With Means Applying Electromagnetic Wave Energy Or Corpuscular Radiation To Reactants For Initiating Or Perfecting Chemical Reaction Patents (Class 422/186)
  • Patent number: 8992849
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for preparing silicon nanoparticles. The apparatus includes a corona discharge section charging silicon nanoparticles to exhibit unipolarity in order to prevent agglomeration of the silicon nanoparticles after the silicon nanoparticles are generated from an injected gas by plasma reaction of an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) coil. The apparatus may facilitate grain size control of silicon nanoparticles while improving discharge performance of a mesh filter for collection of generated nanoparticles by preventing agglomeration of the silicon nanoparticles generated by plasma reaction using inductively coupled plasma (ICP), and may permit replacement of the mesh filter even during operation of the apparatus, thereby improving productivity while reducing manufacturing costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Bo-Yun Jang, Joon-Soo Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
  • Patent number: 8986621
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for converting carbon dioxide and treating waste material using a high energy electron beam are disclosed. For example, carbon dioxide and an aqueous reaction solution having a reactant can be combined to form an aqueous reaction mixture, and the aqueous reaction mixture can then be subjected to a high energy electron beam that initiates a reaction between carbon dioxide and the reactant to form a reaction product. Solid or liquid waste material can be treated by, for example, combining carbon dioxide and a solid or liquid waste material having a reactant and then subjecting the carbon dioxide and solid or liquid waste material having a reactant to a high energy electron beam to initiate a reaction between the carbon dioxide and the reactant to form a reaction product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: IXYS Corporation
    Inventor: Nathan Zommer
  • Patent number: 8986550
    Abstract: A method and a modular system for performing a sterilizing treatment of ballast waters (12) onboard of a ship (10), for reducing and/or removing the contents of invasive living micro-organisms. A water loading pump (13) and a water preliminary filtering stage (14) are operatively connected to a plurality of ballast water storing tanks (11); a UV sterilizing apparatus (18) for the ballast water is submerged into the ballast water in each water storing tank (11), and is operatively connected to a local control unit (QE). Each UV sterilizing apparatus (18) comprises a UV radiation source (28). The ballast water (12) inside each storing tank (11) is recirculated although the UV radiation source (28), for a required time and mixed with the ballast water inside the water storage tank (11) to enable the living micro-organisms to be substantially reduced or eliminated, during the navigation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Artes Ingegneria S.p.A.
    Inventors: Pasquale Punzo, Giuseppe Balzano
  • Patent number: 8986549
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for the treatment of liquids, comprising a filter module with a filter, an inlet for liquid, a first outlet for liquid and a second outlet for filtered liquid, wherein the inlet and the first outlet are positioned on a first side of the filter, and the second outlet is positioned on the second side of the filter, a first UV-treatment module with a first UV-light source, wherein the first UV-treatment module is connected with the first outlet of the filter module and adapted to receive liquid from the filter module, and to expose said liquid to UV-light from the first UV-light source, and a second UV-treatment module with a second UV-light source, wherein the second UV-treatment module is connected with the second outlet of the filter module adapted to receive filtered liquid from the filter module, and to expose said liquid to UV-light from the second UV-light source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: GEA Westfalia Separator Group GmbH
    Inventor: Wilfried Riggers
  • Patent number: 8986510
    Abstract: It is intended to provide a method whereby a target to be analyzed can be easily decomposed in a micro region and a decomposition apparatus. In the decomposition method of decomposing the target to be analyzed and the decomposition apparatus, the target is allowed to coexist with a microparticle and then the microparticle is put into the high-energy state. Then, the target located in the vicinity of the surface of the microparticle is decomposed due to the energy transfer from the high-energy microparticle toward the target. Thus, the target can be easily decomposed in a micro region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Genesis Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Takeda, Fumitaka Mafune, Tamotsu Kondou
