Nitrogen Or Compound Thereof (except Ammonium Salt Of Non-nitrogen Acid) Patents (Class 423/351)
  • Patent number: 10280115
    Abstract: A fluidized calciner is provided which allows a reduction in the rate of unburned fuel at an outlet of a fluidized calciner to enable sufficient calcination while preventing possible occlusion in a preheater, even when pulverized coal of coal or coke, which has low combustion quality, is used as fuel, based on calculations in accordance with computational fluid dynamics based on the shape of an actual furnace and operational conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshinori Takayama, Junzhu Wang
  • Patent number: 9738539
    Abstract: This invention refers to a microporous crystalline material of zeolitic nature that has, in its calcined state and in the absence of defects in its crystalline matrix manifested by the presence of silanols, the empirical formula x(M1/nXO2):yYO2:gGeO2:(1?g)SiO2 in which M is selected between H+, at least one inorganic cation of charge +n, and a mixture of both, X is at least one chemical element of oxidation state +3, Y is at least one chemical element with oxidation state +4 different from Si, x takes a value between 0 and 0.2, both included, y takes a value between 0 and 0.1, both included, g takes a value between 0 and 0.5, both included that has been denoted ITQ-55, as well as a method for its preparation. This invention also relates to uses of the crystalline material of zeolitic nature for adsorption of fluid components, membrane separation of fluid components, storage of fluid components, and catalysis of various conversion reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Edward W. Corcoran, Jr., Pavel Kortunov, Charanjit S. Paur, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Yu Wang, Avelino Corma Canos, Fernando Rey Garcia, Susana Valencia Valencia, Angel Cantín Sanz, Miguel Palomino Roca
  • Patent number: 9709271
    Abstract: Contemplated configurations and methods are presented for effectively controlling the temperature in an oxy-fuel combustion system. Contemplated systems preferably introduce water independent of the fuel and oxygen into the combustion chamber. Water is injected through one or more nozzles, wherein water is atomized or sprayed, creating boundary layer cool zones in a boiler system and wherein water is recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Dennis W. Johnson, James H. Brown, Bo Oscarsson, Jon Peeples, Dennis Malone, Randy Grantz
  • Patent number: 9695056
    Abstract: This invention refers to a microporous crystalline material of zeolitic nature that has, in its calcined state and in the absence of defects in its crystalline matrix manifested by the presence of silanols, the empirical formula x(M1/nXO2):yYO2:gGeO2:(1?g)SiO2 in which M is selected between H+, at least one inorganic cation of charge +n, and a mixture of both, X is at least one chemical element of oxidation state +3, Y is at least one chemical element with oxidation state +4 different from Si, x takes a value between 0 and 0.2, both included, y takes a value between 0 and 0.1, both included, g takes a value between 0 and 0.5, both included that has been denoted ITQ-55, as well as a method for its preparation. This invention also relates to uses of the crystalline material of zeolitic nature for adsorption of fluid components, membrane separation of fluid components, storage of fluid components, and catalysis of various conversion reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Edward W. Corcoran, Jr., Pavel Kortunov, Charanjit S. Paur, Peter I. Ravikovitch, Yu Wang, Avelino Corma Canos, Fernando Rey Garcia, Susana Valencia Valencia, Angel Cantin Sanz, Miguel Palomino Roca
  • Patent number: 9540918
    Abstract: The enhanced oil recovery (EOR) system includes a solar tower that heats air, which is fed to an ion transport membrane (ITM) unit. The ITM unit separates oxygen from the preheated air. The separated oxygen is injected into the oil well to burn part of the well's oil, thereby generating the heat required for thermally enhance oil recovery. Combustion of part of the well's oil reduces the viscosity of the remainder, enhancing extraction of oil from the well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS
    Inventors: Mohamed Abdel-Aziz Mostafa Habib, Esmail Mohamed Ali Mokheimer
  • Patent number: 9140651
