Electrostatic Field Or Electrical Discharge Patents (Class 422/186.04)
  • Patent number: 10087092
    Abstract: Corrosion Resistant Ozone Generators, including ozone generating chips, for various purposes including spas, pools and jetted tubs as well as methods for making and using such Corrosion Resistant Ozone Generators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Custom Molded Products, LLC
    Inventors: Frank G. Martin, Joseph A. Cannavino
  • Patent number: 10030195
    Abstract: An apparatus and method sinters or partially sinters green pellets in a selected temperature range to make proppant particles as the green pellets pass through a first central portion of the first vortex gas flow and exit the second end of the first cylindrical vessel and/or pass through a second central portion of the second vortex flow and exit the fourth end of the second cylindrical vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 10018351
    Abstract: A system and method for producing steam from an electrically conductive fluid includes: (a) a glow discharge cell, (b) a fluid source, a pump or a valve, and (c) a DC electrical power supply. The glow discharge cell includes an electrically conductive cylindrical vessel having first and second ends, and at least one inlet and one outlet. A hollow electrode is aligned with a longitudinal axis of the vessel and extends at least from the first end to the second end of the vessel. First and second insulators seal the first and second ends, respectively, of the vessel around the hollow electrode and maintain a substantially equidistant gap between the vessel and the hollow electrode. A non-conductive granular material is disposed within the gap. An electric glow discharge is created whenever the cell is connected to the electrical power supply, and the electrically conductive fluid is introduced into the gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 9956525
    Abstract: An apparatus for purifying waste gases for an integrated semiconductor is provided, which includes a cover including a burner mounted thereon to generate a flame and a plurality of waste gas inlet pipes formed on a circumference of the burner to make waste gases flow therethrough; a reactor including upper and lower openings formed thereon so that the cover is detachably coupled to the upper opening, a converging member tapered to have a smaller diameter as going toward a lower portion thereof, and a transport pipe vertically arranged to communicate with an apex of the converging member, in which a water curtain is formed to prevent accumulation of by-products, to burn and discharge the inflow waste gases; and a cleaning portion integrally formed in the reactor to water-clean the burnt waste gases that are discharged into the reactor after passing through the transport pipe to collect particles. Since the burner, the reactor, and the scrubber are integrally formed in a body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Global Standard Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Duk Jun Kim, Sang Joon Park, Dong Keun Jeon, Ki Yong Lee, Hyun Uk Sin, Gyu Dong Moon
  • Patent number: 9914173
    Abstract: A particle production apparatus including a generating device, a conveying device, and a straightening device is provided. The generating device includes a tank filled with a dense medium, an electric power source, a first and a second electrical conducting element received in the dense medium and coupled to an anode and a cathode of the electric power source respectively. The conveying device is configured to convey a metal wire into the tank and make the metal wire to contact the first electrical conducting element and the second electrical conducting element in a straight-line direction, so as to produce an electric explosion to form a plurality of particles in the dense medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Metal Industries Research & Development Centre
    Inventors: Tai-Hsin Hsu, Yin Chuang, Wen-Pin Chien, Chi-Ming Chang, Ho-Chung Fu, Chang-Pen Chen
  • Patent number: 9907874
    Abstract: Ionization systems configured with a catalyst-bearing sleeve provide improved filtration while keeping ozone levels within acceptable limits. Modular configurations provide for serviceability and replaceability. System controls monitor particulates, temperature, humidity, and other relevant factors and adjust an ionization level accordingly for optimal performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Ionaer International Arizona, LLC
    Inventors: Timothy Mark Bender, Perry Pauley, Brian Keith Roper, Todd Kenneth Roper
  • Patent number: 9861950
    Abstract: The activation of the C—H bond using low temperature plasma with an inlet liquid stream such that value added products are formed effectively. An organic liquid (e.g., hexane which is immiscible with liquid water) is injected into a flowing gas (argon) stream followed by mixing with a liquid water stream. Thereafter, the mixture contacts a plasma region formed by a pulsed electric discharge. The plasma formed with the flowing liquid and gas between the two electrodes causes chemical reactions that generate various compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Bruce R. Locke, Igor Alabugin, Robert Wandell, Kevin Hsieh, Stefan Bresch
  • Patent number: 9765271
    Abstract: There are disclosed energetic nanoparticle compositions and materials containing silicon and other energetic elements, and methods of manufacturing the same, including reacting silicon nanoparticles and unsaturated alkene or alkyne to form covalently bonded surface coatings passivated against surface oxidation, for combination with a fuel, explosive or oxidizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Inventor: James J. Myrick
  • Patent number: 9757487
