Carbon Or Carbide Coating Patents (Class 427/249.1)
  • Patent number: 10755901
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to a plasma source utilizing a macro-particle reduction coating and method of using a plasma source utilizing a macro-particle reduction for deposition of thin film coatings and modification of surfaces. More particularly, the present invention relates to a plasma source comprising one or more plasma-generating electrodes, wherein a macro-particle reduction coating is deposited on at least a portion of the plasma-generating surfaces of the one or more electrodes to shield the plasma-generating surfaces of the electrodes from erosion by the produced plasma and to resist the formation of particulate matter, thus enhancing the performance and extending the service life of the plasma source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Inventors: John Chambers, Peter Maschwitz, Yuping Lin, Herb Johnson
  • Patent number: 10734497
    Abstract: Methods for forming a semiconductor device structure are provided. The methods may include forming a molybdenum nitride film on a substrate by atomic layer deposition by contacting the substrate with a first vapor phase reactant comprising a molybdenum halide precursor, contacting the substrate with a second vapor phase reactant comprise a nitrogen precursor, and contacting the substrate with a third vapor phase reactant comprising a reducing precursor. The methods provided may also include forming a gate electrode structure comprising the molybdenum nitride film, the gate electrode structure having an effective work function greater than approximately 5.0 eV. Semiconductor device structures including molybdenum nitride films are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Chiyu Zhu, Kiran Shrestha, Petri Raisanen, Michael Eugene Givens
  • Patent number: 10643821
    Abstract: A system for measuring a temperature of a rotating workpiece comprises a deposition chamber, a crucible within the deposition chamber, an energy source, a drive system, a temperature sensor, first and second sensor wires, a dynamic electrical connection, and a control system. The crucible is configured to hold a deposition feedstock material. The energy source is configured to evaporate the deposition feedstock material. The drive system is configured to rotate the workpiece such that the evaporated deposition feedstock material can impinge the rotating workpiece. The temperature sensor is configured to sense the temperature of the rotating workpiece. The first and second sensor wires are electrically connected to the temperature sensor. The dynamic electrical connection is configured to electrically communicate the signal indicative of the sensed temperature from the rotatable workpiece holder to the stationary portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: James W. Neal, Michael J. Maloney, Kevin W. Schlichting, David A. Litton
  • Patent number: 10451184
    Abstract: A sliding member includes: a base; a chromium-based hard chromium plated layer formed on the surface of the base; a hard carbon layer that is mainly composed of carbon element and is formed on the hard chromium plated layer. The hydrogen concentration of the hard chromium plated layer is equal to or less than 150 mass ppm. A method for producing the sliding member involves heating the surface of the base on which the chromium-based hard chromium plated layer has been formed at a temperature of 250° C. or more so that the hydrogen concentration of the hard chromium plated layer is equal to or less than 150 mass ppm, and thereafter forming the hard carbon layer mainly composed of carbon element on the hard chromium plated layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Higuchi, Yutaka Mabuchi, Hideaki Kamiyama, Katsuaki Ogawa
  • Patent number: 10370759
    Abstract: The invention concerns a substrate that is electrical conductive on at least one of the faces of same, provided with a stack of thin layers comprising at least one layer of catalyst material suitable for accelerating the growth of carbon nanotubes, characterized in that the stack comprises the sequence of thin layers deposited in the following order on top of said at least one electrically conductive face of the substrate: a) optionally, a metal made from metal M or a layer of a metal alloy made from metal M or a graphene layer; b) a titanium layer (Ti); c) an aluminum layer (Al); d) a layer of catalyst material(s) for the growth of carbon nanotubes. The invention also concerns a functional substrate (6) comprising a substrate coated with a carbon nanotube (NTC) mat, a production method and the uses of such a functional substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Inventors: Hanako Okuno, Raphael Ramos, Jean Dijon
  • Patent number: 10366894
