Alkanol Component Patents (Class 44/302)
  • Patent number: 10995291
    Abstract: Improved fuel compositions and fuel additive packages which serve to prolong stability at various ambient conditions and to increase fuel efficiency and fuel economy while also significantly reducing the level of multiple emissions constituents generated upon combustion of the fuels including CO2, NOX, SOX, Particulate Matter PM2.5, PM10 and Black Carbon. The fuels may include the hydrocarbon fuels gasolines, diesel fuels, biodiesel fuels, biomass diesel fuels, renewable fuels, synthetic fuels, algae-based fuels, kerosene fuel or heavy fuel oils, or may alternatively be hydrosols, and include an additive package having a sorbitan oleate, a polyoxyethylene alcohol, an alkylene glycol, and an amine. The fuels are mixed with an additive and are emulsified with clean, soft water having a water quality of 1 micron or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: HKA Hydrofuel, LLC
    Inventor: Alexander R. Gomez
  • Patent number: 10934508
    Abstract: A cleaning composition is particularly suited for cleaning dirty intake valves. The cleaning composition includes a high solvency surfactant/solvent which has a Kb greater than 100 or polar Hansen solubility parameter greater than 6. The surfactant/solvent is combined with an organic carrier and a surfactant. A wetting agent may also be employed. The cleaning composition is added to the intake air as a mist as the engine is running.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: Valvoline Licensing and Intellectual Property LLC
    Inventors: Hida Hasinovic, David E. Turcotte
  • Patent number: 10858984
    Abstract: A combustion system includes a remodeled diesel engine and a fuel composition to be added into the remodeled diesel engine. The remodeled diesel engine includes a cylinder unit, and a coating coated on the cylinder unit and containing a catalyst that is a metal, an alloy of the metal, a composite containing oxides of the metal, a salt of the metal or combinations thereof. The metal is platinum, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, and/or titanium. The fuel composition includes water, a fuel oil and an emulsifying agent. The amount of water ranges from 10 to 90 wt % based on total weight of water and the fuel oil, and the amount of the emulsifying agent ranges from 0.5 to 10 wt % relative to total weight of water and the fuel oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Inventors: Shigemi Sawada, Masahiro Tachi, Hua-Shu Chang
  • Patent number: 10760020
    Abstract: [Problem to be Solved] It is an object to provide a C-type heavy fuel oil composition that is excellent in lubricity, has excellent low-temperature fluidity, ignitability and heating value and is excellent in fuel sealing properties even if the sulfur content is low. [Solution] A C-type heavy fuel oil composition includes a sulfur content of 0.100 mass % or lower, and 5 to 400 mass ppm on a sulfur basis of a sulfur compound having a boiling point of no lower than a boiling point of dibenzothiophene. The composition has a density (15° C.) of 0.8700 to 0.9400 g/cm3, a kinematic viscosity (50° C.) of 3.500 to 25.000 mm2/s, a pour point of no higher than 25.0° C., a flash point of at least 70.0° C., and a gross heating value of at least 39,000 J/L.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Kashio, Yasuyuki Komatsu
  • Patent number: 10494580
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides compositions and methods of use of cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) and its derivatives as one of the components for decreasing the viscosity of heavy oils, extra heavy oils, high asphaltene natural bitumen, and tar sands (i.e., heavy oils). The decrease in viscosity of heavy oils increases the ability of the heavy oil mixture to be piped, transported, stored and used. The present disclosure provides compositions containing at least one of anacardic acid, cardanol and cardol, and at least one of a surfactant, a co-solvent, and water. The present disclosure provides compositions that are useful as viscosity reducing agents, heavy oil upgrading agents, wellbore cleaning agents, enhanced oil recovery agents, and cleaning agents for asphaltene-containing materials. Biofuel compositions are also provided by the present disclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: Ethical Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Zheng Cui, George E. Hoag
  • Patent number: 10344252
    Abstract: A process for making a liquid detergent composition, the process including a step of passing the liquid detergent composition via Raman Spectroscopy apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Jan-Sebastiaan Uyttersprot, Walter August Maria Broeckx, Davinia Chantal Carine Brouckaert, Thomas Rogier Marc De Beer
  • Patent number: 10077417
    Abstract: A cleaning composition is particularly suited for cleaning dirty intake valves. The cleaning composition includes a high solvency surfactant/solvent which has a Kb greater than 100 or polar Hansen solubility parameter greater than 6. The surfactant/solvent is combined with a carrier such as water or an organic carrier and a surfactant. A wetting agent may also be employed. The cleaning composition is added to the intake air as a mist as the engine is running. Aqueous and non-aqueous versions are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: Ashland Licensing and Intellectual Property, LLC
    Inventors: Hida Hasinovic, David E. Turcotte
  • Patent number: 9617505
    Abstract: The cleaning agent for a diesel engine includes a mixed solution obtained by blending a solvent that exhibits solubility and has an ignition point of 238° C. or more, and lubricating oil such as mineral oil in a predetermined ratio. The solvent and the grease are selected such that the cleaning agent has a higher ignition temperature characteristic than the ignition characteristic of light oil, and an evaporation characteristic that takes eight minutes or more to vaporize 2.5 cc of the cleaning agent in a heated state at 120° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: O2 ENGINEERING., LTD.