  • Patent number: 8980188
    Abstract: A refrigerator is provided. The refrigerator includes a case having at least one storage compartment for low temperature storage, a lighting source arranged in the at least one storage compartment to generate a sanitation wavelength, a location controller configured to control a location of the lighting source, and a controller configured to control operation of the location controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Eunyoung Park, Myungryul Lee, Deulre Min, Seunghwan Oh
  • Patent number: 8980189
    Abstract: In the present invention, particularly, means for removing moisture contained in a raw material gas is provided in a raw material gas supply part so that the amount of moisture contained in the raw material gas that is supplied to an ozone gas supply system is reduced, and additionally an ozone gas output flow rate management unit is provided that is configured to receive a plurality of ozone gas outputs from a plurality of nitrogen-free ozone generation units and capable of performing an ozone gas output flow rate control for selectively outputting one or a combination of two or more of the plurality of ozone gas outputs to any of a plurality of ozone treatment apparatuses by performing an opening/closing operation on a plurality of ozone gas control valves provided in the ozone gas output flow rate management unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichi Nishimura, Yoichiro Tabata
  • Publication number: 20150071707
    Abstract: A method and system for treating and strengthening material. One or more electron accelerators can be integrated with a mobile unit. The electron accelerators are positioned on the mobile unit to irradiate and treat in-situ, a material located proximate to the mobile unit, wherein irradiation of the material by the electron accelerators results in in-situ cross-linking or polymerization of the material and therefore a strengthening and increased durability of the material. The in-situ treatment of a road surface to toughen and strengthen the road surface constructed with standard asphalt construction can result in improved material properties of the surface, enhanced durability, and improved lifetime.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: Robert D. Kephart
  • Publication number: 20150068113
    Abstract: There is provided an apparatus (1) and methods for processing biomass to produce charcoal, bio-oil(s) activated carbon, recarburiser carbon, or nut coke by means of microwave energy. The apparatus has a rotatable tube (5) for receiving biomass (108), an electromagnetic generator (7). One method provides applying electromagnetic energy to the biomass (108) and an absorbing material (109). An alternative method provides allowing an indirect, black body radiation field to develop, and exposing the biomass (108) to the black body radiation field and the electromagnetic energy. Another method provides allowing plasma to form and exposing the biomass to the plasma and the electromagnetic energy. Another method provides introducing the biomass to a second container (205), introducing the second container to a first reaction container (5), applying electromagnetic energy to the biomass and an absorbing material (109), allowing a plasma to form in the first container, which heats the biomass in the second container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Gregory Thomas Conner, Forrest John Tyrrell-Baxter
  • Patent number: 8974742
    Abstract: A reactor unit for photocatalytic treatment of fluids such as air, includes a catalyzer device (4) comprising a catalytic material support having a generally tubular shape defining a fluid flow channel extending around and along a fluid flow path and a photocatalytic material coated on at least a portion of an internal surface of the support, and a radiation source (30) received in a central portion of the catalyzer device. The catalytic material support comprises a wall portion and a plurality of tapered protrusions (8) extending from an internal surface of the wall portion to a tip proximate to the radiation source, the tapered protrusions being arranged around the radiation source and along the fluid flow channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Aelorve S.A.S.
