With Means Applying Electromagnetic Wave Energy Or Corpuscular Radiation To Reactants For Initiating Or Perfecting Chemical Reaction Patents (Class 422/186)
  • Patent number: 8741156
    Abstract: The subject of the invention is a hybrid photocatalyst which is a layered aluminosilicate, possibly organically modified, containing compounds introduced into the aluminosilicate galleries bearing groups such as porphyrin, rose bengal, anthracene, pyrene, perylene, tetracene, rubrene, naphthalene, phthalocyanines, coumarins, and methylene blue, which are organic chromophores able to absorb visible and/or ultraviolet light and sensitize photochemical reactions. The invention includes also the methods of synthesis and application of the photocatalysts for the photocatalytical degradation of water pollutants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Uniwersytet Jagiellonski
    Inventors: Maria Nowakowska, Krzysztof Szczubialka, Dominik Drozd
  • Publication number: 20140147333
    Abstract: A method for deactivating preferably odour-relevant molecules that is distinguished by the following steps is proposed: generating a plasma; deactivating preferably odour-relevant molecules by the effect of hot electrons of the plasma on the molecules to be deactivated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Wissenschaften e.V.
    Inventors: Gregor Morfill, Tetsuji Shimizu, Julia Zimmermann, Yangfang Li, Bernd Steffes
  • Publication number: 20140140465
    Abstract: An aqueous solution of alkali hexahydroxo platinate is produced. As a alkali hexahydroxo platinate, sodium hexahydroxoplatinate or potassium hexahydroxoplatinate is used. The aqueous solution of alkali hexahydroxo platinate is passed through a hydrogen form cation exchange resin layer in a cation exchange resin tower. The aqueous solution of alkali hexahydroxo platinate makes contact with the hydrogen form cation exchange resin of the hydrogen form cation exchange resin layer, thus a suspension of hexahydroxo platinic is generated. If gamma rays are irradiated to the suspension, a platinum oxide colloidal solution in which colloidal particles including a platinum dioxide, a platinum monoxide, and a platinum hydroxide exist is generated. In a platinum oxide colloidal solution, the content of impurities is little and a noble metal compound is dispersed stably in water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazushige ISHIDA, Masahiko TACHIBANA, Yoichi WADA, Nobuyuki OTA
  • Publication number: 20140141251
    Abstract: Embodiments presented herein relate generally to the formation of diamond-like carbon, forms of diamond-like carbon and/or carbon dioxide fixation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventors: Yun-hai Wang, Qing-yun Chen, Xiang-lin Li, Jing-lian Zhao
  • Patent number: 8728402
    Abstract: The invention relates to an ozone generator, comprising two electrodes and a dielectric layer arranged between the above such that between the dialectic layer and one of the electrodes an ozonizing gap is formed, through which an oxygen-containing gas can be run. In the direction of the flow of the gas, a dielectric capacity (CD) of the dielectric layer of the gas becomes smaller and/or layer thickness of the dielectric layer becomes greater, such that a gap width of the ozonizing gap is greater on the inlet side than the outlet side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Degremont SA
    Inventor: Guido Vezzu
  • Publication number: 20140135412
    Abstract: Method for removing a foreign substance from a polymer composition including subjecting a polymer composition to a medium selected from the group comprising chemical reagents, electron beam radiation, electromagnetic radiation, or combinations thereof, removing the transformed foreign substance from the polymer composition, where the foreign substance is by subjecting the polymer composition to the medium at least partially transformed into a form that facilitates removal from the polymer composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: KRONES AG
    Inventor: Thomas Friedlaender
  • Patent number: 8721898
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved water treatment cavitation reactor cone. The tank operates on a continuous flow of fluids which are subjected to ultrasonic waves in combination with a high level of injected ozone. The treatment tank includes a tangential inlet that induces a rotating flow into the tank thereby increasing the mixing of the ozone within the effluent. The effluent is further treated with DC current. The treatment tank provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling fluids as contaminated as frac water, used to stimulate gas production from shale formations, as well as other types of fluids having various levels of contaminants such as aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and suspended solids. The calcium carbonate scaling tendency is reduced to an acceptable level without the use of acids, ion exchange materials, or anti scaling chemicals which is of economical and environmental significance and benefit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Ecosphere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis McGuire, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Patent number: 8715569
