Emulsion Fuel (e.g., Water-gasoline Emulsions, Etc.) Patents (Class 44/301)
  • Patent number: 11421168
    Abstract: An optimised method for preparing a fuel additive f is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: BP OIL INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Vince Henstock, Brian Hill, Sorin Vasile Filip
  • Patent number: 11384290
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a fuel composition for diesel engines. The fuel composition comprises 0.1-99% by weight of a component or a mixture of components produced from biological raw material originating from plants and/or animals and/or fish. The fuel composition comprises 0-20% of components containing oxygen. Both components are mixed with diesel components based on crude oil and/or fractions from Fischer-Tropsch process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2021
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: Neste Oyj
    Inventors: Juha Jakkula, Pekka Aalto, Vesa Niemi, Ulla Kiiski, Jouko Nikkonen, Seppo Mikkonen, Outi Piirainen
  • Patent number: 11124696
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to a system and methods for stimulation with particle-stabilized emulsion treatment fluids during hydraulic fracturing operations. A treatment fluid is disclosed, the treatment fluid including a continuous fluid phase, a dispersed fluid phase dispersed throughout the continuous fluid phase, a surfactant, and a plurality of solid particles adsorbed to an interface between the continuous and dispersed fluid phases thereby stabilizing the dispersed fluid phase in the continuous fluid phase. A method for treating a subterranean formation is disclosed, the method including providing a treating fluid comprising a plurality of solid particles adsorbed to an interface between a continuous fluid phase and a dispersed fluid phase, thereby stabilizing the continuous and dispersed fluid phases, and pumping the treating fluid under pressure via a pump to invert the emulsion so that at least a portion of the solid particles are deposited in the subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Tatyana V. Khamatnurova, Jody Marie Burks, Ali Alwattari
  • Patent number: 10794340
    Abstract: A first engine fuel, for example diesel fuel, is reformed (preferably via steam reforming) to produce syngas for use as a second engine fuel, with the fuels then both being used in an internal combustion engine to perform Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI). The syngas is produced and supplied to the engine as a supercritical fluid, thereby avoiding the pumping losses that would occur if syngas was pressurized for supply/injection. The reforming is done by a reformer which is provided as a unit with the engine (e.g., both the engine and reformer are onboard a vehicle), thereby effectively allowing use of a single fuel for RCCI engine operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Sage Kokjohn, David Wickman, Flavio Dal Forno Chuahy
  • Patent number: 10557099
    Abstract: Provided are oil-based fuel additive compositions that, when combusted with a fuel containing vanadium in a gas turbine, inhibit vanadium hot corrosion in the gas turbine. The oil-based fuel additive compositions include at least one rare earth element compound or alkaline earth element compound that retards vanadium corrosion resulting from combustion of vanadium rich fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Murali Krishna Kalaga, Donald Meskers, Jr., Sundar Amancherla
  • Patent number: 10333267
    Abstract: A terahertz laser suitable for emitting at least one first electromagnetic radiation, a first emission frequency of which is between 700 and 1200 GHz. The laser comprises an infrared laser source and a resonant cavity arranged to be optically pumped by the infrared laser source, the resonant cavity containing ammonia gas as an amplifier medium and having at least one configuration in which the resonant cavity is a resonant cavity at the first emission frequency. The infrared laser source is a continuous semiconductor laser source capable of exciting molecules of the amplifier medium from an initial energy level to at least one first excited energy level, the molecules of the amplifier medium placed in the first energy level being able to relax through a pure inversion transition for which the relaxation energy corresponds to the first emission frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignees: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, UNIVERSITE DE LILLE
    Inventors: Jean-François Lampin, Antoine Pagies
  • Patent number: 10316264
    Abstract: A water in diesel oil fuel micro-emulsion for internal combustion diesel engines, with a low content of surfactants, a very long shelf-life, a reduced production of pollutants and carbonaceous side-products generated by the combustion and very good engine performance, is described. These emulsions comply with the strict requirements of Italian regulations and are particularly useful as fuels for automotive and heating applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: EME INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventor: Marco Luigi Fumagalli
  • Patent number: 10202564
    Abstract: Methods of cleaning equipment such as hand tools dirtied by bituminous mixture. A biodiesel emulsion comprising biodiesel, water and emulsifier(s), is applied to the surface of the equipment for a period of time (e.g., at least about 15 minutes) and optionally agitated. The biodiesel emulsion produces cleaning properties comparable to straight biodiesel, at a cost reduction, due to the replacement of biodiesel with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignees: ALM Holding Company, Ergon Asphalt & Emulsions, Inc.