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are provided for determining weight percent of solids in a suspension using Raman spectroscopy. The methods can be utilized to acquire Raman spectral data from the suspension and to determine weight percent of solids in a process being carried out, for example, in a vessel, without the need to remove samples for analysis. The weight percent of the solids can be determined with a desired accuracy in a relatively short time, typically 10 minutes or less. The acquired Raman spectral data may be processed by chemometric software using, for example, a Partial Least Squares algorithm and data pretreatment to provide a predicted value of weight percent solids. In some embodiments, the invention is used to determine the weight percent of microparticles of a diketopiperazine in an aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: MannKind Corporation
    Inventors: Jason J. Antunovich, Arthur T. Hamfeldt, Rodney J. Woods, Sam C. Shum
  • Publication number: 20150044453
    Abstract: A golden rigid decorative member in which scratch resistance and abrasion resistance are significantly improved and deterioration of appearance quality due to a flaw, abrasion, or the like is suppressed, and which has a pale color with a high quality feel is stably provided. A single layer or several layers of a coating including a reaction compound of an alloy of Ti and one or two or more metals selected from Nb, Ta, and V, and of one or two non-metallic elements mainly including nitrogen and selected from carbon and oxygen are stacked on a base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Koutarou Takazaki
  • Patent number: 8951439
    Abstract: A population of light-emissive nitride nanoparticles has a photoluminescence quantum yield of at least 10% and an emission spectrum having a full width at half maximum intensity (FWHM) of less than 100 nm. One suitable method of producing light-emissive nitride nanoparticles comprises a first stage of heating a reaction mixture consisting essentially of nanoparticle precursors in a solvent, the nanoparticle precursors including at least one metal-containing precursor and at least one first nitrogen-containing precursor, and maintaining the reaction mixture at a temperature to seed nanoparticle growth. It further comprises a second stage of adding at least one second nitrogen-containing precursor to the reaction mixture thereby to promote nanoparticle growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Michael Alan Schreuder, Peter Neil Taylor
  • Publication number: 20150014587
    Abstract: The present application provides nitride semiconductor nanoparticles, for example nanocrystals, made from a new composition of matter in the form of a novel compound semiconductor family of the type group II-III-N, for example ZnGaN, ZnInN, ZnInGaN, ZnAlN, ZnAlGaN, ZnAlInN and ZnAlGaInN. This type of compound semiconductor nanocrystal is not previously known in the prior art. The invention also discloses II-N semiconductor nanocrystals, for example ZnN nanocrystals, which are a subgroup of the group II-III-N semiconductor nanocrystals. The composition and size of the new and novel II-III-N compound semiconductor nanocrystals can be controlled in order to tailor their band-gap and light emission properties. Efficient light emission in the ultraviolet-visible-infrared wavelength range is demonstrated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Neil TAYLOR, Jonathan HEFFERNAN, Stewart Edward HOOPER, Tim Michael SMEETON
  • Patent number: 8932848
    Abstract: A bioreactor designed to produce N2O from organic nitrogen and/or reactive nitrogen in waste is coupled to a hardware reactor device in which the N2O is consumed in a gas phase chemical reaction, e.g., catalytic decomposition to form oxygen and nitrogen gas. Heat from the exothermic reaction may be used to generate power. The N2O may alternatively be used as an oxidant or co-oxidant in a combustion reaction, e.g., in the combustion of methane. The bioreactor may have various designs including a two-stage bioreactor, a hollow-fiber membrane bioreactor, or a sequencing batch reactor. The bioreactor may involve Fe(II)-mediated reduction of nitrite to nitrous oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Brian J. Cantwell, Craig S. Criddle, Yaniv D. Scherson, George F. Wells, Xing Xie, Koshlan Mayer-Blackwell
  • Patent number: 8932849
    Abstract: A method to produce N2O from organic nitrogen and/or reactive nitrogen in waste uses a bioreactor coupled to a hardware reactor device in which the N2O is consumed in a gas phase chemical reaction, e.g., catalytic decomposition to form oxygen and nitrogen gas. Heat from the exothermic reaction may be used to generate power. The N2O may alternatively be used as an oxidant or co-oxidant in a combustion reaction, e.g., in the combustion of methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Yaniv D. Scherson, Brian J. Cantwell, Craig S. Criddle
  • Patent number: 8932847
