With -xh Reactant Wherein X Is A Chalcogen Atom Patents (Class 521/170)
  • Patent number: 10647850
    Abstract: A carbodiimide-based aqueous resin crosslinking agent excellent in the storage stability in the coexistence of an aqueous resin, comprising a polycarbodiimide (A) having substituents derived from hydrophilic organic compounds at both terminals thereof, at least one of the substituents being a substituent derived from a hydrophilic organic compound having a molecular weight of 340 or more, and a polycarbodiimide (B) having substituents derived from organic compounds having a molecular weight of 300 or less at both terminals thereof, wherein the mass ratio [(B)/(A)] of the polycarbodiimide (B) to the polycarbodiimide (A) is from 20/80 to 95/5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: NISSHINBO CHEMICAL INC.
    Inventors: Nami Tsukamoto, Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Ikuo Takahashi, Takahiko Itoh
  • Patent number: 10351654
    Abstract: The present invention encompasses polyurethane compositions comprising aliphatic polycarbonate chains. In one aspect, the present invention encompasses polyurethane foams, thermoplastics and elastomers derived from aliphatic polycarbonate polyols and polyisocyanates wherein the polyol chains contain a primary repeating unit having a structure: In another aspect, the invention provides articles comprising the inventive foam and elastomer compositions as well as methods of making such compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Saudi Aramco Technologies Company
    Inventors: Scott D. Allen, Wayne R. Willkomm
  • Patent number: 10316227
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a reactive hotmelt adhesive formulation having a low residual content of monomeric diisocyanate. The present invention further provides a reactive hotmelt adhesive composition obtainable by the process of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Inventors: Haythem Bennour, Annett Linemann
  • Patent number: 10144797
    Abstract: A storage stable isocyanate-reactive composition includes a reactive component including (a) 5 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one Novolac-type polyoxypropylene polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 130 to 450 mg KOH/g, (b) 20 wt % to 60 wt % of at least one high functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 6 to 8 and a hydroxyl number from 300 to 700 mg KOH/g, (c) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one low functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 50 to 400 mg KOH/g, (d) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one amine initiated polyol having a hydroxyl number from 250 to 600 mg KOH/g, and (e) 1 wt % to 25 wt % of one or more additives; and a hydrocarbon physical blowing agent component in an amount of at least 10 parts by weight for each 100 parts by weight of the reactive component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Davide Micheletti, Rossella Riccio, Jean-Paul Masy, Vanni Parenti
  • Patent number: 9920179
    Abstract: A method for preparing composites of polymer and fly ash particles, wherein the fly ash particles contains heterogeneous compositions of carbon and metal oxides, the method including: the steps of mixing the fly ash particles and an aqueous coating solution, including: a coating component selected from the group consisting of monomers, oligomers, pre-polymers, polymers, and combinations thereof, and an aqueous solvent serving to dissolve the coating component; and, while performing the step of mixing, initiating polymerization or crosslinking or both polymerization and crosslinking of the coating component to at least partially coat the fly ash particles with polymer or a crosslinked polymer network that agglomerates the fly ash particles and coats the surface of the fly ash particles, wherein the polymer or crosslinked polymer network formed in the step of initiating is hydrophobic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Steven S. Chuang
  • Patent number: 9822213
    Abstract: A method of forming a flame resistant flexible polyurethane foam that has a V-0 rating, according to Underwriters Laboratories Standard 94 Flammability Test, includes forming a reaction mixture that has an isocyanate component and an isocyanate-reactive component, and the isocyanate-reactive component includes a polyol component. The isocyanate component includes at least 30 wt % of a biuret modified aromatic diisocyanate, based on a total weight of the isocyanate component, and an isocyanate index of the reaction mixture is less than 100. The polyol component includes at least 5 wt % of a filled polyether polyol and at least 65 wt % of one or more other polyols that are different from the filled polyether polyol, based on a total weight of the isocyanate-reactive component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventor: David J. Honkomp
  • Patent number: 9719011
    Abstract: A proppant comprises a particle and a polycarbodiimide coating disposed on the particle. The polycarbodiimide coating comprises the reaction product of a polymeric isocyanate and a monomeric isocyanate, in the presence of a catalyst. A method of forming the proppant comprises the steps of providing the particle, providing the polymeric isocyanate, providing the monomeric isocyanate, providing the catalyst, reacting the polymeric isocyanate and the monomeric isocyanate in the presence of the catalyst to form the polycarbodiimide coating, and coating the particle with the polycarbodiimide coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christopher M. Tanguay, John Erickson, Victoria Manea, Jyh-Chiarng Huarng, Rajesh Kumar, Fikri Emrah Alemdaroglu
  • Patent number: 9717819