    Inventors: Gerald Reinke, Gaylon Baumgardner, David Cramer
  • Patent number: 10105675
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method particularly for reacting phosgene with compounds that contain hydroxyl, thiol, amino and/or formamide groups, comprising the steps of: (I) providing a reactor which has a first reaction chamber (300, 310, 320, 330, 340, 350) and a second reaction chamber (200, 210, 220, 230, 240, 250, 260), the first and the second reaction chambers being separated from one another by means of a porous carbon membrane (100, 110, 120, 130, 140, 150); (II) providing carbon monoxide and chlorine in the first reaction chamber; and simultaneously (III) providing a compound containing hydroxyl, thiol, amino and/or formamide groups in the second reaction chamber. The porous carbon membrane is configured to catalyze the reaction of carbon monoxide and chlorine to obtain phosgene, and to allow this formed phosgene to pass into the second reaction chamber. The invention also relates to a reactor that is suitable for carrying out the claimed method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: BAYER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Leslaw Mleczko, Aurel Wolf, Ralf Schellen, Konstantinos Metaxas, Jens Stefan Roggan
  • Patent number: 10040940
    Abstract: The disclosed invention is a method for using collagen extracted from animal bones, hides, and flesh waste as a protein-based glue (Bone Glue) to create asphalt with a modified asphalt binder. The method comprises of mixing Bone Glue with water, adding it to an asphalt binder, evaporating the water, adding the modified binder to aggregate and mixing at an elevated temperature. The modified asphalt binder consists of a predetermined amount of Bone Glue and asphalt binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
    Inventors: Hashim Raza Rizvi, Mohammad Jamal Khattak
  • Patent number: 10000712
    Abstract: A method for producing diesel fuel from biocomponent feeds includes hydrotreating the feed followed by catalytic dewaxing with a 1-D, 10 member ring molecular sieve containing catalyst. The hydrotreated feed may be cascaded directly to the dewaxing step, or the hydrotreated feed can undergo intermediate separation. The diesel fuel resulting from processing of the biocomponent feed exhibits superior cetane values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: William J. Novak, Zhiguo Hou, William J. Tracy, III, Patrick L. Hanks, Timothy L. Hilbert
  • Patent number: 9920929
    Abstract: Biomass is quickly becoming an important feedstock for energy generation in power plants. Due to their composition and nature, certain biomass fuels contribute to slagging, fouling, and corrosion. This invention provides a novel method of reducing or suppressing slag deposition and/or cleaning deposited slag in energy production processes in which potassium-containing solid fuels are combusted. Besides acting as a slag suppressant, further advantages of this invention are that the additive has no detrimental side-effects on capital equipment, increases slag friability, decreases slag fouling rate, reduces heat transfer corrosion as well as increasing the lifetime of the selective catalytic reduction catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Robert W. Dorner, Nandakumar Srinivasan, Jitendra Shah, Hung-Ting Chen
  • Patent number: 9896390
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of biomass derived fuels. It further relates to thermochemical production of liquids (biooils) from biomass. Specifically the present invention relates to methods of upgrading biooil. More specifically it relates to a method for upgrading biooil comprising contacting a dispersed mixture of hydrocarbon liquids, biooil, and partially upgraded biooil, with a transition metal containing catalyst and hydrogen gas at a temperature of around 330° C. and a pressure of about 1700 psi (11.7 MPa) for a period of time sufficient to reduce the oxygen content of the biooil such that it separates on cooling into an aqueous phase and an organic phase, and optionally, to further subject the organic phase to hydrotreating, hydrocracking or catalytic cracking to produce a mixture of hydrocarbons boiling in the range of gasoline, diesel and jet fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignees: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, Dynamotive Energy Systems, RADLEIN, DESMOND
    Inventors: Desmond Radlein, Alain Quignard
  • Patent number: 9771535
