Of Chromium Patents (Class 502/319)
  • Patent number: 9550841
    Abstract: A method of making a catalyst for use in oligomerizing an olefin comprising a chromium-containing compound, a pyrrole-containing compound, a metal alkyl, a halide-containing compound, and optionally a solvent, the method comprising contacting a composition comprising the chromium-containing compound and a composition comprising the metal alkyl, wherein the composition comprising the chromium-containing compound is added to the composition comprising the metal alkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Ronald D. Knudsen, Bruce E. Kreischer, Ronald G. Abbott, Steven D. Bridges, Eduardo J. Baralt, Brooke L. Small
  • Publication number: 20150148220
    Abstract: Process for manufacturing ZPGM catalysts systems that may allow the prevention of formation or the conversion of corrosion causing compounds, such as hexavalent chromium compounds, within ZPGM catalyst systems is disclosed. In one embodiment, disclosed ZPGM catalysts systems, may include metallic substrate, which may include alloys of iron and chromium, a washcoat and an overcoat. Disclosed manufacturing process may include a thermal decomposition of hexavalent chromium compounds which may allow the decomposition of such compounds into trivalent chromium compounds, and may also produce metallic catalyst, such as silver. Such conversion may prevent corrosion formation, such as red color corrosion within ZPGM catalyst system. An embodiment of the disclosed process may include a reducing agent, which may be present in exhaust conditions, which may convert hexavalent chromium compounds into trivalent chromium compounds as well as produce metallic catalyst, such as silver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: CDTi
    Inventor: Zahra Nazarpoor
  • Patent number: 8932977
    Abstract: A catalyst for the electrolysis of water molecules and hydrocarbons, the catalyst including catalytic groups comprising A1-xB2-yB?yO4 spinels having a cubical M4O4 core, wherein A is Li or Na, B and B? are independently any transition metal or main group metal, M is B, B?, or both, x is a number from 0 to 1, and y is a number from 0 to 2. In photo-electrolytic applications, a plurality of catalytic groups are supported on a conductive support substrate capable of incorporating water molecules. At least some of the catalytic groups, supported by the support substrate, are able to catalytically interact with water molecules incorporated into the support substrate. The catalyst can also be used as part of a photo-electrochemical cell for the generation of electrical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: G. Charles Dismukes, Martha Greenblatt
  • Patent number: 8921251
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of producing polymers and copolymers of olefin oligomers produced by a trimerization reaction of olefin monomers. There is disclosed a process which comprises producing olefin oligomers with the aid of a trimerization catalyst system prepared using UHF irradiation for activating individual components of the trimerization catalyst system. The use of the trimerization catalyst system thus improved and having increased activity provides for increased effectiveness in the production of olefin oligomers from ethylene or other olefin monomers, inter alia, at a low pressure of ethylene. The olefin oligomers thus produced are then polymerized or copolymerized using processes known in the art. The technical effect consists in increasing the effectiveness of the production of olefin oligomers which are then used in a polymerization or copolymerization reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Open Joint Stock Company “Sibur Holding”
    Inventors: Timur Mikhailovich Zilbershtein, Maxim Vladimirovich Lipskikh, Alexei Alexandrovich Nosikov, Georgy Viktorovich Nesyn
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8865614
    Abstract: A process for producing a ringlike oxidic shaped body by mechanically compacting a pulverulent aggregate introduced into the fill chamber of a die, wherein the outer face of the resulting compact corresponds to that of a frustocone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Knut Eger, Jens Uwe Faust, Holger Borchert, Ralf Streibert, Klaus Joachim Mueller-Engel, Andreas Raichle
  • Patent number: 8852518
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a catalyst for removing nitrogen oxides which is capable of keeping sufficient denitrification performance, i.e., a high removal rate of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas having a high NO2 content especially under conditions where the ratio of NO2/NO in exhaust gas is 1 or higher, a catalyst molded product therefor, and an exhaust gas treating method. The catalyst is designed for removing nitrogen oxides, which is used to denitrify exhaust gas containing nitrogen oxides having a high NO2 content, which comprises: at least one kind of oxide selected from the group consisting of copper oxides, chromium oxides, and iron oxides as a component for reducing NO2 to NO; and which further comprises: at least one kind of titanium oxide; at least one kind of tungsten oxide; and at least one kind of vanadium oxide as components for reducing NO to N2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeru Nojima, Kozo Iida, Yoshiaki Obayashi, Masashi Kiyosawa, Masanori Demoto