    Inventor: Jean-Pierre Pastor
  • Patent number: 8974645
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for plasma reformation of fuel, in particular kerosene, which method comprises the steps of: feeding fuel through a line to the inlet of an expansion nozzle; supplying energy from an energy source by way of a hollow waveguide to generate a plasma state in the expansion nozzle; injecting further fuel through nozzles into the arising plasma flame in order to decompose the fuel in the heat into components such as CO, C and H; and expanding the plasma flame at high speed into the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: EADS Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Erwin Bayer, Jürgen Steinwandel
  • Patent number: 8968668
    Abstract: A microplasma device of the invention includes a microcavity or microchannel defined at least partially within a thick metal oxide layer consisting essentially of defect free oxide. Electrodes are arranged with respect to the microcavity or microchannel to stimulate plasma generation in said microcavity or microchannel upon application of suitable voltage and at least one of the electrodes is encapsulated within the thick metal oxide layer. Large arrays can be formed and are highly robust as lack of microcracks in the oxide avoid dielectric breakdown.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: J. Gary Eden, Sung-Jin Park, Jin Hoon Cho, Seung Hoon Sung, Min Hwan Kim
  • Patent number: 8968577
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved water treatment process that operates on a continuous flow of fluids that are subjected to hydrodynamic waves, acoustic ultrasonic waves in combination with injected ozone and electro chemical treatment. The treatment system provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling fluids as contaminated as frac water, used to stimulate gas production from shale formations, as well as other types of fluids having various levels of contaminants such as aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and suspended solids. The calcium carbonate scaling tendency is reduced to an acceptable level without the use of acids, ion exchange materials, or anti scaling chemicals which is of economical and environmental significance and benefit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Ecosphere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis McGuire, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Publication number: 20150053592
    Abstract: A method of operating a hydrocarbon material processing system includes feeding a hydrocarbon feedstock from a hydrocarbon feedstock source into a reaction tube positioned within an opening of a waveguide, feeding a process gas from a process gas source into the reaction tube, receiving microwaves in the waveguide from a microwave generator, energy from the waveguide in the reaction tube to cause the feedstock and process gas to react and form into a product stream comprising a fuel product. The method also includes periodically delivering a cleaning gas into the reaction tube, without stopping the propagation of the energy and without pausing the feeding of the hydrocarbon feedstock and the process gas into the reaction tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: George L. Skoptsov, Alan A. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20150057479
    Abstract: A multi-stage system converts a hydrocarbon material to an intermediate product in a first stage and a final product in a final stage. The first stage includes a first reaction chamber configured to receive hydrocarbon and process gas. In the presence of energy, the first stage will convert the feedstock into an intermediate product for delivery to a second stage. The second stage includes a second reaction chamber configured to receive the intermediate product and a process gas. When the intermediate product and process gases are fed into the reaction chamber in the presence of energy, a plasma is formed in the second reaction chamber and converts the intermediate product into a liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Alan A. Johnson, George L. Skoptsov
  • Publication number: 20150056107
    Abstract: A sterilization system having a controllable non-ionizing microwave radiation source for providing microwave energy for combining with a gas to produce atmospheric low temperature plasma for sterilizing biological tissue surfaces or the like. A plasma generating region may be contained in a hand held plasma applicator. The system may include an impedance adjustor e.g. integrated in the plasma applicator arranged to set a plasma strike condition and plasma sustain condition. The gas and microwave energy may be transported to a plasma generating region along an integrated cable assembly. The integrated cable assembly may provide a two way gas flow arrangement to permit residual gas to be removed from the surface. Invasive surface plasma treatment is therefore possible. The plasma applicator may have multiple plasma emitters to produce a line or blanket of plasma.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Christopher Paul HANCOCK
  • Publication number: 20150053544
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for generating nitric oxide, which comprises the steps of: providing a precursor solution comprising a nitric oxide precursor in a first reservoir (12), guiding the precursor solution through a reaction chamber (16), thereby subjecting the precursor solution to radiation to generate nitric oxide, guiding the generated nitric oxide out of the reaction chamber (16) by a stream of carrier gas, and guiding the reacted solution into a second reservoir (14). The method according to the invention provides a method of generating nitric oxide, or a flow of nitric oxide comprising gas, in which the concentration of the nitric oxide may be kept especially constant. Also claimed is an apparatus for generating nitric oxide comprising reservoirs for the precursor solution and the reacted solution and a reaction chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2011
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.