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a gasoline efficacy promoter (GEP) boosting combustion efficiency of gasoline in internal combustion engines by a mechanism of micro-dissociation comprising a microemulsion of modified bio-carbon, a surfactant, water, a modified vegetable oil and a dispersant, and a method of making it. The gasoline efficacy promoter, environmentally friendly and stable for longer than six months, can increase the combustion efficiency by more than 10%, and reduce 80% of NOx formation in exhaust emission when an appropriate dosage is added to a fuel tank in a vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Inventors: Joe Ru He Zhao, Yu Ping Zhang, Jing Hua Cao, Jiao Jiao Sun
  • Patent number: 9739707
    Abstract: An oil concentration measurement system and method measure the concentration of oil over a wide concentration range and is applicable in a continuous measurement of oil concentration. A measurement-target liquid containing a known kind of oil component, absorbance spectrum is measured within a predetermined waveband where absorption of light is observed. If a predetermined criterion is met, a concentration value of the oil component is determined based on absorbance at a predetermined wavelength within the predetermined waveband and also on a first calibration curve showing relationship between the component concentration and absorbance at the predetermined wavelength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: ACT FIVE CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kazuhisa Ogasawara
  • Patent number: 9598654
    Abstract: Fuels compositions based on exempt compounds are provided. These fuels are useful in catalytic burner systems that can be used to disperse fragrances, insecticides, insect repellants (e.g., citronella), aromatherapy compounds, medicinal compounds, deodorizing compounds, disinfectant compositions, fungicides and herbicides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: Stonewick, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas J. Pisklak
  • Patent number: 9580658
    Abstract: A method of obtaining a hydrocarbon material from a mined material comprises forming a colloidal dispersion comprising solid particles and a carrier fluid. The colloidal dispersion is mixed with a mined, hydrocarbon-containing material to form an emulsion stabilized by the solid particles. At least one property of the emulsion is modified to destabilize the emulsion. Additional methods of obtaining a hydrocarbon material from a mined material, and a stabilized emulsion are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Oleksandr V. Kuznetsov, Gaurav Agrawal, Valery N. Khabashesku, Devesh K. Agrawal
  • Patent number: 9518234
    Abstract: Methods and systems for converting petroleum based oil into fuel generally include forming a conversion mixture of an alcohol and a base, adding the conversion mixture to petroleum based oil (such as crude oil, used oil, used motor oil, and new motor oil) to form a reaction mixture, adding a high nitrate compound and an amino acid the reaction mixture, ozonizing the reaction mixture. The result may include a three phase system in which the bottom phase is asphalt oil, the middle phase is diesel fuel or jet fuel, and the top phase is sulfuric acid. The three phases may be separated to obtain the final diesel fuel or let fuel product. Additional cooling and/or filtering processes may be utilized to complete and/or optimize oil conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: OTG Research, LLC
    Inventor: Philip Allen Boe
  • Patent number: 9499754
    Abstract: Methods for converting motor oil into fuel generally include forming a conversion mixture of an alcohol and a base, and adding the conversion mixture to motor oil, to form a reaction mixture. The methods can also include adding a high nitrate compound and an amino acid to the reaction mixture and ozonizing the reaction mixture. The result of the methods can include a three phase system in which the bottom phase is asphalt oil, the middle phase is diesel fuel or jet fuel, and the top phase is sulfuric acid. The three phases can be separated to obtain the final diesel fuel or jet fuel product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: OTG Research, LLC
    Inventor: Philip Allen Boe
  • Patent number: 9463437
    Abstract: The present invention includes a method for scavenging nitric oxide. The method includes contacting the nitric oxide with cerium oxide nanoparticles having a low 3+/4+ ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: William Self, Sudipta Seal, Janet Dowding
  • Patent number: 9410102
    Abstract: The invention provides fuel mixtures containing fuel oil, glycerol, glycerol impurities and non-ionic surfactants. The mixtures remain homogeneous longer and are more chemically stable than previous mixtures. Upon combustion, the mixtures generate reduced SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions compared to residual fuels and offer improved engine performance over previous mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: SeaChange Group LLC
