Manufacture, Treatment, Or Detection Of Nanostructure Patents (Class 977/840)

  • Patent number: 9522388
    Abstract: A nanoparticle comprises a nano-active material and a nano-support. In some embodiments, the nano-active material is platinum and the nano-support is alumina. Pinning and affixing the nano-active material to the nano-support is achieved by using a high temperature condensation technology. In some embodiments, the high temperature condensation technology is plasma. Typically, a quantity of platinum and a quantity of alumina are loaded into a plasma gun. When the nano-active material bonds with the nano-support, an interface between the nano-active material and the nano-support forms. The interface is a platinum alumina metallic compound, which dramatically changes an ability for the nano-active material to move around on the surface of the nano-support, providing a better bond than that of a wet catalyst. Alternatively, a quantity of carbon is also loaded into the plasma gun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventors: Qinghua Yin, Xiwang Qi, Eliseo Ruiz
  • Patent number: 9347939
    Abstract: A method of fabricating polymer single nanowires, comprising the steps of: spin coating a polymethylmethacrylate resist onto a silicon wafer patterned with at least one gold electrode pair; creating a nanochannel using e-beam lithography between each pair of the at least one gold electrode pairs; placing the silicon wafer into an aniline monomer polymerization solution; reacting the polymerization solution to give a coated wafer and a polyaniline film; and cleaning the coated wafer of polymethylmethacrylate resist and polyaniline film to give at least one gold electrode pair with a connecting polymer single nanowire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh—Of The Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: Minhee Yun, David Schwartzman, Jiyong Huang
  • Patent number: 9035644
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments of methods and systems related to stimulus responsive nanoparticles. In one embodiment includes a stimulus responsive nanoparticle system, the system includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a plurality of elongated electro-responsive nanoparticles dispersed between the first and second electrodes, the plurality of electro-responsive nanorods configured to respond to an electric field established between the first and second electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: West Virginia University
    Inventors: Darran Robert Cairns, Wade W. Huebsch, Konstantinos A. Sierros, Matthew S. Shafran
  • Publication number: 20150129793
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel method to synthesize composite nanoparticle structures combining the functions of individual nanoparticle components, such as quantum dots, gold nanoparticles and iron oxide nanoparticles. This novel technology solves some of the major problems of the commonly used synthesis methods such as poorly-controlled ratios between different components in a composite nanoparticle. This platform technology has great potential in applying nanotechnology in biomedical detection and imaging, solar cells, as well as environmental monitoring.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Gang RUAN
  • Patent number: 9028757
    Abstract: A method for analysis of an object dyed with fluorescent coloring agents. Separately fluorescing visible molecules or nanoparticles are periodically formed in different object parts, the laser produces the oscillation thereof which is sufficient for recording the non-overlapping images of the molecules or nanoparticles and for decoloring already recorded fluorescent molecules, wherein tens of thousands of pictures of recorded individual molecule or nanoparticle images, in the form of stains having a diameter on the order of a fluorescent light wavelength multiplied by a microscope amplification, are processed by a computer for searching the coordinates of the stain centers and building the object image according to millions of calculated stain center co-ordinates corresponding to the co-ordinates of the individual fluorescent molecules or nanoparticles. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional images are provided for proteins, nucleic acids and lipids with different coloring agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Super Resolution Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Andrey Alexeevich Klimov, Dmitry Andreevich Klimov, Evgeniy Andreevich Klimov, Tatiana Vitalyevna Klimova
  • Patent number: 9011710
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for synthesizing nanocomposite materials including ferromagnetic nanoparticles with polymer shells formed by controlled surface polymerization. The polymer shells prevent the nanoparticles from forming agglomerates and preserve the size dispersion of the nanoparticles. The nanocomposite particles can be further networked in suitable polymer hosts to tune mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of the final composite polymer system. An exemplary method includes forming a polymer shell on a nanoparticle surface by adding molecules of at least one monomer and optionally of at least one tethering agent to the nanoparticles, and then exposing to electromagnetic radiation at a wavelength selected to induce bonding between the nanoparticle and the molecules, to form a polymer shell bonded to the particle and optionally to a polymer host matrix. The nanocomposite materials can be used in various magneto-optic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona
