The Single Bonded Oxygen Is Bonded Directly To An Additional Carbon, Which Carbon May Be Single Bonded To Any Element But May Be Multiple Bonded Only To Carbon (i.e., Carboxylic Acid Esters) Patents (Class 44/388)
  • Patent number: 11572765
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a method and a system for sequestering carbon-containing materials in underground wells. An example method includes: obtaining a material comprising a carbon-containing liquid; optionally testing the material for compatibility with an underground well; optionally adjusting a property of the material to improve the compatibility; and providing the material for injection into the underground well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2022
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2023
    Assignee: Charm Industrial, Inc.
    Inventors: Shaun Meehan, Kelly Hering, Peter Reinhardt
  • Patent number: 11441393
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a method and a system for sequestering carbon-containing materials in underground wells. An example method includes: obtaining a material comprising a carbon-containing liquid; optionally testing the material for compatibility with an underground well; optionally adjusting a property of the material to improve the compatibility; and providing the material for injection into the underground well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2021
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2022
    Assignee: Charm Industrial, Inc.
    Inventors: Shaun Meehan, Kelly Hering, Peter Reinhardt, Daniel Fourie
  • Patent number: 11319500
    Abstract: The invention discloses novel diesel fuel compositions including a renewable diesel component, a fossil diesel component and an oxygenate component, as well as methods for manufacture and use of a combination of a renewable diesel component, and an oxygenate component for reducing particulate matter emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: NESTE OYJ
    Inventors: Ulla Kiiski, Markku Kuronen, Kalle Lehto, Tuukka Hartikka
  • Patent number: 11299683
    Abstract: A liquid fuel obtained by blending heavy oil by selectively introducing hydrocarbon substances. The liquid fuel consists of a light oil component consisting of C6-C12 alkane, a catalytic component consisting of C13-C16 alkane, and a heavy oil component. On the basis of the liquid fuel, the mass fraction of the heavy oil component is 10%-90%, the mass fraction of the light oil component is 0-49%, and the mass of the catalytic component accounts for 86% or more of the mass of the light oil component; and the liquid fuel may also contain an aromatic hydrocarbon having a mass fraction of 0-15%. The obtained liquid fuel has good driving performance, combustion performance and safety, and can be applied to a diesel engine system, a diesel/heavy oil combustion system, etc., as a mixed fuel oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Inventors: Shu-min Chen, Hung-lin Chen
  • Patent number: 11291161
    Abstract: Systems and methods for growing vegetation are provided. The disclosed systems (100) and methods (1100, 1200) use rotating growth mats (102) and a cutting device (112). The rotating growth mats and cutting device can be coupled to an anaerobic digester (402) to generated methane gas using vegetation grown on the growth mats. The systems and methods may further use C artificial light sources (108) and a nutrients delivery system (110) to assist growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Inventors: Christopher Mann, Michael Bennett, Derek William Kenneth Jenkins, Thomas William Bradshaw, Matthew Charles Seabrook Heritage
  • Patent number: 11254891
    Abstract: A mixture of alkylesters of fatty acids is provided, wherein the fatty acids have the following composition: at least 56% of saturated C12 chains, at least 23% of saturated C14 chains, at most 8% of saturated C16 chains, at most 5% of saturated C6-10 chains, at most 5% of monounsaturated C18 chains, at most 2% of saturated C18 chains, at most 0.8% of diunsaturated C18 chains, and at most 0.2% of saturated C20 chains. The percentages are an average percentage expressed in number of moles per total number of moles of alkylesters, and the use of these mixtures is as a viscosity agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Inventors: Jeffrey Khoo Meng Chuan, Laurent Richard Charles Dumortier
  • Patent number: 11174445
    Abstract: This invention relates to a fuel oil composition, containing a low-sulfur marine diesel having a sulfur content of less than 1 wt. % and (A) at least one ethylene copolymer and (B) at least one comb polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2021
    Assignee: Clariant International Ltd.
