Pigment Or Carbon Black Producer Patents (Class 422/150)
  • Patent number: 10233106
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods and to devices for a melting furnace, or for the conveying ones of the product to be melted, having an infinite life (furnace campaign). The same is achieved by means of the continuous/periodic, e.g. cyclic, exchange, in the optimum case, of all of the components surrounding the furnace interior/melting space, or surrounding the conveying lines, in that the components can be arranged/placed next to each other in a modular manner and that said components move in a certain direction while new individual parts are added at one of the free ends of the respective assembly and while worn/used individual parts are removed at the other free end of the respective assembly. For this purpose the individual components are held and/or moved by suitable receptacles, wherein the furnace interior/melting chamber remains stationary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Inventor: Uwe Geib
  • Patent number: 10232339
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are systems and processes which prevent fouling of a reactor inlet of an oligomerization reactor. The systems and processes involve placement of an inlet sleeve around at least a portion of a reactor inlet such that a curtain of inert material flows through an annular space coaxially with respect to an outer surface of the end of the reactor inlet and into the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Inventors: Steven M. Bischof, Orson L. Sydora, Jared T. Fern, Uriah J. Kilgore
  • Patent number: 10207922
    Abstract: A method for producing elemental carbon and hydrogen gas directly from a hydrocarbon (for example, natural gas or methane) using a chemical reaction or series of reactions. In an aspect, other materials involved such as, for example, elemental magnesium, remain unchanged and function as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH CORPORATION
    Inventor: Alfred H. Stiller
  • Patent number: 10190822
    Abstract: An array includes a plurality of refractory bricks, each having a substantially tubular body including a first end, an opposed second end, a central bore extending from the first end to the second end along the longitudinal length thereof and defining an inner surface of the refractory brick, and an outer surface extending from the first end to the second end along the longitudinal length thereof. The outer surface of each refractory brick has a shape that transitions axially between a plurality of hexagonal portions and non-hexagonal portions along the longitudinal lengths thereof, and the plurality of refractory bricks are arranged and interlocked with one another in a vertical and horizontal manner via mating members provided on the hexagonal portions of the outer surfaces thereof. A continuous plenum space is defined by the non-hexagonal portions of the refractory bricks arranged in the array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Blasch Precision Ceramics, Inc.
    Inventors: Edwin L. Collins, III, Jeffrey J. Bolebruch, William P. Russell
  • Patent number: 9738525
    Abstract: In a production system for vapor-grown carbon nanofibers includes a static mixer and a micro mist nozzle for preventing un-uniform input material from forming impurities, an anti-adhering coating covering an inner wall of a vertical tubular reactor for preventing a catalyst, raw material and carbon fibers from adhering to the inner wall of the vertical tubular reactor, and a sedimentation device into which a dispersant and water are inputted to separate produced carbon fiber compositions from particulate impurities in water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: YONYU APPLIED TECHNOLOGY MATERIAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chun-Shan Wang, Teng-Hui Wang
  • Patent number: 9574087
    Abstract: Methods for production of carbon black using high temperature feedstock at temperatures exceeding about 300° C. with fouling control are provided. An apparatus for production of carbon black according to these methods also is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Serguei Nester, Frederick H. Rumpf, Yakov E. Kutsovsky, Charles A. Natalie
  • Patent number: 9474996
    Abstract: An embodiment relates to a photocatalytic composite material comprising (a) a first component that generates a photoexcited electron and has at least a certain minimum bandgap to absorb visible light and a structure that substantially prevents the recombination of the photoexcited electron and a hole; (b) a second component that adsorbs/absorbs an oxide of carbon; and (c) a third component that splits the oxide of carbon into carbon and oxygen using the photoexcited electron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LLC
    Inventor: Arockiadoss Thevasahayam
  • Patent number: 9255733