    Inventors: Palash Gangopadhyay, Alejandra Lopez-Santiago, Robert A. Norwood
  • Patent number: 9006132
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing catalyst composition for the synthesis of carbon nanotube with high yields using the spray pyrolysis method. More particularly, this invention relates to a process for preparing catalyst composition for the synthesis of carbon nanotube comprising the steps of i) dissolving multi-component metal precursors of catalyst composition in de-ionized water; ii) spraying obtained catalytic metal precursor solution into the high temperature reactor by gas atomization method; iii) forming the catalyst composition powder by pyrolysis of gas atomized material; and iv) obtaining the catalyst composition powder, wherein said catalyst composition comprises i) main catalyst selected from Fe or Co, ii) Al, iii) optional co-catalyst at least one selected from Ni, Cu, Sn, Mo, Cr, Mn, V, W, Ti, Si, Zr or Y, iv) inactive support of Mg. Further, the catalyst composition prepared by this invention has a very low apparent density of 0.01˜0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Kumho Petrochemical Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Sang-Hyo Ryu, Hyun-Kyung Sung, Namsun Choi, Wan Sung Lee, Dong Hwan Kim, Youngchan Jang
  • Patent number: 8999574
    Abstract: A method of preparing a graphene-sulfur nanocomposite for a cathode in a rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery comprising thermally expanding graphite oxide to yield graphene layers, mixing the graphene layers with a first solution comprising sulfur and carbon disulfide, evaporating the carbon disulfide to yield a solid nanocomposite, and grinding the solid nanocomposite to yield the graphene-sulfur nanocomposite. Rechargeable-lithium-sulfur batteries having a cathode that includes a graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can exhibit improved characteristics. The graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can be characterized by graphene sheets with particles of sulfur adsorbed to the graphene sheets. The sulfur particles have an average diameter of less than 50 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Jun Liu, John P. Lemmon, Zhenguo Yang, Yuliang Cao, Xiaolin Li
  • Patent number: 8980137
    Abstract: A composite for providing electromagnetic shielding including a plurality of nanotubes; and a plurality of elongate metallic nanostructures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nokia Corporation
    Inventors: Vladimir Alexsandrovich Ermolov, Markku Anttoni Oksanen, Khattiya Chalapat, Gheorghe Sorin Paraoanu
  • Patent number: 8951602
    Abstract: A method for depositing high aspect ratio molecular structures (HARMS), which method comprises applying a force upon an aerosol comprising one or more HARM-structures, which force moves one or more HARM-structures based on one or more physical features and/or properties towards one or more predetermined locations for depositing one or more HARM-structures in a pattern by means of an applied force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Canatu Oy
    Inventors: David P. Brown, Albert G. Nasibulin, Esko I. Kauppinen, David Gonzales
  • Patent number: 8944804
    Abstract: A medical device includes a textured surface having a predetermined nanostructure, wherein the nanostructure is less than about 500 nanometers in a broadest dimension. The textures nanostructure surface reduces friction between the medical device and biological tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Liquidia Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Lloyd M. Robeson, Ginger Denison Rothrock
  • Patent number: 8940190
    Abstract: A composite for providing electromagnetic shielding including a plurality of nanotubes; and a plurality of elongate metallic nanostructures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Nokia Corporation
    Inventors: Vladimir Alexsandrovich Ermolov, Markku Anttoni Oksanen, Khattiya Chalapat, Gheorghe Sorin Paraoanu
  • Publication number: 20150017444
    Abstract: A method for lattice design via multivalent linkers (LDML) is disclosed that introduces a rationally designed symmetry of connections between particles in order to achieve control over the morphology of their assembly. The method affords the inclusion of different programmable interactions within one linker that allow an assembly of different types of particles. The designed symmetry of connections is preferably provided utilizing DNA encoding. The linkers may include fabricated “patchy” particles, DNA scaffold constructs and Y-shaped DNA linkers, anisotropic particles, which are preferably functionalized with DNA, multimeric protein-DNA complexes, and particles with finite numbers of DNA linkers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Oleg Gang, Fang Lu, Miho Tagawa
