Age Or Precipitation Hardened Or Strengthened Patents (Class 148/405)
  • Patent number: 10494703
    Abstract: Composites having the composition of at least one principal strengthening phase compound and one cemented phase of principal refractory metal are disclosed. The components of the strengthening phase compound can be a boride or a mixture of a boride and one or more than one carbide. In addition, the composites are obtained by smelting the principal strengthening phase compound and the cemented phase principal refractory metal in a non-equal molar ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Swe-Kai Chen
  • Patent number: 9624715
    Abstract: The invention relates to a glass panel including a first (5) and a second (5) glass sheet combined together via at least one spacer (8) that keeps the glass sheets at a certain distance from each other, wherein an inner gap (4) between said glass sheets (5) includes at least a first recess (41) in which a vacuum of lower than 1 mbar is formed, said recess being sealed by a peripheral seal arranged at the periphery of the glass sheets around said inner space (4), the seal (1) being a metal seal rigidly connected to the first and second glass sheets, respectively. According to the invention, the metal seal (1) further includes a means (11) for placing the inner gap (4) in communication with the outside of the panel, wherein said communication means can be sealed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventor: Priscille Dreux
  • Patent number: 9457422
    Abstract: A heat resistant alloy member that maintains the creep strength and improves the fatigue characteristics is provided. The heat resistant alloy member according to the present invention includes a recrystallized structure layer including finer grains on the surface of the member than those inside of the member. The recrystallized structure layer is formed by forming a stirred layer by giving processing strain to the surface of the member using a friction stir processing, and applying recrystallization heat treatment to the stirred layer for recrystallization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Hironori Kamoshida, Shinya Imano, Takehiko Yoshida, Seunghwan Park
  • Patent number: 8900381
    Abstract: Disclosed is a spring steel which contains, by mass, 1.2% or less C; 0.1% to 2% Mn; 0.2% to 3% Si; 0.0003% to 0.005% Al; to 8 ppm Li; 30 ppm or less (excluding 0 ppm) Ca; and 10 ppm or less (excluding 0 ppm) Mg. The steel contains oxide inclusions satisfying the following conditions (1) to (3) in a number of 1×10?4 or more per square millimeter: (1) containing a total of 80 percent by mass or more of Al2O3 and SiO2 based on the inclusion composition excluding Li2O; (2) having a ratio by mass of Al2O3 to SiO2 of from 1:4 to 2:3; and (3) containing lithium (Li). The spring steel gives a spring that exhibits superior fatigue properties without strict control of the average composition of inclusions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoko Sugimura, Koichi Sakamoto, Atsuhiko Yoshida, Kei Masumoto
  • Publication number: 20140345758
    Abstract: The present invention is a heat-resistant material comprising a Rh-based alloy, wherein the Rh-based alloy is a high heat-resistant and high strength alloy comprising a Rh-based alloy where Al and W as essential additive elements are added to Rh (0.2 to 15.0 mass % of Al, 15.0 to 45.0 mass % of W and Rh as the remainder), and a ?? phase (Rh3 (Al, W)) having an L12 structure is dispersed as a strengthening phase in a matrix. The Rh-based alloy of the present invention can be further improved in workability and high temperature oxidation characteristics by optionally adding B, C, Mg, Ca, Y, La or misch metals, Ni, Co, Cr, Fe, Mo, Ti, Nb, Ta, V, Zr, Hf, Ir, Re, Pd, Pt or Ru as an additive element. The Rh-based alloy of the present invention is a heat-resistant material having excellent high-temperature-resistant characteristics and a good balance of factors such as weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Kiyohito Ishida, Yoshikazu Takaku, Toshihiro Omori
  • Patent number: 8857698