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polyurea system, the use of such a polyurea system for sealing, linking, gluing, or covering of cellular tissue, and a dosing system having two chambers for a polyurea system such as this. The polyurea system comprises as components: A) an isocyanate-functioning prepolymer, which can be derived by reacting aliphatic isocyanates with polyoles, and B) an amino-functioning ester of aspartic acid. According to the invention, water and/or tertiary amine is added to the system, in order to increase the reacting speed of the prepolymer with the amino-functioning ester of aspartic acid while decreasing the setting time at the same time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: Adhesys Medical GmbH
    Inventors: Heike Heckroth, Hartmut Nefzger, Christoph Eggert
  • Patent number: 9714378
    Abstract: A proppant comprises a particle and a polycarbodiimide coating disposed on the particle. The polycarbodiimide coating comprises the reaction product of an isocyanate reacted in the presence of a phospholene oxide catalyst. A method of forming the proppant comprises the steps of providing the particle, providing the isocyanate, providing the phospholene oxide catalyst, reacting the isocyanate in the presence of the phospholene oxide catalyst to form the polycarbodiimide coating, and coating the particle with the polycarbodiimide coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Rajesh Kumar, Christopher M. Tanguay, Michael T. Yang
  • Patent number: 9598529
    Abstract: A process for the production of a lignin based polyurethane products is provided. The process comprises mixing at least one dried lignin and at least one isocyanate to form a lignin-isocyanate mixture, and submitting the lignin-isocyanate mixture to a polymerization reaction. The polymerization reaction may include heating the lignin-isocyanate mixture, adding at least one catalyst to the lignin-isocyanate mixture, or mixing the lignin-isocyanate mixture with a resin comprising at least one polyol, in the presence of at least one catalyst. The lignin based polyurethane products obtained by the process may be rigid foams, flexible foams, rigid boards, rigid blocks, coatings, packagings, adhesives, binders, sealants, elastomers, Thermoplastic Polyurethanes or Reaction Injection Moldings. There is also provided a mixture comprising at least one dried lignin and at least one isocyanate for use in the production of a lignin based polyurethane products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: ENERLAB 2000 INC.
    Inventors: Armand Langlois, Michel Drouin
  • Patent number: 9475903
    Abstract: 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl)cyclohexane contains 70 mol % or more and 95 mol % or less of a trans isomer relative to a total amount of a cis isomer and the trans isomer, and 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Satoshi Yamasaki, Hirokazu Morita, Goro Kuwamura, Daisuke Nishiguchi, Toshihiko Nakagawa, Daisuke Hasegawa, Tetsuya Hamada, Shinji Kiyono, Takeshi Fukuda, Kazuhiro Kosumi, Hidetaka Tsukada, Kenichi Goto, Shinsuke Ito, Naoyuki Kakinuma
  • Patent number: 9477012
    Abstract: 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl)cyclohexane contains 70 mol % or more and 95 mol % or less of a trans isomer relative to a total amount of a cis isomer and the trans isomer, and 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Satoshi Yamasaki, Hirokazu Morita, Goro Kuwamura, Daisuke Nishiguchi, Toshihiko Nakagawa, Daisuke Hasegawa, Tetsuya Hamada, Shinji Kiyono, Takeshi Fukuda, Kazuhiro Kosumi, Hidetaka Tsukada, Kenichi Goto, Shinsuke Ito, Naoyuki Kakinuma
  • Patent number: 9429683
    Abstract: There is provided a polyurethane xerogel prepared from a mixture comprising: (a) at least one isocyanate, (b) at least one silicone containing compound of formula J: wherein at least one group represents a hydrocarbyl group and p represents an integer of from 1 to 40, or at least one R2 group represents a hydrocarbyl group and q represents an integer of from 1 to 40; and at least one R3 group represents a hydrocarbyl group and w represents an integer of from 1 to 40, or at least one R4 group represents a hydrocarbyl group and y represents an integer of from 1 to 40; (c) optionally one or more additional components; wherein the isocyanate and silicone containing compound are reacted under substantially anhydrous conditions. There is also provided a contact lens formed from the polyurethane xerogel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: OCUTEC LIMITED
    Inventors: Abdul Rashid, John Fraser, Gordon Honeyman, Mussarrat Mohammed
  • Patent number: 9410024
    Abstract: An azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of a binary azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (trans-HFO-1233zd) and a second component selected from the group consisting of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf) and trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (trans-HFO-1234ze), and combinations of these and various uses thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Ryan Hulse, Rajiv R. Singh, Hang T. Pham
  • Patent number: 9228049
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrophilic, aliphatic polyurethane foams having low bulk density. The invention further relates to hydrophilic, aliphatic polyurethane foams that can be obtained according to the method, and to the use thereof as a wound dressing, incontinence product, or as a cosmetic article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignee: Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH
    Inventors: Sebastian Dörr, Meike Niesten
  • Patent number: 9127183
    Abstract: A stable caulk or sealant composition containing as principal ingredients styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene copolymer, heptane solvent, and a resin is disclosed. The composition is generally employed in a canister pressurized with a propellant to expel a stream of water-impervious sealant to fill cracks, crevices and gaps to water damage. When desired, the sealant is removable from the application area, typically by manually pulling (e.g., with one's bare hands). In some embodiments, a propellant is added with the sealant in a container to propel the sealant out of the container when the sealant is applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: FLOODFOAM, INC.
