Infrared Responsive Patents (Class 250/338.1)
  • Patent number: 10338050
    Abstract: Method for determining whether a gas sample originates from biological processes or from a gas installation being tested and containing a utility gas is characterized in that an increased concentration of hydrogen in the sample as compared to that present in the utility gas is used as evidence that the sample originates from biological decay processes and not from the gas installation under test.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: INFICON GmbH
    Inventor: Fredrik Enquist
  • Patent number: 10337927
    Abstract: Microbolometer is a class of infrared detector whose resistance changes when the temperature changes. In this work, we deposited and characterized Germanium Oxide thin films mixed with Sn (Ge—Sn—O) for uncooled infrared detection. Ge—Sn—O were deposited by co-sputtering of Sn and Ge targets in the Ar+O environment using a radio frequency sputtering system. Optical characterization shows that the absorption in Ge—Sn—O was most sensitive in the wavelength ranges between 1.0-3.0 ?m. The transmission data was further used to determine the optical energy band gap (0.678 eV) of the thin-film using Tauc's equation. We also found the variations of absorption coefficient (1.4802×105 m-1-1.0097×107 m?1), refractive index (1.242-1.350), and the extinction coefficient (0.3255-8.010) for the wavelength ranges between 1.0-3.0 ?m. The thin film's resistivity measured by the four point probe was found to be 4.55 ?-cm and TCR was in the range of ?2.56-?2.25 (%/K) in the temperature range 292-312K.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Inventors: Mukti Rana, Jaime Damiany Cardona
  • Patent number: 10330777
    Abstract: A holographic waveguide LIDAR having a transmitter waveguide coupled to a beam deflector and a receiver waveguide coupled to a detector module. The transmitter waveguide contains an array of grating elements for diffracting a scanned laser beam into a predefined angular ranges. The receiver waveguide contains an array of grating elements for diffracting light reflected from external points within a predefined angular range towards the detector module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: DigiLens Inc.
    Inventors: Milan Momcilo Popovich, Jonathan David Waldern, Alastair John Grant
  • Patent number: 10326528
    Abstract: There is provided an optical transceiver including a laser light source configured to transmit a first optical signal via an optical transmission member having optical fibers, a photodetector configured to receive a second optical signal via the optical transmission member, a visible light source configured to emit visible light which is incident to the optical transmission member, and a control circuit configured to, when the photodetector detects not to receive the second optical signal, control the laser light source to stop transmitting the first optical signal and the visible light source to start emitting the visible light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventor: Mariko Kase
  • Patent number: 10323987
    Abstract: This relates to sensor systems, detectors, imagers, and readout integrated circuits (ROICs) configured to selectively detect one or more frequencies or polarizations of light, capable of operating with a wide dynamic range, or any combination thereof. In some examples, the detector can include one or more light absorbers; the patterns and/or properties of a light absorber can be configured based on the desired measurement wavelength range and/or polarization direction. In some examples, the detector can comprise a plurality of at least partially overlapping light absorbers for enhanced dynamic range detection. In some examples, the detector can be capable of electrostatic tuning for one or more flux levels by varying the response time or sensitivity to account for various flux levels. In some examples, the ROIC can be capable of dynamically adjusting at least one of the frame rate integrating capacitance, and power of the illumination source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Miikka M. Kangas, Michael J. Bishop, Robert Chen, David I. Simon, Harold L. Sontag, III, George Dee Skidmore
  • Patent number: 10326949
    Abstract: Various devices including a three-stage switch and an infrared (IR) imaging module and methods for performing FFC using the three-stage switch and the IR imaging module are provided. The three-stage switch may have at least a first position in which the IR imaging module is powered off, a second position in which the IR imaging module is powered on and the shutter is positioned in the FOV, and a third position in which the IR imaging module is powered on and the shutter is positioned out of the FOV, wherein the second position is intermediate in relation to the first position and the third position. A thermal image of the shutter may be captured while the switch is at or adjacent to the second position, and an FFC map of FFC terms may be acquired based on the thermal image of the shutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: FLIR Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Vu L. Nguyen
  • Patent number: 10317287