    Inventors: Claudia Hannelore Igney, Rainer Hilbig, Achim Gerhard Rolf Koerber
  • Patent number: 8961890
    Abstract: Provided is a purifying apparatus, which includes ultraviolet lamps and an ozone lamp having different wavelengths from one another and disposed in tubes to remove bacteria, VOC, bad odors in water or air, and these tubes are arranged in a serial or parallel way. Folds are formed at inner ends of the spiral photocatalytic sheets which are in contact with the lamps and the respective lamps are inserted into to increase the contact area with air or water and the one with the lamp, thereby preventing the lamp from being damaged. The purifying apparatus includes: an outer case having an inlet and an outlet; a spiral photocatalytic sheet to be inserted into the outer case; a UV lamp to be inserted into the spiral photocatalytic sheet, wherein folds are disposed at an inner side of the spiral photocatalytic sheet where a space for inserting the UV lamp is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Inventor: Kyung-Sook Kim
  • Patent number: 8961888
    Abstract: To provide a plasma generator having plasma-generating zone of increased volume. A plasma generator 110 has a cylindrical casing 11 made of a sintered ceramic produced from alumina (Al2O3) as a raw material. The casing 11 has a slit-like gas inlet 11i and a plurality of cylindrical gas outlets 11o. From the gas inlet 11i to the top of the plasma-generating zone P, the slit width (the front-to-back direction with respect to the sheet of FIG. 2.A, and the left-to right direction in FIG. 2.B) is adjusted to 1 mm, and gas outlets 11o each having an inner diameter of 1 to 2 mm are formed in straight line along the longitudinal direction of the plasma-generating zone P. The plasma-generating zone P has a square cross-section normal to the longitudinal direction having a side of 2 to 5 mm. Each of the surfaces of the electrodes 2a, 2b facing each other has a plurality of recesses (hollow portions).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: Nu Eco Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaru Hori, Hioryuki Kano
  • Patent number: 8956508
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide from oxygen, hydrogen and optionally water. The invention more particularly relates to a method for preparing an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide in which at least a portion of the reactor is cooled down to a temperature lower than 15° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Arkema France, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Dubois, Markus Brandhorst, Daniel Bianchi, Frederic Thevenet
  • Patent number: 8956574
    Abstract: A system operating in an environment having an ambient pressure, the system comprising: a reactor configured to combine a plasma stream, powder particles and conditioning fluid to alter the powder particles and form a mixture stream; a supply chamber coupled to the reactor; a suction generator configured to generate a suction force at the outlet of the reactor; a fluid supply module configured to supply the conditioning fluid at an original pressure; and a pressure regulation module configured to: receive the conditioning fluid from the fluid supply module, reduce the pressure of the conditioning fluid from the original pressure to a selected pressure relative to the ambient pressure regardless of any changes in the suction force at the outlet of the reactor, and supply the conditioning fluid at the selected pressure to the supply chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Fredrick P. Layman
  • Publication number: 20150044091
    Abstract: A method for sterilizing a cyanoacrylate composition comprises exposing it to microwaves. The method can further comprise post-heating the composition after microwave exposure, and/or cooling the composition after post-heating it. In addition, a system for sterilizing a cyanoacrylate composition comprises a sterilizing chamber, a microwave generator. The system can further comprise an infrared thermometer, a post-heating chamber, a heater thermometer, a cooling mechanism, and/or a belt. In some embodiments, the belt is configured to move sample vials containing cyanoacrylate to and from the sterilizing chamber, and to and from the post-heating chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: CARLOS R. MORALES
  • Publication number: 20150041309
    Abstract: Method and device for the production of acetylene using plasma technology, wherein a gas containing at least one type of hydrocarbon is fed into a non-thermal plasma of a plasma source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Ralf SPITZL
  • Publication number: 20150044123
    Abstract: Thermochemical reactor systems that may be used to produce a fuel, and methods of using the thermochemical reactor systems, utilizing a reactive cylindrical element, an optional energy transfer cylindrical element, an inlet gas management system, and an outlet gas management system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Wojciech Lipinski, Jane Holloway Davidson, Thomas Richard Chase
  • Patent number: 8951480