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for chemically stabilizing a polymer stent after sterilization. The stent is exposed to a temperature above ambient for a period of time after radiation sterilization. The exposure reduces the concentration of free radicals generated by the radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Lothar W. Kleiner, Fuh-Wei Tang
  • Publication number: 20140121395
    Abstract: A chemical reaction apparatus includes a horizontal flow-type reactor in which a content horizontally flows with an unfilled space being provided thereabove, a microwave generator that generates microwaves, and at least one waveguide that transmits the microwaves generated by the microwave generator to the unfilled space in the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: MICROWAVE CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akinori Ishizuka, Iwao Yoshino, Kunitaka Momota
  • Publication number: 20140119985
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for controlling microbial growth on a surface are disclosed. A method includes exposing the surface to be treated to electromagnetic radiation, the electromagnetic radiation being emitted from one or more electromagnetic radiation sources towards the surface, wherein the surface is provided with one or more photosensitizers being activatable by electromagnetic radiation. The electromagnetic radiation emitted from the one or more electromagnetic radiation sources has a wavelength in a range between 400 nm and 800 nm, and the one or more photosensitizers exhibit antimicrobial efficacy upon activation by electromagnetic radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: ORTNER CLEANROOM ENGINEERING GMBH
    Inventors: Gabriele Berg, Stefan Liebminger, Lisa Oberauner, Thomas Klein, Roland Stampf
  • Patent number: 8709261
    Abstract: Some demonstrative embodiments of the invention include a system and a method for disinfection of a liquid including monitoring the disinfection process. The system may include a conduit to carry flowing liquid to be disinfected, wherein the conduit comprises an inlet to receive the liquid, an outlet to discharge the liquid and walls transparent to ultraviolet radiations; an illumination source located within a transparent sleeve, wherein the transparent sleeve is immersed in the flowing liquid and the illumination source is to disinfect the liquid when passing through the conduit, a first light detector located externally to the conduit to detect light emitted by the illumination source and a second light detector located externally to the conduit to detect light emitted by the illumination source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Atlantium Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Uri Levy
  • Patent number: 8709256
    Abstract: A method and apparatus provide at least one region of pulsed fluid treatment within a fluid treatment chamber. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Wilsa, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert W. Holland
  • Patent number: 8709341
    Abstract: An air purifying system includes one or more air permeable photocatalytic elements defining a core cavity having a sealed top end and an open bottom end. A sealed air flow path ensures that air travels from an outside of the core cavity, through the one or more photocatalytic elements, into the core cavity, to be expelled through the open bottom end. A UV radiation source disposed within the core cavity irradiates air travelling along the sealed flow path and an interior of the one or more photocatalytic elements. Each photocatalytic element is manufactured using a substrate, that is conductive of and transparent to UV radiation, coated with a photocatalyst. A non-photocatalytically active material is initially coated on the substrate and is then converted to a photocatalyst by calcination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Morphic Envirotech Inc.
    Inventors: Edwin David Day, Bernard K Deschner
  • Patent number: 8709230
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for sorting ions in order to produce gas from liquid. A first electric field source is electrically insulated from the liquid by an insulating layer. A first conductive deionization surface is positioned in the liquid and within a field line of the first electric field source. An electric conductor is connected to the first conductive deionization surface to discharge charge built up due to attracted ions located on the first conductive deionization surface. The gas is produced on said first conductive deionization surface when said first conductive deionization surface is positioned within the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: HPT (Hydrogen Production Technology) AG
    Inventor: David Haitin
  • Patent number: 8709350