    Inventor: Osamu Ogawa
  • Patent number: 9175199
    Abstract: A method for providing and consuming a storable and transportable, alcohol-containing cooling fluid comprising the following steps: providing a gas with carbon dioxide fraction as a carbon supplier; providing a hydrogen fraction; producing a gaseous starting material by mixing the carbon dioxide fraction and hydrogen fraction; passing of the starting material through a reactor with a catalyst to synthesize a cooling fluid mixture of alcohol and water; and using the cooling mixture for cooling intake air, and/or compressor air or/and a fuel-air mixture of an internal combustion engine by evaporating the cooling fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: SILICON FIRE AG
    Inventor: Roland Meyer-Pittroff
  • Patent number: 9167668
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment of the present invention a lighting device comprising a processor and a memory comprising instructions that, when executed by the processor, are configured to cause the lighting device to access identification information relating to the lighting device and transmit the identification information to a remotely located system controller automatically upon commissioning the lighting device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: THE SOUTHERN COMPANY
    Inventor: Kevin Fitzmaurice
  • Patent number: 8986551
    Abstract: A method that includes clarifying a thin stillage product in a mechanical processor to produce a fine suspended solids stream and a clarified thin stillage is provided. The method further includes providing the thin stillage product and the clarified thin stillage, separately or in a combined stream, to one or more evaporators to produce one or more reduced suspended solids streams, each stream having a reduced amount of suspended solids and a lower viscosity as compared to process streams having a comparable total solids content but containing a higher amount of suspended solids. The method can further included further processing of one or more of the reduced suspended solids streams to produce a bio-oil product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: ICM, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Kohl, Charles C. Gallop, Kurt A. Dieker
  • Publication number: 20150075061
    Abstract: A method for reducing aqueous phase separation of an emulsion comprising ethanol-based fuel and a lubricating oil comprising molybdenum ester amide complex, comprising the step of adding to the lubricating oil a dispersant polyalkyl (meth) acrylate (DPMA) in an amount from about 0.01 to about 0.5% by weight of the lubricating oil, such that the weight ratio of molybdenum to DPMA is about 2.05 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mihir K. PATEL, Ronald J. HIZA
  • Publication number: 20150020440
    Abstract: A fuel composition for use in internal-combustion engines has a fuel component, an alcohol component, a water component, a microemulsion blend, and a cetane-enhancer component. The microemulsion blend includes at least one of lower grade fatty acid derivatives being present in an amount effective for the fuel, alcohol, and water components to form a microemulsion blend. The emulsifier is present in an amount effective for the biodiesel fuel, alcohol, water, and emulsifier to form an emulsion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Virginia M. Klausmeier, Kristen L. Aramthanapon
  • Patent number: 8882860
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Patent number: 8784661
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus, and materials are disclosed for generating multi-purpose liquid fuel for isolating contaminants and storing energy. In one aspect, a method of producing a liquid fuel includes forming a gaseous fuel (e.g., by dissociating biomass waste using waste heat recovered from an external heat source). Carbon dioxide emitted from an industrial process can be harvested and reacted with the gaseous fuel to generate the liquid fuel. A hazardous contaminant can be dissolved in the liquid fuel, with the liquid fuel operating as a solvent or continuous phase for a solution or colloid that isolates the hazardous contaminant from the environment. The hazardous contaminant can include at least one of a carbon donor and a hydrogen donor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: McAllister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140196358
    Abstract: The invention provides fuel mixtures containing fuel oil, glycerol, glycerol impurities and non-ionic surfactants. The mixtures remain homogeneous longer and are more chemically stable than previous mixtures. Upon combustion, the mixtures generate reduced SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions compared to residual fuels and offer improved engine performance over previous mixtures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2014