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing at least one portion of a seal ensuring gas-tightness between at least one first and one second glass panel in a glazing system, the method including the following steps: depositing a first adhesive layer on a first peripheral area of the first panel and a second adhesive layer on a second peripheral area of the second panel; welding a first metal seal element to the first adhesive layer; welding a second metal seal element or said first metal seal element to the second adhesive layer. According to the invention, the first and second adhesive layers are deposited using a high-speed oxy-fuel flame-spraying method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: AGC Glass Europe
    Inventors: Olivier Bouesnard, Francois Closset
  • Publication number: 20140224385
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a turbocharger component for an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The method may include introducing a material into a mold, wherein the material includes at least one added alloying element. The method may further include applying a pressure to the material, and solidifying the material by cooling the material at a cooling rate, wherein the solidifying preserves an amount of the at least one added alloying element in solid solution in the material. The method may also include forming precipitates within the material by aging the material at an aging temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: Caterpillar Incorporated
    Inventors: Nan YANG, Jeff Alan Jensen
  • Patent number: 8801872
    Abstract: A case hardened gear steel having enhanced core fracture toughness includes by weight percent about 16.3Co, 7.5Ni, 3.5Cr, 1.75Mo, 0.2W, 0.11C, 0.03Ti, and 0.02V and the balance Fe, characterized as a predominantly lath martensitic microstructure essentially free of topologically close-packed (TCP) phases and carburized to include fine M2C carbides to provide a case hardness of at least about 62 HRC and a core toughness of at least about 50 ksi?in.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: QuesTek Innovations, LLC
    Inventors: James A. Wright, Jason Sebastian
  • Patent number: 8608877
    Abstract: Articles that include a material that has L12-structured gamma-prime phase precipitates within a matrix phase at a concentration of at least 20% by volume are disclosed. The gamma-prime phase precipitates are less than 1 micrometer in size. The material also has A3-structured eta phase precipitates distributed within the matrix phase at a concentration in the range from about 1% to about 25% by volume. The articles may be formed by mechanically working a workpiece that has at least about 40% nickel, about 1.5% to about 8% titanium, and about 1.5% to about 4.5% aluminum. The workpiece may be worked at a temperature below a solvus temperature of the eta phase; and then heat treated at a temperature sufficient to dissolve any gamma prime phase present in the workpiece but below the solvus temperature of the eta phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Richard DiDomizio, Judson Sloan Marte, Pazhayannur Ramanathan Subramanian
  • Publication number: 20130153097
    Abstract: The invention concerns a gold alloy. It comprises at least 75% of gold, 0.5% to 2.1% of aluminium able to form precipitates with gold, an additional metal able to favour a stable face centred cubic structure and able to increase the solubility of aluminium in gold, and a precipitate selected to obtain a hardness of more than 250 HV. The selected precipitate of aluminium with gold is the aluminium and gold precipitate Al2Au5. It includes 0.5% to 2.1% of aluminium and a complement of additional metal including a majority of silver. The method of obtaining this alloy regulates the controlled growth of the precipitate during a structuring tempering treatment following dilution and hardening. The invention concerns the use of the aluminium and gold precipitate Al2Au5 for hardening a gold alloy. The invention concerns a timepiece or piece of jewellery including at least one component made of this type of alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: The Swatch Group Research and Development Ltd.
    Inventors: Jean-Francois Dionne, Stewes Bourban
  • Patent number: 8419867
    Abstract: Rose-color and yellow-color gold alloys are formed from a gold-base alloy containing silver and copper. Mining these elements is usually highly detrimental to the environmental. Environmentally friendly alloys are obtained through the use of recycled elements and elements recovered from mines utilizing specific guidelines. Jewelry manufactured from these environmentally friendly alloys may be more receptive to a consumer, resulting in a competitive advantage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Hallmark Sweet, Inc.