    Inventors: G. Blair Campbell, Nick Conley
  • Patent number: 9096727
    Abstract: A reaction system comprising an organic polyisocyanate and an isocyanate reactive component for preparation of a viscoelastic polyurethane foam is provided. The isocyanate reactive component comprises (i) from 10 to 50% by weight of one or more low equivalent weight propylene oxide rich (PO-rich) polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 200 to 500, (ii) from 45 to 95% by weight of one or more ethylene oxide (EO-rich) polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 200 to 800 and an ethylene oxide content from 40% to 65% by weight of the total mass of the EO-rich polyol and at least one of (iii) from 10 to 30% by weight of one or more high equivalent weight PO-rich polyols having a number average equivalent weight from 800 to 2,000 or (iv) from 10 to 40% by weight of one or more propylene oxide co-polymer polyols containing styrene-acrylonitrile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Hongming Ma, Kaoru Aou, Rogelio R. Gamboa, Carola Rosenthal, Randal Autenrieth
  • Publication number: 20150148438
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process of producing a polyurethane foam product, a polyurethane foam product pre-mix, polyurethane foam product formulation, and a polyurethane foam product. The process of producing the polyurethane foam product includes contacting a halohydrin component with a polyurethane foam product pre-mix. The polyurethane foam product pre-mix includes the halohydrin component. The polyurethane foam product formulation includes a polyol component, an isocyanate component, and a halohydrin component. The polyurethane foam product is formed by the pre-mix having the halohydrin component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, Boxun Leng, Torsten Panitzsch, Stephan Hermann Wendel, Renee Jo Keller
  • Publication number: 20150141541
    Abstract: The present invention is generally directed toward the preservation of insulations and sealants and more particularly to the protection of insulation and sealant products against insect attack through the use of inorganic borates. The present invention includes a polymer-based formulation derived from the reaction of an isocyanate component and a resin component. The resin component includes an inorganic borate incorporated therein. The incorporation of the inorganic borate can occur either at the time of the creation of the resin component or at a time after such creation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Steele Hunter
  • Patent number: 9034936
    Abstract: Polyurethane foams are made using a biuret-modified MDI and/or PMDI as the isocyanate component. The isocyanate is characterized by having a high content of biuret-containing oligomers and, preferably, a low proportion (if any) of biuret-urea oligomers. Flexible, resilient foams made using this biuret-modified isocyanate perform well on flammability tests such as the UNI 9175 CS. E. RF4 test, even without added flame retardants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Alessia Battistini, Gianluca Casagrande, Luigi Bertucelli, Alessio Sabadini
  • Patent number: 9034935
    Abstract: The present invention provides a urethane foam molded product that has high thermal conductivity with minimal change to its physical properties. A simple method for producing the same is also provided. The urethane foam molded product includes a base material formed of a polyurethane foam, and a thermal conductive filler mixed in the base material and oriented to form mutual connections. The thermal conductive filler is formed of composite particles that include thermal conductive particles formed of a nonmagnetic material, and magnetic particles adhered to the surfaces of the thermal conductive particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignees: SUMITOMO RIKO COMPANY LIMITED, TOKAI CHEMICAL INDUSTRIAS, LTD.