    Inventors: Michael Feustel, Matthias Krull, Michael Morscher
  • Patent number: 11060099
    Abstract: The invention relates to compositions and methods, including polynucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, recombinant host cells and recombinant host cell cultures engineered to produce fatty acid derivative compositions comprising fatty acids, fatty alcohols, fatty aldehydes, fatty esters, alkanes, terminal olefins, internal olefins or ketones. The fatty acid derivative composition is produced extracellularly with a higher titer, yield or productivity than the corresponding wild type or non-engineered host cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Genomatica, Inc.
    Inventors: Derek L. Greenfield, Andreas W. Schirmer, Elizabeth J. Clarke, Eli S. Groban, Bernardo M. Da Costa, Zhihao Hu, Kevin Holden, Noah Helman
  • Patent number: 11034897
    Abstract: A process for producing an upgraded oil blend, the process comprising the steps of introducing the combined stream to a supercritical reactor, wherein a volumetric ratio of water to oil in the combined stream is in the range between 10:1 and 2:1; reacting the combined stream in the supercritical water reactor to produce a reactor effluent, wherein the oil undergoes conversion reactions in the supercritical reactor such that the reactor effluent comprises upgraded bio-oil and upgraded heavy oil; reducing a temperature of the reactor effluent to produce a cooled effluent; operating the soaker to produce a product effluent, wherein a temperature in the soaker is between 250° C. and 350° C., wherein decarboxylation reactions occur in the soaker; and separating the product effluent in the separation unit to produce and the upgraded oil blend, wherein the upgraded oil blend comprises upgraded bio-oil and upgraded heavy oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Inventors: Khalid Al Kaabi, Ki-Hyouk Choi, Mazin M. Fathi
  • Patent number: 11021666
    Abstract: By blending a quantity of synthetic cyclo-paraffinic kerosene fuel blending component comprising at least 99.5 mass % of carbon and hydrogen content and at least 50 mass % of cyclo-paraffin into kerosene base fuel, kerosene based-propulsion fuels can be upgraded to higher quality kerosene based-propulsion fuels such as jet fuel or rocket fuel to meet certain specification and/or increase volumetric energy content of the propulsion fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Inventors: Cynthia Natalie Ginestra, Brice Nathaniel Dally, Joanna Margaret Bauldreay, Gregory Hemighaus
  • Patent number: 10894953
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to enzyme variants with improved ester synthase properties for the production of fatty acid esters. Further contemplated are recombinant host cells that express such variants, cell cultures comprising the recombinant host cells and fatty acid ester compositions produced by such recombinant host cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2021
    Assignee: Genomatica, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew M. Shumaker, Bernardo M. da Costa, Kevin Holden, Louis G. Hom, Tarah S. Baron, Noah Helman
  • Patent number: 10851393
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes a genetically engineered a KASIII-independent fatty acid biosynthetic pathway that makes use of the promiscuous nature of the rest of the FAS enzymes (3-ketoacyl-ACP synthetase, 3-ketoacyl-ACP reductase, 3-hydroxyacyl ACP dehydrase, enoyl-ACP reductase) to bypass the KASIII step by providing a Co-A precursor of two or higher than two carbons (such as the four carbon butyryl-CoA) as the starting molecule. Since many CoA-based starter molecules can be supplied for the fatty acid synthesis, much more diversified products can be obtained with various carbon-chain lengths. As such, this disclosure will serve as a powerful and efficient platform to produce low to medium chain length products carrying many different functional groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Ka-Yiu San, Xian Zhang, Hui Wu, Dan Wang
  • Patent number: 10753536
    Abstract: Detecting the occurrence of loss of effective lubrication in high-speed machinery components is provided. The imminent catastrophic failure may be predicted when torque or power transfer is lost. An estimate of when failure will likely occur throughout the operation of the machinery may be determined as well as the damage state after the liquid lubrication supply has ended or becomes inadequate to lubricate the machinery components effectively. By monitoring the concentration of gas species and the rate of change in concentration of the gas in the gearbox or machinery enclosure after the supply of the primary lubricant ends, determinations may be made about the time to failure and the damage state. The determinations may be based on thermomechanical and chemical processes, on measurement of a baseline system, or by setting a threshold of expected change in gas concentration. These determinations may be transmitted for further decision making and response.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Stephen P. Berkebile, Kevin C. Radil