    Inventors: Scott Eaton, George Harakas
  • Patent number: 9321801
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for reducing the amount of steryl glycoside in an oil or fat (e.g. a biofuel substrate) and/or a biofuel, the method comprising admixing one or more enzymes with an oil or fat comprising steryl glycoside; such that said one or more enzymes degrades the steryl glycoside. The one or more enzymes is preferably an enzyme which is capable of hydrolysing the glycosidic bond in a steryl glycoside. Suitably the enzyme may be a glycosidase enzyme and/or a ?-glucosidase and/or an amyloglucosidase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: DUPONT NUTRITION BIOSCIENCES APS
    Inventor: Jorn Borch Soe
  • Patent number: 9303228
    Abstract: The invention provides fuel mixtures containing biodiesel oil, glycerol, glycerol soluble compounds, surfactants and additives. The fuel mixtures are uniform, remain suspended in solution, and are resistant to phase separation. Upon combustion, the mixtures generate reduced CO, CO2, SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions compared to petroleum fuels and offer improved engine performance over petroleum and water mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: SeaChange Group LLC
    Inventors: George N. Harakas, Scott J. Eaton, Richard W. Kimball, Brandon G. Braley, Robert C. Ring
  • Patent number: 9243589
    Abstract: Disclosed is a turbocharged internal combustion piston engine system that includes a waste-heat recovery system. The waste-heat recovery system involves injecting heated water into the cylinders during combustion to increase engine power and efficiency and to reduce emissions. The engine can be a spark or compression ignition type of engine, and can utilize fuels including but not limited to diesel, natural gas, gasoline, and ethanol. The engine also includes a turbocharger that utilizes a turbine in the exhaust gas flow to provide power to a compressor in the intake air flow to pressurize the intake air and provide additional charge flow to the engine to increase engine output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Inventor: Jared William Brown
  • Patent number: 9023120
    Abstract: A fuel production method and a fuel production apparatus, for producing fuel by which the fuel efficiency can be improved and the generation of hazardous substances can be easily suppressed and which is stable, and fuel oil produced by such a method and apparatus are provided. This improves the satisfaction of users, and contributes to the prevention of environmental destruction. A fuel production method for producing fuel oil by mixing and reacting enzyme water with petroleum-based hydrocarbon oil is provided, the enzyme water being produced by mixing a natural plant enzyme, containing at least lipase, in water. The natural plant enzyme further contains cellulase. The enzyme water further contains methanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Cyuba Enzyme Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Kato, Shigeji Tsuta, Hirohide Horibe
  • Patent number: 9006504
    Abstract: Methods for converting petroleum based oil into fuel generally include forming a conversion mixture of an alcohol and a base, and adding the conversion mixture to petroleum based oil, such as used motor oil, to form a reaction mixture. The methods can also include adding a high nitrate compound and an amino acid to the reaction mixture and ozonizing the reaction mixture. The result of the methods can include a three phase system in which the bottom phase is asphalt oil, the middle phase is diesel fuel or jet fuel, and the top phase is sulfuric acid. The three phases can be separated to obtain the final diesel fuel or jet fuel product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: OTG Research, LLC
    Inventor: Philip Allen Boe
  • Publication number: 20150052801
    Abstract: A liquid can be used for emulsifying oil. The liquid includes water, a first additive within the water and a second additive within the water. The first additive includes a metal hydride, where a negative hydrogen ion (H?) is bound to the metal hydride. The second additive includes a hydroxide, a second type of metal hydride with a negative hydrogen ion (H?) bound thereto, a hydride, a mineral, hydrogen gas, or a metal within the water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Taneaki Oikawa, Hiroe Watanabe, Masako Kanno
  • Publication number: 20150027035
    Abstract: A fuel composition for use in internal-combustion engines has a lower grade fuel component, and a microemulsion. The microemulsion includes at least one of hydrous component, renewable component, and polar component being present in an amount effective for forming the fuel composition. The fuel composition may enhance lubricity, corrosion, and water stability without the use of other additives and inhibitors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Kristen L. Aramthanapon, Virginia M. Klausmeier