    Abstract: An improved oven (1) comprising a conveyor configured and arranged to move a product (11) to be processed through an oven, a primary air delivery system (45) configured and arranged to provide a heated primary air flow (47), a secondary air delivery system configured and arranged to provide a heated secondary air flow (48), a processing enclosure (21) configured and arranged to receive and contain the product and the primary air flow, an insulated enclosure (2) configured and arranged to receive the heated secondary air flow, the processing enclosure configured and arranged to extend through the insulated enclosure and the heated secondary air flow and to separate the primary air flow from the secondary air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Harper International Corporation
    Inventors: Renee M. Bagwell, William J. Stry
  • Publication number: 20150064099
    Abstract: Methods for production of carbon black using high temperature feedstock at temperatures exceeding about 300° C. with fouling control are provided. An apparatus for production of carbon black according to these methods also is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Serguei Nester, Frederick H. Rumpf, Yakov E. Kutsovsky, Charles A. Natalie
  • Patent number: 8951390
    Abstract: A reactor for the continuous production of charcoal, having a substantially vertical structure, comprising, in sequence, a top charging zone, a drying zone, a carbonization zone, a cooling zone, and a discharge zone, wherein the charging zone has a smaller cross section than the drying zone and has an extension into the drying zone , forming an annular space around the extension, which space comprises, in the wall of the drying zone, an outlet to a gas extraction line for the recirculation of these gases into the reactor. The reactor reduces sawdust drag by the gases extracted from the preheating zone, without substantially altering the shape and the size of the reactor, which is achieved due to the fact that the charging zone is arranged eccentrically relatively to the drying zone, and that the outlet to the gas extraction line of the drying zone is located substantially on the larger area section of the annular space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: V&M do Brasil S.A.
    Inventors: Vamberto Ferreira de Melo, Túlio Jardim Raad, Romero Mantuano Netto, Henri Bordet, Remi Bordet
  • Publication number: 20140373752
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for producing the raw material (46) used in producing black dye pigment. The invention further relates to a raw material (46) for producing black dye pigment as well as to the use of ash (20,24,26) separated from the raw synthetic gas (12, 14, 18) in the purification of the raw synthetic gas (12, 14, 18) generated in the gasification of a biomass (2, 4, 6) for producing black dye pigment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Esa HASSINEN, Riikka SILMU, Mauno MIETTINEN, Teuvo LEPPANEN
  • Publication number: 20140294686
    Abstract: The device for producing carbon black from waste rubber has a pyrolysis reactor, a solid product discharge system, a pyrolysis gas emission means, a shell and tube heat exchanger, a solid pyrolysis product receiver, a pyrolysis gas condenser, and a flue gas output means. The shell and tube heat exchanger has a burner linked to the tubes. The space between the tubes of the heat exchanger is filled with a disperse material having a particle size of 3-10 cm. The inlet of the pyrolysis gas emission means is linked to the pyrolysis reactor, and the outlet is linked to the space between the tubes of the heat exchanger. The inlet of the condenser is linked to the casing of the pyrolysis reactor, which is linked to the tubes of the heat exchanger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Evgeny S. SUSEKOV, Alexei S. GRADOV
  • Patent number: 8691166
    Abstract: A system for activating carbonaceous material including a carbonaceous material feedstock unit for producing a carbonaceous material of less than 5% mineral content; a digestion unit in communication with the carbonaceous material feedstock unit; an acid feedstock unit in communication with the digestion unit for providing an acid mixture solution; a separation unit in communication with the digestion unit for separating the digested carbonaceous material from the acid mixture solution; a dryer unit in communication with the separation unit for drying the digested carbonaceous material and separating the carbonaceous material; and a thermal unit for activating the carbonaceous material to produce activated carbonaceous material, the thermal unit having an inlet for receiving the carbonaceous material from the dryer unit and an outlet for exiting the activated carbonaceous material from thermal unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Carbonxt Group Limited
    Inventors: Randall J. Harris, Damian Wales