  • Patent number: 10738251
    Abstract: This present disclosure relates to biodiesel compositions comprising polymeric pour point depressants, and crystallization modifiers, to improve cold flow properties for biodiesel fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Trent University
    Inventors: Suresh Narine, Laziz Bouzidi, Athira Mohanan
  • Patent number: 10619038
    Abstract: Copolymers comprising ethylene, vinyl esters, in particular vinyl acetate and esters of (meth)acrylic acid, selected from esters comprising branched alkyl, cyclic alkyl or optionally alkyl substituted aryl moieties and having a weight average molecular weight of 35,000 g/mol to 120,000 g/mol, formulations of such copolymers in organic solvents and their use as pour point depressant, wax inhibitor and flow enhancer for crude oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Ivette Garcia Castro, Stefan Frenzel, Maria Heuken, Jennifer Jackson
  • Patent number: 10590356
    Abstract: The invention relates to an integrated process for the production of fuel components starting from materials of a biological origin which comprises: (A) transformation of glycerine into an alkoxy-propanediol having formula RO—CH2—CHOH—CH2OH, wherein R is a linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, (B) transformation of glycerine into 1,2-propanediol CH3—CHOH—CH2OH, (C) dehydration of the 1,2-propanediol obtained in (B) to propionic aldehyde, (D) reaction of part of the propionic aldehyde obtained in (C) with the alkoxy-propanediol having formula RO—CH2—CHOH—CH2OH obtained in (A) to give an acetal having formula (a) wherein R is a linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, (E) transformation of part of the propionic aldehyde obtained in (C) to a propionate having formula CH3—CH2—COOR?, wherein R? is a linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl. Particular components for gasolines and/or diesel are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Giuseppe Bellussi, Alberto Renato De Angelis, Giulio Assanelli, Paolo Pollesel
  • Patent number: 10501697
    Abstract: There is described a biodiesel composition and process for producing biodiesel and related products. There is also described related fuels and fuel blends comprising biodiesel. The biodiesel composition may be prepared from a mixture comprising fats, oils and greases from sewer waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignees: Argent Energy (UK) Limited, Argent Energy Limited
    Inventor: Michael Scott
  • Patent number: 10494587
    Abstract: The invention relates to a continuous process for fractionating a suspension chosen from a microalgal biomass or milk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite d'Aix Marseille, Ecole Centrale de Marseille
    Inventors: Elisabeth Badens, Christelle Crampon
  • Patent number: 10344239
    Abstract: An additive composition containing a polymer (A) and an anti-static additive (B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Inventors: Dhanesh G. Goberdhan, Sally A. Hopkins, Giles W. Theaker
  • Patent number: 10294437
    Abstract: An additive composition comprises a polymer (A) and a condensation product (B) wherein Polymer (A) comprises the following monomer components: (i) one or more compounds of formula (I) (ii) one or more compounds of formula (II); and (iii) one or more compounds of formula (III); wherein condensation product (B) comprises the product formed by the reaction of an aliphatic aldehyde or ketone, or a reactive equivalent, with a substituted phenol or mixture of substituted phenols; The weight:weight ratio of the polymer (A) to the condensation product (B) is from 1:20 to 20:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Inventors: Sally A. Hopkins, Dhanesh G. Goberdhan, Giles W. Theaker
  • Patent number: 10047313
    Abstract: This application relates to the polymorphism and microstructure of certain triacylglycerols and fatty acid methyl esters, including 1,2-dioleoyl-3-stearoyl glycerol and methyl stearate, and how the properties of these individual components in a biodiesel fuel, as well as their combined mixtures, helps understand the fundamental mechanisms of their crystallization so as to design biodiesel fuels with improved low temperature characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Trent University
    Inventors: Suresh Narine, Laziz Bouzidi, Athira Mohanan
  • Patent number: 10041096
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for enhancing secretion of oils from oil producing cells are described herein. In particular, secretion of oils is enhanced by treating the cells with herbicides. The oils generated according to the invention may be useful, for example, in the production of biofuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Inventor: Martha Karen Newell
  • Patent number: 10029246
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method of cleaning a diesel particulate filter. The method requires a step of contacting the diesel particulate filter with a cleaning composition containing one or more fatty acids or a derivative thereof. The one or more fatty acids or a derivative thereof may include a natural oil, such as a plant-based oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: David R. Dixon, Tommy D. Gleaton