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device, including: forming a metal carbide film including a first metal element and a second metal element on a substrate, by time-divisionally performing, supplying a first precursor gas containing the first metal element and not containing carbon to the substrate, supplying a second precursor gas containing the second metal element differing from the first metal element and not containing carbon to the substrate, and supplying a reaction gas containing carbon to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Inventors: Yukinao Kaga, Arito Ogawa
  • Patent number: 10343920
    Abstract: Methods of forming carbon nanotubes and structures and devices including carbon nanotubes are disclosed. Methods of forming the carbon nanotubes include patterning a surface of a substrate with polymeric material, removing portions of the polymeric material to form exposed substrate surface sections, and forming the carbon nanotubes on the exposed substrate sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventor: Suvi Haukka
  • Patent number: 10230101
    Abstract: Provided are examples of electrochemically active electrode materials, electrodes using such materials, and methods of manufacturing such electrodes. Electrochemically active electrode materials may include a high surface area template containing a metal silicide and a layer of high capacity active material deposited over the template. The template may serve as a mechanical support for the active material and/or an electrical conductor between the active material and, for example, a substrate. Due to the high surface area of the template, even a thin layer of the active material can provide sufficient active material loading and corresponding battery capacity. As such, a thickness of the layer may be maintained below the fracture threshold of the active material used and preserve its structural integrity during battery cycling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: Amprius, Inc.
    Inventors: Ghyrn E. Loveness, William S. Delhagen, Rainer Fasching, Song Han, Zuqin Liu
  • Patent number: 10170300
    Abstract: A protective film forming method is provided. In the method, an oxide film of either an organic metal compound or an organic metalloid compound is deposited on a flat surface region between adjacent recessed shapes formed in a surface of a substrate. Then, a lateral portion of the oxide film deposited on the flat surface region is removed by etching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Shogo Tsukazawa, Chihhsiang Hsiao, Masafumi Ishida, Yutaka Takahashi, Atsushi Endo
  • Patent number: 10099449
    Abstract: A method of forming a substrate assembly includes preparing a substrate in a chamber, combining a solid-state nitrogen source and a boron source on the substrate, forming a metal layer on a surface of the substrate including the combined solid-state nitrogen and boron sources, and forming a first hexagonal boron nitride sheet directly bonded to the surface of the substrate by performing a heat treatment on the substrate including the metal layer and the combined solid-state nitrogen and boron sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Inventors: Hyeon-jin Shin, Sang-Woo Kim, Jin yeong Lee
  • Patent number: 10069072
    Abstract: Solutions of carbon nanotubes and methods for purifying the solutions are provided. The methods include mixing, for example, at least one complexing agents, at least one ionic species, and/or at least one buffer oxide etch (BOE) with a liquid medium containing carbon nanotubes and different types of contaminants, such as metal impurities, amorphous carbon, and/or silica particles, and performing a filtration process to the liquid medium so as to remove or reduce the contaminants in the liquid medium. As a result, carbon nanotube solutions of low contaminants are produced. In some embodiments, the solutions of this disclosure include a high concentration of carbon nanotubes and are substantially free from metal, amorphous carbon, and/or silica impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: Nantero, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Roberts, Rahul Sen, J. Thomas Kocab, Billy Smith, Feng Gu
  • Patent number: 10000846
    Abstract: A method for producing a laminate that has to undergo frictional loads, including a substrate and a functional layer formed from tungsten-containing, amorphous diamond-like carbon. To be able to produce such functional layers easily, they are applied by means of a tungsten-containing precursor and by using a PACVD process. A laminate including a functional layer produced by means of a precursor and to the use of a metallo-organic compound as a precursor for producing a functional layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG.