  • Publication number: 20140072506
    Abstract: A method for obtaining carbon black from rubber waste is provided. The method includes the thermal decomposition of rubber waste in a reactor, the separation of the decomposition products into gas-vapor products and into solid carbon-containing residues, the grinding of the carbon residues, the combustion of the gas-vapor products with the ground carbon residues by supplying the gas-vapor products into the combustion chamber, the mass consumption ratio of the gas-vapor products and of the ground carbon residues being between 1:(0.1-2). A device for obtaining carbon black from rubber waste is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: Alpha Recyclage Franche Comte
    Inventors: Jean-Louis Pech, Nikolaï Ivanovitch Kalatski
  • Publication number: 20140033952
    Abstract: A method for recording a volume transmission hologram having angularly multiplexed diffraction fringe patterns that can cooperate to display polychromatic images and can be recorded with a single wavelength exposure source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Esa Hassinen, Riikka Silmu, Mauno Miettinen, Teuvo Leppänen
  • Patent number: 8568569
    Abstract: A system for regenerating or manufacturing activated carbon wherein exhaust gases and vapors for various lower sections of the furnace are recycled in up-flow fashion to higher sections of the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Chavond-Barry Engineering
    Inventors: Louis T. Barry, Christopher M. Doelling
  • Publication number: 20130230432
    Abstract: Methods for control of NOx emission in the incineration of tail gas are provided wherein tail gas that comprises NOx, NOx precursors, or both is introduced into a combustor and diluent is introduced into the combustor for controlling the combustor temperature to a temperature of from about 950° C. to about 1100° C. Methods also are provided for reducing NOx emissions by controlling air-to-fuel ratio in a tail gas combustor while controlling the combustor flame temperature through diluent injections. A boiler unit for carrying out these methods also is provided. A system for carbon black production using the boiler unit also is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: CABOT CORPORATION
    Inventors: William R. Williams, Daxiang Wang, Theis F. Clarke
  • Patent number: 8512643
    Abstract: A method for controlling volatiles in recycled carbon black, such as from pyrolysis of tires, includes deagglomerating the recycled carbon black to substantially reduce the carbon black particle size and impinging an air current on the carbon black particles, preferably in a countercurrent direction, to increase the processing temperature and thereby enhance the release of volatiles. Associated apparatus is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Delta Energy Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel E. Steinmeyer, Alan M. Levine, Duane M. Erickson
  • Patent number: 8349285
    Abstract: The invention relates a pyrolytic carbon black produced from pyrolyzed rubber, the pyrolytic carbon black having an ash content ranging between 9-15%, a toluene discoloration at 425 mu of between 80-90% transmission, an iodine adsorption between 30 and 45 mg/g; and, an n-dibutyl phthalate absorption number of or to 65 cc/100 gm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Raymond Chabot Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew D. E. MacIntosh, Vincent W. Y. Wong
  • Patent number: 8119074
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for the continuous production of carbon nanotubes (CNT), as well as the method to carry it out. The apparatus for the CNT synthesis includes: two sets or more of tubes to synthesize in its interior the CNT; a set of nozzles for the same number of tubes that each set has, to feed to the interior of the tubes the precursory chemical compounds of the CNT; a furnace to maintain one of the sets to a suitable temperature to allow the formation of the CNT inside the tubes; a system for the detaching and collection of the CNT formed in the previous stage; and a control system, preferably a PLC (PLC by its abbreviation in English) to program the sequence of activities of the equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, S.C
    Inventors: Alfredo Aguilar Elguezabal, Manuel Roman Aguirre, Beatriz Ortega Garcia, Gustavo Vicente Camacho Villarello
  • Patent number: 7964151
    Abstract: Provided is an apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes, that is provided with a reaction chamber and a dispersion plate. The dispersion plate is provided with a plate and a gas guiding portion provided on an edge of the plate, and a catalyst supply hole is defined in the central portion of the plate, through which metal catalysts are supplied. The gas guiding portion guides source gas to the central portion of the plate and suspends the metal catalysts discharged from the catalyst supply hole in a specific direction. Thus, the apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes can prevent loss of metal catalysts and improve space utilization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Semes Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jong-Kwan Jeon