    Inventors: Dwarika P. Agarwal, Grigory Raykhtsaum, Richard V. Carrano
  • Patent number: 8394211
    Abstract: The present invention provides a magnesium alloy material excellent in high mechanical characteristics without using special manufacturing facilities or processes and a method for manufacturing the magnesium alloy material. The magnesium alloy material is an Mg—Zn—RE alloy containing Zn as an essential component, at least one of Gd, Tb, and Tm as RE, and the rest including Mg and unavoidable impurities and contains a needle-like precipitate or a board-like precipitate (lengthy precipitate: X-phase=?-phase, ??-phase, and ?1-phase).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignees: Kobe Steel, Ltd., Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., National University Corporation Kumamoto University
    Inventors: Mamoru Nakata, Yuuichi Yamada, Koji Itakura, Takahiro Mibe, Yoshio Okada, Yoshihito Kawamura, Michiaki Yamasaki
  • Publication number: 20130048153
    Abstract: A high-temperature solder with multi-layer structure and method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The high-temperature solder with multi-layer structure comprises: at least one first substrate and a second substrate. Wherein a first metal layer is formed on one surface of the first substrate by way of electroplating, and a second metal layer and a third metal layer are sequentially formed on the two surfaces of the second substrate through the electroplating. The first substrate is stacked on the third metal layer of the second substrate by the surface thereof provided with the first metal layer, so that the third metal layer and the first metal layer may jointly form an intermetallic (IMC) layer by way of the solid-liquid interdiffusion joint, in which the IMC layer includes at least one intermetallic compound for making the melting point of the high-temperature solder with multi-layer structure higher than 300-deg Celsius.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Yee-Wen Yen, Pei-Sheng Shao
  • Patent number: 8366845
    Abstract: An apparatus for thermally treating a plurality of curved suture needles. The apparatus includes a conveyer for transferring the plurality of curved suture needles from a source of curved suture needles to a receiver, a housing positioned adjacent the conveyer, the housing having a first end, a second end, and an opening running from the first end to the second end, the opening aligned with the conveyer to enable the plurality of curved suture needles to pass therethrough, and a heat source located within the housing for heating the plurality of curved suture needles as the plurality of curved suture needles are transferred by the conveyer from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing. Also provided is a process for thermally treating a plurality of curved suture needles to enhance the stiffness and yield moment of the curved suture needles. The curved suture needles so treated have a desirable combination of stiffness, strength and ductility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Ethicon, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank Richard Cichocki, Jr., David DeMarest, Gregory Hollin, Eugene D. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 8241441
    Abstract: An apparatus for thermally treating and coloring a plurality of curved suture needles. The apparatus includes a conveyer for transferring the plurality of curved suture needles from a source of curved suture needles to a receiver, a housing positioned adjacent the conveyer, the housing having a first end, a second end, and an opening running from the first end to the second end, the opening aligned with the conveyer to enable the plurality of curved suture needles to pass therethrough, a heat source located within the housing for heating the plurality of curved suture needles as the plurality of curved suture needles are transferred by the conveyer from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing and a system for providing a gas mixture containing a fractional concentration of oxygen to oxidize and colorize the surfaces of the plurality of curved suture needles as the plurality of suture needles pass through the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Ethicon, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank Richard Cichocki, Jr., David Demarest, Gregory Hollin, Eugene D. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 8209845
    Abstract: A manufacturing method includes providing a component, such as a superalloy aircraft component, with a substrate surface having damaged brittle compound particles from machining. The manufacturing method removes the damaged compound particles from the substrate surface without producing significant amount of new damaged compound particles in the substrate surface. In one example, the damaged compound particles are removed with an abrasive media. The method results in a machined substrate surface free from damaged intermetallic component particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Prabir R. Bhowal, Agnieszka M. Wusatowska-Sarnek
  • Publication number: 20120097297