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to a method and apparatus for self-sterilizing a surface or other portion of the apparatus and/or sterilizing other objects. Embodiments can utilize self-generated and/or remotely controlled plasma fields for the purpose of self-sterilization and/or sterilization of another object. Embodiments of the invention can have broad applications in procedures and equipment requiring the sterility of devices used for medical procedures, decontamination procedures, drug delivery, sterility of consumer products, and sterility of food preparation equipment and tools.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Subrata Roy, Karl Zawoy
  • Patent number: 9743672
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to novel methods and novel devices for the continuous manufacture of nanoparticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s). The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e.g., created) in a liquid (e.g., water) by, for example, preferably utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. At least one subsequent and/or substantially simultaneous adjustable electrochemical processing technique is also preferred. Multiple adjustable plasmas and/or adjustable electrochemical processing techniques are preferred. The continuous process causes at least one liquid to flow into, through and out of at least one trough member, such liquid being processed, conditioned and/or effected in said trough member(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Inventors: David K. Pierce, Mark G. Mortenson, David A. Bryce
  • Patent number: 9604228
    Abstract: The invention provides a gas purification system, for instance for agricultural application comprising a corona discharge system, the corona discharge system comprising a counter electrode, a conductive strip with a longitudinal edge comprising tooth structures, wherein the tooth structures have tooth tops with shortest distances selected from the range of 2-200 mm; and a voltage generator configured to apply a DC voltage of at least 10 kV to the conductive strip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: Memic Europe B.V.
    Inventors: Willibrordus Nicolaas Johannes Ursem, Elisabeth Johanna Jacoba Van de Vorle-Houben, Johannes Anthonius Wilhelmus de Haar
  • Patent number: 9573855
    Abstract: A system for creating a nitrate combined with a liquid. A corona discharge cell to generate an electrical field. The corona discharge cell further comprising a conduit to pass air through the electrical field to produce nitric oxide NO, wherein the air comprises a mixture of at least nitrogen N2 and oxygen O2, the conduit for combining the nitric oxide NO with the oxygen O2 to form nitrogen dioxide NO2. The corona discharge cell further comprising an injector for combining the nitrogen dioxide NO2 with the liquid to generate nitric acid HNO3 which combines with the liquid to generate the nitrate comprised of nitrate radical NO3 mixed with the liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Inventor: Russell J. Keller
  • Patent number: 9499443
    Abstract: An apparatus and method sinters or partially sinters green pellets in a selected temperature range to make proppant particles as the green pellets pass through a first central portion of the first vortex gas flow and exit the second end of the first cylindrical vessel and/or pass through a second central portion of the second vortex flow and exit the fourth end of the second cylindrical vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 9452481
    Abstract: A reactive-species supply device is configured to supply a treatment gas to an electric discharge space that is formed by at least one pair of electrodes, for thereby supplying at least a reactive species formed in a plasma, to an object through a reactive-species output port. The reactive-species supply device includes (a) a reactive-species outlet passage disposed between the electric discharge space and the reactive-species output port and (b) an earth ground member disposed in a portion of the reactive-species outlet passage. The portion of the reactive-species outlet passage is distant, by a given distance, from the reactive-species output port. Also disclosed is a surface treatment apparatus that includes the reactive-species supply device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignees: FUJI MACHINE MFG. CO., LTD., NAGOYA UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Masaru Hori, Hiroyuki Kano, Kazuaki Mori, Nobuyuki Nakane, Toshimitsu Watanabe, Joji Isozumi
  • Patent number: 9418820
    Abstract: A cold plasma helmet application device for delivery of cold plasma benefits to the head of a patient. An appropriate gas is introduced into a helmet receptacle within a containment dome of the helmet. The gas is energized by one or more dielectric barrier devices that receive energy from a pulsed source. The dielectric barrier devices can be configured to match the treatment area. Such a device and method can be used to treat large surface areas treatment sites associated with the head, head trauma, brain cancer, the control of brain swelling with closed head injury or infection, as well as treating male pattern baldness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Plasmology4, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory A. Watson, David J. Jacofsky
  • Patent number: 9382122
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the production of silicon from silyl halides. In a first step, the silyl halide is converted, with the generation of a plasma discharge, to a halogenated polysilane, which is subsequently decomposed to silicon, in a second step, with heating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Spawnt Private S.à.r.l.