  • Patent number: 8882860
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Publication number: 20140317999
    Abstract: Provided herein, inter alia, are methods and compositions useful for heavy crude oil recovery. The emulsion compositions and non-surfactant aqueous compositions provided herein may be particularly useful for the recovery of heavy crude oils under a broad range of reservoir conditions (e.g. high to low temperatures, high to low salinity, highly viscous oils).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Board of Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventors: Upali P. Weerasooriya, Gary A. Pope
  • Publication number: 20140317998
    Abstract: Methods and systems for processing crude oil may include adding water to crude oil, for example, in a desalter, to produce hydrocarbon and brine and a rag layer emulsion, which may include hydrocarbon and brine and solids. The emulsion may be modified, including adding one or more of additional hydrocarbon and, a demulsifier, a reverse demulsifier, a coagulant, and a flocculant, for example, in a mixer. The modified emulsion may be directed through a dead-end filter assembly to remove solids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2013
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Allan David Metcalfe, Francois Levesque, Hanif M Lakhani
  • Publication number: 20140305028
    Abstract: There is provided an apparatus for manufacturing a reformed fuel. The apparatus for manufacturing a reformed fuel includes a water tank unit configured to supply water which is aerated and, then, to which an ultrasonic wave or an electric field is applied; an oil tank configured to supply oil pre-treated by a first catalyst; a mixing tank connected to the water tank unit and the oil tank, and configured to generate mixture oil by mixing the water introduced from the water tank unit and the oil introduced from the oil tank; and a combination chamber unit connected to the mixing tank, and configured to generate a reformed fuel by supplying a second catalyst to the mixture oil introduced from the mixing tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: BIO HITECH ENERGY CO.
    Inventors: CHUN IL KOH, SHINJI HASEGAWA
  • Patent number: 8859833
    Abstract: Methods and system for obtaining long chain carbons that generally include forming a conversion mixture of an alcohol and a base, adding the conversion mixture to oil (such as petroleum based oil, crude oil, used oil, used motor oil, and new motor oil) to form a reaction mixture, adding a high nitrate compound the reaction mixture, and separating out the long chain carbons for use as an input by other processing such as pharmaceutical and/or additional petro-chemical processing. Additional cooling and/or filtering processes may be utilized to complete and/or optimize oil conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Inventor: Philip Allen Boe
  • Publication number: 20140298712
    Abstract: The present invention provides a molecular rupture and recombination of fuels with additives or fuel enhancers such as, but not limited to, non-hydrocarbon and/or hydrocarbon substances such as but not limited to, water, methanol, ethanol, naphtha, and other lighter fluids, through the use of a hydrodynamic cavitation apparatus or reactor to cause the molecular rupture, coupled to a high pressure system where the recombination of the molecules (fuel and additives) stably occur.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Carlos Jose Gonzalez
  • Publication number: 20140259883
    Abstract: An emulsification method for converting deasphalted oil and/or asphaltenes into more suitable products for market demands and utilization in self sufficient energy production treatments plants is disclosed. Asphaltenes and residues from sonication of heavy oil feedstocks, as well as de-asphalted oil, may be used in combination with water and other chemical additives for conversion into a suitable fuel which may be stored, handled, and transported.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: PetroSonic Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Art AGOLLI, Patrick Brunelle, Alfred Fischer
  • Patent number: 8784661