    Inventors: Andreas Schneider, Yashar Musayev, Tim Matthias Hosenfeldt
  • Patent number: 9908901
    Abstract: Articles and methods comprising persistent carbenes are provided, as well as related compositions. In some embodiments, a persistent carbene may be associated with a portion of a substrate (e.g., at least a portion of a surface on the substrate). In certain embodiments, the association of persistent carbene with the substrate may be used to affect certain properties of substrate (e.g., surface chemistry, stability). In some cases, a persistent carbene may be functionalized after association with a portion of a substrate. In some embodiments, a persistent carbene and at least one secondary compound may be associated with a portion of a substrate. Articles and methods of the present invention may be useful for applications involving electronics, sensing, microfabrication, nanotechnology, biomimetic, and drug delivery, amongst others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jeremiah A. Johnson, Aleksandr V. Zhukhovitskiy
  • Patent number: 9892869
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods of manufacturing micro-super capacitors from C-MEMS structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2018
    Inventors: Majid Beidaghi, Chunlei Wang, Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 9873825
    Abstract: A carbon nanotube sheet includes a carbon nanotube aggregate in which a plurality of carbon nanotubes are arrayed, a thermoplastic resin portion formed in a center area of the carbon nanotube aggregate, and an uncured thermosetting resin portion formed in an outer periphery area of the carbon nanotube aggregate so as to surround the thermoplastic resin portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Inventor: Takuya Oda
  • Patent number: 9850134
    Abstract: A method of forming graphene flower is provided, which includes introducing a hydrocarbon gas and an assistance gas into transformer-coupled plasma equipment, and providing a medium-frequency electromagnetic wave to the hydrocarbon gas and the assistance gas by the transformer-coupled plasma equipment to dissociate the hydrocarbon gas, and the dissociated hydrocarbon gas is re-combined to form the graphene flower, wherein the hydrocarbon gas is dissociated at a ratio of greater than 95%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Inventors: Kun-Ping Huang, Chih-Chen Chang, Chwung-Shan Kou
  • Patent number: 9805748
    Abstract: A method of providing an apparatus with a protective layer by simultaneously depositing carbon and seed material on the apparatus to form an intermediate layer, wherein the carbon and seed material have a percentage composition that varies as a function of the intermediate layer thickness; and then providing a diamond-like carbon (DLC) layer adjacent to the intermediate layer to produce the protective layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Inventors: Yongping Gong, Budi Suswadi, Phuwanai Bunnak, Kah Choong Loo, Krisda Siangchaew
  • Patent number: 9771266
    Abstract: A method for processing carbon nanotubes includes positioning in a treatment chamber of a carbon nanotube processing apparatus a substrate having multiple carbon nanotubes bundled together and oriented substantially perpendicular to a surface of the substrate, and introducing a microwave into the treatment chamber from a planar antenna having multiple microwave radiation holes such that plasma of an etching gas is generated and that the plasma etches the carbon nanotubes starting from one end of the carbon nanotubes bundled together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Inventors: Takashi Matsumoto, Osayuki Akiyama
  • Patent number: 9708226
    Abstract: A high strength ceramic matrix composite and method for same is provided. A fiber preform is provided that is either self-supporting or is constrained by a tool for subsequent processing. The preform is coated with about 0.1 ?m to about 5 ?m of silicon carbide. The silicon carbide is coated with about 0.05 ?m to about 2 ?m boron nitride, carbon, or other interface layer. The interface layer is coated with at least about 0.2 ?m to about 40 ?m of silicon carbide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce Corporation
    Inventor: Andrew J. Lazur
  • Patent number: 9604886
    Abstract: A part made of ceramic matrix composite material has fiber reinforcement of carbon or ceramic fibers and a majority-ceramic sequenced matrix having first matrix layers made of crack-deflector material alternating with second matrix layers made of ceramic material. An interphase coating is interposed between the fibers and the matrix, and the interphase coating adheres to the fibers and to the matrix, and is formed of at least one sequence constituted by a first elementary layer made of carbon, possibly doped with boron, surmounted by a second elementary layer made of ceramic. The outer elementary interphase layer of the coating is a ceramic layer having an outer surface formed by ceramic grains of size lying essentially in the range 20 nm to 200 nm, with the presence of grains of size greater than 50 nm conferring roughness on the outer surface ensuring mechanical attachment with the adjacent matrix phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Inventors: Franck Lamouroux, Sebastien Bertrand, Sylvain Jacques, Caroline Louchet