    Abstract: An optical sensor includes: a semiconductor layer including a first region, a second region, and a third region between the first region and the second region; a gate electrode facing to the semiconductor layer; a gate insulating layer between the third region and the gate electrode, the gate insulating layer including a photoelectric conversion layer; a signal detection circuit including a first signal detection transistor, a first input of the first signal detection transistor being electrically connected to the first region; a first transfer transistor connected between the first region and the first input; and a first capacitor having one end electrically connected to the first input. The signal detection circuit detects an electrical signal corresponding to a change of a dielectric constant of the photoelectric conversion layer, the change being caused by incident light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Naoki Shimasaki, Tokuhiko Tamaki, Sanshiro Shishido
  • Patent number: 10302687
    Abstract: A measurement system includes a receiver configured to receive a measurement signal indicative of a parameter of a measured object. The measurement system also includes a processor configured to iteratively filter the measurement signal using a threshold value. The processor is also configured to adjust the threshold value for each iteration of filtration and determine a signal-to-noise ratio for each iteration of filtration. The processor is also configured to set a filter threshold value to the threshold value for the iteration based on the signal-to-noise ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Sheri George, JeanFrancois Bureau, Ranjith Kundoly Pushpangathan, Haribaskar Govindasamy
  • Patent number: 10302568
    Abstract: Cell counters and methods of their use are disclosed herein. The cell counters comprise a sample mounting system that includes a base comprising a mounted lower sample surface and a cover comprising a mounted upper sample surface; a bright-field light source incorporated in the cover; an objective lens mounted below the sample mounting system; optionally, a fluorescence excitation source in optical communication with the sample mounting system; and an imaging system in optical communication with the bright-field light source and the objective lens. The mounted sample surfaces are configured for repeated use, such that disposable sample cartridges are not needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Denovix, Inc.
    Inventors: Fernando F. Kielhorn, Daniel A. Schieffer, David L. Ash, Kevin Kelley
  • Patent number: 10295462
    Abstract: A sensor system including a spectrometer with a light source having a plurality of selectable wavelengths, a controller for controlling the sensor system, for selecting wavelengths of illumination light produced by the light source, and for controlling the light source to illuminate a spatial location, a photodetector aligned to detect light received from the spatial location, a blind demixer coupled to the photodetector for separating received spectra in the detected light into a set of sample spectra associated with different demixed or partially demixed chemical components, a memory having a plurality of stored reference spectra, a non-blind demixer coupled to the blind demixer and to the memory for non-blind demixing of the sample spectra using the reference spectra, and a classifier coupled to the non-blind demixer for classifying the set of demixed sample spectra into chemical components using the reference spectra.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: HRL Laboratories, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Yap, Yuri Owechko, Richard M. Kremer, Shankar R. Rao
  • Patent number: 10295815
    Abstract: Various examples are provided related to imaging with augmented stereoscopic microscopes. In one example, an augmented stereoscopic microscope includes an objective lens that can simultaneously receive near infrared (NIR) images and visible bright-field images of an examined object and an augmentation module. The augmentation module can separate the NIR images from the visible bright-field images for processing by an image processing unit to produce synthetic images using the NIR images and combine the synthetic images with the visible bright-field images to form co-registered augmented images that are directed to an eyepiece of the augmented stereoscopic microscope. In another example, a method includes obtaining a NIR image of an examined object; generating a synthetic image using the NIR image; combining the synthetic image with a real-time visual image of the examined object to form an augmented image; and directing the augmented image to an eyepiece of an augmented stereoscopic microscope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Marek Romanowski, Jeffrey Watson, Christian Gainer
  • Patent number: 10288492
    Abstract: In the present invention, a temperature sensor system and methods for using the apparatus are disclosed, the temperature sensor having particular thermal-inertia time constants. More specifically, the temperature sensor system comprises prongs having a defined l/d ratio range, a sensing element having a low volume, and constant-current circuitry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: THE TRUSTEES OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Gilad Arwatz, Yuyang Fan, Carla Bahri, Marcus Hultmark
  • Patent number: 10274310