    Abstract: An ion source includes a conductive substrate, the substrate including a plurality of conductive nanostructures with free-standing tips formed on the substrate. A conductive catalytic coating is formed on the nanostructures and substrate for dissociation of a molecular species into an atomic species, the molecular species being brought in contact with the catalytic coating. A target electrode placed apart from the substrate, the target electrode being biased relative to the substrate with a first bias voltage to ionize the atomic species in proximity to the free-standing tips and attract the ionized atomic species from the substrate in the direction of the target electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Thomas Schenkel, Arun Persaud, Rehan Kapadia, Ali Javey
  • Patent number: 8709351
    Abstract: A continuous feed discharge surface treater for treating web materials has a discharge chamber where ionization of a process gas occurs defined and contained by one or more rollers. Enhanced chemical coronas and plasmas are achieved by limiting depletion of the gas chemistry from the discharge chamber and dilution or contamination from mixing with drawn in ambient air. Atmospheric coronas can also be achieved in which minimal or no ozone is exhausted from the treater. Various roller and electrode assemblies, including both fixed and rolling electrodes, can be employed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Enercon Industris Corporation
    Inventors: Richard R. Hammen, Joseph Roethle, Gregory W. Schuelke
  • Publication number: 20140111784
    Abstract: A graphene oxide (GO) target is exposed to light having power sufficient to initiate a deoxygenation reaction of the GO target. The deoxygenation reaction of the GO target transforms the GO target to graphene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventor: S Scott Gilje
  • Publication number: 20140114097
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is provided for the continuous microwave depolymerization of high molecular weight organic feedstock material, such as waste plastics and includes intermittent or continuous feeding of the processing material on the surface or into the bulk of the sensitized hot bed located under microwave irradiation. As a result of the interaction of electromagnetic field with processed materials, sensitizer is heated by microwave energy and feedstock material undergoes the depolymerization reactions. The reaction zone can be localized on the surface of the hot bed or distributed in the bulk of the reaction mass depending on the agitation conditions of the reaction mass, such as stirring, or other agitation means, for example by re-circulated gas. Products of the reactions are vaporized and transported to the collection system, which may include a combination of a scrubber, a condenser and a settler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: CLIMAX GLOBAL ENERGY
    Inventors: John Hemmings, Thomas Pinto, Viktor Sharivker
  • Publication number: 20140110351
    Abstract: Internally activated energy distribution guides for use in clear to turbid liquids or air have been developed. An external energy source is transferred to a matrix or single fiber of a side emitting fiber or guide to internally activate a promoter or catalyst on the exterior of the fiber or guide to thereby dissociate target molecules passing by or along the fiber's or guide's surface by a Precise Energy Separation (“PES”) method. A number of different designs can be used, for example, in a mesh, louver system, or box. The method maximizes the interaction between the target molecules and the surface of the side emitting-internally activated distribution network. In a preferred embodiment, u-shaped fiber optics containing catalyst are positioned within tube through which the turbid liquid or air is passed, so that maximum cleavage of targeted bonds is obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Fahs Stagemyer LLC
    Inventor: Richard W. Fahs, II
  • Patent number: 8703062
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to purification and/or sterilization techniques and devices. Methods and systems are provided herein for removing contaminants from air using a combination of an ionic liquid and a reactive oxygen species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventor: Takahisa Kusuura
  • Patent number: 8703050
    Abstract: The present invention includes a composition for enhancing the antimicrobial efficacy of photodynamic disinfection against Gram-negative organism that is receptive to paraben potentiation using a composition comprising a photosensitizer and at least one paraben. The present invention also includes a method for photodynamic disinfection comprising applying the composition to a desired treatment area and applying light to the desired treatment area at a wavelength absorbed by the photosensitizer so as to inhibit Gram-negative organism located within the treatment area wherein the Gram-negative organism is receptive to paraben potentiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Ondine International Ltd.