    Abstract: A modular chemical production system includes multiple modules for performing a chemical reaction, particularly of radiochemical compounds, from a remote location. One embodiment comprises a reaction vessel including a moveable heat source with the position thereof relative to the reaction vessel being controllable from a remote position. Alternatively the heat source may be fixed in location and the reaction vial is moveable into and out of the heat source. The reaction vessel has one or more sealing plugs, the positioning of which in relationship to the reaction vessel is controllable from a remote position. Also the one or more reaction vessel sealing plugs can include one or more conduits there through for delivery of reactants, gases at atmospheric or an elevated pressure, inert gases, drawing a vacuum and removal of reaction end products to and from the reaction vial, the reaction vial with sealing plug in position being operable at elevated pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jorge R. Barrio, Bernard Amarasekera, R. Michael Van Dam, Sebastian Olma, Dirk Williams, Mark A. Eddings, Clifton Kwang-Fu Shen
  • Publication number: 20150038750
    Abstract: There are provided methods and systems for an electrochemical cell including an anode and a cathode where the anode is contacted with a metal ion that converts the metal ion from a lower oxidation state to a higher oxidation state. The metal ion in the higher oxidation state is reacted with an unsaturated hydrocarbon and/or a saturated hydrocarbon to form products. Separation and/or purification of the products as well as of the metal ions in the lower oxidation state and the higher oxidation state, is provided herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Weiss, Ryan J Gilliam, Kyle Self, Gal Mariansky, Margarete K Leclerc, Riyaz Mohammed Shipchandler, Jacob Nagar
  • Publication number: 20150028258
    Abstract: A two-step gasification process and apparatus for the conversion of solid or liquid organic waste into clean fuel, suitable for use in a gas engine or a gas burner, is described. The waste is fed initially into a primary gasifier, which is a graphite arc furnace. Within the primary gasifier, the organic components of the waste are mixed with a predetermined amount of air, oxygen or steam, and converted into volatiles and soot. The volatiles consist mainly of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and may include a variety of other hydrocarbons and some fly ash. The gas exiting the primary gasifier first passes through a hot cyclone, where some of the soot and most of the fly ash is collected and returned to the primary gasifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: PYROGENESIS CANADA INC.
    Inventors: Pierre CARABIN, Peter George TSANTRIZOS
  • Publication number: 20150027874
    Abstract: An instrument and method for accelerating the solid phase synthesis of peptides are disclosed. The method includes the steps of deprotecting a protected first amino acid linked to a solid phase resin by admixing the protected linked acid with a deprotecting solution in a microwave transparent vessel while irradiating the admixed acid and solution with microwaves, activating a second amino acid, coupling the second amino acid to the first acid while irradiating the composition in the same vessel with microwaves, and cleaving the linked peptide from the solid phase resin by admixing the linked peptide with a cleaving composition in the same vessel while irradiating the composition with microwaves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: JONATHAN MCKINNON COLLINS, JOSEPH JOSHUA LAMBERT, MICHAEL JOHN COLLINS
  • Patent number: 8940229
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a device for irradiating surfaces is provided. The device may include a radiation emitter having a radiation emitter vessel, wherein the radiation emitter vessel has at least one tunnel-like passage; and a structure configured to allow a process gas to flow through the at least one tunnel-like passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: OSRAM AG
    Inventors: Helmut Halfmann, Axel Hombach, Markus Roth
  • Patent number: 8940244
    Abstract: The present invention relates to hierarchical structured nanotubes, to a method for preparing the same and to an application for the same, wherein the nanotubes include a plurality of connecting nanotubes for constituting a three-dimensional multi-dendrite morphology; and the method includes the following steps: (A) providing a polymer template including a plurality of organic nanowires; (B) forming an inorganic layer on the surface of the organic nanowires in the polymer template; and (C) performing a heat treatment on the polymer template having the inorganic layer on the surface so that partial atoms of the organic nanowires enter the inorganic layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventors: Hsueh-Shih Chen, Po-Hsun Chen, Jeng Liang Kuo, Tsong-Pyng Perng
  • Publication number: 20150017702
    Abstract: A crystallization substrate of the present invention includes a noble metal vapor-deposited film having an absorbance in a 500 to 1,000 nm wavelength range and formed in all or part of one surface of the substrate. The noble metal vapor-deposited film has an average thickness of 0.1 to 60 nm. The noble metal vapor-deposited film is a continuous film with a pit formed by vapor deposition in part of the film and surrounded by the continuous film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Tetsuo Okutsu