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: SeaChange Group LLC
    Inventors: Scott Eaton, George Harakas
  • Patent number: 8679202
    Abstract: The invention provides fuel mixtures containing fuel oil, glycerol, glycerol impurities and non-ionic surfactants. The mixtures remain homogeneous longer and are more chemically stable than previous mixtures. Upon combustion, the mixtures generate reduced SOx, NOx and particulate matter emissions compared to residual fuels and offer improved engine performance over previous mixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: SeaChange Group LLC
    Inventors: Scott Eaton, George Harakas
  • Patent number: 8677647
    Abstract: Biosolids in the nature of sewage sludge is processed in a controlled environment to produce a dried sludge product of relatively high dry solid content with the elimination of or reduced levels of pathogens. The water containing sewage sludge is dried while cascading within a processing chamber using heated air at a temperature below the ignition or smoldering temperature of the sewage sludge to prevent the formation of embers. The sewage sludge before discharge is retained within the processing chamber for a sufficient time and temperature as mandated by the Environment Protection Agency rules and guidelines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Wyssmont Company Inc.
    Inventor: Edward Weisselberg
  • Publication number: 20140075826
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu INAZAWA, Hitoshi INAZAWA
  • Patent number: 8663343
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an emulsifier package is disclosed. The method comprises blending a flow of fuel soluble product, a flow of stabilizer, and a flow of water in a mixing vessel to form a mixture. Mixing the mixture in the mixing vessel and recirculating the mixture through the mixing vessel. Lastly, shearing the mixture with a shearing device at a rate of about 27,500 shears per second to about 87,500 shears per second. A method for manufacturing an aqueous fuel emulsion is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Talisman Capital Talon Fund, Ltd.
    Inventors: Vaughn M. Moncrieff, Jack L. Waldron, Patrick Grimes, Rudolf W. Gunnerman
  • Publication number: 20140041286
    Abstract: A blendstock for forming a fuel composition for use in internal-combustion engines, includes a polar fluid component, a microblender component, and a neutralizer component. The neutralizer component is present in an amount effective to substantially neutralize the microblender component to allow for the microblender component to substantially spontaneously blend with the polar fluid component. The polar fluid component may include a water component and an alcohol component, and the neutralizer component may include an ammonia component. The blendstock may be added to a hydrocarbon fuel, such as diesel fuel, to form the fuel composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Inventors: William H. Klausmeier, Virginia M. Klausmeier, Kristen L. Aramthanapon
  • Patent number: 8647395
    Abstract: A surfactant package for a water-in-hydrocarbon emulsion includes a fatty acid component; a fatty acid salt component; an alcohol component and a salt of carboxylic acid. Emulsions formed using this surfactant package are stable and have ratios of water to surfactant of at least about 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventors: Xiomara Gutierrez, Hercilio Rivas, Migdalia Carrasquero, Luis Marcano
  • Publication number: 20130298449
    Abstract: A fuel emulsion has a liquid hydrocarbon fuel, water, at least one emulsifier and at least one oxygen-containing water soluble organic compound. In the fuel emulsion, water is present in an amount not greater than 15% by weight, and the emulsifier is selected from a product obtained by reacting (a1) a polyolefin oligomer functionalized with at least one group deriving from a dicarboxylic acid, or a derivative thereof, with (a2) a polyoxyalkylene comprising linear oxyalkylene units. In the fuel emulsion, the oxygen-containing water soluble organic compound is present in a predetermined amount so as to obtain an amount of water soluble organic oxygen of from 0.1 to 5% by weight. A considerable reduction of particulate emissions is obtained by using this fuel emulsion while maintaining or even further reducing the NOx level which is already reduced by the engine itself.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: Cam Technologie S.P.A.