  • Patent number: 9994789
    Abstract: Combining a metal based friction modifier, such as a molybdenum dialkyldithiocarbamate, and certain esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, such as short chain alkyl esters of citric or tartaric acid, e.g., tributyl citrate, has a synergistic effect on lowering the friction coefficient of lubricating oils allowing one to reduce the amount of metal based friction modifier needed to adequately formulate a lubricant with low friction characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: LANXESS Solutions US Inc.
    Inventors: Frank J. DeBlase, Venkatramanan K. Madabusi, Susan Ferrarotti, Faith Angela Arifian, Cyril A. Migdal, Gerard Mulqueen
  • Patent number: 9976104
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an antiwear agent and lubricating compositions thereof. The invention further provides for a method of lubricating a driveline device application by employing a lubricating composition containing the antiwear agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Morey N. Najman, Mark R. Baker, Vera M. Marsic
  • Patent number: 9970034
    Abstract: A method comprising a series of selective extraction techniques for the parallel production of biodiesel and isolation of several valuable co-products including an alkenone hydrocarbon mixture of the kerosene/jet fuel range (primarily C10-, C12-, and C17-hydrocarbons) and fucoxanthin, a high-valued carotenoid, from the marine alkenone-producing microalgae Isochrysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignees: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Western Washington University, Marine Biological Laboratory
    Inventors: Christopher M. Reddy, Gregory W. O'Neil, Scott R. Lindell
  • Patent number: 9944871
    Abstract: The instant invention describes a method and system for producing biodiesel which increases energy efficiency by reducing the overall amount of energy associated with producing the biodiesel. Unlike most systems which use a batch procedure, the instant method and system utilize a continuous flow sonification procedure which provides for reactions to take place in tubes as the biodiesel moves along through the process. The continuous flow sonification procedure is performed in two main stages, utilizing the steps of acid esterification, transesterification, and a waterless washing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Genuine Bio-Fuel, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Longo, Jan Goodman
  • Patent number: 9921213
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a rapid diagnosis method of citrus huanglongbing. In the present invention, the accuracy of diagnosis of citrus huanglongbing is significantly improved in the following manners: eliminating the interference of residual starch by effectively removing the residual starch contained in the leaf; eliminating the interference of chlorophyll by effectively removing chlorophyll; and directly developing the color on the leaf rather than mixing and grinding the leaf in water, so as to avoid the problem that the accuracy of color development reaction conducted by mixing the leaf with water is liable to be interfered since the starch is insoluble in water. Therefore a rapid diagnosis of the citrus huanglongbing with much higher accuracy is achieved, which provides effective detection means for the control of the citrus huanglongbing and is beneficial for the control of the citrus huanglongbing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Inventors: Runqian Mao, Yuhong Zhang, Jihuan Zheng, Zhiping Pan, Jincheng Quan, Mingdu Huang
  • Patent number: 9868918
    Abstract: There is described a biodiesel composition and process for producing biodiesel and related products. There is also described related fuels and fuel blends comprising biodiesel. The biodiesel composition may be prepared from a mixture comprising fats, oils and greases from sewer waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignees: Argent Energy (UK) Limited, Argent Energy Limited
    Inventor: Michael Scott
  • Patent number: 9851145
    Abstract: An improvement is described for the processing of biological material in a continuous stream by the application of radiant energy taken from the wavelengths from infrared to ultraviolet, and its absorption by a feedstock in a workspace of featuring controlled turbulence created by one or more counter-rotating disk impellers. The absorbed energy and the controlled turbulence patterns create a continuous process of productive change in a feed into the reactor, with separated light and heavy product output streams flowing both inward and outward from the axis in radial counterflow. The basic mechanism of processing can be applied to a wide range of feedstocks, from the promotion of the growth of algae to make biofuel or other forms of aquaculture, to a use in the controlled combustion of organic material to make biochar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: MCCUTCHEN CO.
