series of channels of which the opening is defined by a ring with 12 oxygen atoms modified by a) a stage for introducing at least one alkaline cation that belongs to group IA or IIA of the periodic table, b) a stage for treatment of said zeolite in the presence of at least one molecular compound that contains at least one silicon atom, c) at least one stage for partial exchange of said alkaline cations by NH4+ cations such that the remaining content of alkaline cations in the modified zeolite at the end of stage c) is such that the alkaline cation/aluminum molar ratio
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Laurent Simon, Christophe Bouchy
  • Patent number: 8845883
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The process involves splitting a naphtha feedstream to at least two feedstreams and passing each feedstream to separation reformers. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize the differences in the reaction properties of the different hydrocarbon components. The process utilizes a common catalyst, and common downstream processes for recovering the desired aromatic compounds generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Gajda, Kurt M. VandenBussche, Mark D. Moser, David A. Wegerer
  • Patent number: 8840779
    Abstract: A supported catalyst comprises a zeolite having a silica to alumina molar ratio of 500 or less, a first metal oxide binder having a crystallite size greater than 200 ? and a second metal oxide binder having a crystallite size less than 100 ?, wherein the second metal oxide binder is present in an amount less than 15 wt % of the total weight of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Stephen J. McCarthy, Wenyih F. Lai, Darryl Donald Lacy, Robert Ellis Kay
  • Publication number: 20140251870
    Abstract: The invention describes a process for start-up of a hydrotreatment or hydroconversion unit carried out in the presence of hydrogen, in at least 2 catalytic beds, process in which At least one bed contains at least one presulfurized and preactivated catalyst and at least one catalytic bed that contains a catalyst whose catalytic metals are in oxidized form, A so-called starting feedstock, which is a hydrocarbon fraction that contains at least 0.5% by weight of sulfur, lacking olefinic compounds and not containing an added sulfur-containing compound, passes through a first catalytic bed that contains said presulfurized and preactivated catalyst and then passes through at least one catalytic bed that contains a catalyst whose catalytic metals are in oxidized form, And the first presulfurized and preactivated catalyst bed reaches a temperature of at least 220° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventor: EURECAT S.A.
  • Publication number: 20140250770
    Abstract: A unique process and catalyst is described that operates efficiently for the direct production of a high cetane diesel type fuel or diesel type blending stock from stoichiometric mixtures of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This invention allows for, but is not limited to, the economical and efficient production high quality diesel type fuels from small or distributed fuel production plants that have an annual production capacity of less than 10,000 barrels of product per day, by eliminating traditional wax upgrading processes. This catalytic process is ideal for distributed diesel fuel production plants such as gas to liquids production and other applications that require optimized economics based on supporting distributed feedstock resources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Greyrock Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Schuetzle, Dennis Schuetzle
  • Patent number: 8808534
    Abstract: A process for refining naphtha that results in an improved octane value in a subsequent gasoline blend. Certain embodiments include separating a naphtha feed into light naphtha and heavy naphtha; separating the heavy naphtha into a paraffin stream and non-paraffin stream; introducing the light naphtha to a first isomerization unit, introducing the paraffin stream to a second isomerization unit; introducing the non-paraffin stream to a reforming unit and combining the resulting effluents to form a gasoline blend. The resulting gasoline blend has improved characteristics over gasoline blends that are made without introducing the paraffin stream to a second isomerization unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Cemal Ercan, Yuguo Wang, Mohammad R. Al-Dossary, Rashid M. Al-Othman
  • Publication number: 20140224707
    Abstract: The catalytic reactor with downward flow comprises a chamber (1) containing at least two solid catalyst beds (2; 11) separated by an intermediate zone comprising an essentially horizontal collecting plate (5) communicating with a vertical collecting pipe (7) for receiving fluids collected by the collecting plate, with a means for injecting a quenching fluid (8) emptying into the collecting pipe. An annular mixing chamber (9) is located below the collecting plate (5). A predistribution plate (11) is arranged below the chamber (9). The injection means (8) comprises a tubular portion that empties into the collecting pipe (7) in such a way as to inject quenching fluid in a direction forming an angle ? between 45° and 135° with the direction D from the axis of the mixing chamber measured at its input end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Yacine HAROUN, Frederic AUGIER
  • Publication number: 20140209507
    Abstract: Herein disclosed is a method for catalytic cracking or reforming of hydrocarbons comprising: supersaturating a hydrocarbonaceous liquid or slurry stream in a high shear device with a gas stream comprising one or more C1-C6 hydrocarbons and optionally hydrogen to form a supersaturated dispersion; introducing the supersaturated dispersion into a catalytic cracking or reforming reactor in the presence of a cracking or reforming catalyst to generate a product stream. In some embodiments, the catalyst is present as a slurry or a fluidized or fixed bed of catalyst. In some embodiments, the cracking or reforming catalyst is mixed with the hydrocarbonaceous liquid or slurry stream and the gas stream in the high shear device. Herein also disclosed is a system for catalytic cracking or reforming of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas HASSAN, Aziz Hassan, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger
  • Patent number: 8772560
    Abstract: The invention relates to a modified zeolite catalyst, useful for the conversion of paraffins, olefins and aromatics in a mixed feedstock such as FCC gasoline that contain high content of olefin, aromatic and n-paraffin into isoparaffins. The invention further relates to the use of such a catalyst, for example but not limited to, in a process for the conversion of paraffins, olefins and aromatics in a mixed feedstock into the product having high amount of branched paraffins with decreased aromatics and olefins, a useful gasoline blend, with negligible production of lighter gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Viswanadham Nagabhatla, Raviraj Kamble, Amit Sharma, Jagdish Kumar, Bhagwan Singh Negi, Murali Dhar Gudimella, Madhukar Onkarnath Garg
  • Patent number: 8759600
    Abstract: Apparatuses and methods are disclosed for contacting radially flowing fluids with solid particles (e.g., catalyst) with reduced tendency for fluidization of the particles, and especially a sealing portion of the particles at the top of a particle retention zone disposed between screens at upstream and downstream positions relative to radial fluid flow. Fluidization is reduced or eliminated by offsetting openings of the screens in the axial direction, such that upstream openings in the upstream screen are above highest downstream openings in a downstream stream. The offset in openings imparts a downward flow component to radially flowing fluid, thereby reducing solid particle fluidization without the need to induce a specific pressure drop profile along the entire axial direction of the screens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Bing Sun, Paul A. Sechrist