    Inventors: Koji Tomiyama, Naoki Katayama, Yasuo Suzuki, Shinji Yoshida, Katsutoshi Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 9029432
    Abstract: A reaction system comprising (a) a polyisocyanate component and (b) an isocyanate reactive component for preparation of a polyurethane foam having high air flow with low compression set is provided. The isocyanate reactive component comprises (i) from 45 to 70% by weight of one or more PO-rich polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 210 to 510, (ii) from 20 to 30% by weight of one or more ethylene oxide polyols having a combined number average equivalent weight from 200 to 500, (iii) from 10 to 25% by weight of one or more ethylene oxide-alkylene oxide polyethers having a combined number average equivalent weight from 300 to 800; and (iv) from 0.5 to 15% by weight of one or more PO-rich polyols having a functionality of 1 to 4 and a combined number average equivalent weight of 2,000 to 6,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Kaoru Aou, Rogelio R. Gamboa, Hongming Ma
  • Patent number: 9023909
    Abstract: Process for producing a polyurethane foam and polyurethane foam obtainable therefrom A process for producing a polyurethane foam with bimodal cell size distribution, comprising the following steps: providing a mixture in a mixing head, where the mixture comprises: A) a component reactive towards isocyanates; B) a surfactant component; C) a blowing agent component selected from the group consisting of linear, branched or cyclic C1- to C6-alkanes, linear, branched or cyclic C1- to C6-fluoroalkanes, N2, O2, argon and/or CO2, where blowing agent component C) is present in the supercritical or near-critical state; D) a polyisocyanate component; discharging the mixture comprising components A), B), C), and D) from the mixing head where, during the discharge of the mixture, the pressure prevailing in the mixture is lowered to atmospheric pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Stefan Lindner, Wolfgang Friederichs, Reinhard Strey, Thomas Sottmann, Elena Khazova, Lorenz Kramer, Verena Dahl, Agnes Chalbi
  • Patent number: 9023908
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for adsorbing and/or absorbing oil, by bringing oil into contact with a polyurethane sponge with excellent mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Nils Mohmeyer, Ralf Fritz, Bernd Bruchmann, Anna Cristadoro, Marcus Leberfinger, Antje van der Net
  • Publication number: 20150119482
    Abstract: A method for creating a foam from a solid thermoplastic material is disclosed. The method includes heating a solid, noncellular thermoplastic material to a temperature greater than the material's glass transition temperature, and below the melting temperature, and then allowing the material to cool; after the material has cooled, saturating the cooled thermoplastic material with a non-reacting gas to provide a gas-saturated material; and heating the gas-saturated material below the melting temperature of the material so that the material remains a solid, and causes nucleation of bubbles, and creation of cells in the material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: University of Washington through its Center for Commercialization
    Inventors: Vipin Kumar, Brian Aher, Huimin Guo
  • Patent number: 9018271
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide for polyurethane flexible foams that do not require a post production crushing step. These “self crushing” flexible foams neither collapse, skin peel, nor form voids upon demolding, and yet maintain excellent physical properties such as uniform cell sizes, high quality surface appearance, compression set, resistance to fatigue, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Alessia Battistini
  • Patent number: 9018273
    Abstract: A polishing pad, having a polishing layer comprising a thermoset polyurethane foam, wherein the polishing layer has an in-plane variation of 12 or less in microrubber A hardness, the variation being obtained by measuring the polishing layer from a polishing surface side of the layer, the thermoset polyurethane foam contains, as raw material components, an isocyanate component and active-hydrogen-containing compounds, and the active-hydrogen-containing compounds comprise a trifunctional polyol having at least one terminated hydroxyl group that is a secondary hydroxyl group, and having a hydroxyl group value of 150 to 1,000 mg KOH/g in an amount of 10 to 50 parts by weight for 100 parts by weight of the active-hydrogen-containing compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Toyo Tire & Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Aya Ito, Masato Doura
  • Patent number: 9018272
    Abstract: A flexible polyurethane foam comprises the reaction product of an isocyanate component and an isocyanate-reactive component in the presence of a blowing agent. The isocyanate component comprises a polymeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component and a monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component. The monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate component comprises 2,4?-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and 4,4?-diphenylmethane diisocyanate. The flexible polyurethane foam is substantially free of supplemental flame retardant additives and exhibits flame retardance under flammability tests according to California Technical Bulletin 117 regulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Raymond A. Neff, Theodore M. Smiecinski
  • Patent number: 9006304
    Abstract: The present invention relates to aqueous polyurethane-polyurea dispersions which stabilize a foam—produced by mechanical expansion—without addition of further foam-stabilizing components in such a way that aqueous foams are obtainable which are stable both during temporary storage and during processing, so that they can be applied in the form of foam also by customary application methods and substantially retain the foam structure even after drying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Stahl International B.V.