    Abstract: There are provided a high hardness, high corrosion resistance and high wear resistance alloy, wherein the alloy is an aging heat treated Cr(chromium)-Al(aluminum)-Ni(nickel)-base alloy, the proportion of a mixed phase of (? phase+?? phase+? phase) precipitated at grain boundaries of ? phase grains in a metal structure in the cross section of the alloy is not less than 95% in terms of area ratio, and the intensity ratio as measured by X-ray diffractometry of the alloy is not less than 50% and not more than 200% in terms of I?(110)/[I?(200)+I??(004)]×100, and a component comprising this alloy, a material for an alloy which can form this alloy, and a process for producing this alloy. The present invention can provide a Cr—Al—Ni-base alloy possessing excellent corrosion resistance, hardness, wear resistance, releasability, fatigue strength, and planishing property in a molding face, a component comprising this alloy, a material for an alloy which can form this alloy, and a process for producing this alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Applicants: Toshiba Materials Co., Ltd., Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Takashi Rokutanda, Tomohisa Arai, Takao Kusaka, Nobuyoshi Jimbo
  • Publication number: 20120035632
    Abstract: Provided is alloy for medical use and a medical device that is novel and useful. The alloy for medical use according to, for example, an embodiment of the present invention is mainly composed of three kinds of elements of gold (Au), platinum (Pt), and niobium (Nb). A total content of the three kinds of elements can be no smaller than 99% by weight, in which a platinum content can be no smaller than 5% by weight and no greater than 50% by weight and a niobium content can be no smaller than 3% by weight and no greater than 15% by weight. By adjusting the content ratio of the three elements, for example, it is possible to reduce or prevent artifacts in an MRI. Non-magnetization is also possible.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Applicant: The University of Tokushima
    Inventors: Kenichi Hamada, Eiichi Honda, Kenzo Asaoka, Midori Yoshida
  • Publication number: 20120027607
    Abstract: Articles suitable for use in high temperature applications, such as turbomachinery components, and methods for making such articles, are provided. One embodiment is an article. The article comprises a material comprising a plurality of L12-structured gamma-prime phase precipitates distributed within a matrix phase at a concentration of at least 20% by volume, wherein the gamma-prime phase precipitates are less than 1 micrometer in size, and a plurality of A3-structured eta phase precipitates distributed within the matrix phase at a concentration in the range from about 1% to about 25% by volume. The solvus temperature of the eta phase is higher than the solvus temperature of the gamma-prime phase. Moreover, the material has a median grain size less than 10 micrometers. The method comprises providing a workpiece, the workpiece comprising at least about 40% nickel, from about 1.5% to about 8% titanium, and from about 1.5% to about 4.5% aluminum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Richard DiDomizio, Judson Sloan Marte, Pazhayannur Ramanathan Subramanian
  • Publication number: 20120000582
    Abstract: Castings made of boron-containing alloys based on at least one platinum group metal are treated by thermal ageing in the presence of oxygen and at temperatures below the melting point of the alloy. This enables the alloys to be processed at temperatures customary in the jewelry industry. The treated castings can also be processed into medical technology products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: HERAEUS MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Harald Manhardt, Nicole Gübler, Ulrich H. M. Koops, David Francis Lupton
  • Patent number: 7959830
    Abstract: This invention discloses novel nanocomposite material structures which are strong, highly conductive, and fatigue-resistant. It also discloses novel fabrication techniques to obtain such structures. The new nanocomposite materials comprise a high-conductivity base metal, such as copper, incorporating high-conductivity dispersoid particles that simultaneously minimize field enhancements, maintain good thermal conductivity, and enhance mechanical strength. The use of metal nanoparticles with electrical conductivity comparable to that of the base automatically removes the regions of higher RF field and enhanced current density. Additionally, conductive nanoparticles will reduce the surface's sensitivity to arc or sputtering damage. If the surface is sputtered away to uncover the nanoparticles, their properties will not be dramatically different from the base surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Sungho Jin
  • Patent number: 7793416
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a hardened casing for a vane pump is disclosed. The method includes providing a vane pump casing; hardening the casing by (i) cleaning the casing with a high pressure fluid containing abrasive material, (ii) loading the casing in a furnace, (iii) purging the furnace with an inert gas followed by purging the furnace with ammonia, (iv) conducting a first heating of the casing in the furnace at a first temperature of about 1200° F. for a time period of about 4 hours, (v) conducting a second heating of the casing in the furnace at a second temperature of about 1000° F. for a time period of about 4 hours, and (vi) cooling the casing and purging the furnace with an inert gas before removing the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Viking Pump, Inc.
