Processes Of Treating Materials By Wave Energy Patents (Class 204/157.15)
  • Patent number: 9783899
    Abstract: What is proposed is an apparatus for conducting an electrolysis with an oxygen depolarized cathode, comprising: (a) an electrolyzer 1 which (b) is connected on the reactant side via an inlet control valve 2 to an oxygen source 3, and (c) on the product side has at least one off gas line 4, (d) which has at least one pressure regulator (PT) 5, at least one gas analyzer (QI) 6, at least one flow regulator (FT) 7 and at least one outlet control valve 8, wherein (e) the pressure regulator 5 controls the inlet control valve 2, (f) the gas analyzer 6 controls the flow regulator 7 or the outlet control valve 8 and/or (g) the flow regulator 7 controls the outlet control valve 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: Thyssenkrupp Uhde Chlorine Engineers (Italia) S.r.l.
    Inventors: Gregor Polcyn, Philip Hofmann, Stephan Köberle, Dirk Hoormann, Peter Woltering, Dmitri Donst, Jens Wilhelm Kuhlmann, Peter Toros, Frank Funck, Sebastian Austenfeld, Jörg Wilfried Kolbe
  • Patent number: 9780354
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for manufacturing of a battery electrode material comprising the steps of: a) applying an electric field to at least one polymer, conductive particles and at least one solvent whereby said conductive particles become arranged between the electrodes in at least two lines that are oriented in the same direction as the electric field line, and b) stabilizing the at least one polymer, conductive particles and at least one solvent by removing at least some of said at least one solvent while maintaining the electric field in step a) whereby the at least two lines of conductive particles will remain in their position when said electric field is removed. Further, the invention concerns a battery electrode material comprising at least one polymer and conductive particles, wherein said conductive particles form at least two lines that are oriented parallel and/or co-linear to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: CONDALIGN AS
    Inventors: Mark Buchanan, Geir Helgesen, Matti Knaapila, Preben J.S. Vie, Gorm Krogh Johnsen, Rahul Fotedar
  • Patent number: 9770700
    Abstract: The invention relates to a reactor comprising a plasma source and a catalyst comprising a mesoporous support. The invention also relates to a process comprising feeding methane to said reactor in order to obtain one or more of ethene, hydrogen and carbon as well as downstream products derived from ethene thus obtained. The invention relates to a reactor comprising as reactor parts: a. a housing and in said housing; b. a plasma source; and c. a catalyst, wherein said catalyst comprises as catalyst parts: i) a mesoporous support; ii) a metal selected from the group Pd, Ni, Ag or at least two thereof, wherein the metal is carried by said mesoporous support; wherein at least a part of said plasma source is located in said housing upstream of said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Abduljelil Iliyas, Mohamed Sabri Abdelghani
  • Patent number: 9738529
    Abstract: Described is a method of reducing CO2 to CO using visible radiation and plasmonic photocatalysts. The method includes contacting CO2 with a catalyst, in the presence of H2, wherein the catalyst has plasmonic photocatalytic reductive activity when exposed to radiation having a wavelength between 380 nm and 780 nm. The catalyst, CO2, and H2 are exposed to non-coherent radiation having a wavelength between 380 nm and 780 nm such that the catalyst undergoes surface plasmon resonance. The surface plasmon resonance increases the rate of CO2 reduction to CO as compared to the rate of CO2 reduction to CO without surface plasmon resonance in the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: George W. Huber, Aniruddha A. Upadhye, Hyung Ju Kim, Insoo Ro, M. Isabel Tejedor-Anderson
  • Patent number: 9726656
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an experiment apparatus for estimating ground surface deformation during gas hydrate recovery. The experiment apparatus may include: a high-pressure cell having a space in which a sample containing gas hydrate is stored; a pressurizing member mounted to move in one direction in the high-pressure cell, and moved to pressurize the sample stored in the space, wherein the surface of the sample is observed along the longitudinal direction of the pressurizing member through the pressurizing member from outside; and a recovery member inserted into the sample so as to recover the gas hydrate contained in the sample to the outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Korea Gas Corporation
    Inventors: Seung Hee An, Young Soo Lee, Young Mi Jang, Young Ho Yang
  • Patent number: 9702810
    Abstract: The invention provides a dual cell holder system that allows for the identical match of temperature conditions for both sample and reference simultaneously by providing two cells and a dual cell holder. The system is heated by a heating element and cooled by a Peltier, thus eliminating a significant source of humidity and the potential for leak from a water-cooling device or any of its hoses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: University of Puerto Rico