    Abstract: A bioreactor designed to produce N2O from organic nitrogen and/or reactive nitrogen in waste is coupled to a hardware reactor device in which the N2O is consumed in a gas phase chemical reaction, e.g., catalytic decomposition to form oxygen and nitrogen gas. Heat from the exothermic reaction may be used to generate power. The bioreactor may use communities of autotrophic microorganisms such as those capable of nitrifier denitrification, ammonia oxidizing bacteria, and/or ammonia oxidizing archaea. A portion of the N2O dissolved in aqueous effluent from the bioreactor may be separated to increase the amount of gas phase N2O product. The amount of the gas phase N2O in a gas stream may also be concentrated prior to undergoing the chemical reaction. The N2O may alternatively be used as an oxidant or co-oxidant in a combustion reaction, e.g., in the combustion of methane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Brian J. Cantwell, Craig S. Criddle, Kevin Lohner, Yaniv D. Scherson, George F. Wells
  • Patent number: 8927453
    Abstract: The present invention provides molybdenum and tungsten nanostructures, for example, nanosheets and nanoparticles, and methods of making and using same, including using such nanostructures as catlysts for hydrogen evolution reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Sasaki Kotaro, Wei-Fu Chen, James T. Muckerman, Radoslav R. Adzic
  • Publication number: 20140363361
    Abstract: The disclosure provides an LS methane hydrate containing a plurality of methane hydrate crystals and lignosulfonate. The disclosure also provides a method of making an LS methane hydrate by combining methane gas, liquid or solid water, and LS at controlled temperature and starting pressure for a time sufficient to form LS methane hydrate. The disclosure further provides a method of producing energy from an LS methane hydrate by providing an LS methane hydrate directly to a combustion chamber, whereby methane in the methane hydrate and LS are converted to energy in the combustion chamber and water in the methane hydrate is converted to steam. The disclosure additionally provides a method of releasing methane from an LS methane hydrate by heating an LS methane hydrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: THE TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY-SAN MARCOS
    Inventors: Weixing Wang, Luyi Sun
  • Publication number: 20140360485
    Abstract: A process of and system for sequestering carbon (CO2) produced in coal and gas burning hydrogen production plants, resulting in the production of hydrogen at current market prices or less without carbon emission.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 25, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Surendra SAXENA
  • Patent number: 8900489
    Abstract: The present application provides nitride semiconductor nanoparticles, for example nanocrystals, made from a new composition of matter in the form of a novel compound semiconductor family of the type group II-III-N, for example ZnGaN, ZnInN, ZnInGaN, ZnAlN, ZnAlGaN, ZnAlInN and ZnAlGaInN. This type of compound semiconductor nanocrystal is not previously known in the prior art. The invention also discloses II-N semiconductor nanocrystals, for example ZnN nanocrystals, which are a subgroup of the group II-III-N semiconductor nanocrystals. The composition and size of the new and novel II-III-N compound semiconductor nanocrystals can be controlled in order to tailor their band-gap and light emission properties. Efficient light emission in the ultraviolet-visible-infrared wavelength range is demonstrated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Peter Neil Taylor, Jonathan Heffernan, Stewart Edward Hooper, Tim Michael Smeeton
  • Patent number: 8894960
    Abstract: A process is proposed for reprocessing the exhaust gas from a plant for producing hydroxylamine or hydroxylammonium salts by catalytic reduction of nitrogen monoxide with hydrogen for the purpose of utilization of at least a part of the nitrogen monoxide and if appropriate hydrogen present in the exhaust gas for producing hydroxylamine or hydroxylammonium salts, which comprises, in a first separation stage, selectively separating off nitrogen monoxide from the exhaust gas of the plant for producing hydroxylamine or hydroxylammonium salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Carsten Oost, Wolfgang Rohde, Christian Miller, Manfred Stroezel, Alfred Thome, Wilfried Berning
  • Patent number: 8883371
    Abstract: Hydrogen storage materials are provided that may be capable of a hydrogenated state and dehydrogenated state. The hydrogen storage material comprises a plurality of hydrogen storage molecular units. Each hydrogen storage molecular unit comprises a transition metal bonded to one or more elements from period 2 of the periodic table, wherein the hydrogen storage material includes at least 6.5% molecular hydrogen by weight when in the hydrogenated state and is stable at temperatures below about 200° C. and at pressures of about 1 atm and below. The hydrogen storage materials may be used in conjunction with fuel cells in portable electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Motorola Mobility LLC