    Inventor: William Vogel
  • Patent number: 7727342
    Abstract: A low carbon microalloyed steel, comprising in weight % about: 0.05-0.30 C; 0.5-1.5 Mn; 0.04 max S; 0.025 max P; 1.0 max Si; 0.5-2.0 Ni; 0.05-0.30 V; 0-2.0 Cu; up to 0.0250 N; up to 0.2 Cb; up to 0.3 Cr; up to about 0.15 Mo; up to about 0.05 Al; balance Fe and minor additions and impurities. The steel has a carbon equivalent value, C.E., ranging between 0.3-0.65, calculated by the formula: C.E.=C+Mn+Si+Cu+Ni+Cr+Mo+V+Cb 6 15 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: The Timken Company
    Inventors: George M. Waid, John C. Murza, Jeffrey E. Luksa
  • Publication number: 20100126635
    Abstract: A manufacturing method includes providing a component, such as a superalloy aircraft component, with a substrate surface having damaged brittle compound particles from machining. The manufacturing method removes the damaged compound particles from the substrate surface without producing significant amount of new damaged compound particles in the substrate surface. In one example, the damaged compound particles are removed with an abrasive media. The method results in a machined substrate surface free from damaged intermetallic component particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventors: Prabir R. Bhowal, Agnieszka M. Wusatowska-Sarnek
  • Publication number: 20100043929
    Abstract: A single crystal component comprising a first region and a second region. The component comprising a nickel base single crystal superalloy having a gamma phase matrix and gamma prime phase precipitates distributed in the gamma phase matrix. The first region of the component comprises a bi-modal distribution of gamma prime phase precipitates in the gamma phase matrix and the second region of the component comprising a uni-modal distribution of gamma prime phase precipitates in the gamma phase matrix.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Robert A. Hobbs, Sammy Tin, Catherine M.F. Rae, Robert J. Mitchell
  • Publication number: 20100043924
    Abstract: A method for locally heat-treating a gas turbine engine superalloy article to improve resistance to strain-induced fatigue of the article is disclosed. The method comprises providing a gas turbine engine superalloy article having a gamma prime solvus temperature; and locally over aging only a selected portion of the article to locally improve fatigue resistance at the selected portion of the article, wherein the local over age cycle includes heating at about 843° C. for about 3 to 4 hours.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Inventor: Jon Raymond Groh
  • Publication number: 20100012235
    Abstract: An alloy comprising 5 at % ?Al<16 at %, about 0.05 at % to 1 at % of a reactive element selected from the group consisting of Hf, Y, La, Ce, Zr, and combinations thereof, and Ni, wherein the alloy composition has a predominately ?-Ni+??-Ni3Al phase constitution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2008
    Publication date: January 21, 2010
    Applicant: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian M. Gleeson, Daniel J. Sordelet
  • Publication number: 20090263268
    Abstract: A raw magnesium alloy powder material having a relatively small crystal grain diameter is obtained by subjecting a starting material powder having a relatively large crystal grain diameter to a plastic working in which the powder is passed through a pair of rolls to undergo compressive deformation or shear deformation. The starting material powder is a magnesium alloy powder having a fine intermetallic compound (21) precipitated and dispersed in a base (22) by a heat treatment. A work strain (22) is formed around the precipitated intermetallic compound (21) in the magnesium alloy powder after processed by the plastic working. The magnesium alloy powder after processed by the plastic working has a maximum size of 10 mm or less and a minimum size of 0.1 mm or more, and the magnesium particle constituting the base (20) has a maximum crystal grain diameter of 20 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Applicants: GOHSYU CO., LTD., KURIMOTO, LTD.