    Inventors: Cale Street, Lisa Pedigo, Nicolas Loebel
  • Patent number: 8696983
    Abstract: A plasma sterilizing device has a container for a long tubule to be sterilized, having an adjustable internal pressure, and an electrode provided at at least one end of the long tubule. The device is configured so that plasma is generated inside the long tubule by applying an alternating current voltage to the electrode in such a state that the pressure inside and outside of the long tubule can be adjusted, so that there is a predetermined difference in pressure between the inside and the outside of the long tubule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Saga University
    Inventors: Nobuya Hayashi, Satoshi Kitazaki
  • Patent number: 8696997
    Abstract: Sterilisation apparatus arranged controllably to generate and emit hydroxyl radicals. The apparatus includes an applicator which receives RF or microwave energy, gas and water mist in a hydroxyl radical generating region. The impedance at the hydroxyl radical generating region is controlled to be high to promote creation of an ionisation discharge which in turn generates hydroxyl radicals when water mist is present. The applicator may be a coaxial assembly or waveguide. A dynamic tuning mechanism e.g. integrated in the applicator may control the impedance at the hydroxyl radical generating region. The mist and/or gas and/or energy delivery means may be integrated with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Creo Medical Limited
    Inventor: Christopher Paul Hancock
  • Patent number: 8699655
    Abstract: The present invention relates to tubular elements, such as fuel assembly tubes, which are designed to be used in high pressure and high temperature water in nuclear reactors, such as pressurized water nuclear reactors. In particular, the present invention relates to a method of improving wear resistance and corrosion resistance by depositing a protective coating having a depth of from about 5 to about 25 ?m on the surface of the tubular elements. The coating is provided by nitriding the tubular element at a temperature of from about 400° C. to about 440° C. The nitridation of the tubular element can be carried out for a duration of from about 12 hours to about 40 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Company, LLC
    Inventor: Nagwa Mahmoud Elshaik
  • Publication number: 20140097083
    Abstract: A transient distribution of electron quasiparticles with elevated effective mass is created by adding a targeted range of both crystal momentum and electron energy in a conductor to place electrons into regions of the electronic band structure diagram having a chosen, desired curvature. Effective mass scales as the inverse of curvature. The quasiparticles form transient bonds with delocalized ions and other reactants in or on a reaction particle where reaction rates and branches are controlled by the choice of effective mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2012
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Inventors: Anthony Zuppero Zuppero, Thomas J. Dolan
  • Patent number: 8685332
    Abstract: Apparatus is described for treating an effluent gas stream from a semiconductor manufacturing process tool. The apparatus comprises a plasma torch for generating a glow discharge from an inert, ionisable gas. The gas stream is conveyed to the glow discharge to ignite a plasma. A source of electromagnetic radiation supplies electromagnetic radiation to the effluent gas stream to sustain the plasma. The apparatus is particularly suitable for treating perfluorinated and hydroflurocarbon compounds in the effluent gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Edwards Limited
    Inventor: Andrew James Seeley
  • Patent number: 8685237
    Abstract: An improved draft tube spout fluid bed (DTSFB) mixing, handling, conveying, and treating apparatus and systems, and methods for operating are provided. The apparatus and systems can accept particulate material and pneumatically or hydraulically conveying the material to mix and/or treat the material. In addition to conveying apparatus, a collection and separation apparatus adapted to receive the conveyed particulate material is also provided. The collection apparatus may include an impaction plate against which the conveyed material is directed to improve mixing and/or treatment. The improved apparatus are characterized by means of controlling the operation of the pneumatic or hydraulic transfer to enhance the mixing and/or reacting by controlling the flow of fluids, for example, air, into and out of the apparatus. The disclosed apparatus may be used to mix particulate material, for example, mortar; react fluids with particulate material; coat particulate material, or simply convey particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    Inventors: Howard Littman, Joel L. Plawsky, John D. Paccione
  • Patent number: 8685238
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to systems and methods for a solar and/or AC current powered water disinfection system that is sized for portable use and is specifically tailored for use in under-developed areas of the world or in areas where natural disasters have occurred. Embodiments herein disclosed provide for a system that utilizes an ultraviolet light that is operatively coupled to a pump, inverter, battery, and a charge converter that is adapted for use with a solar panel or AC current. The system is placed into a storage container, or the like, and the water in the storage container is pumped through the ultraviolet light, which kills most waterborne, water-washed, and water-based diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Inventor: Andrew Gunter
  • Patent number: 8679416
    Abstract: There is described a fluid treatment system. The fluid treatment system comprises: an open channel for receiving a flow of fluid and a fluid treatment zone. The fluid treatment zone comprising a plurality of elongate radiation source assemblies orientated such that: (i) a longitudinal axis of each radiation source assembly is transverse to a direction of fluid flow through the fluid treatment zone, and (ii) an end of each radiation source assembly is disposed above a predetermined maximum height of fluid flow in the open channel. A first baffle plate is disposed upstream of the fluid treatment zone. The first baffle plate is positioned such that a distal end thereof is below the predetermined maximum height of fluid flow in the open channel. In a preferred embodiment, the present fluid treatment system provides for an area in which a cleaning system for the radiation source assemblies can be “parked” when not in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Trojan Technologies