  • Publication number: 20150017076
    Abstract: A method is described to excite molecules at their natural resonance frequencies with sufficient energy to break or form chemical bonds using electromagnetic radiation in the radio frequency (RF) and microwave frequency range. Liquid, solid, or gaseous materials are prepared and injected into a resonant structure where they are bombarded with electromagnetic energy in the RF or microwave range at resonant frequencies of the molecules of the materials. Alternatively, electromagnetic energy tuned to dielectric particles prepared from the materials may also be supplied to further enhance the reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Vassilli P. Proudkii, Kirk McNeil, Joe Michael Yarborough
  • Patent number: 8932435
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon resource processing device may include a radio frequency (RF) source and an RF applicator coupled to the RF source. The RF applicator may include a base member being electrically conductive, and first and second elongate members being electrically conductive and having proximal ends coupled to the base member and extending outwardly therefrom in a generally parallel spaced apart relation. The first and second elongate members may have distal ends configured to receive the hydrocarbon resource therebetween. In another embodiment, the RF applicator may include an enclosure being electrically conductive and having a passageway therethrough to accommodate a flow of the hydrocarbon resource and a divider being electrically conductive and positioned within the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Patent number: 8933380
    Abstract: An enhanced flash chamber with a flash chamber; a microwave source in communication with the flash chamber for providing a quantity of energy to a plurality of antennas within the flash chamber; a fluid chamber positionable within the flash chamber capable of holding a liquid and the plurality of antennas; and transport tubing for transporting a target material for extraction through the fluid chamber where the quantity of energy from the microwave source interacts with the plurality of antennas to heat the liquid held in the fluid chamber to a superheated state and the superheated state of the liquid transfers a portion of the quantity of energy to the target material to extract an extraction product from the target material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventor: Linden L. Duncan
  • Publication number: 20150008117
    Abstract: A convection-free flow-type reactor includes a reactor body. The reactor body includes a reaction chamber to house a fluid. An inlet is in communication with the reaction chamber to allow input of a reactant fluid. An outlet is in communication with the reaction chamber to allow output of a product fluid. An energy beam source device provides an energy beam to irradiate the reactant fluid in the reaction chamber. The disclosure further provides a convection-free flow-type synthesis method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Yeu-Kuang Hwu, Sheng-Feng Lai, Cheng-Liang Wang
  • Publication number: 20150008368
    Abstract: A method for obtaining sweet gas, synthetic gas, and sulphur from natural gas. The method includes the steps of removing impurities from the natural gas for obtaining pre-treated natural gas; sweetening the pre-treated natural gas through a separation using a plurality of membranes for obtaining sweet gas and acid gases; ionizing the acid gases to dissociate them into sulphur and synthetic gas with remnants of acid gases; and neutralizing the synthetic gas with remnants of acid gases for generating sweet gas. Likewise, a system is presented on how to implement the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Yibran Argenis PERERA MERCADO, Luis Alfonso GARCIA CERDA, Griselda CASTRUITA DE LEON, Luis Alberto VILLARREAL CARDENAS, Maria Guadalupe NEIRA VELAZQUEZ, Manuel de Jesus AGUILAR VEGA, Maria Isabel de los Dolores LORIA BASTARRACHEA, Jose Luis SANTIAGO GARCIA, Alejandra Aimee GUTIERREZ MEJIA, Joel Osvaldo PACHECO SOTELO, Marquidia Josseline PACHECO PACHECO, Ricardo VALDIVIA BARRIENTOS, Jose Fidel RAMOS FLORES, Miguel Angel DURAN GARCIA, Miguel Angel HIDALGO PEREZ
  • Publication number: 20150004069
    Abstract: A chemical reaction apparatus includes: a horizontal flow-type reactor inside of which has been partitioned into multiple chambers by a partition plate, and a liquid content horizontally flows with an unfilled space being provided thereabove; a microwave generator that generates microwaves; and at least one waveguide that transmits the microwaves generated by the microwave generator to the unfilled space in the reactor. The reactor has a shape in which an area of a liquid surface does not change even in a case where a height of the liquid surface changes according to a change in an amount of the content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicants: OSAKA UNIVERSITY, MICROWAVE CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akinori Ishizuka, Iwao Yoshino, Kunitaka Momota, Yasunori Tsukahara
  • Patent number: 8920739