    Inventors: Belinda Pastrana-Rios, Nicolas Esteves, José Javier Rodriguez-Toro
  • Patent number: 9696277
    Abstract: Provided is a device comprising a channel through and defined by a plurality of layers surrounding the channel, the channel connecting a first and a second chambers separated by the plurality of layers, wherein the plurality of layers comprise a first layer, a second layer; and a conductive middle layer disposed between the first and second layers, wherein the channel comprises (a) a first region defined by the first layer, denoted as an inlet, that is about 0.5 nm to about 100 nm in diameter and (b) a second region defined by the second layer, denoted as an outlet, wherein the inlet and the outlet are about 10 nm to about 1000 nm apart from each other, and wherein the first and second chambers and the middle layer are connected to a power supply. Also provided are methods of preparing and using the device, in particular for nucleic acid sequencing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignees: The Regents of the University of California, Brigham Young University
    Inventors: William Dunbar, Holger Schmidt, Aaron Hawkins
  • Patent number: 9662645
    Abstract: Disclosed is a photocatalyst member including a glaze layer and a photocatalyst layer provided on the glaze layer, the photocatalyst layer is good in layer strength, water resistance, or abrasion resistance. More specifically, the photocatalyst member includes a base having a glaze layer and a photocatalyst layer that is provided on the glaze layer and contains titanium oxide and zirconium titanate, wherein the content of zirconium titanate in the photocatalyst layer is 15 to 75% by mass based on the total content of titanium oxide and zirconium titanate, and the content of zirconium titanate in an area from around an interface between the photocatalyst layer and the base to an median line in the thickness of the photocatalyst layer is larger than the content of zirconium titanate in an area near the external surface of the photocatalyst layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Toto Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Takano, Shinichi Yagi, Tomoyasu Ichiki, Takahiro Hino, Mitoki Higashi
  • Patent number: 9632418
    Abstract: A target material supply apparatus for an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light source includes a tube that includes a first end, a second end, and a sidewall defined between the first and second ends. At least a portion of an outer surface of the tube includes an electrically insulating material, the first end receives a pressurized target material, and the second end defines an orifice through which the pressurized target material passes to produce a stream of target material droplets. The target material supply apparatus also includes an electrically conductive coating on the outer surface of the tube. The coating is configured to electrically connect the outer surface of the tube to ground to thereby reduce surface charge on the outer surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: ASML Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Silvia De Dea, Georgiy O. Vaschenko, Peter Baumgart, Norbert Bowering
  • Patent number: 9624113
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a process for treating waste water. The process involves contacting waste water with an emulsion of a nano scale compound comprising iron, magnesium, or both. Mixing results in a substantially foam-like layer at the surface of the mixture and treated water which may be separated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Terra-Hydrochem, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger Kubala, Robert Sloan
  • Patent number: 9622346
    Abstract: A conductive polymer-metal complex becomes to be adhered simply and strongly on the surface of a substrate such as PTFE. By subjecting a solution containing a monomer which provides a conductive polymer, an anion, and a metal ions such as Ag+, Cu2+, Cu+ and the like to an irradiation with light having an energy required for exciting an electron to an energy level capable of reducing the metal ion, such as ultraviolet light, under an appropriated condition, thereby precipitating the conductive polymer-metal complex as being dispersed in the reaction liquid. By supplying this dispersion liquid onto various substrates, the complex microparticles in the dispersion liquid enter into and mate with the narrow holes on the surface of the substrate. As a result, the complex precipitate formed on the surface of the substrate and the substrate can be adhered strongly to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS SCIENCE
    Inventors: Jin Kawakita, Toyohiro Chikyo, Yasuo Hashimoto, Barbara Horvath
  • Patent number: 9593663