  • Patent number: 7959890
    Abstract: The invention relates to recycled rubber produced by a process comprising the steps of: a) shredding cleaned rubber tires into shreds less than 2? long; b) pyrolyzing the shreds in a reaction chamber of a thermal processor in a first anaerobic environment to produce a char; c) drawing off volatile organics from the reaction chamber; c) removing the char from the reaction chamber; d) cooling the char in a second anaerobic environment; e) removing metal and textile components from the char to obtain pyrolytic carbon black; f) milling and sizing the pyrolytic carbon black so obtained into particles of 325 mesh size or smaller; and, g) utilizing the pyrolytic carbon black from the previous step in a polymerization process that produces said recycled rubber. It also relates to the high quality pyrolytic carbon black recovered from this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: RIPP Resource Recovery Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew D. E. MacIntosh, Vincent W. Y. Wong
  • Publication number: 20110120853
    Abstract: In one aspect, the invention includes a reactor apparatus for pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock, said apparatus including: a reactor component comprising a refractory material in oxide form, the refractory material having a melting point of no less than 2060° C. and which remains in oxide form when exposed to a gas having carbon partial pressure of 10?22 bar and oxygen partial pressure of 10?10 bar, at a temperature of 1200° C.; wherein said refractory material has no less than 4 vol % formed porosity, measured at 20° C., based upon the bulk volume of said refractory material. In another embodiment, the refractory material has total porosity in the range of from 4 to 60 vol %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Inventors: ChangMin Chun, Frank Hershkowitz, Paul F. Keusenkothen, Shiun Ling, Gary David Mohr
  • Patent number: 7947245
    Abstract: A cylindrical screw feeder main body, catalyst feeding portions for introducing a catalyst into the screw feeder main body, low hydrocarbon feeding portions for introducing a low hydrocarbon into the screw feeder main body as a raw material, a screw for conveying the catalyst and nanocarbon produced by pyrolysis of the low hydrocarbon in the feeder main body, a solid matter discharging portion for discharging the catalyst and the nanocarbon conveyed by the screw out of the screw feeder main body and a gas discharging portion for discharging the unreacted low hydrocarbon and hydrogen produced by the pyrolysis of the low hydrocarbon out of the screw feeder main body are provided. Nanocarbon grown with the catalyst as top with time is continuously discharged out of the screw feeder main body while unused catalyst is being fed thereto at the same amount as that of nanocarbon, allowing efficient continuous reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignees: National University Corporation Kitami Institute of Technology, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., Kajima Corporation
    Inventors: Akio Tada, Satoru Nakamura, Tetsunari Nakamura, Hajime Kakihara, Yoshitaka Togo, Kikuo Koseki, Hiroyuki Takasuna
  • Publication number: 20110008241
    Abstract: A catalytically activated vacuum distillation system, several novel component parts of said system, a process for producing carbon based products and novel carbon black that is produced from such a system and process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventors: Michael P. Maskarinec, Bart M. Taylor
  • Patent number: 7833493
    Abstract: A mode of combustion and multi-component reactor to accomplish this mode of combustion are disclosed which produces fullerenes and fullerenic material by combustion. This mode consists of de-coupling an oxidation region of a flame from a post-flame region, thus giving greater control over operating parameters, such as equivalence ratio, temperature, and pressure; allows conditions of the operating parameters of the combustion reaction to be attained which would not be easily attained by conventional methods; and offers the ability to more easily stabilize the combustion reactions to allow for higher throughputs of fuel and oxidant. Several embodiments of a primary zone of a multi-component reactor are also disclosed. Said primary zone serves as the oxidation region, operates on the principle of providing recycle to the reacting combustion mixture, and which may be operated as approximately a well-mixed reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Nano-C, Inc.