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system or method of increased efficiency in carbon nanomaterial synthesis. In one embodiment, a system or method of automated collection of deposited carbon nanomaterial is disclosed. According to one or more embodiments, a method of automated collection of deposited nanomaterial may comprise using cleaner blades to clean the wall of a deposition chamber and the surface of a central body where carbon nanomaterial has been deposited. The method of automated carbon nanomaterial collection may be used in connection with a method of carbon nanomaterial synthesis, to create a more efficient synthesis process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: King Abddulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Turki Saud Mohammed Al-Saud, Mohammed A. Bin Hussain, Siarhei Alexandrovich Zhdanok, Andrei Vladimirovich Krauklis, Petr Petrovich Samtsou, Anatolij Ivanovich Loznikov
  • Patent number: 8920740
    Abstract: An atmospheric pressure plasma jet device for converting carbon dioxide into organic products by using an atmospheric pressure plasma technique, comprising: an inner electrode made of a conductive metal, and having an insulating layer covering a portion of the inner electrode; a first conductive metal wall surrounding the inner electrode with a predetermined distance apart, such that a cavity is formed between the inner electrode and the first conductive metal wall, and a through hole is formed on a side of the first conductive metal wall, such that a reactant can flow into the cavity; and a diffusing unit including an insulating component and a conductive metal component. Wherein the insulating component is disposed on a side of the insulating layer, and covers another portion of the inner electrode. The conductive metal component further covers the insulating component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventors: Arnold Chang-Mou Yang, Chun-Chih Chang, Chung-Sung Tan
  • Patent number: 8911596
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process and an apparatus for generating hydrogen and synthetic carbon-free gas by plasma reforming-decomposing of Methane and other hydrocarbons for producing hydrogen and synthetic carbon-free gas through plasma discharge in hydrogen medium. The process involves applying an electrical potential between the electrodes while immersed in hydrogen medium. The plasma ionizes the medium, thereby generating hydrogen and synthetic gas by decomposing of hydrogen medium. The process further involves controlling the process by relocating the generated plasma between two or more further electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Hope Cell Technologies Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Robert Vancina
  • Patent number: 8911699
    Abstract: A selective catalytic reduction system (SCR) or selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) system include a reagent charging apparatus configured to apply one or more electrical charges to a NOx reducing reagent. The electrical charges enhance mixing of the reagent with fluids carrying NOx and/or enhance reactivity of the reagent with NOx.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: ClearSign Combustion Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph Colannino, David B. Goodson, Igor A. Krichtafovitch, Roberto Ruiz, Christopher A. Wiklof
  • Publication number: 20140364630
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for producing artemisinin having the formula from dihydroartemisinic acid in a continuous flow reactor using singlet oxygen as well as to the continuous flow reactor for producing artemisinin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER WISSENSC
    Inventors: Peter H. Seeberger, Daniel Kopetzki, Francois Levesque
  • Patent number: 8906242
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved water treatment apparatus. The treatment apparatus is pressurized and operates on a continuous flow of fluids which are subjected to hydrodynamic waves, acoustic ultrasonic waves in combination with injected ozone. The treatment tank includes a tangential inlet that induces a rotating flow into the tank thereby increasing the mixing of the ozone within the effluent. The ozonated fluid is further electro chemically treated with DC current. The treatment tank provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling fluids as contaminated as frac water, used to stimulate gas production from shale formations, as well as other types of fluids having various levels of contaminants such as aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and suspended solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Ecosphere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis McGuire, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Publication number: 20140356577
    Abstract: A method of forming one or more protrusions on an outer surface of a polished face of a solid state material, said method including the step of applying focused inert gas ion beam local irradiation towards an outer surface of a polished facet of a solid state material in a way of protruding top surface material; wherein irradiated focused inert gas ions from said focused inert gas ion bean penetrate the outer surface of said polished facet of said solid state material; and wherein irradiated focused inert gas ions cause expansive strain within the solid state crystal lattice of the solid state material below said outer surface at a pressure so as to induce expansion of solid state crystal lattice, and form a protrusion on the outer surface of the polished face of said solid state material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Koon Chung HUI, Ho CHING, Ching Tom KONG