    Inventors: George Traubenberg, Douglas Penhale, Li-Zheng Ma
  • Patent number: 8679300
    Abstract: An integrated production apparatus for production of boron nitride nanotubes via the pressure vapor-condenser method. The apparatus comprises: a pressurized reaction chamber containing a continuously fed boron containing target having a boron target tip, a source of pressurized nitrogen and a moving belt condenser apparatus; a hutch chamber proximate the pressurized reaction chamber containing a target feed system and a laser beam and optics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignees: Jefferson Science Associates, LLC, The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of Nasa
    Inventors: Michael W. Smith, Kevin C. Jordan
  • Patent number: 8673157
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactor for the photocatalytic treatment of liquid or gaseous streams, which reactor comprises a tube through which the stream to be treated flows, wherein, in the tube, there are arranged at least one light source, at least one flat means M1 provided with at least one photocatalytically active material and at least one flat means M2 reflecting the light radiation radiated by the at least one light source, wherein the reflecting surface of the at least one means M2 and the inner wall of the tube are at an angle greater than or equal to 0°, in such a manner that the light exiting from the light source is reflected by the at least one means M2 onto the photocatalytically active material, and to a method for the photocatalytic treatment of liquid or gaseous streams by irradiation with light in the reactor according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Grigorios Kolios, Florina Corina Patcas, Goetz-Peter Schindler, Alexandra Seeber, Gerrit Waters
  • Patent number: 8673220
    Abstract: Reactors for conducting thermochemical processes with solar heat input, and associated systems and methods. A representative system includes a reactor having a reaction zone, a reactant source coupled in fluid in communication with the reactant zone, and a solar concentrator having at least one concentrator surface positionable to direct solar energy to a focal area. The system can further include an actuator coupled to the solar concentrator to move the solar concentrator relative to the sun, and a controller operatively coupled to the actuator. The controller can be programmed with instructions that direct the actuator to position the solar concentrator to focus the solar energy on the reaction zone when the solar energy is above a threshold level, and point to a location in the sky having relatively little radiant energy to cool an object when the solar energy is below the threshold level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy E. McAlister
  • Patent number: 8663569
    Abstract: An ozone generating apparatus according to one embodiment includes a hollow cylindrical sealed container provided with an inlet for a feed gas containing oxygen gas and an outlet for an ozonized gas. A discharge tube including a dielectric tube arranged within the container and a first electrode arranged within the dielectric tube is provided in the container. A second electrode is arranged within the container and surrounds the first electrode, spaced apart from the dielectric tube to form a discharge gap between the second electrode and the dielectric tube. The apparatus further includes a discharge voltage source configured to apply a discharging voltage across the first and second electrodes, and a cooling water jacket surrounding the second electrode. The dielectric tube has an outer diameter of 12 mm or more, but 19 mm or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Takaaki Murata, Kiyoyuki Amemori, Ryutaro Makise, Kanako Nakajima, Kazuhiko Noda, Michiko Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 8663570
    Abstract: A sterilizing apparatus and an ion generating apparatus, which generate sufficient amount of cations in a short period of time and also maintain the amount of ions generated at a level that is harmless to the human body. The sterilizing apparatus and the ion generating apparatus optimize the position of an electrode to maximize the generation of active hydrogen. The ion generating apparatus includes a first electrode for generating hydrogen ions and a second electrode located such that the second electrode is separated from the first electrode by a designated distance for generating electrons and superoxide anions. The hydrogen ions generated from the first electrode react with the electrons generated from the second electrode to produce hydrogen atoms, and the hydrogen atoms react with the superoxide anions generated from the second electrode to sterilize the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyeon Gi On, Jun Sang Jeon, Eun Ju Ha
  • Patent number: 8657999
    Abstract: A method for producing a fuel composition from a feedstock which may contain biomass and municipal solid waste is described. The method includes the step of pyrolyzing the feedstock in the presence of a transition metal, using microwave energy, so that the level of oxygen in at least one product of the pyrolysis is reduced. An integrated process is also described, in which the transition metal can be regenerated. Moreover, pyrolysis products such as bio-oils can be upgraded to liquid fuel compositions. Related systems for producing fuel compositions are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Vitali Victor Lissianski, R. George Rizeq, Surinder Prabhjot Singh
  • Patent number: 8658085
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for irradiating partly formed packages (10) with electron beam irradiation from at least one electron beam sterilizing device (18), characterized in that it comprises: providing at least one partly formed package (10) to be irradiated in a gaseous environment, and exposing the gaseous environment to a pre-determined pressure regulation cycle and exposing the partly formed package (10) to irradiation at least during a portion of said pressure regulation cycle. The invention also relates to a device for realizing said method. The invention further relates irradiation of a packaging material web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.