    Inventors: Joydeep Bhattacharjee, Kota V. R. M. Murali
  • Publication number: 20140322123
    Abstract: The invention provides novel Zr MOFs, in particular compounds having a surface area of at least 1020 m2/g or if functionalized, having a surface area of at least 500 m2/g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Universitetet i Oslo
    Inventors: Jasmina HAFIZOVIC, Unni OLSBYE, Karl Petter LlLLERUD, Soren JAKOBSEN, Nathalie GUILLOU
  • Patent number: 8858908
    Abstract: A method of producing an n-type group III nitride single crystal includes putting raw materials that include at least a substance including a group III element, an alkali metal, and boron oxide into a reaction vessel; melting the boron oxide by heating the reaction vessel to a melting point of the boron oxide; forming a mixed melt which includes the group III element, the alkali metal, and the boron oxide, in the reaction vessel by heating the reaction vessel to a crystal growth temperature of a group III nitride; dissolving nitrogen into the mixed melt by bringing a nitrogen-containing gas into contact with the mixed melt; and growing an n-type group III nitride single crystal, which is doped with oxygen as a donor, from the group III element, the nitrogen, and oxygen in the boron oxide that are dissolved in the mixed melt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Hirokazu Iwata
  • Patent number: 8852542
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods and apparatus enabling the efficient utilization of urea for purposes such as selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx, which enable feeding urea to a chamber designed to efficiently and completely gasify the urea to enable ammonia feed. Preferably, aqueous urea is fed to a gasification chamber, which is also fed with heated gases. An injector means, capable of distributing the aqueous urea as fine droplets, is positioned centrally of a gas distribution plate in the chamber. An arrangement of spaced holes in the gas distribution plate provides higher gas velocity in the vicinity of the injector means than near the walls of the chamber. Uniform gas distribution without equipment fouling is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Fuel Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: William H. Sun, John M. Boyle, Ronald A. Lau
  • Patent number: 8845992
    Abstract: Affords Group-III nitride single-crystal ingots and III-nitride single-crystal substrates manufactured utilizing the ingots, as well as methods of manufacturing III-nitride single-crystal ingots and methods of manufacturing III-nitride single-crystal substrates, wherein the incidence of cracking during length-extending growth is reduced. Characterized by including a step of etching the edge surface of a base substrate, and a step of epitaxially growing onto the base substrate hexagonal-system III-nitride monocrystal having crystallographic planes on its side surfaces. In order to reduce occurrences of cracking during length-extending growth of the ingot, depositing-out of polycrystal and out-of-plane oriented crystal onto the periphery of the monocrystal must be controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takuji Okahisa, Seiji Nakahata, Tomoki Uemura
  • Publication number: 20140251500
    Abstract: New magnetic materials containing cerium, iron, and small additions of a third element are disclosed. These materials comprise compounds Ce(Fe12?xMx) where x=1-4, having the ThMn12 tetragonal crystal structure (space group I4/mmm, #139). Compounds with M=B, Al, Si, P, S, Sc, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ge, Zr, Nb, Hf, Ta, and W are identified theoretically, and one class of compounds based on M=Si has been synthesized. The Si cognates are characterized by large magnetic moments (4?Ms greater than 1.27 Tesla) and high Curie temperatures (264?Tc?305° C.). The Ce(Fe12?xMx) compound may contain one or more of Ti, V, Cr, and Mo in combination with an M element. Further enhancement in Tc is obtained by nitriding the Ce compounds through heat treatment in N2 gas while retaining the ThMn12 tetragonal crystal structure; for example CeFe10Si2N1.29 has Tc=426° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: CHEN ZHOU, FREDERICK E. PINKERTON, JAN F. HERBST
  • Publication number: 20140219901