  • Patent number: 9567681
    Abstract: Methods for providing a metal surface structure and treatment process to prevent the corrosion (e.g., high electrochemical potential oxidization and hydrogen embrittlement) of a metallic component used in electrolyzer operational conditions. The oxide surface scale of a metal plate is used to prevent the corrosion, and electrical conductive materials such as e.g., precious metals or carbon are used to provide the surface electrical conductance of the metallic components. The methods advantageously produce, at a low cost, metal components for electrolyzers that need high electrical conductance and corrosion resistance for long term operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Inventor: Conghua Wang
  • Patent number: 9499904
    Abstract: The disclosed method of manufacturing carbon nanotubes includes the steps of growing CNTs on a substrate 12 and cleaning the inside of a growth furnace 13 by supplying a cleaning gas that contains water into the growth furnace 13. In the cleaning step, the cleaning is performed such that 0.7?(2[CO2]+[CO])/[H2]?1.3 is satisfied, where [H2], [CO2], and [CO] denote the concentrations of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide, respectively, in a gas within the growth furnace 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Inventor: Akiyoshi Shibuya
  • Patent number: 9450250
    Abstract: Catalysts of the present invention are not corroded in acidic electrolytes or at high potential and have excellent durability and high oxygen reducing ability. The catalyst includes a metal oxycarbonitride containing two metals M selected from the group consisting of tin, indium, platinum, tantalum, zirconium, titanium, copper, iron, tungsten, chromium, molybdenum, hafnium, vanadium, cobalt, cerium, aluminum and nickel, and containing zirconium and/or titanium. Also disclosed is a process for producing the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventors: Ryuji Monden, Tadatoshi Kurozumi, Toshikazu Shishikura, Yasuaki Wakizaka
  • Patent number: 9290840
    Abstract: A method for forming an electrically conductive oxide film (1) on a substrate (2), the method comprising the steps of, bringing the substrate (2) into a reaction space, forming a preliminary deposit on a deposition surface of the substrate (2) and treating the deposition surface with a chemical. The step of forming the preliminary deposit on the deposition surface of the substrate (2) comprises forming a preliminary deposit of transition metal oxide on the deposition surface and subsequently purging the reaction space. The step of treating the deposition surface with a chemical comprises treating the deposition surface with an organometallic chemical and subsequently purging the reaction space, to form oxide comprising oxygen, first metal and transition metal. The steps of forming the preliminary deposit and treating the deposition surface being alternately repeated such that a film (1) of electrically conductive oxide is formed on the substrate (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Beneq Oy
    Inventor: Jarmo Maula
  • Patent number: 9260309
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for synthesizing graphene. The method includes loading catalyst metals into a chamber in the horizontal direction or the vertical direction; increasing sizes of grains of the catalyst metals by heating the catalyst metals; raising a temperature inside the chamber while providing a vapor carbon source in the catalyst metals; and forming graphene by cooling the catalyst metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventors: Young-Il Song, Hyeong-Keun Kim, Byung-Hee Hong, Jong-Hyun Ahn
  • Patent number: 9221684
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for fabricating pyrolysed carbon nanostructures. An example method includes providing a substrate, depositing a polymeric material, subjecting the polymeric material to a plasma etching process to form polymeric nanostructures, and pyrolysing the polymeric nanostructures to form carbon nanostructures. The polymeric material comprises either compounds with different plasma etch rates or compounds that can mask a plasma etching process. The plasma etching process may be an oxygen plasma etching process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignees: IMEC, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, KU Leuven R&D
    Inventor: Michael De Volder
  • Patent number: 9156697