    Inventors: Anders Kristiansson, Lars Ake Näslund
  • Publication number: 20140047761
    Abstract: The Centrifugal Fluid Ring Reactor employs a centrifugal impeller and a fluid barrier to mix multi-phase fluids and repeatedly move the mixture through a reaction zone, where the mixture contacts catalysts and/or is subjected to electromagnetic, mechanical, nuclear, or sonic energy to create ions, free radicals or activated molecules, which initiate or promote a desired reaction. It can be used to convert carbon dioxide, methane and other gaseous carbon sources into liquid fuel at ambient temperature and pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventors: Richard Max Mandle, James Edward Grady
  • Publication number: 20140050630
    Abstract: A microreactor for photoreactions includes a housing upper part, a lid plate made of a material that allows transmission of light, a flow path plate made of a material that suppresses light reflection and has a high thermal conductivity, and a housing lower part. Light is applied through a window of the housing upper part and the lid plate to a flow path of the flow path plate. The lid plate made of the material that allows transmission of light and the flow path plate made of the material that suppresses light reflection and has a high thermal conductivity are welded each other to form an integrated body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2011
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: HITACHI, LTD.
    Inventors: Yukako Asano, Shigenori Togashi
  • Publication number: 20140042039
    Abstract: An apparatus for automatically conditioning a patch plate and a plenum of an electrophysiology measurement system is provided. An arm is linearly movable between a non-operative position and an operative position. An end effector mounted to one side of the arm is configured to condition the patch plate. Another end effector mounted to an opposite side of the arm is configured to condition the plenum. A linear actuator is coupled to the arm and is configured to drive movement of the arm between the operative position and the non-operative position. When the arm is positioned in the operative position, the arm is situated between the patch plate and the plenum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: MOLECULAR DEVICES, LLC
    Inventors: Lawrence Lee, Windsor Owens
  • Patent number: 8647585
    Abstract: A sterilization system having a controllable (e.g. adjustably modulatable) non-ionising microwave radiation source for providing microwave energy for combining with a gas (e.g. an inert gas or a mixture of inert gases) to produce atmospheric low temperature plasma for sterilizing biological tissue surfaces or the like. A plasma generating region may be contained in a hand held plasma applicator. The system may include an impedance adjustor e.g. integrated in the plasma applicator arranged to set a plasma strike condition and plasma sustain condition. The gas and microwave energy may be transported to a plasma generating region along an integrated cable assembly. The integrated cable assembly may provide a two way gas flow arrangement to permit residual gas to be removed from the surface. Invasive surface plasma treatment is therefore possible. The plasma applicator may have multiple plasma emitters to produce a line or blanket of plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Creo Medical Limited
    Inventor: Christopher Paul Hancock
  • Publication number: 20140034116
    Abstract: In some embodiments, energy is released by converting the bonding potential energy between two electropositive masses capable of forming a stable bond between them into the kinetic energy of an electron quasiparticle initially captured between them by the coulomb potential. The electron quasiparticles form transient bonds with delocalized ions and other reactants in or on a reaction particle where reaction rates and branches are controlled by the choice of electron quasiparticle effective mass. Methods and apparatus for stimulating and controlling such association reactions are shown and described. Thermionic and semiconductor methods and apparatus convert the electron quasiparticle energy directly into electricity. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2013
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: Tionesta Applied Research Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony Zuppero, Thomas J. Dolan, William David Jansen, William J. Saas
  • Patent number: 8641873
    Abstract: A method for synthesizing nano particles, including: moving material in a plasma generating space in a first direction; and synthesizing nano particles by cooling the material moved along the first direction, wherein the synthesizing the nano particles may be performed by cooling the material at gradually lower temperatures during the moving thereof in the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Soon Mo Song, Hyo Sub Kim, Gun Woo Kim, Sang Hyuk Kim, Sang Hoon Kwon, Kang Heon Hur
  • Patent number: 8641976
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an apparatus for synthesizing nano particles. The apparatus for synthesizing nano particles is configured to include: a plasma generator that generates plasma; a recovery device that recovers the synthesized nano particles; and a cooler that is disposed between the plasma generator and the recovery device and includes a cooling path where the nano particles are synthesized, while material supplied from the plasma generator is cooled, wherein the cooling path is set to have lower cooling temperatures for each section as going to the moving direction of the nano particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Soon Mo Song, Hyo Sub Kim, Gun Woo Kim, Sang Hyuk Kim, Sang Hoon Kwon, Kang Heon Hur