    Abstract: Methods for releasing associated guest materials from a metal organic framework are provided. Methods for associating guest materials with a metal organic framework are also provided. Methods are provided for selectively associating or dissociating guest materials with a metal organic framework. Systems for associating or dissociating guest materials within a series of metal organic frameworks are provided. Thermal energy transfer assemblies are provided. Methods for transferring thermal energy are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: B. Peter McGrail, Daryl R. Brown, Praveen K. Thallapally
  • Publication number: 20140200132
    Abstract: A member covered with a hard coating according to the present invention has a hard coating which has excellent erosion resistance, a hardness (H) of 20 GPa or more as measured using a nano indenter and a ratio of the hardness (H) to a Young's modulus (E) (i.e., H/E) of 0.06 or more, and comprises Ti and/or Cr, Al and N, wherein the total amount of Ti and Cr relative to the total amount of elements other than non-metal elements in the coating is 0.1 to 0.6 inclusive in terms of atomic ratio and the amount of Al relative to the total amount of the elements other than the non-metal elements in the coating is 0.4 to 0.7 inclusive in terms of atomic ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Kenji Yamamoto, Yoshiro Iwai, Jun Munemasa
  • Patent number: 8771636
    Abstract: Chemical processes and reactors for efficiently producing hydrogen fuels and structural materials and associated systems and methods. A representative process includes dissociating a hydrogen donor into dissociation products by adding energy to the hydrogen donor, wherein the energy includes waste heat generated by a process other than dissociating the hydrogen donor. The process can further include providing, from the dissociation products, a structural building block and/or a hydrogen-based fuel, with the structural building block based on carbon, nitrogen, boron, silicon, sulfur, and/or a transition metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140170051
    Abstract: Disclosed is a TiAgN coating layer, formed by subjecting a substrate having a surface roughness of about 0.05˜0.1 ?m to plasma coating by periodically turning on/off an Ag source while a Ti source is continuously turned on in a nitrogen gas atmosphere, a TiAgN coating method, and a TiAgN coating apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Woong Pyo Hong, In Woong Lyo, Hyuk Kang, Kwang Hoon Choi
  • Publication number: 20140163111
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions including porous biomolecule-containing metal-organic frameworks and methods for their preparation. The porous biomolecule-containing metal-organic frameworks can include a metal component and a biomolecule component. The pores located within the frameworks have a pore space and said pore space is capable to adsorb materials therein. These compositions of the invention are useful in a wide variety of applications, such as, but not limited to, hydrogen and carbon dioxide sequestration, separation and storage; carbon dioxide uptake; and drug storage and release.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2014
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH - OF THE COMMONWEALTH SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
    Inventors: NATHANIEL LOUIS ROSI, JIHYUN AN
  • Patent number: 8734728
    Abstract: Ammonia oxidizers are disclosed that can include gas distributors and distribution rings to improve the distribution of the flow of a gas feedstream across a catalyst bed in the ammonia oxidizer. The gas distributors include circular plates that have holes through which the gas feedstream is distributed across the catalyst bed. In some examples, the gas distributors also have a sidewall. The distribution rings are attached to the inner wall of the ammonia oxidizer at a predetermined distance below the gas distributor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Jing Guo, Matthew Warren
  • Patent number: 8721980
    Abstract: Systems and methods of producing chemical compounds are disclosed. An example chemical production system includes an intake chamber having intake ports for entry of a gas mixture. An igniter ignites the gas mixture in the intake chamber. A nozzle restricts exit of the ignited gas mixture from the intake chamber. An expansion chamber cools the ignited gas with a cooling agent. The expansion chamber has an exhaust where the cooled gas exits the expansion chamber. A chemical compound product is formed in the expansion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Altmerge, LLC
    Inventor: Bruce H. Peters
  • Patent number: 8722010