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a large-area carbon nanotube film is provided. A helical-shaped substrate having a smoothly curved surface configured for growing carbon nanotube film thereon is provided. The helical-shaped substrate is fixed in a reactor chamber using a supporter. The helical-shaped substrate gradually increases along an axis of the reactor chamber, and the supporter is substantially perpendicular to the axis of the reactor chamber. A catalyst layer is formed on the smoothly curved surface of the substrate. A carbon nanotube film is grown on the smoothly curved surface of the helical-shaped substrate by a chemical vapor deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chang-Hong Liu, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Patent number: 9048183
    Abstract: Embodiments provide methods for depositing metal-containing materials. The methods include deposition processes that form metal, metal carbide, metal silicide, metal nitride, and metal carbide derivatives by a vapor deposition process, including thermal decomposition, CVD, pulsed-CVD, or ALD. A method for processing a substrate is provided which includes depositing a dielectric material forming a feature definition in the dielectric material, depositing a work function material conformally on the sidewalls and bottom of the feature definition, and depositing a metal gate fill material on the work function material to fill the feature definition, wherein the work function material is deposited by reacting at least one metal-halide precursor having the formula MXY, wherein M is tantalum, hafnium, titanium, and lanthanum, X is a halide selected from the group of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine, and y is from 3 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventors: Seshadri Ganguli, Srinivas Gandikota, Yu Lei, Xinliang Lu, Sang Ho Yu, Hoon Kim, Paul F. Ma, Mei Chang, Maitreyee Mahajani, Patricia M. Liu
  • Publication number: 20150147525
    Abstract: Methods for enabling or enhancing growth of carbon nanotubes on unconventional substrates. The method includes selecting an inactive substrate, which has surface properties that are not favorable to carbon nanotube growth. A surface of the inactive substrate is treated so as to increase a porosity of the same. CNTs are then grown on the surface having the increased porosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Government of the United States as Represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Benji Maruyama, Gordon A. Sargent, Ahmad E. Islam
  • Patent number: 9040125
    Abstract: A magnetic data storage medium may include a substrate, a magnetic recording layer, a protective carbon overcoat, and a monolayer covalently bound to carbon atoms adjacent a surface of the protective carbon overcoat. According to this aspect of the disclosure, the monolayer comprises at least one of hydrogen, fluorine, nitrogen, oxygen, and a fluoro-organic molecule. In some embodiments, a surface of a read and recording head may also include a monolayer covalently bound to carbon atoms of a protective carbon overcoat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Seagate Technology LLC
    Inventors: Paul M. Jones, Xiaoping Yan, Lei Li, James Dillon Kiely, Christopher Loren Platt, Michael J. Stirniman, Jiping Yang, Yiao-Tee Hsia
  • Publication number: 20150129089
    Abstract: A hydrogen-free amorphous dielectric insulating film having a high material density and a low density of tunneling states is provided. The film is prepared by e-beam deposition of a dielectric material on a substrate having a high substrate temperature Tsub under high vacuum and at a low deposition rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the film is amorphous silicon having a density greater than about 2.18 g/cm3 and a hydrogen content of less than about 0.1%, prepared by e-beam deposition at a rate of about 0.1 nm/sec on a substrate having Tsub=400° C. under a vacuum pressure of 1×10?8 Torr.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: The Government of the United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Xiao Liu, Daniel R. Queen, Frances Hellman
  • Publication number: 20150132488
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a graphene pattern forming method using a delamination technique employing a polymer stamp. The technique is adequate for forming a graphene pattern having a an arbitrary target pattern. According to the present invention, a portion of a graphene layer formed on a substrate is physically and selectively delaminated using the polymer stamp to simply and easily form a desired graphene pattern having a uniform line width on the substrate. Also, a portion of the graphene layer formed on the substrate is physically and selectively delaminated in a roll-to-roll manner using a rotating body stamp or by using a stamp having a large area to simply and easily form a desired graphene pattern having a uniform line width on the a substrate having a large area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2012