    Inventor: Norbert Auner
  • Patent number: 9355820
    Abstract: Embodiments of methods for removing carbon-containing films are provided herein. In some embodiments, a method for removing a carbon-containing layer includes providing an ammonia containing process gas to a process chamber having a substrate with a silicon oxide layer disposed atop the substrate and a carbon-containing layer disposed atop the silicon oxide layer disposed in the process chamber; providing RF power to the process chamber to ignite the ammonia containing process gas to form a plasma; and exposing the substrate to NH and/or NH2 radicals and hydrogen radicals formed in the plasma to remove the carbon-containing layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Wei Liu, Naomi Yoshida, Mandar Balasaheb Pandit
  • Patent number: 9327048
    Abstract: An air treatment device having a plasma generator electrostatic precipitator assembly, is provided. The assembly includes an electrostatic precipitator configured to charge airborne particles in the vicinity of the electrostatic precipitator to provide charged airborne particles, and a plasma generator positioned in proximity to the electrostatic precipitator and configured for cooperation with the electrostatic precipitator. The plasma generator is configured to discharge plasma and provide an inactivation zone in the region of the plasma generator operable to inactivate airborne particles. The air treatment device directs the charged airborne particles generated by the electrostatic precipitator into the inactivation zone such that the air treatment device is adapted to generate charged airborne particles and then immediately, to direct the charged airborne particles into the inactivation zone so as to expose the charged airborne particles to plasma in the inactivation zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Novaerus Patents Limited
    Inventors: Graham Deane, Kevin Maughan, Felipe Soberon, Niall O'Connor
  • Patent number: 9295535
    Abstract: The present invention provides a device for generating a non-thermal gas species which may be a flow of gas plasma in the form of a gas plasma plume emitted from the device. The device comprises a gas capsule, or pressure vessel for holding a gas or gases under pressure and forming a flow of gas through a reaction generator to an applicator when released from the capsule. Gas released from the gas capsule is energised in the reaction generator to form the gas plasma. The device is designed to be hand held and hand operated so that it may be used for cleaning and whitening teeth as well as other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Bickford Holbeche, Cormac John Devery, Geoffrey Morgan Lloyd
  • Patent number: 9272238
    Abstract: The present general inventive concept discloses a ceramic composite substrate that, with proper construction and proper excitation, can generate uniform plasma throughout the substrate for fluid flow treatment to influence a change in its chemical, electrical or physical properties, and method for generating plasma throughout the substrate. The ceramic substrate can include fibrous or sintered semiconducting material, and can include optional structural fiber for support of the semiconducting materials, as well as an optional auxiliary thermal heating source for cleaning excess particulate matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Inventor: Truman Bonds
  • Patent number: 9248207
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electron microscope plasma cleaner for cleaning an electron microscope by using plasma, the cleaner including a vacuum chamber in which the sample is disposed; an electron gun for producing the electron beam and outputting the produced electron beam to the sample; an electron lens for magnifying the electron beam transmitting the sample and projecting the electron beam onto a fluorescent screen; a radio frequency controller for producing a first signal having radio frequency within a given range; and a plasma head for producing the plasma, receiving the first signal from the radio frequency controller, producing activated oxygen radicals and ions by using the plasma and the first signal, and supplying the activated oxygen radicals and ions to the interior of the vacuum chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Hitachi High-Technologies Korea Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Heyoung Cheol Heyoung
  • Patent number: 9236227