    Abstract: A method for the coproduction of oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen using an ion transport membrane is provided. This method includes separating a compressed, hot air stream in an ion transport membrane, thereby producing a product oxygen stream and a hot nitrogen rich stream; utilizing at least a portion of the hot nitrogen rich stream as a heat source for reforming a hydrocarbons stream, thereby producing a syngas stream and a warm product nitrogen stream; and separating the syngas stream into a product hydrogen stream and a carbon dioxide rich stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventor: Bhadra S. Grover
  • Publication number: 20140127519
    Abstract: Method for performing a HIPIMS coating process, whereby a minimal distance 5 between target and substrate is reduced till achieving an essentially maximal bias current at substrate during coating process, and thereby improving considerably coating quality and increasing deposition rate in comparison with conventional HIPIMS coating processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: OERLIKON TRADING AG, TRÜBBACH
    Inventor: Markus Lechthaler
  • Publication number: 20140113811
    Abstract: Provided are methods for storing gases on porous adsorbents, methods for optimizing the storage of gases on porous adsorbents, methods of making porous adsorbents, and methods of gas storage of optimized compositions, as in systems containing porous adsorbents and gas adsorbed on the surface of the porous adsorbent. The disclosed methods and systems feature a constant or increasing isosteric enthalpy of adsorption as a function of uptake of the gas onto the exposed surface of a porous adsorbent. Adsorbents with a porous geometry and surface dimensions suited to a particular adsorbate are exposed to the gas at elevated pressures in the specific regime where n/V (density) is larger than predicted by the ideal gas law by more than several percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Inventors: Nicholas P. STADIE, Brent T. FULTZ, Channing AHN, Maxwell MURIALDO
  • Publication number: 20140110714
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to an amorphous semiconductor material and TFTs containing the material. The semiconductor material contains a single cation, such as zinc, and multiple anions. For the multiple anions, only one of the anions can be oxygen or nitrogen. The anions compete with each other to twist the resulting structure. For example, if one of the anions bonded with the cation would result in a cubic structure, and another of the anions bonded with the cation would result in a hexagonal structure, the competing anions would twist the resulting structure so that the structure remains amorphous rather than crystalline. Further, because a single cation is utilized, there is no grain boundary and thus, the material has a high mobility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventor: Yan YE
  • Publication number: 20140086817
    Abstract: The invention relates to a X-zeolite based adsorbent granulate with faujasite structure and a molar SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of ?2.1-2.5, wherein the granulate has an average transport pore diameter of >300 nm and a negligible fraction of meso-pores and wherein the mechanical properties of the granulate are at least the same as or better than the properties of an X-zeolite based granulate formed using an inert binder and the equilibrium adsorption capacities for water, CO2 and nitrogen are identical to those of pure X-zeolite powder with a similar composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2013
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Inventors: Alfons BRANDT, Jens SCHMEISSER, Baldur UNGER, Hartmut TSCHRITTER, Uwe HENKEL, Gojdár BÁLINT, Dietmar GRUHLE, Georg WINTERSTEIN
  • Patent number: 8636969
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming a zeolitic imidazolate framework composition using at least one reactant that is relatively insoluble in the reaction medium. Also provided herein is a material made according to the method, designated either as EMM-19 or as EMM-19*, and a method of using same to adsorb and/or separate gases, such as carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Simon Christopher Weston, Mobae Afeworki, Zheng Ni, John Zengel, David Lawrence Stern
  • Patent number: 8623285
    Abstract: Apparatus, methods and systems reside in the decomposition of ammonia into a hydrogen-containing product mixture. An ammonia-rich gaseous mixture containing ammonia and oxygen enters a conduit, within which combustion and decomposition of the mixture is initiated, thereby liberating hydrogen. A mixture of products, resulting from the reactions, is expelled from the outlet of the conduit, the mixture including non-combusted hydrogen gas, which may then be used for other purposes. The incoming reactants, including ammonia and oxygen, are heat exchanged with the outgoing product mixture containing non-combusted hydrogen gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Inventors: Shawn Grannell, Donald E. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 8609059