    Inventors: Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Mitsuhiro Goto, Hideaki Fukui, Kantaro Kaneko, Shuji Shiozaki, Katsuhito Itakura
  • Publication number: 20090056837
    Abstract: The present invention provides a magnesium alloy material excellent in high mechanical characteristics without using special manufacturing facilities or processes and a method for manufacturing the magnesium alloy material. The magnesium alloy material is an Mg—Zn—RE alloy containing Zn as an essential component, at least one of Gd, Tb, and Tm as RE, and the rest including Mg and unavoidable impurities and contains a needle-like precipitate or a board-like precipitate (lengthy precipitate: X-phase=?-phase, ??-phase, and ?1-phase).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Publication date: March 5, 2009
    Applicants: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.,, National University Corp. Kumamoto University
    Inventors: Mamoru Nakata, Yuiichi Yamada, Koji Itakura, Takahiro Mibe, Yoshio Okada, Yoshihito Kawamura, Michiaki Yamasaki
  • Publication number: 20090038719
    Abstract: The present invention refers to a method of manufacturing a thermo-electric material consisting of a thermoelectric substrate with thermal scattering centers, in which a melt at least of the substrate is cooled in a manner that the scattering centers are generated as nano-scale precipitations from the melt embedded in the substrate and a material manufactured accordingly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Publication date: February 12, 2009
    Inventors: Harald Boettner, Joachim Nurnus
  • Publication number: 20090007992
    Abstract: A coated metal article such as, e.g., a tool, which article comprises a body part comprising a substantially carbon-free precipitation-hardened iron-cobalt-molybdenum/tungsten-nitrogen alloy and carries a coating. The coating has been applied by a PVD method and/or a CVD method and comprises a substantially single-phase crystalline, cubic face-centered structure. This abstract is neither intended to define the invention disclosed in this specification nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2008
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Applicant: BOEHLER EDELSTAHL GMBH
    Inventors: Devrim CALISKANOGLU, Christian Mitterer
  • Publication number: 20080219879
    Abstract: A steel product or thin steel cast strip comprised of, by weight, less than 0.25% carbon, between 0.20 and 2.0% manganese, between 0.05 and 0.50% silicon, less than 0.01% aluminum, and at least one of niobium between 0.01% and 0.20% and vanadium between 0.01% and 0.20%, and having a microstructure of a majority bainite and acicular ferrite, and more than 70% niobium and/or vanadium in solid solution. The steel product may have an increase in elongation and an increase in yield strength after age hardening. The age hardened steel product may have niobium carbonitride particles with an average particle size of 10 nanometers and less, and may have substantially no niobium carbonitride particles greater than 50 nanometers. The steel product may have a yield strength of at least 380 MPa or a tensile strength of at least 410 MPa, or both. The steel product or thin cast steel strip may have a total elongation of at least 6% or 10%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2008
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Applicant: NUCOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: James Geoffery WILLIAMS, Harold Roland KAUL, Daniel Geoffrey EDELMAN, Christopher Ronald KILLMORE
  • Publication number: 20080196797
    Abstract: A method for making a downhole tool material for a hydrocarbon well that includes solution heat treating a precipitation hardening nickel alloy; cold working the alloy following the solution heat treating; aging the alloy following the cold working and the material made therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2007
    Publication date: August 21, 2008
    Inventors: Kevin C. Holmes, William M. Bailey
  • Publication number: 20080128054
    Abstract: A woven, braided or knitted fabric structure includes wires of silver alloy, preferably a precipitation-hardened Ag Cu Ge alloy. The process for making a fabric structure may include providing silver wire having a temper of more than fully soft but less than half hardness, forming said wire into said structure and heating the structure to precipitation-harden the wire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2005
    Publication date: June 5, 2008
    Inventor: Peter Gamon Johns
  • Patent number: 6880222
    Abstract: A golf club head has a face portion, a crown portion, a sole portion, a side portion and a hosel portion. Each portion is made of titanium or a titanium alloy. The side portion is formed integrally entirely from its toe side to its back side and its heel side. The side portion and the hosel portion are cast integrally. The face portion, the crown portion and the sole portion are molded separately from one another. The face portion, the crown portion, the sole portion and the side portion are welded integrally so as to form a golf club head. The Young's modulus of the crown portion is lower than any Young's modulus of the face portion, the sole portion, the side portion and the hosel portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideo Matsunaga
  • Patent number: 6663728
    Abstract: A gold-free platinum material that is dispersion-strengthened by small, finely dispersed particles of base metal oxide. The base metal is either 0.01-0.5 wt. % Sc or a mixture/alloy of Sc and at least one metal from the group consisting of Zr, Y, and Ce with a total base metal content of 0.05-0.5 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: W.C. Heraeus GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Harald Manhardt, David Francis Lupton, Wulf Kock
  • Publication number: 20030192626
    Abstract: A precipitation-hardened soft magnetic ferritic stainless steel comprises C: not more than 0.2 mass %, Si: 0.01-3.0 mass %, Mn: not more than 0.5 mass %, S: not more than 0.3 mass %, Cr: 12.0-19.0 mass %, Ni: 1.0-4.0 mass % and Al: 0.2-4.0 mass % and further contains at least one of Ti: less than 0.5 mass % and Zr: less than 0.3 mass % and the remainder being inevitable impurities and Fe, and has substantially a microstructure of a ferrite phase after a solution treatment and an aging treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2002