    Abstract: A photo-ignition torch is provided including a light source configured to generate at least one of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light. A photo-ignitable sub-micron particle mix is contained in capsule configured to receive the at least one of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light generated by the light source or alternatively the photo-ignitable sub-micron particle mix is in direct contact with the light source. The exposure of the photo-ignitable sub-micron particle mix to the at least one of ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light initiates a photo-ignition process causing a release of burning byproducts of the photo-ignition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Alireza Badakhshan, Stephen A Danczyk
  • Patent number: 9580307
    Abstract: A nanosheet comprises a single crystal mixed metal oxide M1xM2yO2 material composition that may comprise a single crystal NaxCoO2 material composition. The nanosheet may be prepared using a sequential process sequence that includes chelated mixed metal ion sol-gel mixture formation, autocombustion, isostatic pressing, electro kinetic demixing and calcination. This particular process sequence provides single crystal nanosheets having in-plane mutually perpendicular lateral sheet dimensions greater than about 10 microns by about 200 microns, and a thickness from about 5 to about 100 nanometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: CORNELL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Mahmut Aksit, Richard D. Robinson
  • Patent number: 9566574
    Abstract: Catalysts that include at least one catalytically active element and one helper catalyst can be used to increase the rate or lower the overpotential of chemical reactions. The helper catalyst can simultaneously act as a director molecule, suppressing undesired reactions and thus increasing selectivity toward the desired reaction. These catalysts can be useful for a variety of chemical reactions including, in particular, the electrochemical conversion of CO2 or formic acid. The catalysts can also suppress H2 evolution, permitting electrochemical cell operation at potentials below RHE. Chemical processes and devices using the catalysts are also disclosed, including processes to produce CO, OH?, HCO?, H2CO, (HCO2)?, H2CO2, CH3OH, CH4, C2H4, CH3CH2OH, CH3COO?, CH3COOH, C2H6, O2, H2, (COOH)2, or (COO?)2, and a specific device, namely, a CO2 sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dioxide Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard I. Masel, Brian A. Rosen
  • Patent number: 9567540
    Abstract: A method for hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass, wherein the biomass supplied by pumps from a tank is provided to a reactor, in which the biomass is heated to obtain reactor products in the form of volatile, liquid and solid fractions, which are separated in a separator. The biomass supplied from the tank is pressurized in pumps, after which it is preliminarily heated in a heat exchanger. The preheated biomass is reheated in the reactor using microwave radiation. The temperature of the biomass inside the reactor is measured using temperature sensors and a controller, and based on the measurements of the temperature sensors and reflectometers, the power of radiation is adjusted to retain the biomass inside the reactor at the temperature of 374° C. to 400° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: PREOIL SP. ZO.O
    Inventor: Ryszard Parosa
  • Patent number: 9556513
    Abstract: The invention is a formed article including a gas barrier layer, the gas barrier layer including a surface layer part that is formed of a material that includes at least a carbon atom, an oxygen atom, and a silicon atom, the surface layer part having a carbon atom content rate of more than 0 and not more than 70%, an oxygen atom content rate of 10 to 70%, a nitrogen atom content rate of 0 to 35%, and a silicon atom content rate of 20 to 55%, based on a total content rate of carbon atoms, oxygen atoms, nitrogen atoms, and silicon atoms; a method for producing the formed article; an electronic device member including the formed article; and an electronic device comprising the electronic device member. The formed article of the invention exhibits an excellent gas barrier capability, excellent transparency, and excellent bending resistance. The method for producing a formed article of the invention can efficiently, safely, and conveniently produce the formed article of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: LINTEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Wataru Iwaya, Takeshi Kondo
  • Patent number: 9541502
    Abstract: A method for determining the suitability for use in an engine of a fuel e.g. a jet fuel that may contain particulate contaminants, such as organic and/or inorganic particulates, is disclosed. The method can be used to distinguish a known organic particulate contaminant from inorganic particulate contaminants in the fuel. A composition suitable for use in the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: FORMATEX (OFFSHORE) S.A.L.