    Abstract: An inhalable cold plasma mask device for generation of a breathable cold plasma for delivery to a patient. A biocompatible gas is received in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) device that is energized by an electrode that receives energy from a pulsed source. The DBD device can be grounded by a grounding structure. A grounding screen can be used prior to inhalation of the cold plasma. The inhalable cold plasma mask device includes the use of a single-layer or a two-layer approach to its construction. The inhalable cold plasma mask device can have one or two DBD devices. Such a device and associated method can be used to treat upper respiratory tract infections, as well as reducing inflammation, sinus and esophageal polyps in both size and frequency of occurrence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Plasmology4, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory A. Watson, Marc C. Jacofsky
  • Patent number: 9114373
    Abstract: There is provided a plasma generation device capable of suppressing arc discharge in which discharge is localized to cause a high temperature, and allowing atmospheric discharge plasma to be stably generated with a high generation efficiency in a low temperature at about a room temperature without being spatially biased. The plasma generation device arranged with a plurality of electrodes facing each other includes a discharge position control unit, which is arranged between each of the plurality of electrodes, and is formed by containing an inverse characteristic material composed of a fluid having polarizability and a property that dielectric constant decreases with an increase in temperature, in a container formed of a dielectric material, wherein the inverse characteristic material is spaced apart from each of the plurality of electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: SAGA University
    Inventors: Tatsuya Misawa, Nobuya Hayashi
  • Patent number: 9072157
    Abstract: A device 10, typically hand-held, provides a flow of partially ionized gaseous plasma for treatment of a treatment region. The device comprises an applicator head 52 housing a miniature plasma cell 16 in which gas flowing through the cell from a gas source 22 can be energized to form a non-thermal gaseous plasma, and a plurality of electrodes 26, 28 for receiving electrical energy from a source of electrical energy for energizing gas in a plasma forming region 18 in the cell to form said plasma. The applicator head 52 is detachable from the device and may be of a size and configuration to enable it to be inserted into the oral cavity of a human or animal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Bickford Holbeche, Richard Thomas Reich, Peter Dobson, Cormac John Devery, Andrew Richard Thomas Tatarek
  • Publication number: 20150139863
    Abstract: A liquid treatment apparatus includes a dielectric tube through which a liquid flows, a first electrode, at least one end of which is disposed in the dielectric tube, a second electrode, at least one end of which is disposed in the dielectric tube, and a power supply for applying a voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the dielectric tube has a protrusion projecting outwardly from an inside of the dielectric tube, an inner wall face of the protrusion facing the first electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: MASAKI FUJIKANE, MARI ONODERA, SHIN-ICHI IMAI
  • Publication number: 20150136711
    Abstract: A liquid treatment apparatus according to the present disclosure includes a dielectric tube that defines a channel through which water to be treated flows, the channel being split upstream of the dielectric tube into a first channel and a second channel, the first channel and the second channel being merged with each other downstream of the dielectric tube, a first electrode at least partially disposed within the first channel, a second electrode at least partially disposed within the first channel, a first gas-supply unit that supplies gas to form a gas bubble into water to be treated that flows through the first channel, and a first power-supply that applies a voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: MASAKI FUJIKANE, MARI ONODERA, SHIN-ICHI IMAI
  • Patent number: 9028791
    Abstract: A system and method for manufacturing carbon nanotubes using chemical vapor deposition. The system has a first chamber comprising at least one cathode and at least one anode, a gas supply source, at least one activation energy source, at least one alignment energy source, a second chamber situated within said first chamber, said second chamber comprising: a target growth plate, comprising a catalyst and a substrate, a second cathode configured to support said target growth plate, a movable platform configured to support said second cathode, and a gas permeable barrier vertically opposed from said second cathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Dream Matter, LLC