    Inventor: Juergen Muenter
  • Patent number: 9000118
    Abstract: Polymer-modified polyol, for use as a starting material for polyurethane foam, is made by reacting an olamine, such as triethanolamine, with an isocyanate in the presence of a metal organic catalyst. The catalyst is a metal salt of an organic acid and the viscosity of the polymer-modified polyol is at least 2250 mPa·s. In one embodiment the catalyst is of the formulat M(O.CO.R.CH3)2 where M is a metal and R is a carbon chain of 6 to 20 carbons. A metal salt of a monohydroxy fatty acid, particularly ricinoleic acid may be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Fritz Nauer AG
    Inventors: Henri Mispreuve, Reinold Naescher, Kurt Schoenenberger, Johan Frei, Erik Vogel, Zacharias Grote
  • Patent number: 8993648
    Abstract: A polishing pad capable of maintaining a high level of dimensional stability during absorption of moisture or water includes a polishing layer including a polyurethane foam having fine cells, wherein the polyurethane foam includes a cured product of a reaction of an isocyanate-terminated prepolymer (A), a polymerized diisocyanate, and a chain extender, and the isocyanate-terminated prepolymer (A) includes an isocyanate monomer, a high molecular weight polyol (a), and a low molecular weight polyol. A method for manufacturing such a polishing pad includes mixing a first component containing an isocyanate-terminated prepolymer with a second component containing a chain extender and curing the mixture to form a polyurethane foam. The pad so made is used in the manufacture of semiconductor devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Toyo Tire & Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Nakai, Tsuyoshi Kimura, Atsushi Kazuno, Kazuyuki Ogawa, Tetsuo Shimomura
  • Patent number: 8986801
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rigid polyurethane foam in which rigid polyurethane foam constituents are embedded in a polyurethane matrix, articles which are enveloped by such a foam for insulation and corresponding production processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Christof Grieser-Schmitz, Carsten Ellersiek
  • Publication number: 20150080488
    Abstract: Disclosed are a polyol with a molecular weight distribution Mw/Mn of 4 or more, obtained by reacting a compound comprising an alkylene oxide compound (II) having a hydroxyl group in a base polyol (I) with a molecular weight of 2000 or more; and a polyol composition for a flexible polyurethane foam, comprising a polyol compound and a crosslinker, wherein the crosslinker comprises a polyol (a) with a hydroxyl value of 50 to 1100 mgKOH/g and with a primary hydroxylate ratio of 25% or more and 60% or less, which is obtained by an addition of a compound comprising alkylene oxide compound (ii) having a hydroxyl group to active hydrogen compound (i).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mikio Matsufuji, Tamotsu Kunihiro, Atsushi Miyata, Shinsuke Matsumoto, Koichi Sano, Toru Hiraide
  • Publication number: 20150080487
    Abstract: A method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising heating paraformaldehyde in a solvent to a desired reaction temperature, wherein the solvent is present in at least an amount necessary to solvate or suspend the paraformaldehyde; adding at least one alkyl phosphite to the heated paraformaldehyde, to provide hydroxymethylphosphonate, the alkyl phosphite being added to the heated paraformaldehyde at a rate which will avoid or inhibit the production of a significant exotherm and resulting high/significant level of acid by-product(s), there being present in the reaction medium at least one hindered amine catalyst in which the nitrogen in the amine is directly bound to a secondary and/or tertiary carbon of an organic group; and, optionally, following the completion of the addition, heating the reaction mixture to an elevated temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Jeffrey K. Stowell, Ronald L. Pirrelli, Ryan Yanosy
  • Publication number: 20150072115
    Abstract: The invention is related to a processing formulation and method for producing fabrics which are eco-friendly and easy to implement. The invention provides stereoscopic fabrics with special patterns and tactile texture produced by an eco-friendly non-dye formulation and process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Hsing-Nan Chung, Meng-Yueh Wu
  • Patent number: 8975306
    Abstract: A viscoelastic foam system is provided having an amine-based polyoxypropylene extended polyol to impart strength, recoverability and endurance to the foam, and an appropriately selected non-amine-based polyol to provide flexibility to the foam. The combination of amine-based propylene oxide extended polyol and non-amine-based polyol provides a viscoelastic semi-rigid foam with excellent impact and recovery properties, recovering to substantially 100% of its initial volume and shape following an impact, yet with sufficient rigidity and stiffness so that it is effective at absorbing multiple impacts. A method of making the above viscoelastic foam is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Intellectual Property Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Charles M. Milliren
  • Publication number: 20150056892