    Inventor: David Martin
  • Patent number: 9522755
    Abstract: An apparatus for sterilizing containers, comprises a transport device which transports the containers along a predefined transport path and at least one sterilization device which bombards the containers with charge carriers for sterilization during a transport of the containers along the transport path. The at least one sterilization device comprises a generating device for generating charge carriers. The apparatus further comprises a screening device for screening radiation. The screening device surrounds the transport path of the containers at least in portions. The screening device comprises: a first wall adjacent the transport path of the containers; and a second wall below the transport path of the containers, wherein the second wall is movable relative to the transport path of the containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: Krones, AG
    Inventors: Hans Scheuren, Josef Knott, Katharina Seidenberg, Michael Neubauer
  • Patent number: 9522206
    Abstract: There are provided methods for treating a fluid having an undesirable odor. The methods comprise contacting the fluid with a H2O2 basic aqueous oxidizing composition and/or with a H2O2 acidic aqueous oxidizing composition. Optionally, the fluid can be further treated by contacting it with activated carbon and/or by submitting the fluid and the composition to UV radiation when they are contacting together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: EXP SERVICES INC.
    Inventors: Martin Beaulieu, Stéphane Chabot, Yves Charest
  • Patent number: 9522380
    Abstract: A precision volumetric liquid dispensing instrument is disclosed that includes two pressure sensors and a fluid passageway with a defined volume portion in communication with the two sensors for receiving and distributing liquid in relatively small volumes. One of the pressure sensors is positioned to measure pressure at one portion of the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway and the other of the gas pressure sensors is positioned to measure gas pressure at a different portion of the defined volume portion of the passageway. At least one valve is in communication with the passageway for moving fluids into or out of the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway, and a processor carries out a step selected from the group consisting of (i) calculating the volume of the liquid based upon the measured pressure and (ii) metering a liquid into the defined volume portion of the fluid passageway until the measured pressure indicates that a desired volume of fluid is in the fluid passageway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: CEM Corporation
    Inventors: David L. Herman, Joseph J. Lambert
  • Patent number: 9486773
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hierarchical structure of graphene-carbon nanotubes and a method for preparing the same, and, more specifically, to a method for growing graphene into carbon nanotubes having a hierarchical structure by adding metal nanoparticles on the graphene. According to the present invention, carbon nanotubes having a hierarchical structure, which have an increased specific surface area compared to existing carbon nanotubes, can be obtained, and a carbon nanotube structure which is metal-functionalized by a metal precursor can be obtained. In addition, carbon nanotubes can be prepared in an environmentally-friendly manner by the use of microwaves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Il-Kwon Oh, Hyun-Jun Kim, Seok-Hu Bae
  • Patent number: 9475028
    Abstract: A method of irradiating a target region containing at least one fullerene comprising molecule promotes the heating or combustion of the target region. The heating method can be employed in a variety of applications including: selective targeting and destruction of cancer cells, detonation of explosives, ignition of a combustible mixture, photolithographic processes, and writing of optical storage media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Vijay Krishna, Brij Moudgil, Ben Koopman
  • Patent number: 9463810
    Abstract: In a method for determining and displaying a remaining range of a motor vehicle that can be driven electrically, an instantaneous remaining range of the motor vehicle that can be attained by purely electric driving of the motor vehicle is determined continuously and a display of the determined remaining range on a display unit is controlled, wherein a range preservation mode is activated with the control unit; and the display unit is activated with the control unit. A remaining range determined before the activation of the range preservation mode is displayed with the display unit while the range preservation mode is activated. A device for determining and displaying a remaining range of a motor vehicle that can be driven electrically and a motor vehicle having a device for determining and displaying a remaining range are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: AUDI AG
    Inventors: Michael Klimesch, Jens Papajewski
  • Patent number: 9405203