    Inventor: Joel Maier
  • Patent number: 9028749
    Abstract: Disclosed are apparatus and method for decontaminating and sterilizing chemical and biological agents, which can efficiently decontaminate and sterilize high precision electronic devices, communication devices, computers or inside of vehicles and air planes contaminated with chemical and biological agent by using mixture of non-thermal atmospheric pressure air plasma and oxidizing peroxide vapor. The apparatus according to the present invention comprises a decontamination and sterilization chamber 10; a first fluid supplying line L1 and a second fluid supplying line L2, which are installed in the form of closed circuit between the inlet 11 and outlet 12 of the decontamination and sterilization chamber 10; a peroxide vapor supplier which is installed on the first fluid supplying line; and a non-thermal atmospheric pressure air plasma reactor 70 which is installed on the second fluid supplying line L2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Agency for Defense Development
    Inventors: Sam Gon Ryu, Hae Wan Lee
  • Patent number: 9028689
    Abstract: An aqueous fluid treatment method and system is provided which preferably uses a 3 step electro-chemical oxidation process to remove organic contaminates from water. A high surface area electro-chemical reaction cell can be employed to remove organic particles and precipitate hardness salts from the aqueous solution. Several 3-phase spark arcs generated mixed oxidants and acoustic cavitations to remove dissolved organic compounds and oxidize organic metal compounds in the next step. Finally, a dielectric discharge in aqueous foam is used to eliminate recalcitrant organic compounds such as, but not limited to, polychlorinated aromatics, disinfectants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals before release to environment or recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Michael Fraim, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Publication number: 20150125357
    Abstract: A gas reactor device includes a plurality of microcavities or microchannels defined at least partially within a thick metal oxide layer consisting essentially of defect free oxide. Electrodes are arranged with respect to the microcavities or microchannels to stimulate plasma generation therein upon application of suitable voltage. One or more or all of the electrodes are encapsulated within the thick metal oxide layer. A gas inlet is configured to receive feedstock gas into the plurality of microcavities or microchannels. An outlet is configured to outlet reactor product from the plurality of microcavities or microchannels. In an example preferred device, the feedstock gas is air or O2 and is converted by the plasma into ozone (O3). In another preferred device, the feedstock gas is an unwanted gas to be decomposed into a desired form. Gas reactor devices of the invention can, for example, decompose gases such as CO2, CH4, or NOR.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: J. Gary Eden, Sung-Jin Park, Jin Hoon Cho, Seung Hoon Sung, Min Hwan Kim
  • Publication number: 20150113870
    Abstract: A system for creating a nitrate combined with a liquid. A corona discharge cell to generate an electrical field. The corona discharge cell further comprising a conduit to pass air through the electrical field to produce nitric oxide NO, wherein the air comprises a mixture of at least nitrogen N2 and oxygen O2, the conduit for combining the nitric oxide NO with the oxygen O2 to form nitrogen dioxide NO2. The corona discharge cell further comprising an injector for combining the nitrogen dioxide NO2 with the liquid to generate nitric acid HNO3 which combines with the liquid to generate the nitrate comprised of nitrate radical NO3 mixed with the liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Russell J. Keller
  • Patent number: 9011803
    Abstract: Methods and systems for producing silane that use electrolysis to regenerate reactive components therein are disclosed. The methods and systems may be substantially closed-loop with respect to halogen, an alkali or alkaline earth metal and/or hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: SunEdison, Inc.