    Abstract: To provide a production method for a nitride crystal, where a nitride crystal can be prevented from precipitating in a portion other than on a seed crystal and the production efficiency of a gallium nitride single crystal grown on the seed crystal can be enhanced. In a method for producing a nitride crystal by an ammonothermal method in a vessel containing a mineralizer-containing solution, out of the surfaces of said vessel and a member provided in said vessel, at least a part of the portion coming into contact with said solution is constituted by a metal or alloy containing one or more atoms selected from the group consisting of tantalum (Ta), tungsten (W) and titanium (Ti), and has a surface roughness (Ra) of less than 1.80 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, Tohoku University, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yutaka Mikawa, Makiko Kiyomi, Yuji Kagamitani, Toru Ishiguro, Yoshihiko Yamamura
  • Patent number: 8597583
    Abstract: An ammonia synthesis apparatus includes: a first gas channel; a second gas channel disposed outside the first gas channel; a third gas channel disposed outside the second gas channel; an air supply unit that supplies air to the second or third gas channel; a water supply unit that supplies water to the first gas channel; and a heat supply unit that supplies heat to the first gas channel. A metal or a metal oxide that reduces water to produce hydrogen is placed in the first gas channel. An ammonia synthesis catalyst is placed in the second gas channel located downstream of the downstream end portion of the first gas channel. The second and third gas channels are at least partially partitioned by an oxygen permeation membrane, or a nitrogen permeation membrane, so that oxygen is supplied to the third gas channel, and nitrogen is supplied to the second gas channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Hitachi Zosen Corporation
    Inventors: Haruyuki Nakanishi, Norihiko Nakamura, Hidekazu Arikawa, Susumu Hikazudani, Sadao Araki, Chikashi Inazumi
  • Patent number: 8591848
    Abstract: Disclosed is a system which enables the efficient utilization of urea for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx by gasifying it and feeding it to a plurality of selective catalytic reduction units associated with a plurality of gas turbines. The invention enables feeding a gasified product of the urea with the ability to fully control separate SCR units without excessive reagent usage or loss of pollution control effectiveness. Controllers determine the amount of reagent required for each turbine to control NOx emissions and then mixes the gasified urea with the correct amount of carrier gas for efficient operation of each separate SCR unit despite the demand variation between the turbines. In this manner the gasification unit can be properly controlled to provide urea on demand without the need for storing large inventories of ammonia-containing gasses to correct for fluctuations in demand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Fuel Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: William H. Sun, Paul G. Carmignani, John M. Boyle
  • Publication number: 20130306927
    Abstract: A method of forming a metal chalcogenide material. The method comprises introducing a metal precursor and a chalcogenide precursor into a chamber, and reacting the metal precursor and the chalcogenide precursor to form a metal chalcogenide material on a substrate. The metal precursor is a carboxylate of an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, a transition metal, a post-transition metal, or a metalloid. The chalcogenide precursor is a hydride, alkyl, or aryl precursor of sulfur, selenium, or tellurium or a silylhydride, silylalkyl, or silylaryl precursor of sulfur, selenium, or tellurium. Methods of forming a memory cell including the metal chalcogenide material are also disclosed, as are memory cells including the metal chalcogenide material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Eugene P. Marsh, Stefan Uhlenbrock
  • Patent number: 8580212
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a trichloroammineplatinate salt by reacting a tetrachloroplatinate salt in aqueous solution in the presence of ammonium chloride and an alkali chloride with one or more carbonate salts selected from the group consisting of potassium, sodium and ammonium carbonate while keeping the pH value below 7 during the reaction; the product obtained therein and a use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: VUB Pharma A.S.