    Abstract: System and method for applying mask data patterns to substrate in a lithography manufacturing process are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method includes providing a parallel imaging writer system, where the parallel imaging writer system includes a plurality of multiple charged-particle beam (MCB) imaging units arranged in one or more parallel arrays, receiving a mask data pattern to be written to a substrate, processing the mask data pattern to form a plurality of partitioned mask data patterns corresponding to different areas of the substrate, identifying one or more objects in an area of the substrate to be imaged by corresponding MCB imaging units, and performing multiple exposures to image the one or more objects in the area of the substrate by controlling the plurality of MCB imaging units to write the plurality of partitioned mask data patterns in parallel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Jang Fung Chen, Thomas Laidig
  • Patent number: 9382117
    Abstract: A process for producing a highly oriented graphitic film, consisting of (a) preparing a dispersion having graphene oxide (GO) or chemically functionalized graphene (CFG) dispersed in a liquid to form a liquid crystal phase (but not in a GO gel state); (b) depositing the dispersion onto a supporting substrate to form a layer of GO or CFG under an orientation-inducing stress; (c) removing the liquid to form a dried GO or CFG layer having an inter-plane spacing d002 of 0.4 nm to 1.2 nm; (d) thermally reducing the dried layer at a first temperature higher than 100° C. to produce a porous layer of reduced GO or CFG; (e) further heat-treating the porous layer at a second temperature to produce a porous graphitic film having an inter-plane spacing d002 less than 0.4 nm; and (f) compressing the porous graphitic film to produce the highly oriented graphitic film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Nanotek Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z Jang
  • Patent number: 9364846
    Abstract: A circuit for liquid atomizing device coupled to an atomizing module is disclosed. The circuit for liquid atomizing device includes a conversion unit, a control unit and a voltage adjustment unit. The control unit is coupled to the conversion unit and controls the conversion unit to output a transforming voltage. The voltage adjustment unit is coupled between the conversion unit and the atomizing module. The voltage adjustment unit according to the transforming voltage outputs a driving voltage to the atomizing module. The driving voltage includes a plurality of electrolysis sections and a plurality of negative level sections. Each electrolysis section indicates that the atomizing module produces a forward electrolysis reaction. Each negative level section indicates that the atomizing module produces a backward electrolysis reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: HCMED INNOVATIONS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Wen-Yu Tsai, Chieh-Sheng Cheng
  • Patent number: 9349973
    Abstract: A lighting module or an organic solar cell, including two plate-type electrodes and an active material located between the two electrodes. In the module, one of the two electrodes includes a transparent material and is provided with a grid structure with at least one metallic conductor track running on the surface or in the material of the electrode, only some sections of the conductor track being connected to the electrode material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: TRIDONIC GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Joerg Amelung, Michael Eritt, Christian Kirchhof
  • Patent number: 9340731
    Abstract: A system for the production of fuel gas from solid or liquid organic feedstock uses a reentrant structure and a high pressure electric discharge to distinctly separate regions of slow and fast pyrolysis. Efficient re-use of discharge energy sustains the evolution of tar gas, through slow pyrolysis, which forms the feed gas for the discharge without introduction of air. Output is the result of fast pyrolysis and can be optimized to yield a high fraction of hydrogen and low fraction of carbon monoxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventor: Edward Anthony Richley
  • Patent number: 9341557
    Abstract: A downhole tool for permeability calculation includes a body configured for insertion into and retraction from a horizontal well, and coupled with a computer system that includes an interface operable to receive (i) fluid properties associated with the horizontal well, under downhole production logging conditions; (ii) relative permeability to oil and relative permeability to water, for the horizontal well; and (iii) actual production logging data associated with the horizontal well. The computer system may also include one or more processors that are operable to (i) determine an approximate upper boundary and an approximate lower boundary of the horizontal well; (ii) divide the horizontal well into a plurality of well segments; and (iii) calculate, for each respective well segment, a horizontal permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: KUWAIT OIL COMPANY (K.S.C.)