    Inventors: Tiziano AMBROSINI, Alberto DE AMICIS, Guido RIVOLTA, Carlo Andrea BERTOGLIO
  • Publication number: 20130291429
    Abstract: An additive for water-added bio fuel of the present invention includes: a surface active agent; glycol alcohol; alcohol synthesizable from biomass; and ammonia. A water-added bio fuel of the present invention is obtained such that water and the additive for water-added bio fuel according to the present invention are combined with a fuel oil in a predetermined ratio and that a particle of the water is made fine relative to the fuel oil so as to be dispersed and soluble in the fuel oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: KYORITSU PLASTIC SEISAKUSHO
    Inventor: Yasushi Furukawa
  • Publication number: 20130245131
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes for the recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of a mixed oxygenate stream comprising ethyl acetate and acetaldehyde. The crude ethanol product is separated in at least one distillation column to product ethanol. The mixed oxygenate stream may be obtained from syngas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Radmila Jevtic, Victor J. Johnston, Heiko Weiner
  • Publication number: 20130118058
    Abstract: A biofuel can include a diesel fuel, a plant oil, an alcohol viscosity reducer that is either a mixture of a butanol and a C1-C3 alcohol or solely butanol, and a surfactant present at no more than about 1.0% v/v. The biofuel exists as a clear, stable microemulsion at from about ?10° C. to about 70° C. with the cloud point and pour point lower than ?10° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: Thu Thi Le Nguyen, John David McLennan, Jacob Issac Abraham, Melisa Saleb Ramallo
  • Publication number: 20130118182
    Abstract: The invention relates to a liquid bio-fuel mixture, and uses thereof in the generation of electrical power, mechanical power and/or heat. The liquid bio-fuel mixture is macroscopically single phase, and comprises a liquid condensate product of biomass fast pyrolysis, a bio-diesel component and an ethanol component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2011
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicant: Aston University
    Inventors: Anthony Victor Bridgwater, Mohammad Oroumieh
  • Patent number: 8439984
    Abstract: A method of treating a liquid made up of an initial alcohol-blended fuel combined with water so that there is phase separation of an alcohol-water layer. A co-solvent is added to the first quantity of liquid and mixed with the first quantity of liquid to reverse the phase separation of the alcohol-water layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Central Illinois Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Kevin Dewayne Hughes
  • Patent number: 8425632
    Abstract: Various aspects of the present invention generally relate to a fuel composition, for example, that may be used as a fire starter for igniting barbecue charcoal, firewood, campfires, pellet stoves, and the like, and/or as a fuel material, e.g., for heating or cooking. A fuel composition is described in some embodiments that includes corn cob particles and/or other plant-derived particles in which a liquid fuel has been absorbed. The fuel composition may be used as a fuel material and/or to initiate combustion of a regular fuel material such as charcoal, firewood and pellet stove fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Perlman Consulting LLC
    Inventor: Daniel Perlman
  • Patent number: 8361170
    Abstract: One or more stable, clear, water-in-fuel microemulsion-forming surfactants may be used in a liquid fuel or oil which is immiscible with water to: a) scavenge free-water which exists in or is introduced into the liquid fuel or oil thereby to render or retain the liquid fuel or oil in a usable state; and/or b) inhibit the growth of aquatic micro-organisms in the liquid fuel or oil when the fuel or oil becomes contaminated with free-water thereby to retain the liquid fuel or oil in a usable state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Palox Limited
    Inventor: David William Martin
  • Patent number: 8349269
    Abstract: A system and method for a high shear mechanical device incorporated into a process for the production of acetic anhydride as a reactor device is shown to be capable of decreasing mass transfer limitations, thereby enhancing the process. A system for the production of acetic anhydride including the mixing of catalyst and acetic acid via a high shear device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Publication number: 20130000181