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Sun Sook Lee, Daesung Jung, Han Sun Kim, Ki-Seok An, Taek-Mo Chung, Chang Gyoun Kim, Young Kuk Lee
  • Patent number: 9028916
    Abstract: A method for synthesizing carbon nanowires directly on the internal surface of a three-dimensional structure including a carbon structure and, more particularly, to a method for synthesizing carbon nanowires on the surface of pores or gaps present in a structure. According to the present invention, it is possible to fill fine pores or gaps in a structure, which cause a reduction in mechanical properties or conductivity, with high-density carbon nanowires, thus significantly improving mechanical or electrical performance of a final product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Nam Jo Jeong, Se Young Kim, In Sub Han, Sang Kuk Woo, Doo Won Seo
  • Publication number: 20150125604
    Abstract: Graphene can be produced from the byproducts formed during electrolysis of coal. These byproducts may be electrolyzed coal particles, gelatinous film formed on the electrolyzed coal particles, or the electrolyzed coal particles together with the gelatinous film. The electrolyzed coal byproduct is deposited as a thin layer onto a surface, or carrier substrate 50, which is heated to a temperature effective to form graphite while a reductant gas, such as hydrogen, flows over the heated coal product. The reductant gas flow carries the carbon particles and deposits them onto a surface 66, forming a layer of graphene thereon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: OHIO UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Gerardine G. Botte
  • Patent number: 9017761
    Abstract: Carbon-carbon composites made by needling together woven or nonwoven fabric made from carbon-containing fibers followed by carbonizing the fabric preforms are described. The carbon fiber preforms can be needled either in a carbonized or in an uncarbonized state. The uncarbonized fiber preforms would go through a carbonization/heat-treat step following the needling process. Final preform thickness and fiber volume is also controlled at carbonization, for instance by varying the level of pressure applied to the preforms during carbonization. For example, the preforms may be unconstrained during carbonization (i.e., no pressure is applied to them) or the preforms may be constrained during carbonization, typically by means for applying pressure (e.g., weight placed on top of the preforms).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Mark L. La Forest, Neil Murdie, Mark C. James
  • Publication number: 20150110998
    Abstract: An insulating glass-ceramic substrate for synthesizing graphene includes discrete, crystalline, nanophase metallic regions capable of catalyzing graphene growth. The nanophase regions may be formed by thermal treatment of a glass-ceramic substrate containing the corresponding metal oxide. Single layer and double layer graphene are prepared on the modified glass-ceramic substrate in a vacuum chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process from hydrocarbon precursors. The graphene-coated glass-ceramic substrate is electrically conductive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas Francis Borrelli, Curtis Robert Fekety, Xinyuan Liu, Zhen Song
  • Patent number: 8999440
    Abstract: A structure, method of manufacturing a structure, and methods of using a structure including a graphene sheet is disclosed. According to one aspect, the grapheme sheet is provided, on one of the faces of the structure, with a plurality of metal pins. The metal pins being separated from one another by a dielectric medium chosen from air and dielectric materials. The method including the steps of synthesizing, by vapor phase catalytic growth, the graphene sheet on a plurality of metal pins that are disposed on a membrane made from dielectric material or integrated in the membrane. The growth being catalyzed by the metal pins. According to some aspects, the membrane is removed from the structure. The structure may be used, for example, in the fields of micro- and nanoelectronics, micro- and nanoelectronic engineering, spintronics, photovoltaics, light emitting diode display, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives
    Inventors: Aziz Zenasni, Johann Coraux, Valentina Ivanova-Hristova, Stefan Landis, Carole Pernel
  • Patent number: 8999441
    Abstract: A preparing method for coiled nano carbon material is provided and includes forming a noble metal catalyst crystallite nucleus layer on the surface of the substrate by displacement of a noble metal catalyst, forming a composited nano carbon material on the metal layer of the substrate by using TCVD; in which the composited nano carbon material includes coiled carbon nano tubes and coiled carbon nano fiber. The measured quantity of the total coiled nano carbon tubes and coiled nano carbon fiber in the total measured quantity of nano carbon material is greater than 30%. The coiled nano carbon material can be acquired by scraping it off from the substrate surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: National Defense University