    Abstract: Surface sensing systems and methods for imaging a scanned surface of a sample via sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy are disclosed herein. The systems include a sample holder, a visible light source configured to direct a visible light beam incident upon a sampled location of the scanned surface and a tunable IR source configured to direct a tunable IR beam coincident with the visible light beam upon the sampled location. The systems also include a scanning structure configured to scan the visible light beam and the tunable IR beam across the scanned surface, and a light filter configured to receive an emitted beam from the scanned surface and to filter the emitted beam to generate a filtered light beam. The systems further include a light detection system configured to receive the filtered light beam, and an alignment structure. The methods include methods of operating the systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey H. Hunt, Jianing Shi, John Paul Changala
  • Patent number: 10274438
    Abstract: A method for observing deformation of an elastic material including rubber or elastomer, includes a first step of capturing projection images of at least a part of the elastic material from directions perpendicular to an arbitrary axis of the elastic material and a second step of constructing a three-dimensional image of the elastic material from the projection images. The first step includes deforming the elastic material in predetermined constant cycles, outputting capture signals at the same time points of the predetermined constant cycles, and capturing the projection images based on the respective capture signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Ryo Mashita, Hiroyuki Kishimoto
  • Patent number: 10270979
    Abstract: A camera using an automatically depth-of-field adjusting method includes a camera lens, a diaphragm, a light-sensing part, and a controller. The light-sensing part can receive visible light of a first wave band and invisible light of a second wave band. The controller performs an adjusting procedure, according to which the controller measures a first light intensity of ambient light of a scene relative to the first wave band and a second light intensity of the ambient light relative to the second wave band, and when the controller determines that a ratio of a difference between the first intensity and the second intensity to a sum of the first intensity and the second intensity is less than a predetermined value, controls the diaphragm to adjust an aperture of the diaphragm according to a current focal length of the camera lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: VIVOTEK INC.
    Inventors: Wen-Yuan Li, Shih-Hsuan Hung
  • Patent number: 10256600
    Abstract: The Hybrid Photonic Plasmonic Interconnect (HyPPI) combines both low loss photonic signal propagation and passive routing with ultra-compact plasmonic devices. These optical interconnects therefore uniquely combine fast operational data-bandwidths (in hundreds of Gbps) for light manipulation with low optical attenuation losses by hybridizing low loss photonics with strong light-matter-interaction plasmonics to create, modulate, switch and detect light efficiently at the same time. Initial implementations were considered for on-chip photonic integration, but also promising for free space or fiber-based systems. In general two technical options exist, which distinguished by the method the electric-optic conversion is executed: the extrinsic modulation method consists of an continuous wave source such as an LED or laser operating at steady power output, and signal encoding is done via an electro-optic modulator downstream of the source in the interconnect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: The George Washington University
    Inventors: Shuai Sun, Volker J. Sorger, Tarek El-Ghazawi, Vikram K. Narayana, Abdel-Hameed A. Badawy
  • Patent number: 10257484
    Abstract: An imaging processing device and an imaging processing method that can solve a problem generated in visible light photographing in a case where DBPF is used instead of an infrared cut filter. An imaging sensor includes a color filter, and DBPH that has a transmission characteristic in a visible-light band, blocking characteristic in a first wavelength band adjacent to a long-wavelength side of the visible-light band, and transmission characteristic in a second wavelength band that is a part of the first wavelength band. A signal processing unit subtracts an infrared signal, which is output from an infrared pixel, from each color signal output from a pixel in each color of visible light in the imaging sensor. Here, in a case where each color signal reaches a pixel saturation level, control of performing correction in such a manner that an infrared signal subtracted from each color signal is lowered is performed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: MAXELL, LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroyasu Otsubo, Osamu Ishizaki
  • Patent number: 10255506
    Abstract: Infrared radiation fire detector, comprising a curved support surface and a plurality of infrared radiation sensors arranged on the support surface. Each sensor comprises a planar array of infrared radiation-sensitive elements, having a respective sight direction and a solid angle of view defined around the sight direction, which define a field of view associated to the sensor. The sight directions of the sensors intersect with one another at a central point and the sensors are spaced apart from one another by a given angular distance referred to the central point, the solid angles of view of the sensors having a same narrow width so that the fields of view of the sensors are non-intersecting with one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: A.M. General Contractor S.P.A.