    Abstract: Disclosed is a polishing pad for chemical-mechanical polishing. The polishing pad has a porous interface and a substantially non-porous bulk core. Also disclosed are related apparatus and methods for using and preparing the polishing pad.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Robert VACASSY, George FOTOU
  • Patent number: 8957120
    Abstract: The embodiments of the invention are directed to a composite material comprising a fiber reinforcing material, a binder resin and polyurethane foam particles. Other embodiments are related to a process for manufacturing a composite material comprising a fiber reinforcing material, a binder resin and polyurethane foam particles, the method comprising depositing the binder resin and polyurethane foam particles the fiber reinforcing material to form a composite precursor and treating the composite precursor to form the composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Mobius Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul R. Berthevas, Michael Schoeler, Michael Grossenbacher, Dean Budney, Robert D. Villwock
  • Patent number: 8946311
    Abstract: The object of the invention is a method for producing polyurethane and/or polyisocyanurate insulating foam based on foaming reaction mixtures containing polyisocyanates, compounds having reactive hydrogen atoms, propellants, stabilizers, nucleation agents, and optionally further additives, which is characterized in that porous solids, in particular silicates having a zeolite structure, are used as the nucleation agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Carsten Schiller, Matthias Naumann, Ruediger Landers, Christian Eilbracht
  • Patent number: 8937108
    Abstract: A foam article for use in a seat cushion includes an open cell, polyurethane foam material that includes a base polyol; a crosslinker; an isocyanate; a surfactant; and water, that are reacted together to produce a seat cushion having dynamic and static performance specifications that are better than the performance characteristics for a traditional, high resilient material seat cushion, as well as other seating materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: James T. McEvoy, Terrence M. McRoberts, Ryoko Yamasaki, William Li, Murray D. Metcalfe
  • Patent number: 8937107
    Abstract: An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° C. and 40° C. at 1 atmosphere pressure. Embodiments of rigid foams may have high closed cell content and are particularly well suited for thermal insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: Sachchida N. Singh, Jinhuang Wu, Alan J. Hamilton
  • Publication number: 20150018429
    Abstract: This invention relates to azeotrope-like compositions, methods and systems having utility in numerous applications, and in particular, uses for azeotrope-like compositions comprising effective amounts of the compound cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene (Z-HFO-1336mzzm), which has the following structure: and another material selected from the group consisting of water, fluoroketones, alcohols, hydrochlorofluoroolefins, and combinations of two or more thereof. These compositions may be used in a wide variety of applications such as, blowing agents, refrigerants, heating agents, power cycle agents, cleaning agents, aerosol propellants, sterilization agents, lubricants, flavor and fragrance extractants, flammability reducing agents, and flame suppression agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Ryan Hulse, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Martin R. Paonessa, Martin Cheney, Hang T. Pham, Mary Bogdan, Cliff Gittere
  • Publication number: 20150018443
    Abstract: Methods and combinations for making and using reflective particulate foam comprising flexible cellular foam and a plurality of reflective particulates randomly and/or uniformly dispersed during the production of the reflective particulate foam. Reflective particulates have reflective surfaces which are visually distinguishable as individual reflective particulates without the use of magnification. Reflective particulate foam provides a novel and uniquely distinguishable appearance for use on, under, or within mattresses, pillows, bedding products, medical cushioning foams, outdoor bedding pads, pet beds, outdoor pillows, cushioned display cases, cushioned package containers, and other cushioning products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Peterson Chemical Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce W. Peterson, Mark L. Crawford, Matthew D. McKnight
  • Publication number: 20150014606
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Mark L. Robin, Joseph Anthony Creazzo, Gary Loh
  • Patent number: 8933140
    Abstract: Combinations of gelatinous elastomer containing one or more phase change materials, known as “phase change gel”, and polyurethane foam may be made by introducing at least partially cured phase change gel particles comprising plasticized triblock copolymer resin and/or diblock copolymer resin and one or more phase change materials, into a mixture of polyurethane foam-forming components including a polyol and an isocyanate. The phase change gel can be crosslinked to form a cured gelatinous gel, which is then reduced in size before introduction. After the foam-forming components polymerize to make polyurethane foam, the phase change gel particles are discrete visible particles dispersed throughout the foam. The polyurethane reaction is exothermic and can generate sufficient temperature to at least partially melt the styrene-portion of the triblock copolymer resin thereby extending the crosslinking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Peterson Chemical Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce W. Peterson, Mark L. Crawford