    Inventors: Yih-Ming Liu, Ming-Der Ger, Nen-Wen Pu, Kun-Ju Chung, Ming-Hsien Lin
  • Patent number: 8969234
    Abstract: A method of preparing a fuel cell electrode catalyst by preparing a platinum-carbon core-shell composite, which has a platinum nanoparticle core and a graphene carbon shell, using a simultaneous evaporation process, a method for preparing a fuel cell electrode comprising the catalyst prepared thereby, and a fuel cell comprising the same. A fuel cell comprising an electrode catalyst consisting of the core-shell composite prepared by simultaneously evaporating the platinum precursor and the organic precursor can have high performance and high durability, because the platinum particles are not agglomerated or detached and corroded even under severe conditions, including high-temperature, long use term, acidic and alkaline conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Hee-Yeon Kim, Seok-yong Hong
  • Publication number: 20150056447
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for enhancing the adhesion of CNTs to the surface of a material, including the following steps carried out under an inert gas current or currents optionally mixed with hydrogen: (i) heating the material including CNTs on the surface thereof in a reaction chamber, to a temperature of between 500° and 1,100° C.; (ii) introducing into said chamber a carbon source consisting of acetylene and/or xylene, in the absence of a catalyst; (iii) exposing the heated material to the carbon source for a period of time sufficient to ensure the production of a carbon layer of controlled thickness on the surface of said material and said CNTs covering same, as shown in the figure below; and (iv) optionally recovering the material thus covered after cooling, upon completion of step (iii). The invention likewise relates to hybrid carbon-coated reinforcements and to the uses thereof for preparing structural and functional composite materials or for preparing paints or varnishes and wires.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Jinbo Bai, Youqin Lin, Anthony Dichiara
  • Patent number: 8962101
    Abstract: High-deposition rate methods for forming transparent ashable hardmasks (AHMs) that have high plasma etch selectivity to underlying layers are provided. The methods involve placing a wafer on a powered electrode such as a powered pedestal for plasma-enhanced deposition. According to various embodiments, the deposition is run at low hydrocarbon precursor partial pressures and/or low process temperatures. Also provided are ceramic wafer pedestals with multiple electrode planes embedded with the pedestal are provided. According to various embodiments, the pedestals have multiple RF mesh electrode planes that are connected together such that all the electrode planes are at the same potential.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Pramod Subramonium, Aaron Bingham, Tim Thomas, Jon Henri, Greg Farhner
  • Patent number: 8956510
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to methods for producing metallic products comprising a substrate and a metallic, external coating. In preferred embodiments, the metallic products are jewelry articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Frederick Goldman, Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew Derrig
  • Patent number: 8940396
    Abstract: A glass container and a process for forming a graphene-containing coating on an exterior surface of the glass container to increase the strength of the glass container. A liquid coating composition that includes a physical mixture of a graphene material and a siloxane polymer is applied to the exterior surface of the glass container to form a precursor coating thereon. The glass container and the precursor coating are then cured to form a composite thin film of silica (SiO2) and graphene on the exterior surface of the glass container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Pramod K. Sharma
  • Patent number: 8932663
    Abstract: Methods for forming bone implants for the repair of the ends of bones at orthopedic joints, which implants have a Young's modulus close to that of human cortical bone. Substrates of dense isotropic graphite are coated overall with hard, microporous, isotropic pyrocarbon of specific character such that it can be polished to serve as an articular surface and can also securely receive an anchoring first metal layer through PVD. The first layer has a character such that, by thermal spraying a second biocompatible metal layer thereupon, fusion occurs and thereby anchors an outermost layer that is formed with a network of randomly interconnected pores and a surface character of peaks and valleys designed to promote enhanced appositional growth of cortical bone at the interface therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Ascension Orthopedics, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph P. Ritz, Clive Scott