    Inventors: Hassan A A Banian, Khalaf GH O H D Alenezi, Om Prakash Das
  • Patent number: 9341060
    Abstract: A method for permeability calculation includes determining fluid properties associated with a horizontal well, relative permeability to oil and relative permeability to water, for the horizontal well, and an approximate upper boundary and an approximate lower boundary of the horizontal well. In accordance with a particular embodiment, the horizontal well may be divided into a plurality of well segments. Actual production logging data associated with the horizontal well may be received at an interface. For each respective well segment, a horizontal permeability is calculated using the fluid properties, relative permeability to oil, relative permeability to water and actual production logging data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: KUWAIT OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Hassan A A Banian, Khalaf Gh O H D Alenezi, Om Prakash Das
  • Patent number: 9305838
    Abstract: An integrated circuit with BEOL interconnects may comprise: a substrate including a semiconductor device; a first layer of dielectric over the surface of the substrate, the first layer of dielectric including a filled via for making electrical contact to the semiconductor device; and a second layer of dielectric on the first layer of dielectric, the second layer of dielectric including a trench running perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the filled via, the trench being filled with an interconnect line, the interconnect line comprising cross-linked carbon nanotubes and being physically and electrically connected to the filled via. Cross-linked CNTs are grown on catalyst particles on the bottom of the trench using growth conditions including a partial pressure of precursor gas greater than the transition partial pressure at which carbon nanotube growth transitions from a parallel carbon nanotube growth mode to a cross-linked carbon nanotube growth mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Pravin K. Narwankar, Joe Griffith Cruz, Arvind Sundarrajan, Murali Narasimhan, Subbalakshmi Sreekala, Victor Pushparaj
  • Patent number: 9284191
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and devices are described to fabricate precursor intermediaries and carbon fiber or graphene materials. In one aspect, a method to fabricate an acryl-modified polymer includes obtaining a hydrocarbon substance from one or both of a waste stream or natural gas, separating gases from the hydrocarbon substance to form hydrogen gas and a carbonaceous gas including one or more of methane, butane, or ethane, dehydrogenating the carbonaceous gas by adding heat to form a dehydrogenated carbon material, and reacting the dehydrogenated carbon material with a nitrogen material including one of ammonia or urea to produce polyacrylonitrile (PAN).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Patent number: 9266798
    Abstract: Acyclic monterpene alcohols, like linalool, to be converted through a series of highly efficient catalytic reactions a biogasoline blending component, and a drop-in biodiesel fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Michael E. Wright, Roxanne L. Quintana, Benjamin G. Harvey
  • Patent number: 9193132
    Abstract: A process for producing a bulk highly oriented graphene structure, comprising: (a) preparing a graphene oxide dispersion having graphene oxide (GO) sheets dispersed in a fluid medium; (b) dispensing and depositing the dispersion onto a surface of a supporting substrate to form a layer of GO, wherein the dispensing and depositing procedure includes subjecting the dispersion to an orientation-inducing stress; (c) removing the fluid medium to form a dried layer of GO having an inter-plane spacing d002 of 0.4 nm to 1.2 nm; (d) slicing the dried layer of GO into multiple pieces of dried GO and stacking at least two pieces of dried GO to form a mass of multiple pieces of GO; and (f) heat treating the mass under an optional first compressive stress to produce the highly oriented graphene structure at a first heat treatment temperature higher than 100° C. to an extent that an inter-plane spacing d002 is decreased to a value less than 0.4 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Nanotek Instruments, Inc.