    Inventors: David J. McCutchen, Wilmot H. McCutchen
  • Patent number: 9725664
    Abstract: A power generation system, which includes a source of a seed oil, a source of alcohol, and a reactor in communication with the source of seed oil and the source of alcohol. The reactor produces a biofuel product. The system has a power source that operates on a biofuel energy source to produce heated exhaust and is in communication with the reactor to utilize a portion of the biofuel product as its biofuel energy source. The system has a heat transfer mechanism that transfers heat from the exhaust manifold to the reactor. The power source also converts mechanical power into electrical power. Also disclosed is a system that involves extraction of oil from an oilseed product. A method of extracting oil from an oilseed product, a method of making a transesterified seed oil, and a method of making a biofuel are also disclosed, as are products obtained thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Syracuse University
    Inventors: Gheorghe Anitescu, Lawrence L. Tavlarides
  • Patent number: 9650655
    Abstract: Recombinant microorganisms are provided which have been engineered to produce fatty alcohols. Also provided are recombinant microorganisms which comprise a heterologous polynucleotide encoding a fatty alcohol reductase enzyme and an introduced polynucleotide encoding a ?-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: Codexis, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan Vroom, Svetlana Balatskaya, Yoram Barak, Louis Clark, Trish Choudhary, Kristian Karlshoej, Fernando Valle, Kaman Chan
  • Patent number: 9587188
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for preparing a branched ester, comprising reacting a branched primary alcohol composition, having from 8 to 28 carbon atoms and an average number of branches per molecule of from 0.7 to 3.0, said branching comprising methyl and ethyl branches, with an acid. In another aspect, the invention provides a process for preparing a branched ester, pour point depressants for use in fuels, and the use of a branched primary alcohol composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Inventors: Paul Theodore Sharko, James Grace Crump, Naga Roobini Aruleswaran
  • Patent number: 9416378
    Abstract: Provided herein are metabolically-modified microorganisms useful for producing biofuels. More specifically, provided herein are methods of producing high alcohols including isobutanol, 1-butanol, 1-propanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol and 2-phenylethanol from a suitable substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: James C. Liao, Shota Atsumi, Kevin M. Smith, Roa Pu Claire Shen, Anthony F. Cann, Michael R. Connor
  • Patent number: 9217117
    Abstract: A non-aqueous lubricating composition containing a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and a minor amount, in the range of 0.02% to 5% by weight, of at least one compound represented by the structural formula (I): wherein R4 represents H or a C1 to C9 hydrocarbyl group or x, y and z are independently integers in the range 1 to 6; and R1, R2 and R3 each independently represent a C1 to C10 hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Inventors: Samir Chahine, James Edward Moss
  • Patent number: 9187444
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for converting bio-oil, wherein the process includes the steps, where a feedstock including bio-oil selected from bio-oils, any fractions of bio-oils and any combinations thereof is subjected to azeotropic distillation with at least one alcohol to yield a liquid component, and subjecting the liquid component to alcoholysis whereby converted bio-oil is obtained. The invention also relates to the use of converted bio-oil, obtainable by the process, as heating oil, as starting material in processes for producing fuels, fuel components, fine chemicals, chemical building-blocks, and solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Inventors: Janne Asikkala, Andrea Gutierrez
  • Patent number: 9127223
    Abstract: The present application generally relates to the introduction of a renewable fuel oil as a feedstock into refinery systems or field upgrading equipment. For example, the present application is directed to methods of introducing a liquid thermally produced from biomass into a petroleum conversion unit; for example, a refinery fluid catalytic cracker (FCC), a coker, a field upgrader system, a hydrocracker, and/or hydrotreating unit; for co-processing with petroleum fractions, petroleum fraction reactants, and/or petroleum fraction feedstocks and the products, e.g., fuels, and uses and value of the products resulting therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: Ensyn Renewables, Inc.