    Inventors: Puneet Gupta, Henry F. Erk, Alexis Grabbe
  • Patent number: 9011698
    Abstract: A method and devices comprise a low frequency high energy ultrasound system having at least one sonotrode projecting into a reactor vessel through which the liquid passes via at least one inlet orifice and at least one outlet orifice. To avoid cavitation at the sonotrode, in a close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure/amplitude combination close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line is generated at which considerably reduced or no cavitation occurs and in the adjacent region in the vessel at least in a region and at least at times a pressure/amplitude combination is maintained below the pressure-amplitude characteristic line at which cavitation is generated. A device has an inlet orifice arranged such that the liquid impacts directly onto the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface, and is shaped that in the close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line prevails.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Dr. Hielscher GmbH
    Inventors: Harald Hielscher, Holger Hielscher, Thomas Hielscher
  • Publication number: 20150102255
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a liquid treatment device and a liquid treatment method each capable of efficiently generating plasma and treating a liquid in a short time period. A liquid treatment device according to the present disclosure includes a first electrode, a second electrode disposed in a liquid, an insulator disposed surrounding the first electrode through a space, the insulator having an opening portion at a position in contact with the liquid, and a power supply that applies an AC voltage or a pulse voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Shin-ichi IMAI, Hironori KUMAGAI, Mari ONODERA
  • Publication number: 20150105716
    Abstract: A system for the administration of modified plasma to a subject, including: (a) a non thermal plasma (NTP) emitting source for emitting a plasma beam; (b) a plasma coupling mechanism (PCM) with a plasma beam dish having at least one opening for the passage of the plasma beam; the plasma beam dish having a first surface and a second opposite surface. The first surface of the plasma beam dish includes: at least one coupling element selected from the group consisting of: (1) at least one ferroelectric element for providing the field; (2) at least one ferromagnetic element for providing the field; (3) at least one piezoelectric element for providing the field; and (4) at least one piezomagnetic element for providing the field. The system additionally includes at least one reflecting element configured to focus the NTP beam, thereby providing the modified plasma.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Orit ISH-YAMINI TOMER, Tamar Levin
  • Publication number: 20150098871
    Abstract: The present disclosure in an exemplary embodiment relates to an apparatus for manufacturing polysilicon. The apparatus for manufacturing polysilicon comprises a base plate; a container body coupled to the base plate; at least one rod; a reaction gas source and a power supply. The at least one rod is configured to have legs respectively connected with three electrodes installed on the base plate and to be disposed in the container body. The reaction gas source is configured to communicate with the container body for supplying a reaction gas into the container body. The power supply is configured to connect with the electrodes for supplying an electric current to energize the rod to generate heat.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Ik-jin KIM, Sung-hwan CHOI
  • Publication number: 20150093453
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to novel methods and novel devices for the continuous manufacture of nanoparticles, microparticles and nanoparticle/liquid solution(s). The nanoparticles (and/or micron-sized particles) comprise a variety of possible compositions, sizes and shapes. The particles (e.g., nanoparticles) are caused to be present (e.g., created) in a liquid (e.g., water) by, for example, preferably utilizing at least one adjustable plasma (e.g., created by at least one AC and/or DC power source), which plasma communicates with at least a portion of a surface of the liquid. At least one subsequent and/or substantially simultaneous adjustable electrochemical processing technique is also preferred. Multiple adjustable plasmas and/or adjustable electrochemical processing techniques are preferred. The continuous process causes at least one liquid to flow into, through and out of at least one trough member, such liquid being processed, conditioned and/or effected in said trough member(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: David K. Pierce, Mark G. Mortenson, David A. Bryce
  • Patent number: 8991153