    Inventors: Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z Jang, Yanbo Wang, Lucy Fu
  • Patent number: 9138734
    Abstract: Object of the present invention is to provide visible light-responsive photocatalyst coating material which can form a coating film exhibiting superior allergen inactivation property through irradiation of visible light. The visible light-responsive photocatalyst coating material comprises: photocatalyst material having visible light-activity composed of metal oxide particle with divalent copper salt supported on the surface thereof, said metal oxide particle having optical semiconductor-characteristics and potential of valence band of said metal oxide particle being 3[V] or more (vs. SHE, pH=0); binder component including component having siloxane bond or component forming siloxane bond through reaction; and chloride ionic compound. When visible light is irradiated to the coating film, the metal oxide particle exhibits photocatalyst activity in the presence of the copper-divalent ion and chloride ion, thereby significantly high allergen inactivation property is exhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignees: PANASONIC CORPORATION, THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO
    Inventors: Shinichiro Miki, Koichi Takahama, Kensaku Kinugawa, Kazuhito Hashimoto, Kayano Sunada
  • Patent number: 9056301
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a reducing method of carbon dioxide using sunlight and hydrogen, and an apparatus therefor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: Sogang University Research Foundation
    Inventor: Kyung Byung Yoon
  • Publication number: 20150147594
    Abstract: A device which can increase the rates of interfacial reactions including heterogeneous electron transfer reactions, the device comprising at least one sono(electro)chemical cell adapted to hold a thin layer of condensed fluid which is optionally adapted to participate in a heterogeneous electron transfer reaction, wherein the cell is further adapted to provide an ultrasonic transducer face to propagate sound waves into the thin layer of condensed fluid, and wherein the cell is still further adapted with an opening to provide the thin layer of condensed fluid with at least one interface which provides for reflection of the sound waves from the interface back into the thin layer of condensed fluid. The cells are configured to provide for a thin layer operation as opposed to a bulk operation. In method embodiments, ultrasound is applied to the thin layer of condensed fluid. The application of ultrasound is carried out both without cooling of the cell and without pressurization of the cell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Johna LEDDY, Chester G. Duda, Jacob Lyon, William J. Leddy, III
  • Patent number: 9028689
    Abstract: An aqueous fluid treatment method and system is provided which preferably uses a 3 step electro-chemical oxidation process to remove organic contaminates from water. A high surface area electro-chemical reaction cell can be employed to remove organic particles and precipitate hardness salts from the aqueous solution. Several 3-phase spark arcs generated mixed oxidants and acoustic cavitations to remove dissolved organic compounds and oxidize organic metal compounds in the next step. Finally, a dielectric discharge in aqueous foam is used to eliminate recalcitrant organic compounds such as, but not limited to, polychlorinated aromatics, disinfectants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals before release to environment or recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Michael Fraim, Sanjeev Jakhete
  • Patent number: 9028749
    Abstract: Disclosed are apparatus and method for decontaminating and sterilizing chemical and biological agents, which can efficiently decontaminate and sterilize high precision electronic devices, communication devices, computers or inside of vehicles and air planes contaminated with chemical and biological agent by using mixture of non-thermal atmospheric pressure air plasma and oxidizing peroxide vapor. The apparatus according to the present invention comprises a decontamination and sterilization chamber 10; a first fluid supplying line L1 and a second fluid supplying line L2, which are installed in the form of closed circuit between the inlet 11 and outlet 12 of the decontamination and sterilization chamber 10; a peroxide vapor supplier which is installed on the first fluid supplying line; and a non-thermal atmospheric pressure air plasma reactor 70 which is installed on the second fluid supplying line L2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Agency for Defense Development
    Inventors: Sam Gon Ryu, Hae Wan Lee
  • Publication number: 20150114820
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed which produce physical, chemical and/or biological non-local effect on a target substance through non-local processes mediated by quantum entanglement. In one broad embodiment, the apparatus includes a target substance, a first container holding said target substance; an originating substance, a second container holding said originating substance, said originating substance being quantum-entangled with said target substance; and a mean for manipulating said originating substance such that when said manipulation mean operates, said non-local effect is generated in said target substance through said non-local processes mediated by quantum entanglement.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2015
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Huping Hu
  • Patent number: 9005406
    Abstract: A method and a system for producing a change in a medium. The method places in a vicinity of the medium at least one energy modulation agent. The method applies an initiation energy to the medium. The initiation energy interacts with the energy modulation agent to directly or indirectly produce the change in the medium. The system includes an initiation energy source configured to apply an initiation energy to the medium to activate the energy modulation agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Immunolight, LLC
    Inventor: Frederic A. Bourke, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8999173