    Inventors: Vladimir Kysilka, Jan Mengler, Petr Kacer, Libor Cerveny, Karel Havlovic, Lucie Potucka
  • Publication number: 20130292676
    Abstract: Nitrogen-containing phase-stabilized films, methods of forming phase-stabilized films, and structures and devices including the phase-stabilized films are disclosed. The phase-stabilized films include a matrix material and a phase stabilizer, which provides a morphologically stabilizing effect to a matrix material within the films. The phase-stabilized films may be used as, for example, gate electrodes and similar films in microelectronic devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Robert Brennan Milligan, Fred Alokozai
  • Patent number: 8575054
    Abstract: The present invention provides a catalyst composition which can decompose an organic nitrogen compound at a relatively low temperature to convert the compound to N2 and render it harmless in the purification of an exhaust gas containing the compound (nitrogen-based exhaust gas); a catalyst containing the catalyst composition; a method for producing the catalyst; and an exhaust gas purification apparatus containing the catalyst. By using a catalyst composition formed by mixing copper oxide particles and zeolite particles, an organic nitrogen compound and/or ammonia can be converted to N2 highly selectively. The catalyst composition of the present invention may further contain a manganese oxide and/or a precious metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Nikki-Universal Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoo Ikoma, Takanobu Sakurai, Yoshiki Nakano
  • Publication number: 20130281285
    Abstract: The present invention provides molybdenum and tungsten nanostructures, for example, nanosheets and nanoparticles, and methods of making and using same, including using such nanostructures as catlysts for hydrogen evolution reactions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Sasaki KOTARO, Wei-Fu CHEN, James T. MUCKERMAN, Radoslav R. ADZIC
  • Patent number: 8563460
    Abstract: A catalyst unit is described comprising a cylinder with a length C and a diameter D, wherein said unit has five holes arranged in a pentagonal pattern extending longitudinally therethrough, with five flutes running along the length of the unit, said flutes positioned equidistant adjacent holes of said pentagonal pattern. The catalyst may be used particularly in steam reforming reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: David James Birdsall, Mileta Babovic, Mikael Per Uno Carlsson, Samuel Arthur French, Michiel Nijemeisland, William Maurice Sengelow, Edmund Hugh Stitt
  • Patent number: 8557728
    Abstract: A catalyst unit is described in the form of a cylinder having a length C and diameter D, which has one or more holes extending therethrough, wherein said cylinder has domed ends of lengths A and B, such that (A+B+C)/D is in the range 0.50 to 2.00, and (A+B)/C is in the range 0.40 to 5.00. The catalyst or catalyst unit preferably has one or more flutes miming along its length. The catalyst may be used particularly in steam reforming reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: David James Birdsall, Mileta Babovic, Mikael Per Uno Carlsson, Samuel Arthur French, Michiel Nijemeisland, William Maurice Sengelow, Edmund Hugh Stitt
  • Patent number: 8551655
    Abstract: Disclosed are a negative active material for a secondary lithium battery and a secondary lithium battery including the same. The negative active material for a secondary lithium battery includes an amorphous silicon-based compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1. SiAxHy??Chemical Formula 1 In Chemical Formula 1, A is at least one element selected from C, N, or a combination thereof, 0<x, 0<y, and 0.1?x+y?1.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sumihito Ishida, Hee-Joong Kim, Hyun-Uk Jo, Deok-Hyun Kim, Jong-Ki Lee, Seok-Gyun Woo
  • Publication number: 20130259792
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming a zeolitic imidazolate framework composition using at least one reactant that is relatively insoluble in the reaction medium. Also provided herein is a material made according to the method, designated either as EMM-19 or as EMM-19*, and a method of using same to adsorb and/or separate gases, such as carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research & Engineering Company
    Inventors: Simon Christopher Weston, Mobae Afeworki, Zheng Ni, John Zengel, David Lawrence Stern
  • Patent number: 8529855
    Abstract: A method for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas, comprises the steps of contacting the flue gas successively with first, second and third liquid mediums each of which provides a plasma containing reactive electrons or ions in an amount such that the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 are successively subjected to impingement of the electrons or ions in the respective plasma to enable the dissociation of the gas molecules SOx, NOx, and CO2 so as to remove SOx, NOx, and CO2 from the flue gas. A system for removing gas components SOx, NOx, and CO2 from a flue gas is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Ecospec Global Technology Pte Ltd.
    Inventor: Hwee Hong Chew