    Abstract: A method and system for treating emissions includes charging particles in an exhaust stream, producing one or more radicals, and oxidizing at least a portion of the charged particles with at least a portion of the produced radicals. At least a portion of the charged particles in the exhaust stream are then attracted on at least one attraction surface which is one of oppositely charged from the charged particles and grounded. The attracted particles are oxidized with another portion of the one or more produced radicals to self regenerate the at least one attraction surface. Downstream from where the attracted particles are oxidized, at least a portion of one or more first compounds in the exhaust stream are converted to one or more second compounds downstream from the attracting. Additionally, at least a portion of any remaining charged particles are oxidized into one or more gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Rochester Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Ali Ogut, Chen Cheng
  • Patent number: 8980190
    Abstract: A plasma generating apparatus comprises a first, powered electrode and a second electrode structure located in front of the first electrode. An insulating layer is interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode structure. The second electrode structure has a plurality of second electrode portions defining gap portions therebetween. The width of the gap portions is w. The second electrode portions each have a forward surface and the gap portions each having a forward surface, the height difference between the forward surface of each second electrode portion and the forward surfaces of the adjacent gap portions being h, and wherein h is at most 1 mm and the ratio w/h is at least 1. Thus, the forward surfaces of the second electrode portions and the forward surfaces of the gap portions together provide a smooth topography. The plasma generated by the apparatus (in air or other oxygen-containing gas) forms ozone, which can be used to treat foodstuffs, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventors: Declan Andrew Diver, Hugh Potts
  • Patent number: 8980175
    Abstract: There are provided methods for sterilizing and/or disinfecting an object. The methods can comprise exposing the object disposed in a packaging material having at least one open end to an afterglow plasma, wherein the packaging material is non-porous and is transparent to UV radiation. There are also provided methods for using a packaging material. The methods can comprise disposing an object to be sterilized into the packaging material, the packaging material being non-porous, transparent to UV radiation, and having at least one open end; and exposing the object and the packaging material having at least one open end, to an afterglow of a plasma, thereby at least substantially protecting the object to be sterilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventors: Pierre Levif, Jacynthe Séguin, Michel Moisan
  • Patent number: 8974741
    Abstract: A device for treating gases using surface plasma, including: at least one dielectric substrate having two opposite main surfaces, at least one first electrode, and at least one second electrode being respectively deposited on the two opposite main surfaces of the substrate, the first and second electrodes being connected to the two terminals of an electric power supply source; at least one catalytic support independent from the dielectric substrate and from the electrodes, and integrating a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventors: Laurent Bedel, Michel Jouve
  • Patent number: 8968668
    Abstract: A microplasma device of the invention includes a microcavity or microchannel defined at least partially within a thick metal oxide layer consisting essentially of defect free oxide. Electrodes are arranged with respect to the microcavity or microchannel to stimulate plasma generation in said microcavity or microchannel upon application of suitable voltage and at least one of the electrodes is encapsulated within the thick metal oxide layer. Large arrays can be formed and are highly robust as lack of microcracks in the oxide avoid dielectric breakdown.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: J. Gary Eden, Sung-Jin Park, Jin Hoon Cho, Seung Hoon Sung, Min Hwan Kim
  • Patent number: 8961659
    Abstract: An electrically enhanced air filtration system is disclosed which uses rear fiber charging is disclosed. In particular, a fibrous filter may be placed in an upstream position within the system with one or more ionization arrays positioned downstream or to the rear of the fibrous filter in terms of airflow direction. The fibrous filter may include a grounded side and fiber side with the grounded side being upstream of the fiber side. The ionization array may include a plurality of electrodes each extending unidirectionally toward the fibrous filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventor: Peter J. McKinney
  • Patent number: 8961651
    Abstract: Energy consumption of the society is increasing due to expanding economic activity and increasing population. As greater consumption of energy generates more air pollution, there is an ongoing need to find better methods of reducing pollutants in terms of effectiveness and reduced energy consumption. The solution proposed in this disclosure takes advantage of electrical characteristics such as electron affinity and dipole moment. There are many pollutants which exhibit positive electron affinity. Such a pollutant can be easily converted to a negative ion by providing an extra electron. Many of the pollutants have dipolar charge distributions which facilitate electrical interactions with charges. If one of the pollutants becomes charged, it can attract other pollutants which are dipoles to form clusters of pollutants. Furthermore, charged clusters are responsive to electric and magnetic fields. For example, they can be separated from the rest of the flue gas by manipulating with such fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Inventor: Halit Gokturk