  • Patent number: 8846834
    Abstract: Mineral oil is added to a supported chromium catalyst in amounts which maintain a free flowing particulate material. Chromium catalysts so treated, provide polyethylene in a gas phase ethylene polymerization process with reduced reactor fouling or static.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: NOVA Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Xiaoliang Gao, Patrick Drew Evans
  • Publication number: 20140284521
    Abstract: This invention provides a CO2 desorption catalyst that has an excellent CO2 desorption activity and that can be used to replace metal filler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2012
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: THE KANSAI ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Deguchi, Tsunenori Watanabe, Yasuyuki Yagi
  • Patent number: 8835347
    Abstract: Disclosed are dehydrogenation catalyst composites and methods of making the dehydrogenation catalyst composites. The dehydrogenation catalyst composites contain alumina, lithium oxide, alkaline earth metal oxide, chromium oxide, and sodium oxide. Also disclosed are methods of dehydrogenating a dehydrogenatable hydrocarbon involving contacting the dehydrogenatable hydrocarbon with a dehydrogenation catalyst composite containing alumina, lithium oxide, alkaline earth metal oxide, chromium oxide, and sodium oxide to provide a dehydrogenated hydrocarbon, such as an olefin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Wolfgang Ruettinger, Michael Joseph Breen, Richard Jacubinas, Saeed Alerasool
  • Patent number: 8765634
    Abstract: A catalytically active composition comprising, prior to reduction with hydrogen: 10 to 75% by weight of an oxygen compound of zirconium, calculated as ZrO2; 1 to 30% by weight of an oxygen compound of copper, calculated as CuO; 10 to 50% by weight of an oxygen compound of nickel, calculated as NiO; 10 to 50% by weight of an oxygen compound of cobalt, calculated as CoO; and 0.1 to 10% by weight of one or more oxygen compounds of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of Pb, Bi, Sn, Sb and In, calculated as PbO, Bi2O3, SnO, Sb2O3 or In2O3, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Petr Kubanek, Bram Willem Hoffer, Ekkehard Schwab, Johann-Peter Melder, Holger Evers, Till Gerlach
  • Patent number: 8753999
    Abstract: A catalyst for selective oxidation of hydrocarbons relative to carbon monoxide includes a mixed oxide based on the compound Ce0.1-0.5Ti0.2-0.8Cr0.1-0.5Ox, wherein x is (the total of the valences of the metals)/2. Preferably, the mixed oxide is fixed as a coating on a molded body or less than 0.5 wt. % precious metal is doped to the mixed oxide. Oxidizable exhaust-gas components are oxidized for exhaust-gas purification by a mixed oxide based on the compound Ce0.1-0.5Ti0.2-0.8Cr0.1-0.5Ox as the catalyst. Preferably, hydrocarbons are preferentially oxidized relative to carbon monoxides or nitrogen oxides. For producing an oxidation catalyst for internal combustion engines, a mixed oxide made of cerium oxide, titanium oxide, chromium oxide, and optionally other metal oxides is fixed to a metallic or oxide or carbide, high temperature-stable molded body or an oxide ceramic, wherein the oxide ceramic is fixed to a molded body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Heraeus Precious Metals GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Uwe Endruschat, Ansgar Wille, Prasanna Rajagopalan
  • Publication number: 20140140904
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods and designs of enclosed-channel reactor system for manufacturing catalysts or supports. Both of the configuration designs force the gaseous precursors and purge gas flow through the channel surface of reactor. The precursors will transform to thin film or particle catalysts or supports under adequate reaction temperature, working pressure and gas concentration. The reactor body is either sealed or enclosed for isolation from atmosphere. Another method using super ALD cycles is also proposed to grow alloy catalysts or supports with controllable concentration. The catalysts prepared by the method and system in the present invention are noble metals, such as platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium, or transition metals such as iron, silver, cobalt, nickel and tin, while supports are silicon oxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, cerium oxide or magnesium oxide, or refractory metals, which can be chromium, molybdenum, tungsten or tantalum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: National Applied Research Laboratories
    Inventors: Chi-Chung Kei, Bo-Heng Liu, Chien-Pao Lin, Chien-Nan Hsiao, Yang-Chih Hsueh, Tsong-Pyng Perng
  • Patent number: 8697599