    Publication date: October 16, 2003
    Applicant: Tohoku Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsunemi Takiguchi, Takashi Ebata
  • Patent number: 6562158
    Abstract: A method of making jewelry comprising formulating a platinum alloy of at least 95 weight percent platinum, 1 to 5 weight gallium and palladium in an amount of less than about 3 weight percent, heat treating this alloy to increase the Vickers hardness by at least 20% but to not greater than a Vickers hardness of 350.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Inventor: Steven Kretchmer
  • Publication number: 20030049156
    Abstract: An alloy and a gas turbine engine component comprising an alloy are presented, with the alloy comprising from about three atomic percent to about nine atomic percent of at least one precipitation-strengthening metal selected from the group consisting of zirconium, niobium, tantalum, titanium, hafnium, and mixtures thereof; from about one atomic percent to about five atomic percent ruthenium; and the balance rhodium; the alloy further comprising a face-centered-cubic phase and an L12-structured phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2002
    Publication date: March 13, 2003
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Melvin Robert Jackson, Charles Gitahi Mukira
  • Publication number: 20020125128
    Abstract: A method for producing a tantalum sputtering component includes a minimum of three stages each of which include a deformation step followed by an inert atmosphere high-temperature anneal. Temperatures of each of the anneal steps can be different from one another. A tantalum sputtering component includes a mean grain size of less than about 100 microns and a uniform texture throughout the component thickness. The uniform texture can be predominately {111}<uvw>.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2001
    Publication date: September 12, 2002
    Applicant: Honywell International Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen P. Turner
  • Patent number: 6406568
    Abstract: An improved 18-karat green gold alloy composition comprises about 75.0% gold; about 6.0-7.0% silver; about 9.0-11.7% copper; and about 6.5-9.0% zinc. The improved alloys are capable of being age-hardened to a hardness of about 240 VHN by being heated to about 550° F. for about one hour, and thereafter being permitted to cool in air. The hard-nesses of the alloys are reversible between their aged-hardness and annealed-hardness values. The color of said composition is between about −1.5 to about −3.0 CieLab a* color units, and between about 19 to about 26 CieLab b* color units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Assignee: Leach & Garner Company
    Inventors: Dwarika P. Agarwal, Grigory Raykhtsaum
  • Patent number: 6153023
    Abstract: A method for shot peening a hard metal product that has a hardened surface. The method includes projecting shot on the hardened surface of the hard metal product. The ratio of the Vickers hardness of the shot to that of the hardened surface is 0.8-1.6, and the diameter of the shot is 30-250 .mu..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignees: Sintokogio, Ltd., Sintobrator, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Rokutanda, Toru Takahashi, Junkou Kurosaki, Toshiroh Ito
  • Patent number: 6071470
    Abstract: Refractory superalloys consist essentially of a primary constituent selected from the group consisting of iridium, rhodium, and a mixture thereof, and one or more additive elements selected from the group consisting of niobium, tantalum, hafnium, zirconium, uranium, vanadium, titanium and aluminum, and the superalloys having a microstructure containing an FCC-type crystalline structure phase and an L1.sub.2 -type crystalline structure phase are precipitated. Preferably the amount of additive element(s) is 2 to 22 atom %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: National Research Institute For Metals
    Inventors: Yutaka Koizumi, Yoko Yamabe, Yoshikazu Ro, Tomohiro Maruko, Shizuo Nakazawa, Hideyuki Murakami, Hiroshi Harada
  • Patent number: 5919320
    Abstract: A hardenable white gold alloy consists essentially of about 55-60 % gold, about 12-20% silver, about 8-15% copper, about 8-18% palladium, about 0.0-1.0% tin, zinc indium or cobalt, and, optionally, about 0.005-0.02% iridium and/or ruthenium, and also about 0.01-0.03 weight percent lithium. The alloy is nickel-free, but has a pleasing white color similar to that of nickel-containing white gold alloys. The alloy has a fine grain structure, a lower hardness in its annealed condition, but is capable of being hardened to an exceptional hardness value. The hardening procedure is reversible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Leach & Garner Company
    Inventors: Dwarika P. Agarwal, Grigory Raykhtsaum
  • Patent number: 5846352
    Abstract: A platinum alloy containing 1 to 9 percent gallium and minor amounts of property enhancing additives, eg. up to 3% Pd. This alloy can be heat-treated to a Vickers hardness that is increased by at least over 25% beyond its initial, untreated value and typically to at least over 300 HV. The heat-treatment process includes the steps of solution-treating the alloy, followed by quenching and a hardening heat-treatment to achieve the desired hardness and strength. The alloy is useful as a component of jewelry, art objects or related articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Inventor: Steven Kretchmer
  • Patent number: 5840135
    Abstract: Articles of manufacture are made of aluminum-beryllium alloys having substantially randomly distributed aluminum-rich and beryllium rich phases to provide substantially isotropic mechanical properties, such as high stiffness and low co-efficients of thermal expansion, whereby the articles of manufacture provide more rapid and accurate responses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Brush Wellman Inc.