  • Patent number: 8933139
    Abstract: Combinations of gelatinous elastomer and polyurethane foam may be made by introducing a plasticized A-B-A triblock copolymer resin and/or an A-B diblock copolymer resin into a mixture of polyurethane foam forming components including a polyol and an isocyanate. The plasticized copolymer resin is polymerized to form the gelatinous elastomer in-situ while simultaneously polymerizing the polyol and the isocyanate to form polyurethane foam. The polyurethane reaction is exothermic and can generate sufficient temperature to melt the styrene-portion of the A-B-A triblock copolymer resin thereby extending the crosslinking and in some cases integrating the A-B-A triblock copolymer within the polyurethane polymer matrix. The combination has a marbled appearance. The gel component has higher heat capacity than polyurethane foam and thus has good thermal conductivity and acts as a heat sink. Another advantage of in situ gel-foam is that the gel component provides higher support factors compared to the base foam alone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Peterson Chemical Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce W. Peterson, Mark Crawford
  • Publication number: 20150011666
    Abstract: This disclosure relates generally to molded cellular foam parts and, more specifically, to methods of manufacturing cellular polyurethane foam parts. In an embodiment, a polymer production system includes an energy source configured to provide activation energy to a foam formulation to produce a foam part. The system further includes a polymeric mold configured to contain the foam formulation within a mold cavity during the manufacture of the foam part. Furthermore, the mold is configured to not substantially interact with the activation energy that traverses the mold during the manufacture of the foam part. The system also includes a semi-permanent surface coating disposed on a surface of the mold cavity that is configured to facilitate release of the foam part from the mold cavity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventor: James Thomas McEvoy
  • Patent number: 8927613
    Abstract: The present invention relates to cellular polyisocyanate polyaddition products whose density to DIN EN ISO 845 is from 200 to 800 kg/m3, and also to prepolymer composed of at least one diisocyanate (a) and of at least one polyether alcohol (b), where the at least one polyether alcohol (b) comprises the following components: (b1) aliphatic polyether alcohols whose number-average molar mass is from 300 to 1000 g/mol, (b2) aliphatic polyether alcohols whose number-average molar mass is from 2000 to 10 000 g/mol, and (b3) aliphatic polyether alcohols whose number-average molar mass is from 10 000 to 100 000 g/mol, to a process for its production, to a cellular polyisocyanate polyaddition product thus produced, and to its use as damping elements in vehicle construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Prissok, Joern Duwenhorst, Michael Harms, Sven Lasai
  • Patent number: 8927614
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing polyurethanes by reacting a) polyisocyanates with b) compounds having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate groups, wherein the compounds b) having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate groups comprise at least one polyether alcohol b1) which has been prepared by reaction of an aromatic amine b1a) with propylene oxide using an amine b1b) which is different from b1a) as catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Marc Fricke, Markus Schütte, Sirus Zarbakhsh, Johann Klassen
  • Patent number: 8927079
    Abstract: Nanoporous three-dimensional networks of polyurethane particles, e.g., polyurethane aerogels, and methods of preparation are presented herein. Such nanoporous networks may include polyurethane particles made up of linked polyisocyanate and polyol monomers. In some cases, greater than about 95% of the linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers are urethane linkages. To prepare such networks, a mixture including polyisocyanate monomers (e.g., diisocyanates, triisocyanates), polyol monomers (diols, triols), and a solvent is provided. The polyisocyanate and polyol monomers may be aliphatic or aromatic. A polyurethane catalyst is added to the mixture causing formation of linkages between the polyisocyanate monomers and the polyol monomers. Phase separation of particles from the reaction medium can be controlled to enable formation of polyurethane networks with desirable nanomorphologies, specific surface area, and mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventors: Nicholas Leventis, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis, Chakkaravarthy Chidambareswarapattar