    Abstract: A method comprising (a) contacting a support and a chromium-containing compound to form chromium-containing support, (b) heat treating the chromium-containing support in an oxidizing atmosphere to form a treated support, (c) contacting the treated support with carbon monoxide to form a CO-contacted support, and (d) contacting the CO-contacted support with hydrogen to form a catalyst. A method comprising oxidizing a chromium-treated support to form a polymerization catalyst, contacting the polymerization catalyst with carbon monoxide to form a reduced polymerization catalyst, contacting the reduced polymerization catalyst with hydrogen to form an activated polymerization catalyst, and contacting the activated polymerization catalyst with ethylene in a reaction zone under suitable reaction conditions to form a random copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Elizabeth A. Benham, Max P. McDaniel, Kathy S. Collins, Stephen M. Wharry
  • Publication number: 20140087937
    Abstract: A catalytic article for decomposition of a volatile organic compound includes a porous support body, a plurality of active centers formed on the support body and adapted for catalytic decomposition of the volatile organic compound, and a plurality of capture centers bound to the support body. Each of the active centers is composed of one of a noble metal, a transition metal oxide, and the combination thereof. Each of the capture centers includes at least one functional group that is adapted for attracting or binding the volatile organic compound. A method for preparing the catalytic article is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: National Yunlin University of Science & Technology
    Inventors: Bo-Tau Liu, Cheng-Hsien Hsieh, De-Hua Wang
  • Patent number: 8663567
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a catalyst for removing nitrogen oxides which is capable of keeping sufficient denitrification performance, i.e., a high removal rate of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas having a high NO2 content especially under conditions where the ratio of NO2/NO in exhaust gas is 1 or higher, a catalyst molded product therefor, and an exhaust gas treating method. The catalyst is designed for removing nitrogen oxides, which is used to denitrify exhaust gas containing nitrogen oxides having a high NO2 content, which comprises: at least one kind of oxide selected from the group consisting of copper oxides, chromium oxides, and iron oxides as a component for reducing NO2 to NO; and which further comprises: at least one kind of titanium oxide; at least one kind of tungsten oxide; and at least one kind of vanadium oxide as components for reducing NO to N2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeru Nojima, Kozo Iida, Yoshiaki Obayashi, Masashi Kiyosawa, Masanori Demoto
  • Patent number: 8653208
    Abstract: A process for preparing a catalyst, and catalysts prepared thereby. The process includes selecting a catalyst support and mixing it with one or more chromium containing compounds oxidizable to a Cr+6 state or already in a Cr+6 state, and with one or more transition metal catalyst component, and calcining the catalyst support while oxidizing any chromium containing compound to a Cr+6 state, and spray drying the catalyst support to form catalyst particles. The catalyst supports are characterized by a surface area greater than 50 m2/gram and a pore volume greater than 0.5 cc/gram at the time of mixing the catalyst support with the chromium containing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology LLC
    Inventor: Robert James Jorgensen
  • Patent number: 8648005
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of preparing the copper-containing hydrogenation catalyst having high activity by liquid phase reduction without decreasing purity of the solvent and a method for efficiently producing an alcohol. The present invention provides the method of preparing the copper-containing hydrogenation catalyst, including reducing a molded precursor of the copper-containing hydrogenation catalyst by supplying hydrogen gas or a mixture of hydrogen gas with an inert gas at a temperature of 50 to 150° C. in the presence of a solvent to obtain the copper-containing hydrogenation catalyst, wherein the reduction is conducted at an average reduction velocity of the copper-containing hydrogenation catalyst of not more than 3.0% by weight/hour.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Sakamoto, Shoji Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8633131
    Abstract: A mesoporous oxide-catalyst complex including: a mesoporous metal oxide; and a catalyst metal supported on the mesoporous metal oxide, wherein the catalyst on the mesoporous metal oxide has a degree of dispersion of about 30 to about 90 percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Doo-hwan Lee, Hyun-chul Lee, Sang-min Ji, Kyo-sung Park, Seung-jae Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8614161
    Abstract: A CO2 reforming catalyst composition includes a hydroxyl group-containing porous oxide, and a composite porous catalyst supported by a porous supporter. The composite porous catalyst includes a catalyst metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung Jae Lee, InHyuk Son, Chan Ho Pak, Hyun Chul Lee, Jeong Kuk Shon, Young Gil Jo
  • Patent number: 8603938