    Inventor: Giovanni Pietro Lorenzoni
  • Patent number: 10247614
    Abstract: Passive detector structures for imaging systems are provided which implement unpowered, passive front-end detector structures with direct-to-digital measurement data output for detecting incident photonic radiation in various portions (e.g., thermal (IR), near IR, UV and visible light) of the electromagnetic spectrum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: Digital Direct IR, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter N. Kaufman, Howard E. Carpenter
  • Patent number: 10247665
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device tier determining a concentration of a chemical substance dissolved in a liquid, which chemical substance absorbs light (10) of an absorption wavelength, wherein the device comprises: at least one flow-through chamber (2) having at least one inlet opening (4), at least one outlet opening (6), and at least one peripheral wall (24); at least one laser (8) for emitting light (10) of the absorption wavelength; and at least one detector (18) for detecting the emitted light (10); wherein the laser (8) and the detector (18) are arranged in such a way that the light (10) emitted by the laser (8) is conducted through the flow-through chamber (2) along at least two different paths before said light hits the detector (18), and wherein the device has two lasers (8) which emit light of different wavelengths. The invention further relates to a method for producing a flow-through chamber for such a device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universitaet Hannover
    Inventors: Lutz Rissing, Stephanie Holz, Dominik Hoheisel
  • Patent number: 10228289
    Abstract: A device may include a first infrared sensor, a second infrared sensor, a temperature detecting component, and an occupancy detecting component. The first infrared sensor may connect to the temperature detecting component through a first temperature signal path and the occupancy detecting component through a first occupancy signal path. The second infrared sensor may connect to the temperature detecting component through a second temperature signal path and the occupancy detecting component through a second occupancy signal path. The temperature detecting component may determine a temperature measurement by calculating an average of a value received from the first temperature signal path and a value received from the second temperature signal path. The occupancy detecting component may determine an occupancy measurement by calculating a difference of the value received from the first occupancy signal path and the value received from the second occupancy signal path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: GOOGLE LLC
    Inventors: Sam Zeckendorf, Moyukh Chatterjee
  • Patent number: 10222266
    Abstract: An Integrated Dewar Detector Assembly (IDDA) is presented. The IDDA comprises: a cold finger base; an elongated Dewar envelope having a proximal end associated with the cold finger base and a distal end comprising an optical window; an elongated tubular cold finger located inside said elongated Dewar envelope and having a proximal end at the cold finger base and a distal end for carrying a detector so as to expose the detector to incoming radiation through said optical window; an internal front support member extending from an inner surface of the Dewar envelope at its distal end to the distal end of the cold finger; and at least one wideband dynamic vibration absorber assembly located outside the Dewar envelope and attached to at least one location on an exterior surface of the Dewar envelope, said dynamic vibration absorber thereby attenuating vibration of the cold finger and the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICES—AN ELBIT SYSTEMS-RAFAEL PARTNERSHIP
    Inventor: Alexander Veprik
  • Patent number: 10214432
    Abstract: A method for monitoring quality of a water flow in a pipe, by diverting a flow into a laser particle counter to count particles within a particle size interval in the water, to continuously determine the number of particles within the size interval, comparing the count with a reference value and taking a sample of the water from the pipe when the count exceeds a threshold value, and also diverting a flow of water from the pipe into a unit that separates the flow into fractions, and taking a sample of at least one of said fractions when the count exceeds a threshold value, and also sending an alarm signal when the count exceeds a threshold value. When the count exceeds at threshold value, the water is treated with ozone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: AQUA-Q AB
    Inventors: Sudhir Chowdhury, Ulla Chowdhury
  • Patent number: 10208894
    Abstract: A compact Dewar for imaging systems having multiple detector elements to support multiple imaging systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: WAVEFRONT RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas A. Mitchell, Jonas D. Corl, David M. Vincentsen
  • Patent number: 10209190
    Abstract: A method that includes: illuminating a wafer with excitation light having a wavelength and intensity sufficient to induce photoluminescence in the wafer; filtering photoluminescence emitted from a portion of the wafer in response to the illumination; directing the filtered photoluminescence onto a detector to image the portion of the wafer on the detector with a spatial resolution of 1 ?m×1 ?m or smaller; and identifying one or more crystallographic defects in the wafer based on the detected filtered photoluminescence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: SEMILAB Semiconductor Physics Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Zoltan Tamas Kiss, Laszlo Dudas, Gyorgy Nadudvari, Nicolas Laurent, Lubomir L. Jastrzebski
  • Patent number: 10201281
    Abstract: In medical imaging, a fiducial marker facilitates tissue image correlation that allows for image analysis, normalization and correction of the optical exposure and spectral and spatial distribution in order to compensate for the surface reflections, sub surface tissue interactions and spatial orientation of the excitation and imaging axes to the subject tissue. Using a cross comparison, clinicians can model tissue image data in different forms in order to reference and compare data from various spectral components and or from different images. This may enhance human interpretation between images including the variations between images even when the spectral, spatial and optical conditions or the image resolution or sensitivity are compromised. Such may be used to assess cosmetic, moisturizing, therapeutic materials and treatments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: Cernoval, Inc.