    Inventors: Jack B. Howard, David F. Kronholm, Anthony J. Modestino, Henning Richter
  • Publication number: 20100239492
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing carbon black comprising the steps of mixing waste tire material and waste plastic in a pressure vessel, charging the pressure vessel with an inert gas to a desired pressure control range, controllably heating the pressure vessel to increase temperature inside the vessel until the temperature reaches a desired temperature control range, while maintaining pressure within the pressure control range, and maintaining temperature and pressure within the respective control ranges for a desired soak time while venting gases generated in the pressure vessel, wherein substantially pure carbon black is produced, is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventor: Jaswinder Singh Marzara
  • Patent number: 7771666
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and apparatus for the controlled synthesis of nanoparticles using a high temperature process. The reactor chamber includes a high temperature gas heated by means such as a plasma torch, and a reaction chamber. The homogenizer includes a region between the reactant inlets and the plasma (the spacer zone) to ensure that feeds from the reactant inlets are downstream of the recirculation zone induced by the high temperature gas. It also includes a region downstream of the reactant inlets that provides a nearly I dimensional (varying only in the axial direction) flow and concentration profile in the reaction zone to produce nanoparticles with narrow size distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Stephan Claude De La Veaux, Lu Zhang
  • Patent number: 7678339
    Abstract: A vaporised flow quenching reactor for producing a fine-powder from one or more reactant materials. The reactor comprises a first heat source selected from one of a DC plasma torch and RF plasma torch, a first reaction chamber within which energized reactant materials react and a first convergent-divergent nozzle for quenching the heated reactant materials from the first reaction chamber. The reactor also comprises a second reaction chamber provided for congregation of nano particles formed therefrom and a second convergent-divergent nozzle to deliver the nano particles to a collection chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Inventor: Kurnia Wira
  • Publication number: 20100028218
    Abstract: A system for manufacturing a pigment comprising an oxidation reactor capable of providing a pigment, a scouring media source, and a heat exchanger having a tubular conduit through which the mixture of the pigment and the scouring media flows. The tubular conduit having an inlet, an outlet, and a longitudinal center line. The tubular conduit configured such that at least a portion of the longitudinal center line of the tubular conduit extends in a helical pattern.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Applicant: MILLENIUM INORGANIC CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: ROBERT J. SARRACINI, JOHN Y. WONG, SHANE R. GARTON
  • Publication number: 20100003170
    Abstract: A method for controlling volatiles in recycled carbon black, such as from pyrolysis of tires, includes deagglomerating the recycled carbon black to substantially reduce the carbon black particle size and impinging an air current on the carbon black particles, preferably in a countercurrent direction, to increase the processing temperature and thereby enhance the release of volatiles. Associated apparatus is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2009
    Publication date: January 7, 2010
    Inventors: Daniel Steinmeyer, Alan Levine, Duane Erickson
  • Patent number: 7641890
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing an inorganic fine particle comprising the step of: reacting two or more reaction solutions for forming an inorganic fine particle while the reaction solutions flow in a non-laminar flow state in a microchannel, thereby form the inorganic fine particle, and an inorganic fine particle produced by the production method. The method for producing an inorganic fine particle of the present invention can stably produce monodisperse inorganic fine particles of nanometer size and allows for flexible response to formulation conditions (e.g., varying flow rate ratios between reaction solutions to be mixed) and for high-throughput production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2010
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Hideharu Nagasawa, Yasunori Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 7625527
    Abstract: This invention relates to a carbon black reactor comprising; a combustion zone for generating a hot combustion gas by burning a mixture of a hydrocarbon fuel and an oxygen containing gas, a reaction zone for producing a carbon black by contacting the hot combustion gas with a feedstock introduced in a plurality of divided flows to thermally decompose and/or incompletely combust the feedstock, and a quench zone for stopping a carbon black growth reaction by injection a coolant to said carbon black containing flow, and these three zones are arrayed laterally in order, wherein the cross-section shape of the feedstock introduction part in the reaction zone is not a circle nor a polygon. The carbon black reactor can produce the carbon black having same characteristics, especially the distribution of the aggregate size, as one produced by pilot-scale reactor, while its production scale is increased to the level of that of reactor actually operated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Asahi Carbon Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Osamu Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7572413