  • Publication number: 20140356744
    Abstract: In one aspect, a method to convert a fuel into energy and specialized fuel includes, in a reactor, dissociating a fuel to produce hot carbon and hydrogen, the hot carbon having a temperature state in a range of 700 to 1500° C., in which the dissociating includes providing heat and/or electric energy to produce the hot carbon and the hydrogen; and removing the hot carbon and the hydrogen from the reactor, the removing including depositing the hot carbon to a chamber, in which the hot carbon includes an increased chemical potential energy and is capable of storing energy from an external source. In some implementations, the method can further include supplying an oxygen- and hydrogen-containing reactant to contact the hot carbon to produce carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2); and obtaining the produced CO and H2, which, after the supplying, remaining deposited carbon forms a durable carbon-based good or product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: MCALISTER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 8900461
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an apparatus and method for treating ship ballast water, wherein electron beams are irradiated into the ballast water to induce radiolysis of the water, and harmful marine organisms present in the ballast water are killed by radicals produced by the radiolysis. The electron beams are continuously irradiated into the ballast water under operating conditions of an energy of 0.5-5 MeV, an electron beam irradiation dose of 0.1-30 kGy and a flow rate of 1-200 m3/hr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: EB-Tech Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Bum Soo Han, Jin Kyu Kim, Yu Ri Kim, Ho Kang
  • Patent number: 8900520
    Abstract: An apparatus treats harmful particulate matter generated through combustion. The apparatus includes a concentrator concentrating the harmful particulate matter and a plasma generator burning the concentrated harmful particulate matter. Thereby, the harmful particulate matter can be efficiently removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials
    Inventors: Yong Jin Kim, Bang Woo Han, Soon Cheon Hwang
  • Patent number: 8900521
    Abstract: A sterilization system having a controllable non-ironismg microwave radiation source for providing microwave energy for combining with a gas to produce atmospheric low temperature plasma for sterilizing biological tissue surfaces or the like. A plasma generating region may be contained in a hand held plasma applicator. The system may include an impedance adjustor e.g. integrated in the plasma applicator arranged to set a plasma strike condition and plasma sustain condition. The gas and microwave energy may be transported to a plasma generating region along an integrated cable assembly. The integrated cable assembly may provide a two way gas flow arrangement to permit residual gas to be removed from the surface. Invasive surface plasma treatment is therefore possible. The plasma applicator may have multiple plasma emitters to produce a line or blanket of plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Creo Medical Limited
    Inventor: Christopher Paul Hancock
  • Patent number: 8894833
    Abstract: A beverage sterilisation device comprises a housing defining an inner space, and having a first and a second end. An electrically insulated fluid path-defining conduit extends through the inner space from the first end to the second end. A first electrode has a first part positioned adjacent to the fluid path and a second part extending perpendicular to the first part. A first counter electrode defines together with the first electrode a first capacitor, and a second electrode having a third part and a fourth part. The third part is positioned adjacent to the fluid path, and the fourth part extends substantially perpendicular to the third part. A second counter electrode defines together with the second electrode a second capacitor. The first counter electrode and the second counter electrode are short-circuited by an electrical connection, and a conductive device is electrically connected between the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Carlsberg Breweries A/S
    Inventors: Jan Norager Rasmussen, Steen Vesborg
  • Patent number: RE45415
    Abstract: An oxygen emitter which is an electrolytic cell is disclosed. When the anode and cathode are separated by a critical distance, very small microbubbles and nanobubbles of oxygen are generated. The very small oxygen bubbles remain in suspension, forming a solution supersaturated in oxygen. A flow-through model for oxygenating flowing water is disclosed. The use of supersaturated water for enhancing the growth of plants is disclosed. Methods for applying supersaturated water to plants manually, by drip irrigation or in hydroponic culture are described. The treatment of waste water by raising the dissolved oxygen with the use of an oxygen emitter is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oxygenator Water Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: James Andrew Senkiw