  • Patent number: 8932673
    Abstract: A method for fabricating large-area, high-quality Graphene product. Specifically, the fabrication method uses a seed layer of exfoliated Graphene in combination with a substrate and a catalyst metal layer and introduces Carbon atoms to the Graphene seed, causing growth of high-quality Graphene product. The method of the invention combines some steps of current mechanical exfoliation techniques with other steps of the CVD process and adds a new technique to the fabrication method involving seed-based catalyst of large-area Graphene product growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventor: Vikram Patil
  • Patent number: 8920871
    Abstract: Porous nuclear fuel elements for use in advanced high temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactors (HTGR's), and to processes for fabricating them. Advanced uranium bi-carbide, uranium tri-carbide and uranium carbonitride nuclear fuels can be used. These fuels have high melting temperatures, high thermal conductivity, and high resistance to erosion by hot hydrogen gas. Tri-carbide fuels, such as (U,Zr,Nb)C, can be fabricated using chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) to simultaneously deposit each of the three separate carbides, e.g., UC, ZrC, and NbC in a single CVI step. By using CVI, the nuclear fuel may be deposited inside of a highly porous skeletal structure made of, for example, reticulated vitreous carbon foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Dennis L. Youchison, Brian E. Williams, Robert E. Benander
  • Publication number: 20140377462
    Abstract: By flowing an amount of hydrogen gas (25-75% of total flow), the stress of thin carbon films (100 nm-10 ?m) can be reduced. The films are deposited by chemical vapor deposition (800° C.-1100° C.) using an ethylene source gas (remainder of total flow). Carbon nanotube structures infiltrated with carbon by this method will not delaminate from the growth substrate, allowing for a range of post-processing methods. One process that can be performed is to etch the carbon “floor layer”, coat the structures in a Formvar film, and then release the structures using a chemical etch. Thin films (5-100 nm) can then be deposited on the substrate-defined Formvar surface. The Formvar can be removed by a thermal annealing step (400-600° C.), or a chemical etch step, either of which will leave suspended thin films over the open portions of the structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Robert Davis, Richard Vanfieet, Kyle Zufelt
  • Patent number: 8911867
    Abstract: The invention relates to a protective coating, having the chemical composition CaSibBdNeOgHlMem, wherein Me is at least one metal of the group consisting of {Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, W, Y, Sc, La, Ce, Nd, Pm, Sm, Pr, Mg, Ni, Co, Fe, Mn}, with a+b+d+e+g+l+m=1. According to the invention, the following conditions are satisfied: 0.45?a?0.98, 0.01?b?0.40, 0.01?d?0.30, 0?e?0.35, 0?g?0.20, 0?l?0.35, 0?m?0.20. The invention relates also to a coated member having a protective coating, as well as to a method for producing a protective coating, in particular a multilayer film for a member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventor: Jörg Vetter
  • Patent number: 8900663
    Abstract: Methods and systems for coating articles are described herein. The methods and systems described herein include, but are not limited to, steps for actively or passively controlling the temperature during the coating process, steps for providing intimate contact between the substrate and the support holding the substrate in order to maximize energy transfer, and/or steps for preparing gradient coatings. Methods for depositing high molecular weight polymeric coatings, end-capped polymer coatings, coatings covalently bonded to the substrate or one another, metallic coatings, and/or multilayer coatings are also disclosed. Deposition of coatings can be accelerated and/or improved by applying an electrical potential and/or through the use of inert gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: GVD Corporation
    Inventors: Erik S. Handy, Aleksander J. White, W. Shannan O'Shaughnessy, Hilton G. Pryce Lewis, Neeta P. Bansal, Karen K. Gleason
  • Patent number: 8895105
    Abstract: A method of growing carbon nanomaterials on a substrate wherein the substrate is exposed to an oxidizing gas; a seed material is deposited on the substrate to form a receptor for a catalyst on the surface of said substrate; a catalyst is deposited on the seed material by exposing the receptor on the surface of the substrate to a vapor of the catalyst; and substrate is subjected to chemical vapor deposition in a carbon containing gas to grow carbon nanomaterial on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: University of Dayton
    Inventors: Khalid Lafdi, Lingchuan Li, Matthew C. Boehle, Alexandre Lagounov