    Abstract: A compression ignition fuel composition comprising diethyl ether (DEE) and water, in amounts that correspond to the reaction product of dehydration of anhydrous or hydrous ethanol (EtOH) with water content between 0 and 30 wt %, and further characterized by: a) a diethyl ether content in wt % that is larger than or equal to 50, and a water content in wt % that is lower than or equal to 50 minus concentration of ethanol in wt % for mixtures containing 0 to 20 wt % ethanol; or b) a diethyl ether content in wt % that is larger than or equal to 54 minus 0.2 times the ethanol concentration in wt %, and a water content in wt % that is lower than or equal to 46 minus the 0.8 times concentration of ethanol in wt % for mixtures containing 20 to 30 wt % ethanol; or c) a diethyl ether content in wt % that is larger than or equal to 61.5 minus 0.45 times the ethanol concentration in wt %, and a water content in wt % that is lower than or equal to 38.5 minus the 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Applicant: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Ton V. W. Janssens, Pär L.T. Gabrielsson, Christophe Duwig, Svend-Erik Mikkelsen
  • Patent number: 8323500
    Abstract: A process for removing water from solid material using liquid-solid extraction and liquid-liquid extraction. In most embodiments, multiple solvents are used to step-wise remove the water from the solids and obtain dry solids. Multiple solvents facilitate the removal of the water from the solids, by step-wise replacing the water with a solvent, replacing that solvent with a different solvent, and then eventually removing the second solvent from the solids. The process utilizes a lesser amount of thermal energy to dry the solids and separate the solvents than conventionally used in drying processes. The first solvent selected has a lower heat of vaporization, enthalphy of vaporization, boiling point, or other such physical property, than water. Each subsequent solvent has a still lower heat of vaporization, enthalphy of vaporization, boiling point, or other such physical property then its predecessor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: KFI Intellectual Properties, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Robert A. Wills, James A. Faulconbridge
  • Publication number: 20120291763
    Abstract: A method for producing aerated fuels that includes introducing a gas and a liquid fuel into a high shear device; and processing the gas and the liquid fuel in the high shear device at a shear rate of greater than about 20,000 s?1 to form an emulsion of aerated fuel comprising gas bubbles dispersed in the liquid fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2012
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Applicant: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh
  • Publication number: 20120291339
    Abstract: A liquid concentrate comprising essentially: (A) 0.1 to 10 wt. % of one or more amphoteric emulsifying agents; (B) 30 to 95 wt. % of one or more nonionic alkoxylated surfactants; (C) 0 to 20 wt. % of one or more glycol-based solubilizers; and (D) 0 to 65 wt. % of one or more organic solvents; wherein component (B) comprises a mixture of C6-C15-alkanol ethoxylates with different carbon numbers for the alkanol unit species, the carbon numbers for the two C6-C15-alkanol ethoxylates which have the highest share in weight in the mixture being at least 1.5 carbon numbers distant from each other, is useful for reducing or eliminating the formation in a liquid hydrocarbon fuel of ice particles having a weight average particle size greater than 1 ?m when said liquid hydrocarbon fuel is cooled to temperatures in the range of from 0 to ?50° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Applicant: PALOX LIMITED
    Inventors: David William Martin, Dietmar Posselt, Gunter Oetter, Matthias Kiefer
  • Publication number: 20120267481
    Abstract: The formation in a liquid hydrocarbon fuel of ice particles having a weight average particle size greater than 1 ?m when said liquid hydrocarbon fuel is cooled to temperatures in the range of from 0 to ?50° C. can be reduced or eliminated by use of at least one surfactant that is capable of dispersing water in said liquid hydrocarbon fuel to provide a stable clear water-in-oil microemulsion wherein the droplet size of the dispersed water phase is no greater than 0.25 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: PALOX OFFSHORE S.A.L.