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus, and materials are disclosed for generating multi-purpose liquid fuel for isolating contaminants and storing energy. In one aspect, a method of producing a liquid fuel includes forming a gaseous fuel (e.g., by dissociating biomass waste using waste heat recovered from an external heat source). Carbon dioxide emitted from an industrial process can be harvested and reacted with the gaseous fuel to generate the liquid fuel. A hazardous contaminant can be dissolved in the liquid fuel, with the liquid fuel operating as a solvent or continuous phase for a solution or colloid that isolates the hazardous contaminant from the environment. The hazardous contaminant can include at least one of a carbon donor and a hydrogen donor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: McAllister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140130400
    Abstract: The reduction of viscosity of petroleum products and hydrocarbon emulsions and the like is effected by applying electrodynamic shocks unto a foaming streamflow of the high viscosity emulsion to create a densely whirled streamflow by agitation with a high radial gradient of pressure. Chemical bonding breakup and destruction of long structured molecules of paraffin occur in the emulsion to result in the formations of free radicals and carbamides, and separation of a processed mixture into light and heavy fractions. The process alters the physiochemical properties of the emulsion to cause decrease of density, and the reduction of viscosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventors: Lazarus Saidakovsky, Sergey Rakhinskiy, Nicolai Novikov
  • Publication number: 20140096436
    Abstract: A mixing apparatus is disclosed. The mixing apparatus comprises a mixing device having a constant flow area. The mixing device is configured to create a shearing environment. Several types of mixing apparatus are disclosed. Methods for producing aqueous fuel emulsions with consistently uniform dispersed phase particle sizes using a mixing apparatus are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: Talisman Capital Talon Fund, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jack L. Waldron, Patrick Grimes
  • Patent number: 8679202
    Abstract: The invention provides fuel mixtures containing fuel oil, glycerol, glycerol impurities and non-ionic surfactants. The mixtures remain homogeneous longer and are more chemically stable than previous mixtures. Upon combustion, the mixtures generate reduced SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions compared to residual fuels and offer improved engine performance over previous mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: SeaChange Group LLC
    Inventors: Scott Eaton, George Harakas
  • Patent number: 8668748
    Abstract: An emulsifying composition intended to homogenize and reemulsify a fuel, includes by weight, with respect to the total weight of the composition, a) from 5% to 40% of N-oleyl-1,3-propylenediamine, b) from 50% to 95% of N,N?,N?-polyoxyethylene-N-tallowpropylenediamine and c) from 5% to 40% of a solvent. A fuel including the abovementioned composition, a process for the manufacture of the composition and its use are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Mexel Industries
    Inventors: Antoine Vanlaer, Alain Desaga
  • Patent number: 8663343
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an emulsifier package is disclosed. The method comprises blending a flow of fuel soluble product, a flow of stabilizer, and a flow of water in a mixing vessel to form a mixture. Mixing the mixture in the mixing vessel and recirculating the mixture through the mixing vessel. Lastly, shearing the mixture with a shearing device at a rate of about 27,500 shears per second to about 87,500 shears per second. A method for manufacturing an aqueous fuel emulsion is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Talisman Capital Talon Fund, Ltd.
    Inventors: Vaughn M. Moncrieff, Jack L. Waldron, Patrick Grimes, Rudolf W. Gunnerman
  • Patent number: 8647395
    Abstract: A surfactant package for a water-in-hydrocarbon emulsion includes a fatty acid component; a fatty acid salt component; an alcohol component and a salt of carboxylic acid. Emulsions formed using this surfactant package are stable and have ratios of water to surfactant of at least about 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Xiomara Gutierrez, Hercilio Rivas, Migdalia Carrasquero, Luis Marcano
  • Publication number: 20140000152
    Abstract: The present invention relates to modified colloidal silica particles covalently linked to at least one polyalkyleneoxy moiety having at least about 3 alkyleneoxy units. The invention also relates to an aqueous dispersion thereof, and a method of producing such modified silica particles. The invention further relates to use of the modified colloidal silica particles as emulsifiers for paper sizing agents, agriculturally active ingredients and asphalts, as well as dispersant for oil spills.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: AKZO NOBEL CHEMICALS INTERNATIONAL B.V.