    Inventor: Bruce Adams
  • Patent number: 10190908
    Abstract: Disclosed are optical devices and methods of manufacturing optical devices. An optical device can include a substrate; an optical emitter chip affixed to the front surface of the substrate; and an optical sensor chip affixed to the front surface of the substrate. The optical sensor chip can include a main sensor and a reference sensor. The optical device can include an opaque dam separating the main optical sensor and the reference sensor. The optical device can include a first transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the optical emitter chip and the reference optical sensor and a second transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the main optical sensor. The optical device can include an opaque encapsulation material encapsulating the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block with a first opening above the main optical sensor and a second opening above the optical emitter chip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Heptagon Micro Optics Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Qichuan Yu, Hartmut Rudmann, Ji Wang, Kian Siang Ng, Simon Gubser, Sonja Hanselmann
  • Patent number: 10184183
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein generally relate to a substrate temperature monitoring system in a substrate support assembly. In one embodiment, the substrate support assembly includes a support plate and a substrate temperature monitoring system. The support plate has a top surface configured to support a substrate. The substrate temperature monitoring system is disposed in the substrate support plate. The substrate temperature monitoring system is configured to measure a temperature of the substrate from a bottom surface of the substrate. The substrate temperature monitoring system includes a window, a body, and a temperature sensor. The window is integrally formed in a top surface of the support plate. The body is embedded in the support plate, through the bottom surface. The body defines an interior passage. The temperature sensor is disposed in the interior passage beneath the window. The temperature sensor is configured to measure the temperature of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventor: Shreesha Y. Rao
  • Patent number: 10184832
    Abstract: A spectral sensor includes a Fabry-Perot interference filter which is provided with an opening to pass light transmitted according to a distance between a first mirror and a second mirror along a facing direction; a light detector which has a light reception unit to receive the light having passed through the opening; a wiring substrate on which the light detector is mounted; and a plurality of spacers which support the filter on the wiring substrate, such that a second space continuous with a first space in the opening and including the first space when viewed from the facing direction is formed between the filter and the wiring substrate. The light detector is disposed in the second space. The light reception unit is disposed in a region corresponding to the first space in the second space, when viewed from the facing direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
    Inventors: Katsumi Shibayama, Takashi Kasahara, Masaki Hirose, Toshimitsu Kawai
  • Patent number: 10179728
    Abstract: In some aspects, the present invention embodies both the method and apparatus for converting a pattern of irradiation to a visible image. An embodiment of the present invention provides an array of micro-electro-mechanical sensors with each sensor includes a deflectable micro-cantilever, responsive to absorbed incident radiation and to an applied repulsive electrostatic field. Associated circuitry senses a change in an output signal of the sensor as it responds to incident radiation incident upon the cantilever and provides a biasing force to deflect the cantilever and maintain the detector output signal at a desirable level. The biasing element may be a piezoelectric element, a heater or a pair of electrodes and the corresponding biasing stimulus may be stress (expansion), heat, or electrostatic change. The stimulus compensates for the effect of the infrared radiation and maintains the chosen detector output level at the same level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: EMX Advanced Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Daniel Graybeal
  • Patent number: 10180393
    Abstract: An optical cell comprises first and second opposed reflecting elements, an entrance aperture in the first reflecting element and an exit aperture in the second reflecting element, wherein the entrance and exit apertures are configured such that, in operation, light introduced into the cell via the entrance aperture is reflected at least once by the second reflecting element and at least once by the first reflecting element before leaving the cell via the exit aperture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: CASCADE TECHNOLOGIES HOLDINGS LIMITED
    Inventors: Paul Black, Colin Lumsden
  • Patent number: 10180416
    Abstract: Methods of characterizing ion-exchanged chemically strengthened Li-containing glasses include: a) measuring a mode spectrum of the glass sample; b) using the mode spectrum, estimating a first contribution to the center tension associated with a spike region and estimating a second contribution to the center tension due to a deep region only, wherein the deep region is assumed to follow a power-law stress profile; and c) determining a total center tension by adding of the first and second contributions to the center tension. The methods can be used for quality control during manufacturing of glass samples by comparing the total center tension to a center tension specification that provides optimum strength and durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: CORNING INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Rostislav Vatchev Roussev, Vitor Marino Schneider