    Inventors: Barry A. Freel, Robert G. Graham
  • Patent number: 9039791
    Abstract: Use of a reaction product of saturated or unsaturated aliphatic mono- or polycarboxylic acids with aliphatic polyamines for improving or boosting the separation of water from fuel oils which comprise additives with detergent action. A Fuel additive concentrate comprising the said reaction product, certain additives with detergent action and optionally dehazers, cetane number improvers and solvents or diluents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Maxim Peretolchin, Guenter Oetter, Harald Boehnke, Markus Hansch, Ludwig Voelkel
  • Publication number: 20150113862
    Abstract: High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having a CHN content of at least 97.2 wt %, less than 2.8 wt % of oxygen content, a T10 of at most 75° C., T40 of at least 75° C., a T50 of at most 105° C., a T90 of at most 135° C., a final boiling point of less than 210° C., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 MJ/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kPa is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Timothy Michael SHEA, Trevor James DAVIES, Michael Clifford MACKNAY, Hanane Belmokaddem BENNIS
  • Publication number: 20150113859
    Abstract: The use of a polyalkylene glycol of formula HO—(A—O)p—(CH2CH2—O)m—(A—O)q—H wherein A is a C3- to C20-alkylene group or a mixture of such alkylene groups, m is a number of from 2 to 100 and p and q are each numbers of from 1 to 100, as an additive in a fuel for reducing fuel consumption in the operation of an internal combustion engine with this fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Ludwig VOELKEL, Markus HANSCH, Thomas HAYDEN, Marc WALTER, Nawid KASHANI-SHIRAZI, Thomas WEISS
  • Patent number: 9006504
    Abstract: Methods for converting petroleum based oil into fuel generally include forming a conversion mixture of an alcohol and a base, and adding the conversion mixture to petroleum based oil, such as used motor oil, to form a reaction mixture. The methods can also include adding a high nitrate compound and an amino acid to the reaction mixture and ozonizing the reaction mixture. The result of the methods can include a three phase system in which the bottom phase is asphalt oil, the middle phase is diesel fuel or jet fuel, and the top phase is sulfuric acid. The three phases can be separated to obtain the final diesel fuel or jet fuel product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: OTG Research, LLC
    Inventor: Philip Allen Boe
  • Patent number: 9000244
    Abstract: A multi-stage reactor system for preparing biodiesel is used to increase efficiency and yield and reduce impurities. A three-stage transesterification reaction for preparing biodiesel can include one high-shear cavitation reactor and two low-shear cavitation reactors, preferably in series, and optionally one or more separation vessels for removing waste and recycling triglyceride feedstock, catalyst and alcohol to the high-shear cavitation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Arisdyne Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Kozyuk, Peter Reimers, Paul A. Reinking
  • Publication number: 20150082691
    Abstract: The present disclosure identifies methods and compositions for modifying photoautotrophic organisms, such that the organisms efficiently convert carbon dioxide and light into compounds such as esters and fatty acids. In certain embodiments, the compounds produced are secreted into the medium used to culture the organisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: David Arthur Berry, Noubar Boghos Afeyan, Frank Anthony Skraly, Christian Perry Ridley, Dan Eric Robertson, Regina Wilpiszeski, Martha Sholl
  • Publication number: 20150075062
    Abstract: An alcohol product composition is provided that may be used directly for blending with existing fuel sources. More specifically, the alcohol product composition includes ethanol and organic compositions which act as a denaturant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: INEOS BIO SA
    Inventors: Peter Simpson Bell, Michael Sean Slape, Scot Porento
  • Publication number: 20150068108