    Inventor: David William Martin
  • Patent number: 8262748
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an emulsifier package is disclosed. The method comprises blending a flow of fuel soluble product, a flow of stabilizer, and a flow of water in a mixing vessel to form a mixture. Mixing the mixture in the mixing vessel and recirculating the mixture through the mixing vessel. Lastly, shearing the mixture with a shearing device at a rate of about 27,500 shears per second to about 87,500 shears per second. A method for manufacturing an aqueous fuel emulsion is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Clean Fuels Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Vaughn M. Moncrieff, Jack L. Waldron, Patrick Grimes, Rudolf W. Gunnerman
  • Publication number: 20120216447
    Abstract: A water in oil emulsion having 70 to 99 wt % diesel fuel the diesel fuel having 0 to 50 vol % biodiesel blended fuel, 0.5 to 30 wt % water, 0.01 to 5 wt % alkyl amine ethoxylate at least 25 wt % of the alkyl amine ethoxylate being C10 to C14 alkyl amine ethoxylate and at least 25 wt % of the alkyl amine ethoxylate being C16 to C18 alkyl amine ethoxylate and 0.03 to 1 wt % of the product obtainable by reacting a polyisobutylene succinic anhydride of molecular weight 9000 to 2600 with 1 to 2 moles of a tertiary alkanol amine. The emulsion is stable and is useful as a biodiesel blended fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Publication date: August 30, 2012
    Applicant: ALTERNATIVE PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGIES SA
    Inventors: Alexander Francis Psaila, Patrick Grimes
  • Patent number: 8252071
    Abstract: The invention relates to an aqueous fuel composition having a homogeneous liquid phase, a so called microemulsion, containing a liquid hydrocarbon fraction, ethanol and an additive with an emulsifying and solubilizing ability. The composition comprises a) 70-95% by weight of an hydrocarbon fraction having a boiling point within the range from 130 to 425° C., b) 2-25% by weight of ethanol, c) 0.002-0.8% by weight of water, and d) 0.2-25% by weight of an additive comprising 5-100% by weight of an nitrogen-containing surfactant, such as an amine surfactant, an ether amine surfactant, an amine oxide surfactant and an amido surfactant, and optionally an alcohol having a hydrocarbon group of 5-24 carbon atoms. Preferably the additive comprises 5-90% by weight of the nitrogen-containing surfactant and 10-95% by weight of the alcohol. The composition, which can be stored for long periods, may be used as a fuel in diesel engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Anna Lif, Sara Olsson
  • Patent number: 8247359
    Abstract: In one aspect, the present invention provides a water-in-oil emulsion comprising from about 5 to about 40 wt % aqueous phase and from about 95 to about 60 wt % non-aqueous phase, said aqueous phase being dispersed in said non-aqueous phase in the form of droplets having an average droplet size no greater than about 0.1 ?m, said emulsion comprising: at least 60 wt % of an oil selected from fuel oils, lubricating oils and mixtures thereof, from about 1 to about 30 wt % of emulsifying agents, and the balance to 100 wt % water, wherein said emulsifying agents include a fatty (C8-C24)-amido-(C1-C6)alkyl betaine, is useful as a fuel, coolant or lubricant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: Palox Limited
    Inventor: David William Martin
  • Patent number: 8192627
    Abstract: An emulsion-breaking additive is combined with an emulsion concentrate to yield a reaction product and the emulsion concentrate is produced in a process stream and contains entrapped bio-oil. Subsequent phase separating can be accomplished with gravity separation and/or mechanical processing. The emulsion-breaking additive can be native to the process stream. Related systems and methods are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: ICM, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles C. Gallop, Theron Cooper, Kurt A. Dieker
  • Publication number: 20120096763
    Abstract: A method of formulating a fuel composition for use in internal-combustion engines includes the step of providing a fuel. In addition, there is the step of forming the fuel composition by adding to the fuel a polar fluid and an emulsifier. The emulsifier is present in an amount effective for the biodiesel fuel, alcohol, water, and emulsifier to form an emulsion. The emulsifier includes an active surfactant mixture of oleic acid and ammonium oleate, wherein the ratio of oleic acid to ammonium oleate is no more than 60:40.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Applicant: WILLIAM H. KLAUSMEIER FAMILY TRUST
    Inventor: William H. Klausmeier
  • Patent number: 8153077
    Abstract: A method for producing nitrobenzene is disclosed which comprises forming a dispersion comprising benzene-containing droplets or particles dispersed in a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid, wherein said particles have a mean diameter less than one micron, and subjecting the dispersion to reaction conditions comprising a pressure in the range of about 203 kPa (2 atm) to about 6080 kPa (60 atm) and a temperature in the range of about 20° C. to about 230° C., whereby at least a portion of said benzene is nitrated to form nitrobenzene. A system for carrying out the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 8153076