  • Patent number: 10181488
    Abstract: In an imaging device, a plurality of first photoelectric conversion units generate a first signal based on first visible light and infrared light. A plurality of second photoelectric conversion units generate a second signal based on only second visible light. An infrared absorption layer absorbs the infrared light and transmits only the second visible light. A plurality of third photoelectric conversion units generate a third signal based on the infrared light. A signal processing circuit generates a fourth signal by correcting the first signal using the third signal. The signal processing circuit generates a visible light image signal on the basis of the second signal and the fourth signal. The signal processing circuit generates an infrared light image signal on the basis of the third signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yuichi Gomi
  • Patent number: 10175113
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for preventing solar damage, and other heat-related damage, to uncooled microbolometer pixels. In certain examples, at least some of the pixels of an uncooled microbolometer are configured with a bimetallic thermal shorting structure that protects the pixel(s) from excessive heat damage. In other examples a thermochroic membrane that becomes highly reflective at temperatures above a certain threshold is applied over the microbolometer pixels to prevent the pixels from being damaged by excessive heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: RAYTHEON COMPANY
    Inventors: Paolo Masini, John William Devitt
  • Patent number: 10168221
    Abstract: An infrared (IR) detector comprises a radio frequency (RF) resonator including a bottom electrode to provide acoustic excitation, a piezoelectric layer connected to the bottom electrode and suspended over a cavity defined within a semiconductor substrate, and a top layer comprising a mid-IR metamaterial and which is connected to the piezoelectric layer of the RF resonator. The top layer and the piezoelectric layer are sized to impedance match with a particular IR wavelength, to minimize reflection and maximize absorption of a particular IR wavelength, and thus make the top layer polarization sensitive to the particular IR wavelength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Songbin Gong, Daniel M. Wasserman
  • Patent number: 10157513
    Abstract: Systems, methods, apparatus, and computer program products are provided for identifying assets (e.g., mobile assets and/or personnel assets). A mobile asset is uniquely identified from RFID tags. Additionally, mobile assets and personnel assets are identified from captured image data. After identification, it can be determined whether the asset (e.g., mobile asset and/or personnel asset) is authorized for one or more activities and a corresponding perceivable indication can be generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: United Parcel Service of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Carl M. Skonberg, Ernest J. Pyzocha, Jr., Andrew J. Hill, III, Bobby J. McFarland
  • Patent number: 10151607
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a device having a first wall that includes a first opening having a first edge, and a first aperture through the first wall. The first edge may be positioned at least partially within a first plane, the first wall and the first plane may define a first space positioned within the first wall, and the first aperture may have a second edge with at least a portion of the second edge positioned outside of the first plane. The device may be utilized to shield one or more sensors from radiation, to insure measurements made by the one or more sensors more accurately represent the actual environmental conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Jason A. Lustbader, Cory James Kreutzer
  • Patent number: 10151638
    Abstract: Various aspects of this disclosure provide a bolometer including a substrate and a ring resonator structure over the substrate. The bolometer may also include a silicon oxide layer in thermal contact with the ring resonator structure. The bolometer may further include a first waveguide over the substrate and coupled to the ring resonator structure, the first waveguide configured to couple an infrared light to the ring resonator structure so that the infrared light generates a temperature increase in the silicon oxide layer. The bolometer may additionally include a second waveguide over the substrate and coupled to the ring resonator structure, the second waveguide configured to couple a probe light input to the ring resonator structure so that a probe light output is generated from the probe light input, the probe light output having a change in a characteristic from the probe light input based on the temperature increase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Agency for Science, Technology and Research
    Inventors: Jifang Tao, Hong Cai, Yuandong Alex Gu, Guoqiang Wu
  • Patent number: 10147835
    Abstract: An optical device includes a carrier including a light transmitting layer and a light shielding layer disposed on the light transmitting layer. The optical device further includes a light emitter disposed on the carrier and a light detector disposed on the carrier. The optical device further includes a light transmitting encapsulant encapsulating the light emitter and the light detector, and a light shielding wall disposed in the light transmitting encapsulant and in contact with the light transmitting encapsulant and the light shielding layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: ADVANCED SEMICONDUCTOR ENGINEERING, INC.