    Inventors: Larry A. Grant, James M. Marder, Wayne L. Wright
  • Patent number: 5817195
    Abstract: A silver colored alloy highly tarnish resistant, sterling silver is provided or having included therein: 90% to 92.5% by weight Silver; 5.75% to 7.5% by weight Zinc; 0.25% to less than 1% by weight Copper; 0.25% to 0.5% by weight Nickel; 0.1% to 0.25% by weight Silicon; and 0.0% to 0.5% by weight Indium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Assignee: Astrolite Inc.
    Inventor: Daniel Davitz
  • Patent number: 5641454
    Abstract: Disclosed are a composite material having an anti-wear property and a process for producing the same. The composite material includes a matrix of a low melting point Sn alloy having a melting point of from 80.degree. to 280.degree. C., and metallic dispersing particles dispersed in the matrix in an amount of from 10 to 50% by volume. When the composite material is utilized to make a rough mold for preparing a prototype, it sharply improves the anti-wear property of the rough mold, and it can be re-used for a plurality of times without adversely affecting the sharply improved anti-wear property. The composite material provides the advantageous effect best when the metallic dispersing particles are Fe--C alloy dispersing particles and/or Fe--W--C alloy dispersing particles which were subjected to a surface treatment including an Sn or Ni electroplating followed by a ZnCl.sub.2.NH.sub.4 Cl flux depositing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1997
    Assignees: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, Nisshin Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoru Kito, Masahito Ito, Fuminori Matuda, Eiki Takeshima, Yasuji Tanaka, Takahiro Fujii, Kenjiro Izutani
  • Patent number: 5605583
    Abstract: A metallurgical silicon with controlled microstructure for the preparation of halogenosilanes, characterized by an image of the microstructure obtained with the scanning electron microscope which is processed by binarization between an intermetallic phase and a silicon matrix, with expansion in zones corresponding to the intermetallic phase with an extension of about 10 .mu.m around these zones. The ratio of the surface fraction of the intermetallic phase after expansion to the intermetallic phase before expansion, S/S.sub.0, is between 20 and 40. The silicon according to the invention assures an elevated reactivity in the Rochow reaction for the production of halogenosilanes intended for the preparation of silicones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1997
    Assignee: Pechiney Electrormetallurgie
    Inventor: Thomas Margaria
  • Patent number: 5603780
    Abstract: A light weight, high strength ternary or higher-order cast beryllium-aluminum alloy, including approximately 60 to 70 weight % beryllium, one or both of from approximately 0.5 to 4 weight % silicon and from 0.2 to 4.25 weight % silver, with the balance aluminum. Beryllium strengthening elements selected from the group consisting of copper, nickel, or cobalt may be present at from 0.1 to 2.0 weight % of the alloy to increase the alloy strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: Nuclear Metals, Inc.
    Inventors: William T. Nachtrab, Nancy F. Levoy, Kevin R. Raftery