    Abstract: The present invention provides the method for preparing a catalyst including the following steps 1 and 2, and the method for producing an alcohol including preparing a catalyst by the method and subjecting a carboxylic acid or a carboxylic acid ester to catalytic reduction with hydrogen in the presence of the prepared catalyst: step 1: immersing a molded precursor of a catalyst containing metal oxide in a solvent, step 2: supplying hydrogen gas or a mixture of hydrogen gas with an inert gas to a catalyst layer in the presence of a solvent to reduce the catalyst precursor prepared in the step 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Sakamoto, Taku Mimura
  • Publication number: 20130324393
    Abstract: To provide a novel visible light-responsive photocatalyst or tungsten oxide visible light-responsive semiconductor improved in environmental resistance under an alkaline condition. The tungsten oxide visible light-responsive semiconductor unstable under an alkaline condition is improved in environmental resistance without losing photocatalytic function thereof by adding thereto at least one element selected from the group consisting of copper, tantalum, niobium, lanthanum, bismuth, calcium, chromium, manganese and zinc. The obtained environmental resistant visible light-responsive photocatalyst is subjected to an alkaline treatment to thereby be improved in photocatalytic activity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Sayama, Yoshinari Konishi
  • Patent number: 8563460
    Abstract: A catalyst unit is described comprising a cylinder with a length C and a diameter D, wherein said unit has five holes arranged in a pentagonal pattern extending longitudinally therethrough, with five flutes running along the length of the unit, said flutes positioned equidistant adjacent holes of said pentagonal pattern. The catalyst may be used particularly in steam reforming reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: David James Birdsall, Mileta Babovic, Mikael Per Uno Carlsson, Samuel Arthur French, Michiel Nijemeisland, William Maurice Sengelow, Edmund Hugh Stitt
  • Patent number: 8557728
    Abstract: A catalyst unit is described in the form of a cylinder having a length C and diameter D, which has one or more holes extending therethrough, wherein said cylinder has domed ends of lengths A and B, such that (A+B+C)/D is in the range 0.50 to 2.00, and (A+B)/C is in the range 0.40 to 5.00. The catalyst or catalyst unit preferably has one or more flutes miming along its length. The catalyst may be used particularly in steam reforming reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: David James Birdsall, Mileta Babovic, Mikael Per Uno Carlsson, Samuel Arthur French, Michiel Nijemeisland, William Maurice Sengelow, Edmund Hugh Stitt
  • Patent number: 8557729
    Abstract: A catalyst unit is described in the form of a cylinder having a length C and diameter D, which has two or more flutes running along its length, wherein said cylinder has domed ends of lengths A and B, such that (A+B+C)/D is in the range 0.50 to 2.00, and (A+B)/C is in the range 0.40 to 5.00. The catalyst may be used particularly in reactions where hydrogen is a reactant such as hydroprocessing, hydrogenation, water-gas shift reactions, methanation, hydrocarbon synthesis by the Fischer-Tropsch reaction, methanol synthesis and ammonia synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Daniel Lee Cairns, Mileta Babovic, Terence James Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth Margaret Holt, Colin William Park, William Maurice Sengelow, Edmund Hugh Stitt
  • Patent number: 8546634
    Abstract: There is provided a method for production of a conjugated diene from a monoolefin having four or more carbon atoms by a fluidized bed reaction. The method for production of a conjugated diolefin includes bringing a catalyst in which an oxide is supported on a carrier into contact with a monoolefin having four or more carbon atoms in a fluidized bed reactor in which the catalyst and oxygen are present, wherein the method satisfies the following (1) to (3): (1) the catalyst contains Mo, Bi, and Fe; (2) a reaction temperature is in the range of 300 to 420° C.; and (3) an oxygen concentration in a reactor outlet gas is in the range of 0.05 to 3.0% by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Hideo Midorikawa, Hiroyuki Yano, Takashi Kinoshita
  • Publication number: 20130252809
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to an activation of a polymerization catalyst precursor by heat treatment comprising a support material and a catalyst precursor deposited thereon in a fluidized bed activator and to the use of the activated polymerization catalyst in the manufacture of polyolefins. The activation involves heat treatment in the presence of oxygen. After that activation the oxygen in the activator is replaced by inert gas via flushing until the fluidization gas ermerging from the activator comprises oxygen in a maximum amount of up to 5 ppm. The catalyst prepared by that method is improved with respect to prevent reactor fouling during gas-phase polymerization or slurry polymerization either in stirred vessel or loop.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventors: Manfred Hecker, Paulus De Lange, Rainer Karer
  • Publication number: 20130244870