    Inventors: Po-Nien Chen, Yu-Ting Chien, Yueh-Lung Lin, Tsung-Yueh Tsai
  • Patent number: 10132748
    Abstract: An optical sensor device which measures in a spatially resolving manner is disclosed. In order to devise such a sensor device with which a contacting measurement of the article to be measured can be carried out and which can be mass-produced, the sensor device is designed such that a transfer of the calibration onto individual sensor devices is possible with high accuracy. According to certain embodiments of the design of the sensor device and of the evaluation methods, interferences with the measurement of the amount of the target substance are minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Courage + Khazaka electronic GmbH
    Inventors: Jürgen Helfmann, Hans-Joachim Cappius
  • Patent number: 10126173
    Abstract: An inexpensive thermopile temperature detector is particularly adapted to monitoring of electrical equipment, such as a power bus bar, within an enclosed area such as a cabinet. The detector may have a plastic housing, a thermopile sensor and a plastic Fresnel lens. Each sensor also includes a calibrated element such that, but for calibration, the same sensor may be used for various applications for different target sizes and distance or, more generally, with respect to effective target percentage of field of view.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Exergen Corporation
    Inventor: Francesco Pompei
  • Patent number: 10122847
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for detecting presence and motion by an electronic device are disclosed. In an example device, the device includes a housing defining an opening, an infrared (“IR”) sensor located within the housing and generating an indication signal when the IR sensor detects an IR signal. The example device may further include a mirror disposed within the housing and having an unobstructed path and line of sight to outside of the electronic device via the opening and oriented to direct the first IR signal towards the IR sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Google Technology Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Rachid M Alameh, Patrick J Cauwels, Paul R Steuer
  • Patent number: 10113912
    Abstract: An electronic device includes an outer case, a circuit substrate, a thermopile sensor chip, a filter structure, and a waterproof structure. The outer case has an opening. The circuit substrate is disposed inside the outer case. The thermopile sensor chip is disposed on the circuit substrate. The filter structure is disposed above the thermopile sensor chip. The waterproof structure is surroundingly connected between the filter structure and the outer case for sealing up the opening of the outer case, wherein the waterproof structure has a through hole for exposing the filter structure and communicated with the opening of the outer case.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: PIXART IMAGING INC.
    Inventors: Ming-Han Tsai, Chih-Ming Sun, Jian-Cheng Liao
  • Patent number: 10110336
    Abstract: Determining ambient noise in a device under test electromagnetic compatibility test environment is presented herein. A method can include determining, by a system comprising a processor via a radio frequency input port of the system, an ambient electromagnetic noise corresponding to the system; and in response to determining, by the system via the radio frequency input port, a radio frequency signature of a device under test, subtracting, by the system, the ambient electromagnetic noise from the radio frequency signature to obtain a normalized value representing an electromagnetic emission of the device under test. In an example, an antenna/coaxial cable has been connected to the radio frequency input port, the ambient electromagnetic noise can be determined using the antenna/coaxial cable, and a radiated/conducted electromagnetic characteristic of the device under test representing the radio frequency signature of the device under test can be determined using the antenna/coaxial cable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: THE DIRECTV GROUP, INC.