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing carbon nanotubes is provided. The apparatus includes: a reaction chamber having an inlet and a outlet; a heater for elevating an interior temperature of the reaction chamber; and a gas guiding member coupled to the inlet and configured for introducing a carbon-containing gas into the reaction chamber, the gas guiding member including a gas-exiting portion arranged in the reaction chamber, the gas-exiting portion having a cavity defined therein and a flat perforated top wall, the perforated top wall being configured for supporting a substrate thereon and defining a route allowing the introduced carbon-containing gas to flow in a direction substantially perpendicular to a main plane of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Bor-Yuan Hsiao, Ching-Chou Chang, Chi-Chuang Ho
  • Patent number: 7537623
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for producing a gas rich in hydrogen by thermal pyrolysis of hydrocarbons which consists in carrying out, in a reactor (R) a catalyst-free thermal cracking to pyrolyze a fuel selected so as to produce either a gas rich in hydrogen and free of carbon monoxide, or a gas rich in hydrogen and containing carbon monoxide and in using said gas effluents during pyrolysis and inert with respect to the cell as fuel at the burner (B) to heat the reactor so as to bring it to a reaction temperature, and which consists, subsequently, in burning the powder carbon produced in the reactor (R) during the pyrolysis reaction either to produce carbon monoxide or to produce carbon dioxide. The invention is useful in particular for supplying hydrogen to fuel cells and for producing synthesis gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Assignee: Compagnie Europeenne des Technologies de l'Hydrogene
    Inventors: Claude Etievant, Dominique De Lapparent, Fanny Gaillard, Karine Pointet
  • Patent number: 7527741
    Abstract: Means for enabling plating on sites of complex configuration, etching for fine complex pattern, etc. through reduction of the viscosity resistance brought about by walls of fine liquid channel of microreactor. In particular, a microreactor comprising a liquid inlet, a fine liquid channel and a liquid discharge zone characterized in that the liquid channel is formed of a magnetic barrier of band ferromagnet so that a magnetic liquid introduced through the inlet undergoes at least one operation of chemical reaction, mixing, extraction and absorption in the liquid channel. Further, there is provided means for plating or etching performed by causing a plating solution or an etching solution to flow through the liquid channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Inventors: Ryoichi Aogaki, Eiko Ito, Mikio Ogata
  • Patent number: 7504078
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuous production of aligned carbon nanotubes is disclosed. The apparatus includes a reactor, an injector for delivering a feed solution into the reactor, and a conveyor for passing through the reactor a substrate on which nanotubes may be formed and grown. The apparatus further may include an inert, porous medium through which the feed solution may be passed. The apparatus produces aligned carbon nanotubes of a predetermined external diameter, and is suitable for large scale production of aligned carbon nanotubes in an industrial setting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: University of Kentucky Research Foundation
    Inventors: David N. Jacques, Rodney J. Andrews
  • Patent number: 7497929
    Abstract: A char containing less than 5% volatile matter is produced by pryolyzing shredded scrap vehicle tires and other rubber scrap material in an externally heated retort until the rubber is completely decomposed and until the temperature of the gases produced by the pyrolysis process reaches at least 500° C. The char is then subjected to resonance disintegration of an intensity sufficient to produce an unltrafine, particulate carbon product. In a preferred embodiment, essentially 100% of the individual carbon product particles are smaller than about 8 microns, and that product displays a dispersion coefficient in rubber of greater than 87%. The surface properties of the carbon product particles may be further modified by reacting or coating the carbon with chemical compounds or coating agents during or immediately after the resonance disintegration to tailor the properties of the carbon product to its use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Inventors: Timothy P. Karpetsky, R. William Mengel
  • Publication number: 20090053115
    Abstract: An apparatus for continuous production of aligned carbon nanotubes is disclosed. The apparatus includes a reactor, an injector for delivering a feed solution into the reactor, and a conveyor for passing through the reactor a substrate on which nanotubes may be formed and grown. The apparatus further may include an inert, porous medium through which the feed solution may be passed. The apparatus produces aligned carbon nanotubes of a predetermined external diameter, and is suitable for large scale production of aligned carbon nanotubes in an industrial setting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Publication date: February 26, 2009
    Inventors: David N. Jacques, Rodney J. Andrews
  • Patent number: 7488455