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to a catalyst activator, and in particular to a catalyst activator for heat conditioning a catalyst, comprising: a) a vessel for containing a catalyst charge having an internal diameter of at least 1.2 metres and/or an internal volume of at least 5 m3; b) a fluidisation grid plate disposed in said vessel, said fluidisation grid plate and having an upper major surface and a lower major surface; c) an array of generally conical depressions in said upper major surface that overlap by less than 17%; and d) an array of holes perforating said fluidisation grid plate, said holes extending from at least some of said generally conical depressions through said lower surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: INEOS EUROPE AG
    Inventors: Alex King, Stephen Kevin Lee, Brent R. Walworth
  • Patent number: 8524631
    Abstract: A method of producing a catalyst material with nano-scale structure, the method comprising: introducing a starting powder into a nano-powder production reactor, the starting powder comprising a catalyst material; the nano-powder production reactor nano-sizing the starting powder, thereby producing a nano-powder from the starting powder, the nano-powder comprising a plurality of nano-particles, each nano-particle comprising the catalyst material; and forming a catalyst precursor material from the nano-powder, wherein the catalyst precursor material is a densified bulk porous structure comprising the catalyst material, the catalyst material having a nano-scale structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8507403
    Abstract: A process is described for producing a powder batch comprises a plurality of particles, wherein the particles include (a) a first catalytically active component comprising at least one transition metal or a compound thereof; (b) a second component different from said first component and capable of removing oxygen from, or releasing oxygen to, an exhaust gas stream; and (c) a third component different from said first and second components and comprising a refractory support. The process comprises providing a precursor medium comprising a liquid vehicle and a precursor to al least one of said components (a) to (c) and heating droplets of said precursor medium carried in a gas stream to remove at least part of the liquid vehicle and chemically convert said precursor to said at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Miodrag Oljaca, Toivo T. Kodas, Ranko P. Bontchev, Klaus Kunze, Kenneth C. Koehlert
  • Patent number: 8506912
    Abstract: A nickel-based catalyst is provided for reducing carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon emissions, and nitrogen oxides from vehicle exhausts. The catalyst is impregnated directly onto a carrier which is non-reactive with nickel. The nickel is contained on said carrier at a loading of between about 2 to about 20 wt %. When used in a vehicle exhaust gas treatment system, the catalyst provides improved efficiency in reducing CO, HC, and NOx emissions over the use of conventional three-way-catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey Scott Hepburn, Hungwen Jen, Eva Thanasiu
  • Publication number: 20130203947
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the activation of a supported chromium oxide based catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: INEOS COMMERCIAL SERVICES UK LIMITED
    Inventors: Christophe Moineau, Stephan Detournay
  • Publication number: 20130178670
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst comprises an extruded modified support, and a precious metal. The processes for making the catalysts comprises modifying the catalyst, extruding the catalyst, and impregnating the precious metal onto the catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventor: Celanese International Corporation
  • Patent number: 8481448
    Abstract: The invention is a heteropoly acid compound catalyst composition, a method of making the catalyst composition and a process for the oxidation of saturated and/or unsaturated aldehydes to unsaturated carboxylic acids using the catalyst composition. The catalyst composition is a heteropoly acid compound containing molybdenum, vanadium, phosphorus, cesium, bismuth, copper and antimony. Thermal stability is achieved with higher cesium content (up to less than 3.0) but antimony, copper and bismuth must be present to maintain good activity. The catalyst is made by dissolving compounds of the components of each of the heteropoly acid compounds in a solution, precipitating the heteropoly acid compounds, obtaining a catalyst precursor and calcining the catalyst precursor to form a heteropoly acid compound catalyst. Unsaturated aldehydes, such as methacrolein, may be oxidized in the presence of the heteropoly acid compound catalyst to produce an unsaturated carboxylic acid, such as methacrylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Wugeng Liang, David Sullivan, James W. Kauffman, Clark Rea, Joe Linzer, Shahid Shaikh
  • Patent number: 8481451