    Inventors: Anders Törncrona, Krister Holmberg, Romain Bordes
  • Publication number: 20130333277
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fuel composition comprising: (a) a fuel; (b) polyglycerol polyricinoleic acid (c) a monoglyceride of a fatty acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: Dupont Nutrition Biosciences APS
    Inventor: Jens Mogens Nielsen
  • Publication number: 20130333276
    Abstract: A mixing apparatus is disclosed. The mixing apparatus comprises a mixing device having a constant flow area. The mixing device is configured to create a shearing environment. Several types of mixing apparatus are disclosed. Methods for producing aqueous fuel emulsions with consistently uniform dispersed phase particle sizes using a mixing apparatus are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Jack L. Waldron, Patrick Grimes
  • Publication number: 20130327286
    Abstract: A mixed fuel generation method comprises a step of mixing a fuel oil and at least one additional fluid other than the fuel oil, wherein one of the additional fluids is water, and a specific ratio that is a ratio of a volume of the water to a volume of the mixed fuel is 6% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2012
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: ITO Racing Service Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takeshiro Ito
  • Publication number: 20130298448
    Abstract: An additive for water-added bio fuel of the present invention includes: sodium hypochlorite; sodium hydroxide; hydrochloric acid; magnesium chloride; and calcium hydroxide, and makes the water soluble in the fuel oil. Further, a method of producing an additive for water-added bio fuel of the present invention includes: a step of agitating and mixing by putting sodium hydroxide into a solution of sodium hypochlorite; a step of agitating and mixing by putting magnesium chloride and calcium hydroxide into a solution of sodium hypochlorite; and a step of agitating and mixing the two types of solutions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: KYORITSU PLASTIC SEISAKUSHO
    Inventor: Yasushi Furukawa
  • Publication number: 20130276359
    Abstract: The present invention provides a stable fuel composition that can be used as a drop-in replacement for number 2 fuel oil without requiring infrastructure changes. The fuel comprises a continuous phase of mostly biofuel, an aqueous disperse phase, and at least one emulsifier. The continuous phase contains about 50 wt % to about 95 wt % of at least one liquid vegetable or liquid animal oil/fat or mixtures thereof; about 1 wt % to about 20 wt % of a renewable or fossil fuel derived thinning solvent or mixtures thereof, with or without 1 wt % to about 25 wt % of a C1-C4 monohydric alcohols, and with or without about 1 wt % to about 30 wt % of petroleum middle distillate. The aqueous phase contains about 1 wt % to about 50 wt % of deionized/purified water, with or without 1 wt % to about 25 wt % of a C1-C4 monohydric alcohols.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: Broadleaf Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Keith E. COWIN, Robert H. BULLARD, Howard W. BOWMAN, III
  • Publication number: 20130227877
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an air-water-hydrocarbon three-phase micro-emulsified fuel prepared by adding water, air, and emulsifier compositions to liquid hydrocarbon fuels, to the methods of preparation, and to the uses of the micro-emulsions. The three-phase micro-emulsion fuel is prepared by emulsifying heavy hydrocarbons such as bunker fuel oil and heavy petroleum from the fraction distillation of petroleum, with water or an aqueous solution, air, and emulsifier compositions, in which the hydrocarbon fuel and the air form a dispersed phase and the aqueous solution forms a continuous phase. The resulting emulsified fuel is to be used as an alternative energy fuel in internal combustion engines, boilers, heaters, furnaces, combustion turbines or power plants offering the advantages of lower viscosity, higher performance and cleaner burning than the original fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventor: Felipe Avila
  • Publication number: 20130219772
    Abstract: The present invention provides a W/O nanoemulsion which remains stable even if stored for long periods of six months, for example. The W/O nanoemulsion of the present invention comprises: a) a water content of greater than 0 wt % but no greater than 30 wt %; b) an oil content of less than 100 wt % but no less than 70 wt %; c) 1 to 30 parts by weight of at least one nonionic surfactant for every 100 parts by weight of oil, the nonionic surfactant having an HLB value of 1 to 10; and d) 0.1 to 30 parts by weight of at least one selected from the group consisting of an anionic surfactant, a cationic surfactant, and an amphoteric surfactant, for every 100 parts by weight of water, wherein the average particle size of 50% of the water particles in the W/O nanoemulsion is 100 nm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Inventors: Toyohisa Fujita, Asana Kokubun, Gjergi Dodbiba, Mikio Aramata, Takayuki Shimizu