  • Patent number: 8961888
    Abstract: To provide a plasma generator having plasma-generating zone of increased volume. A plasma generator 110 has a cylindrical casing 11 made of a sintered ceramic produced from alumina (Al2O3) as a raw material. The casing 11 has a slit-like gas inlet 11i and a plurality of cylindrical gas outlets 11o. From the gas inlet 11i to the top of the plasma-generating zone P, the slit width (the front-to-back direction with respect to the sheet of FIG. 2.A, and the left-to right direction in FIG. 2.B) is adjusted to 1 mm, and gas outlets 11o each having an inner diameter of 1 to 2 mm are formed in straight line along the longitudinal direction of the plasma-generating zone P. The plasma-generating zone P has a square cross-section normal to the longitudinal direction having a side of 2 to 5 mm. Each of the surfaces of the electrodes 2a, 2b facing each other has a plurality of recesses (hollow portions).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: Nu Eco Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaru Hori, Hioryuki Kano
  • Patent number: 8961871
    Abstract: An apparatus for sterilization of an inner wall of containers has a charge carrier source for generating charge carriers, with an acceleration device by which charge carriers are capable of being accelerated in the direction of a charge carrier emission window. The charge carrier emission window is arranged on a treatment device for introduction through an opening into the container along an insertion direction, in order to act upon an inner wall of the container with the charge carriers issuing from the charge carrier emission window. A medium is flowed into the region of the charge carriers issuing out of the charge carrier emission window for changing the dimension of a charge carrier cloud formed by the discharged charge carriers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Krones AG
    Inventors: Josef Knott, Hans Scheuren
  • Patent number: 8961889
    Abstract: A devulcanization apparatus for devulcanizing a plurality of cross-linked elastomer particles. The apparatus includes a first conveyor functioning as a high voltage electrode and a second conveyor functioning as a ground electrode. A generator is operable to apply an alternating electric field between the first and second conveyors. A devulcanization region is provided between the first and second conveyors in which the cross-linked elastomer particles are placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Novation IQ LLC
    Inventor: Michel Marc
  • Patent number: 8957265
    Abstract: Systems and methods for extracting recoverable materials from source materials are provided. Source materials are introduced into a furnace. A condition is created within the furnace in which a gaseous pressure within the furnace is less than an atmospheric pressure outside of the furnace by removing air from within the furnace with a vacuum pump. Hydrocarbons contained within the source material are separated from the source material without using a significant amount of water by heating the source material to a temperature sufficient to cause the hydrocarbons to liquefy or vaporize. The liquefied hydrocarbons or vaporized hydrocarbons are then captured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Green Technology LLC
    Inventors: John Lee Horning, Jan H. Matthias, Nigel Moriarty, John Stuart Lehde
  • Publication number: 20150044119
    Abstract: A method and system of igniting one or more filaments for silicon production includes applying an output voltage to the one or more filaments using a transformer connected with the one or more filaments. In addition, the method includes supplying, in combination with the application of the output voltage, a current to a primary winding of the transformer via a choke to limit the current to a first predetermined current threshold range. The combination of the supplied current and applied output voltage allows a predetermined output range to be generated from a power supply device initially required to ignite the one or more filaments.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Michael Harro Liese, Wilfried Vollman, Casey Michael Wornath
  • Patent number: RE45415
    Abstract: An oxygen emitter which is an electrolytic cell is disclosed. When the anode and cathode are separated by a critical distance, very small microbubbles and nanobubbles of oxygen are generated. The very small oxygen bubbles remain in suspension, forming a solution supersaturated in oxygen. A flow-through model for oxygenating flowing water is disclosed. The use of supersaturated water for enhancing the growth of plants is disclosed. Methods for applying supersaturated water to plants manually, by drip irrigation or in hydroponic culture are described. The treatment of waste water by raising the dissolved oxygen with the use of an oxygen emitter is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oxygenator Water Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: James Andrew Senkiw