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking, a method of preparing the same, and a method of preparing olefin by the hydrocarbon steam cracking by using the catalyst, and more specifically, to a catalyst for hydrocarbon steam cracking for preparing light olefin including an oxide catalyst (0.5?j?120, 1?k?50, A is transition metal, and x is a number corresponding to the atomic values of Cr, Zr, and A and values of j and k) represented by CrZrjAkOx, wherein the composite catalyst is a type that has an outer radius r2 of 0.5R to 0.96R (where R is a radius of a cracking reaction tube), a thickness (t; r2?r1) of 2 to 6 mm, and a length h of 0.5r2 to 10r2, a method of preparing the same, and a method of preparing light olefins by using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jun-Han Kang, Jonghun Song, Junseon Choi
  • Patent number: 8481450
    Abstract: Methods and systems for contacting of a crude feed with one or more catalysts to produce a total product that includes a crude product are described. The crude product is a liquid mixture at 25° C. and 0.101 MPa. The crude product has an MCR content of at most 90% of the MCR content of the crude feed. One or more other properties of the crude product may be changed by at least 10% relative to the respective properties of the crude feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Opinder Kishan Bhan
  • Patent number: 8475684
    Abstract: A composite oxide for a hydrocarbon reforming catalyst which maintains the catalytic activity at a high level over a long period of time, a process for producing the catalyst, and a process for producing syngas using the catalyst, are provided. The composite oxide for a hydrocarbon reforming catalyst is obtained by a process including preparing a mixed solution for impregnation which contains catalytic active components of Co, or Co and Ni, one or more oxidation resistance enhancing components selected from the elements of Group 3B and the elements of Group 6A of the Periodic Table, and one or more additive metal components selected from Ca and Mg; impregnating a carrier formed from a porous molded body selected from magnesia and a composite of magnesia and calcia, with the mixed solution for impregnation; drying the impregnated carrier; and calcining the dried carrier in an oxidizing atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Japan Petroleum Exploration Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Toshiya Wakatsuki
  • Patent number: 8475921
    Abstract: A composite material includes an aggregate which contains a first metal particle constituting a core and second metal oxide particulates surrounding the first metal particle and having an average primary particle diameter ranging from 1 to 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Kayama, Kouzi Banno, Kiyoshi Yamazaki, Koji Yokota
  • Publication number: 20130156679
    Abstract: A first layer of a catalyst material is formed on a substrate and heat treated to form a first plurality of nanoparticles. A second layer of a catalyst material is then formed over the substrate and the first plurality of nanoparticles and heat treated to form a second plurality of nanoparticles. The first layer of nanoparticles is advantageously not affected by the deposition or heat treatment of the second layer of catalyst material, for example being pinned or immobilised, optionally by oxidation, before formation of the second layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: CAMBRIDGE ENTERPRISE LIMITED
    Inventors: John Robertson, C. Santiago Esconjauregui
  • Patent number: 8461074
    Abstract: Coated catalysts comprising a catalytically active multimetal oxide comprising molybdenum. The coated catalyst comprises a support body, a first layer and a second layer. The first layer comprises a molybdenum oxide or a precursor compound which forms molybdenum oxide. The second layer comprises a multimetal oxide comprising molybdenum and at least one further metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Alexander Czaja, Martin Kraus
  • Patent number: 8435923
    Abstract: Compositions, materials incorporating the compositions, and methods of use thereof, for the protection and/or decontamination of contaminants are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Emory University
    Inventors: Nelya Okun, Craig Hill, Zhen Luo
  • Patent number: 8435918
    Abstract: Ceria-coated aerogels can include an aerogel support material having a stabilized ceria coating thereon. The ceria coating can be formed by solution or vapor deposition of alcogels or aerogels. Additional catalytic metal species can also be incorporated into the coating to form multi-metallic compounds having improved catalytic activity. Further, the ceria coated aerogels retain high surface areas at elevated temperatures. Thus, improvements in catalytic activity and thermal stability can be achieved using these ceria-coated composite aerogels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: University of Utah Research Foundation
    Inventors: Edward M. Eyring, Richard D. Ernst, Gregory C. Turpin, Brian C. Dunn
  • Patent number: 8415268
    Abstract: A process for producing a ringlike oxidic shaped body by mechanically compacting a pulverulent aggregate introduced into the fill chamber of a die, wherein the outer face of the resulting compact corresponds to that of a frustocone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Knut Eger, Jens Uwe Faust, Holger Borchert, Ralf Streibert, Klaus Joachim Mueller-Engel, Andreas Raichle