    Abstract: A reactor for preparing carbon nanotubes comprising a reaction chamber, at least one support means located within said reaction chamber capable of supporting a substrate, said substrate being capable of supporting carbon nanotube growth, at least one heating element located within said reaction chamber capable of providing localized heating to said substrate within said reaction chamber, and means for passing a gaseous carbonaceous material into said reaction chamber such that is passes over the contacts said substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Liming Dai, Shaoming Huang, Oddvar Johansen, Albert Mau, Ernst Hammel, Xinhe Tang
  • Publication number: 20080286192
    Abstract: A pyrolysis process is provided. The process includes the steps of: depositing a quantity of waste into a porous container, the porous container adapted to allow a convective stream of substantially anaerobic gas to flow therethrough; inserting the porous container into a pyrolysis thermal processor; sealing the thermal processor; circulating the convective stream of gas through the pyrolysis thermal processor; heating the waste according to a first time-temperature profile to pyrolyze the waste and form a carbonaceous char; and cooling the carbonaceous char by circulating the convective stream of gas through a cooler. An oil product and a gaseous hydrocarbon product are produced during the pyrolysis. The carbonaceous char is further processed to form a carbon black product and a recyclable metal product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventors: Kenneth Wesley Hamby, James Brian Kelly, Timothy Joseph Kuhn
  • Publication number: 20080219915
    Abstract: The invention relates to a carbon black having an aggregate size distribution which has a (d90-d10)/d50 ratio of less than or equal to 1.1. The carbon blacks are produced by admixing hot air if desired to a gas mixture comprising a carrier gas and a carbon black feedstock, passing the gas mixture into a burner pipe, burning the gas mixture at the burner pipe openings, and drawing the flames under suction, together with the ambient air drawn in freely under suction from the outside, through a cooled, narrowing gap, and carrying out cooling, the cooled, narrowing gap having a height (h) to width (b) ratio of 1-100, the width (b) being 0.5 to 10 mm, and the flow rate at the narrowest point of the gap being 10-200 m/s. The carbon blacks of the invention can be used as non-reinforcing filler, reinforcing filler, UV stabilizer, conductive black, pigment or reducing agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2007
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Applicant: Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Catharina Quitmann, Alfons Karl, Matthias Katzer, Kai Krauss, Michael Stanyschofsky
  • Patent number: 7368087
    Abstract: A gas re-use system for carbon fiber manufacturing processes based on hydrocarbon thermal decomposition. The system permits re-use of the output gas from the carbon fiber manufacturing process, a process based on the use of an industrial gas as the main raw material. The system can comprise a feedback pipeline provided with force and filtering means to raise the pressure from the reaction furnace output manifold to its input. There are also return and bleed lines operated separately to assure suitable pressure ranges at the same time both in the reaction furnace input area and extraction area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Grupo Antolin-Ingenieria, S.A.
    Inventors: César Merino Sanchez, Andres Melgar Bachiller
  • Patent number: 7279137
    Abstract: The invention provides improved burners, combustion apparatus, and methods for carbon nanomaterial production. The burners of the invention provide sooting flames of fuel and oxidizing gases. The condensable products of combustion produced by the burners of this invention produce carbon nanomaterials including without limitation, soot, fullerenic soot, and fullerenes. The burners of the invention do not require premixing of the fuel and oxidizing gases and are suitable for use with low vapor pressure fuels such as those containing substantial amounts of polyaromatic hydrocarbons. The burners of the invention can operate with a hot (e.g., uncooled) burner surface and require little, if any, cooling or other forms of heat sinking. The burners of the invention comprise one or more refractory elements forming the outlet of the burner at which a flame can be established. The burners of the invention provide for improved flame stability, can be employed with a wider range of fuel/oxidizer (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2007
    Assignee: TDA Research, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Michael Alford, Michael D. Diener, James Nabity, Michael Karpuk
  • Patent number: 6960234
    Abstract: A gasifier is disclosed combining a fixed bed gasification section where coarse fuel is gasified and an entrained flow gasification section where fine fuel is gasified. The fixed bed section includes upper and lower sections. Coarse fuel is devolatilized in the upper fixed bed section and subjected to elevated temperatures sufficient to crack and destroy tars and oils in the effluent gases. The entrained flow gasification section is disposed in a lower plenum adjacent the lower fixed bed section. A plurality of injection ports are configured to introduce oxygen, steam, or air into different sections of the gasifier to control temperature and operating conditions. Activated carbon may be formed in the upper fixed bed section and in the entrained flow section. The activated carbon may be used as a sorbent to remove pollutants from the effluent gases. The gasifier may be used with various coarse and fine fuel feedstocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2005
    Assignee: Emery Energy Company, L.L.C.