    Abstract: A method for producing aniline or toluenediamine is disclosed which comprises forming a dispersion comprising hydrogen gas bubbles dispersed in a liquid medium comprising either nitrobenzene or dinitrotoluene, wherein the hydrogen gas bubbles have a mean diameter less than 1 micron; and subjecting the dispersion to hydrogenation reaction promoting conditions comprising pressure less than about 600 kPa and temperature less than about 200° C., whereby at least a portion of the nitrobenzene or dinitrotoluene is hydrogenated to form aniline or toluenediamine, respectively. A system for carrying out the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 8147566
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fuel additives, fuel compositions and methods of manufacture in which the additives are provided to impart desired properties to fuels. These properties include, without limitation, reduction of nitrogen oxide and particulate emissions from the exhaust stream of internal combustion engines using the fuels. Preferred embodiments of an additive form of the composition include a nitrogen-containing compound selected from the group consisting of urea, cyanuric acid, triazine, ammonia and mixtures thereof, a carrier blend comprising an alkoxylated alcohol, a polyalkylene glycol ester and an alkanolamide and water. The additive may be provided in a concentrate form by addition of a solvent or may be provided as a final form fuel composition. A method of additive manufacture and is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Inventors: James A. Krogh, Robert A. Swenson, Clifford J. Hazel, Ian V. Williamson
  • Patent number: 8147768
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing polyvinyl chloride which includes mixing a vinyl chloride solution with an initiator solution in at least one high shear mixing device comprising at least one rotor/stator set producing a rotor tip speed of at least 5.1 m/sec (1000 ft/min), to form a polymerization mixture; and allowing the mixture to polymerize by free radical polymerization to form polyvinyl chloride. The polymerization mixture may be subjected to free radical polymerization conditions comprising a temperature in the range of about 20° C. to about 230° C. In some embodiments, the high shear mixing device produces a shear rate of at least 20,000 s?1. A system for carrying out the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Publication number: 20120066962
    Abstract: Provided is an emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of stable emulsion state with homogeneous dispersion. The emulsifier of the present invention for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel comprises following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2009
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Patent number: 8133447
    Abstract: Methods and systems for the production of linear alkylbenzenes are described herein. The methods and systems incorporate the novel use of a high shear device to promote dispersion and mixing of one or more olefins (e.g. propylene) with an aromatic. The high shear device may allow for lower reaction temperatures and pressures and may also reduce reaction time with existing catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory G. Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 8071046
    Abstract: A method for removing hydrogen sulfide from a sour gas stream comprising hydrogen sulfide by oxidizing hydrogen sulfide in a converter by contacting the sour gas stream with an aqueous catalytic solution, thereby producing a desulfurized gas stream and a liquid stream comprising reduced catalyst and elemental sulfur, introducing an oxidant and the liquid stream comprising reduced catalyst and elemental sulfur into a high shear device and producing a dispersion wherein the mean bubble diameter of the oxidant gas in the dispersion is less than about 5 ?m, introducing the dispersion into a vessel from which a sulfur-containing slurry is removed and a regenerated catalyst stream is removed, wherein the sulfur slurry comprises elemental sulfur and aqueous liquid, and recycling at least a portion of the regenerated catalyst stream to the converter. A system of apparatus for carrying out the method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Publication number: 20110265370
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an air-water-hydrocarbon three-phase micro-emulsified fuel prepared by adding water, air, and emulsifier compositions to liquid hydrocarbon fuels, to the methods of preparation, and to the uses of the micro-emulsions. The three-phase micro-emulsion fuel is prepared by emulsifying heavy hydrocarbons such as bunker fuel oil and heavy petroleum from the fraction distillation of petroleum, with water or an aqueous liquid, air, and emulsifier compositions, in which the petroleum-derived fuel and the air form a dispersed phase and the aqueous liquid forms a continuous phase. The resulting emulsified fuel is to be used as an alternative energy fuel in internal combustion engines, boilers, heaters, furnaces, combustion turbines or power plants offering the advantages of lower viscosity, higher performance and cleaner burning than the original fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Inventor: German Avila