    Abstract: The present invention describes bacterial strains CECT 7968, CECT 7969 and NCIMB 42026 of the species B. subtilis, capable of expressing the heterologous synthetic mutated genes: pdc and adhB, originating from Z. mobilis, 'tesA, originating from E. coli, and atfl, originating from Acinetobacter sp. ADP1. Furthermore, said strains may overexpress at least one of the genes of the ACC (acetyl-CoA carboxylase) and acyl-CoA synthetase enzymatic complexes. The use of said strains produces an increase in the production of biofuel, preferably biodiesel from glycerin as the carbon source. Moreover, the present invention describes the use of said bacterial strains for the production of said biofuel, biodiesel, from glycerin, as well as a process for synthesising biofuel, preferably biodiesel, using the strains described in the present invention and the biofuel duly obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Gustavo Enrique Schujman, Diego De Mendoza
  • Patent number: 8968427
    Abstract: An additive composition for blending with fuel, the additive composition at least 3% w/w of a viscosity index (VI) improving polymer; and a solvent mixture including in the range of from 10 to 85% v/v of a middle distillate gas oil and at least 15% v/v of one or more components selected from aromatic hydrocarbons and oxygenates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Matthias Eggenstein, Andreas Hugo Brunner
  • Publication number: 20150027036
    Abstract: A multi-chamber continuous tubular reactor for the transesterification of oil (e.g., waste cooking oil and the like) and methanol into glycol and fatty acid methyl (ethel) ester. The reactor includes a plurality of tubes, a plurality of fluidly coupled chambers, an inlet fluidly coupled to a first chamber of the plurality of chambers for receiving reactants, and an outlet fluidly coupled to a second chamber of the plurality of chambers for receiving products generated during a reaction within the plurality of chambers. At least one of the plurality of tubes is at least partially disposed within a lumen of another one of the plurality of tubes. The plurality of fluidly coupled chambers are defined, at least in part, by the plurality of tubes. The reactor is configured to generate a generally helical flow pattern through at least one of the plurality of chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: Masdar Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Isam M. Janajreh, Rasha Abd Rabu
  • Patent number: 8933004
    Abstract: This invention relates to a mineral oil containing hindered phenolic antioxidants with improved color stability. More particularly, it relates to non-coloring hindered phenolic blend that contains an oxygen scavenger, i.e., dibenzylhydroxyl amine (DBHA) as well as mineral oils containing such a blend.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: SI Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Liu, Vince J. Gatto, Gangkai Zhao
  • Patent number: 8900416
    Abstract: The disclosure encompasses in-line reactive condensation processes via vapor phase esterification of bio-oil to decease reactive species concentration and water content in the oily phase of a two-phase oil, thereby increasing storage stability and heating value. Esterification of the bio-oil vapor occurs via the vapor phase contact and subsequent reaction of organic acids with ethanol during condensation results in the production of water and esters. The pyrolysis oil product can have an increased ester content and an increased stability when compared to a condensed pyrolysis oil product not treated with an atomized alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger Norris Hilten, Keshav Das, James R. Kastner, Brian P. Bibens
  • Patent number: 8894725
    Abstract: A process for producing mixed esters of fatty acids as biofuel or additive to a petroleum fuel for use in a compression ignition (CI) engine. The process preferably provides a partial transesterification of a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters with at least one alkyl alcohol containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms in the presence of a heterogeneous solid acid catalyst to produce a mixture of the fatty acid methyl esters and alkyl alcohol esters of the fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of Michigan State University
    Inventors: Navinchandra S. Asthana, Dennis J. Miller, Carl T. Lira, Evan Bittner