    Inventor: Scott E. Hassett
  • Patent number: 6946101
    Abstract: A burner for producing carbon black, includes a combustion chamber which can be supplied with fuel gas and an oxidizing gas in such a way that a diffusion flame producing carbon black particles is generated in the combustion chamber. The burner is also provided with a carbon-black discharge line. Carbon black formed in the combustion chamber can be discharged via an opening in the combustion chamber which feeds into the carbon-black discharge line. The discharge line is also provided with an opening through which an extinguishing gas can be supplied to the carbon-line. The burner permits the stable and reproducible production of carbon black particles which present well defined chemical and physical characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Inventor: Lianpeng Jing
  • Patent number: 6902708
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are presented for producing carbon black on a substrate. One preferred method includes providing a head assembly including a nozzle, the nozzle including a first injector for injecting a gas such as acetylene, and a second injector for injecting a mixture of a fuel and an oxidant to produce a pilot flame. The head assembly is indexed over a substrate on which is to be deposited carbon black. The acetylene is injected through the first injector, then through a pilot flame emitted from one or more second injectors, and finally toward a substrate to be coated with carbon black, but only when a deposit of carbon black is desired. The method includes ceasing the flow of acetylene, indexing the head assembly away from the substrate on which was just deposited the carbon black after a carbon black deposition sequence, and ceasing fuel gas and oxidant gas flows through the second injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Assignee: Air Liquide America Corporation
    Inventors: Reinhold Nutz, Jr., John E. Custer, Jack D. Narbut
  • Patent number: 6878360
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for production of vapor-phase growth carbon fibers. The apparatus can continuously produce these carbon fibers for a long time without blocking a furnace of tubular reactor of the apparatus. Also disclosed is a process for production of carbon fibers by means of the apparatus, a device for preventing deposition of carbon fibers on an inside of a furnace of tubular reactor, and vapor-phase growth carbon fibers produced in the apparatus. The vapor-phase growth carbon fibers include carbon nanofibers and/or carbon nanotubes. The apparatus includes a furnace of tubular reactor, at an end of which a feedstock-supplying nozzle is provided, and a discharge pipe inserted in the furnace of tubular reactor, the top end of which faces the opening of the nozzle and the bottom end discharges the carbon fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: Nikkiso Company Limited
    Inventors: Takashi Ohsaki, Fumio Kawamura
  • Patent number: 6875613
    Abstract: A device for accessing biological fluid, sampling biological fluid constituents and determining the concentration of at least one target constituent within the accessed biological fluid is provided. The device has at least one micro-piercing member used to penetrate the skin to a selected depth and to access biological fluid, a constituent sampling means and a constituent measuring means. The constituent sampling means comprises a constituent transfer medium, such as a hydrophilic gel material, by which sampled constituents are transferred from the micro-piercing member to the measuring means. The measuring means includes an electrochemical cell having at least one porous electrode through which at least one sampled constituent is caused to enter into the electrochemical cell. Methods of sampling constituents within the skin and measuring the sampled constituents, as well as kits for practicing the invention are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: LifeScan, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Shartle, Koon-wah Leong, Ernest J. Kiser
  • Publication number: 20040241081
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to inventive carbon blacks comprising the average nitrogen surface area of a conventional N500 series carbon black and at least one performance property, in a polymeric composition, equal to or better than an identical performance property of a conventional N300 series carbon black in the same polymeric composition. Additionally, the present invention is further directed to various methods and apparatuses for the manufacture of the inventive carbon blacks described herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Publication date: December 2, 2004
    Inventors: Jorge Ayala, Jimmy Ivie, Ugo Pedrazzini, Fabio Guerrini, Luciano DiFeliciantonio