  • Patent number: 8404204
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a granulate having photocatalytic activity, comprising particles of an inorganic particulate material coated with a photocatalytically active compound for introducing photocatalytic activity into or on building materials. The invention is further related to the manufacture of such a granulate and its use into or on building materials such as cement, concrete, gypsum and/or limestone and water-based coatings or paints for reducing an accumulation and growth of microorganisms and environmental polluting substances on these materials and thus reducing the tendency of fouling, while the brilliance of the color is maintained and the quality of the air is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Rockwood Italia SpA
    Inventors: Marino Sergi, Christian Egger
  • Patent number: 8372771
    Abstract: A system and method for activating chromium catalyst, including: increasing temperature of a chromium catalyst at a first rate for a first period of time to a first temperature; and increasing temperature of the chromium catalyst at a second rate for a second period of time from the first temperature to a second temperature, wherein the first rate is greater than the second rate, and wherein the first period precedes the second period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Chevrton Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Elizabeth A. Benham, Max P. McDaniel
  • Patent number: 8372777
    Abstract: Method of contacting a hydrocarbon feed with a catalyst that includes one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and a support. The support comprises from 0.01 grams to 0.2 gram of silica and from 0.80 grams to 0.99 grams of alumina per gram of support. The catalyst has a surface area of at least 340 m2/g, a pore size distribution with a median pore diameter of at most 100 ?, and at least 80% of its pore volume in pores having a pore diameter of at most 300 ? or the catalyst exhibits one or more peaks between 35 degrees and 70 degrees, and at least one of the peaks has a base width of at least 10 degrees, as determined by x-ray diffraction at 2-theta.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8361924
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is fine particles of core-shell structure, each particle being composed of a core particle which is formed from a first material and has the face-centered cubic crystal structure and a shell layer which is formed from a second material differing from the first material on the surface of the core particle and has the face-centered cubic crystal structure, the fine particles containing particles which are multiply twinned fine particles and are surrounded by the {111} crystal plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Tanaka, Shuji Goto, Shigetaka Tomiya
  • Patent number: 8357625
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a catalyst exhibiting excellent performance particularly in partial oxidation reaction. Another object is to provide a method for efficiently producing carboxylic acid or carboxylic anhydride through vapor-phase partial oxidation of an organic compound by use of an oxygen-containing gas in the presence of the catalyst. The catalyst contains (1) diamond; (2) at least one species selected from among Group 5 transition element oxides, collectively called oxide A; and (3) at least one species selected from among Group 4 transition element oxides, collectively called oxide B. The method for producing a carboxylic acid or a carboxylic anhydride includes subjecting an organic compound to vapor phase partial oxidation by use of an oxygen-containing gas in the presence of the catalyst, wherein the organic compound is an aromatic compound having one or more substituents in a molecule thereof, the substituents each including a carbon atom bonded to an aromatic ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Atsushi Okamoto
  • Patent number: 8318000
    Abstract: A method of producing a crude product from a hydrocarbon feed is provided. A hydrocarbon feed is contacted with a catalyst containing a Col. 6-10 metal or compound thereof to produce the crude product, where the catalyst has a pore size distribution with a median pore diameter ranging from 105 ? to 150 ?, with 60% of the total number of pores in the pore size distribution having a pore diameter within 60 ? of the median pore diameter, with at least 50% of its pore volume in pores having a pore diameter of at most 600 ?, and between 5% and 25% of its pore volume in pores having a pore diameter between 1000 ? and 5000 ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Opinder Kishan Bhan, Scott Lee Wellington
  • Patent number: 8318384
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to an ion conductive material useful as an anode catalyst comprising LaCrO3, a vanadium oxide (VOx) and a solid electrolyte, and methods of making the same. The catalysts are useful in solid oxide fuels cells and, in particular, using impure hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: The Governors of the University of Alberta
    Inventors: Jing-Li Luo, Karl Tze-tang Chuang, Zhengrong Xu, Alan Sanger