  • Publication number: 20140030161
    Abstract: An apparatus for sanitizing pillows and other material that can be contained therein, comprising a box-like body adapted to contain at least one pillow or other item to be sanitized, elements for generating and releasing a sanitizing agent being provided in combination with forced hyper-ventilation elements adapted to force the sanitizing agent to pass through the pillow or other item and sanitize it.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventor: Guglielmo Alovisi
  • Patent number: 8636960
    Abstract: A device for carrying out gas reactions, comprising a plasma reactor with a through-flow of gases which has a, particularly cylindrical, plasma chamber, wherein flow-forming elements for forming a flow of gases are arranged before and/or in and/or after the plasma reactor in order to form a gas stream within the plasma chamber such that at least one, particularly central, zone in the gas flow is formed which is flow-reduced. A method for carrying out gas reactions is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Iplas GmbH
    Inventors: Ralf Spitzl, Arno Behr, Christian Wolff, Thorsten Oberreuther
  • Patent number: 8632678
    Abstract: A filtration apparatus including an annular filter surrounding a waste treatment chamber, a first turbine drawing liquid up within the chamber and a second turbine driving liquid outwardly through the filter. In the method of treating organic waste, the chamber includes an ultraviolet lamp and a cylindrical baffle surrounding the chamber having a mirrored surface. The disclosed apparatus further includes anodic and cathodic plates surrounding the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Inventor: E. Bayne Carew
  • Patent number: 8628670
    Abstract: A method of treating water in order to minimize scaling and biomass buildup in water conduits or containers in which the treated water is used includes processing ambient air in a chamber including at least one ultraviolet light source to generate an output flow mixture of air and reactive oxygen species (ROS) gasses, controlling the at least one ultraviolet light source, a flow rate of the output flow mixture and an ROS gas ratio in the output flow mixture, mixing a water flow with the output flow mixture to realize a flow of water/ROS gas mixture and outputting the flow of water/ROS gas mixture as the treated water. Preferably, the processing includes generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) gasses in the output flow mixture including at least one of Super Oxide (O2?) Peroxide (—O2—), Hydroperoxide (HO2?), Hydroxyl Radicals (OH.), Ozone (O3?) and Molecular Oxygen (O2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Cascade Water Services
    Inventors: Eugene Klochkoff, Clive Ling, Steven Lerman
  • Publication number: 20140008209
    Abstract: A method for performing quantum control on infinitesimal quanta includes: an independent reaction space provision step, wherein at least one three-dimensional closed space is provided; an infinitesimal-quantum kinetic energy enhancement step, wherein differently shaped reaction elements are provided on at least one inner surface of each closed space, each reaction element having at least two slits and plural pores; a parameter control step counted by time with the unit of second, wherein at least a first reaction parameter is provided, and, upon occurrence thereof, wave control is performed on a corresponding one of the at least one closed space.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Inventor: GOW-LIN LAM
  • Patent number: 8617477
    Abstract: An apparatus for removing sulfur from a hydrocarbon feed includes a cell having two compartments and a membrane separating the compartments, wherein one compartment is communicated with a hydrogen source and the other compartment is communicated with the hydrocarbon feed to be treated, wherein the membrane comprises a palladium membrane which is modified to have an additional amount of a mix of palladium and other metals (Ni, Ag, Co and Au) between about 4.62*10?3 and 1.62*10?2 g/cm2; and a power source connected across the hydrogen source compartment to generate a current across same, whereby atomic hydrogen is formed from the hydrogen source at a surface of the membrane and diffuses across the membrane to react with the hydrocarbon feed. A process using this apparatus is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Intevap, S.A.
    Inventors: Victor Báez, Luiz Felipe D'Elia, Gaudy Rodriguez, Yolimar Gandica
  • Publication number: 20130341178
    Abstract: A highly pure nitrogen fluoride process fluid having an impurity content of 10 ppm or less can be effectively obtained by using radiation to cause the dissociation of chemical bonds in the impurity to form dissociation products and thereby make the removal of the dissociation products from the process fluid easier than the removal of the impurity from the process fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Inventors: Andrew David Johnson, John Giles Langan