    Inventor: William Kucheravy
  • Patent number: 10110833
    Abstract: Various techniques are provided for an infrared sensor assembly having a hybrid infrared sensor array. In one example, such a hybrid infrared sensor array may include a plurality of microbolometers and a non-bolometric infrared sensor. The non-bolometric infrared sensor may be a thermopile or other type of infrared sensor different from a bolometer-based sensor. The non-bolometric infrared sensor may be utilized to provide a more accurate and stable temperature reading of an object or area of a scene captured by the array. In some embodiments, the non-bolometric infrared sensor may also be utilized to perform a shutter-less radiometric calibration of the microbolometers of the array. An infrared sensor assembly may include, for example, the hybrid infrared sensor array, as well as a substrate including bond pads and/or appropriate circuits to obtain and/or transmit output signals from the non-bolometric infrared sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: FLIR Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew C. Teich, William A. Terre, Pierre Boulanger, Jeffrey D. Frank, John H. Distelzweig
  • Patent number: 10101198
    Abstract: An apparatus for an optical in-situ gas analysis includes a housing; a measuring lance whose one first end is connected to the housing and whose other second end projects into the gas to be measured; a light transmitter that is arranged in the housing and whose light is conducted into the measuring lance and is reflected by a reflector arranged at the second end onto a light receiver, and the optical path defines an optical measurement path within the measuring lance; a gas-permeable filter that is held in the measuring lance and in whose interior the measurement path is located: and an evaluation device for evaluating received light signals of the light receiver. It is proposed to be able to reduce the consumption of test gas that the measuring lance has coaxially arranged inner and outer pipes and the outer pipe has openings for the gas to be measured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: SICK AG
    Inventor: Ralf Zorbach
  • Patent number: 10084429
    Abstract: An IC for heating includes a semiconductor substrate on which a diffusion layer is formed; a first pad and a first via that apply a power voltage to the diffusion layer; and a second pad and a second via that apply a ground voltage to the diffusion layer. The vias overlap with an area on which the diffusion layer is formed in a plan view, the first pad overlaps with the first via in a plan view, and the second pad overlaps with the second via in a plan view. The current flowing through the first pad and the first via, the second pad and the second via, and the diffusion layer flows between an upper surface of the first pad and a lower surface of the first via, and a lower surface of the second via and an upper surface of the second pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenji Hayashi, Akihiro Fukuzawa
  • Patent number: 10067049
    Abstract: Various technologies for measurement of properties of a particulate suspended in a gas phase via laser-induced incandescence (LII) are described herein. A beam of light can be emitted into a multi-pass optical cell using a laser. The multi-pass optical cell comprises a system of one or more mirrors that repeatedly reflects the beam through a measurement region, stimulating incandescence of particulates present in the measurement region. An LII detection system having a field of view that encompasses the measurement region then receives blackbody or quasi-blackbody radiation emitted by the incandescing particles and outputs data indicative of one or more properties of the particulates in the measurement region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventors: Ray Bambha, Hope A. Michelsen
  • Patent number: 10062794
    Abstract: Resonant-cavity infrared photodetector (RCID) devices that include a thin absorber layer contained entirely within the resonant cavity. In some embodiments, the absorber region is a single type-II InAs—GaSb interface situated between an n-type region comprising an AlSb/InAs n-type superlattice and a p-type AlSb/GaSb region. In other embodiments, the absorber region comprises one or more quantum wells formed on an upper surface of the n-type region. In other embodiments, the absorber region comprises a “W”-structured quantum well situated between two barrier layers, the “W”-structured quantum well comprising a hole quantum well sandwiched between two electron quantum wells. In other embodiments, an RCID in accordance with the present invention includes a thin absorber region and an nBn or pBp active core within a resonant cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Jerry R. Meyer, Igor Vurgaftman, Chadwick Lawrence Canedy, William W. Bewley, Chul Soo Kim, Charles D. Merritt, Michael V. Warren, Mijin Kim
  • Patent number: 10043927
    Abstract: A Ge-on-Si photodetector constructed without doping or contacting Germanium by metal is described. Despite the simplified fabrication process, the device has responsivity of 1.24 A/W, corresponding to 99.2% quantum efficiency. Dark current is 40 nA at ?4 V reverse bias. 3-dB bandwidth is 30 GHz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Elenion Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Thomas Wetteland Baehr-Jones, Yi Zhang, Michael J. Hochberg, Ari Novack