    Abstract: An electrochlorination and electrochemical system for the on-site generation and treatment of municipal water supplies and other reservoirs of water, by using a custom mixed oxidant and mixed reductant generating system for the enhanced destruction of water borne contaminants by creating custom oxidation-reduction-reactant chemistries with real time monitoring. A range of chemical precursors are provided that when acted upon in an electrochemical cell either create an enhanced oxidation, or reduction environment for the destruction or control of contaminants. Chemical agents that can be used to control standard water quality parameters such as total hardness, total alkalinity, pH, total dissolved solids, and the like are introduced via the chemical precursor injection subsystem infrequently or in real time based on sensor inputs and controller set points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: David T. Schwartzel, Michael L. Fraim
  • Patent number: 8992738
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for converting carbon dioxide to methane. The method comprises exposing carbon dioxide adsorbed on a nanoporous silicate matrix to light in the presence of a source of carbon dioxide and a source of hydrogen for a time and under conditions sufficient to convert carbon dioxide to methane. The matrix contains at least one photochromic metal oxide entity, and contains a C1 impurity site. The light has a wavelength of about 437 nm to about 1200 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Research Foundation of the City University of New York
    Inventor: Harry D. Gafney
  • Patent number: 8986511
    Abstract: The method provides for use of sensitized photocatalyst for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 under visible light illumination. The photosensitized catalyst is comprised of a wide band gap semiconductor material, a transition metal co-catalyst, and a semiconductor sensitizer. The semiconductor sensitizer is photoexcited by visible light and forms a Type II band alignment with the wide band gap semiconductor material. The wide band gap semiconductor material and the semiconductor sensitizer may be a plurality of particles, and the particle diameters may be selected to accomplish desired band widths and optimize charge injection under visible light illumination by utilizing quantum size effects. In a particular embodiment, CO2 is reduced under visible light illumination using a CdSe/Pt/TiO2 sensitized photocatalyst with H2O as a hydrogen source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Christopher Matranga, Robert L. Thompson, Congjun Wang
  • Patent number: 8986510
    Abstract: It is intended to provide a method whereby a target to be analyzed can be easily decomposed in a micro region and a decomposition apparatus. In the decomposition method of decomposing the target to be analyzed and the decomposition apparatus, the target is allowed to coexist with a microparticle and then the microparticle is put into the high-energy state. Then, the target located in the vicinity of the surface of the microparticle is decomposed due to the energy transfer from the high-energy microparticle toward the target. Thus, the target can be easily decomposed in a micro region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Genesis Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Takeda, Fumitaka Mafune, Tamotsu Kondou
  • Patent number: 8986516
    Abstract: A method to release hydrogen from a material comprising hydrogen fixed fullerenes involves irradiating the hydrogen fixed fullerenes with electromagnetic radiation of sufficient intensity to release hydrogen rapidly upon irradiation. The intensity of the irradiation and/or the area of irradiation can be adjusted to control the rate and extent of hydrogen release. The hydrogen depleted material comprising hydrogen fixed fullerene can be hydrogenated to regenerate the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Vijay Krishna, Brij M. Moudgil, Benjamin L. Koopman
  • Patent number: 8969058
    Abstract: The present invention relates to systems for releasing genetic materials from a solid medium. The present invention also relates to methods for releasing genetic materials from a solid medium. The present invention further relates to methods for isolating genetic material from a biological sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.
    Inventor: Michele R. Stone
  • Patent number: 8967384
    Abstract: A method of sorting mined material, such as mined ore, is disclosed. The method comprises exposing particles of mined material to radio frequency electromagnetic radiation and heating particles depending on the minerals present in the particles and then thermally analyzing particles exposed to radio frequency electromagnetic radiation to detect temperature differences between particles which indicate differences in the minerals in the particles. The method also comprises sorting the particles on the basis of the results of the thermal analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Technological Resources Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Samuel Kingman, Georgios Dimitrakis, Christopher Dodds
  • Publication number: 20150041309
    Abstract: Method and device for the production of acetylene using plasma technology, wherein a gas containing at least one type of hydrocarbon is fed into a non-thermal plasma of a plasma source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Ralf SPITZL
  • Patent number: RE45415
    Abstract: An oxygen emitter which is an electrolytic cell is disclosed. When the anode and cathode are separated by a critical distance, very small microbubbles and nanobubbles of oxygen are generated. The very small oxygen bubbles remain in suspension, forming a solution supersaturated in oxygen. A flow-through model for oxygenating flowing water is disclosed. The use of supersaturated water for enhancing the growth of plants is disclosed. Methods for applying supersaturated water to plants manually, by drip irrigation or in hydroponic culture are described. The treatment of waste water by raising the dissolved oxygen with the use of an oxygen emitter is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oxygenator Water Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: James Andrew Senkiw