  • Patent number: 8932485
    Abstract: The present invention provides fluorescent nanoparticle composites themselves, the process of preparing such composites, to systems for rapid diagnosis (as “kits”) containing such composites, and to the use of such composites. In a preferential embodiment, the composites of the present invention have an affinity for biological molecules, such as DNA. The present invention also comprises the preparation of probes containing biological material, upon which are added fluorescent nanoparticle composites, making viable a rapid and economic biological diagnosis of, for example, diseases and genetic traits, notably in the medical and veterinarian fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco-UFPE
    Inventors: Celso Pinto De Melo, César Augusto Souza De Andrade, Clécio Gomes Dos Santos
  • Patent number: 8927988
    Abstract: A method of forming a nanopore array includes patterning a front layer of a substrate to form front trenches, the substrate including a buried layer disposed between the front layer and a back layer; depositing a membrane layer over the patterned front layer and in the front trenches; patterning the back layer and the buried layer to form back trenches, the back trenches being aligned with the front trenches; forming a plurality of nanopores through the membrane layer; depositing a sacrificial material in the front trenches and the back trenches; depositing front and back insulating layers over the sacrificial material; and heating the sacrificial material to a decomposition temperature of the sacrificial material to remove the sacrificial material and form pairs of front and back channels, wherein the front channel of each channel pair is connected to the back channel of its respective channel pair by an individual nanopore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Bing Dang, Hongbo Peng
  • Patent number: 8906503
    Abstract: Fine particles of crystalline polyol are provided having a cationic polymer fixed on the crystal surfaces. These fine particles can stably carry an anionically charged compound on their surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: University of Tokyo
    Inventors: Kazunori Kataoka, Kanjiro Miyata, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Takehiko Ishii, Tomoya Suma
  • Patent number: 8906498
    Abstract: A method of making a sandwich of impact resistant material, the method comprising: providing a powder; performing a spark plasma sintering process on powder to form a tile; and coupling a ductile backing layer to the tile. In some embodiments, the powder comprises micron-sized particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises nano-particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises silicon carbide particles. In some embodiments, the powder comprises boron carbide particles. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises an adhesive layer. In some embodiments, the ductile backing layer comprises: a layer of polyethylene fibers; and an adhesive layer coupling the layer of polyethylene fibers to the tile, wherein the adhesive layer comprises a thickness of 1 to 3 millimeters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8900517
    Abstract: An electronic system for selectively detecting and identifying a plurality of chemical species, which comprises an array of nanostructure sensing devices, is disclosed. Within the array, there are at least two different selectivities for sensing among the nanostructure sensing devices. Methods for fabricating the electronic system are also disclosed. The methods involve modifying nanostructures within the devices to have different selectivity for sensing chemical species. Modification can involve chemical, electrochemical, and self-limiting point defect reactions. Reactants for these reactions can be supplied using a bath method or a chemical jet method. Methods for using the arrays of nanostructure sensing devices to detect and identify a plurality of chemical species are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Nanomix, Inc.
    Inventors: Jean-Christophe P. Gabriel, Philip G. Collins, George Gruner, Keith Bradley
  • Patent number: 8894934
    Abstract: Techniques, apparatus, material and systems are described for implementing a three-dimensional composite mushroom-like metallodielectric nanostructure. In one aspect, a surface plasmon based sensing device includes a substrate and a layer of an anti-reflective coating over the substrate. The surface Plasmon based sensing device includes a dielectric material on the anti-reflective coating shaped to form a 2-dimensional array of nanoholes spaced from one another. Also, the surface Plasmon based sensing device includes a layer of a metallic film formed on the 2-dimensional array of nanoholes to include openings over the nanoholes, respectively, wherein the sensing device is structured to support both propagating surface plasmon polariton (SPP) waves and localized surface plasmon resonant (LSPR) modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Lin Pang, Haiping Matthew Chen, Yeshaiahu Fainman
  • Patent number: 8895412
    Abstract: Disclosed is a nano-structure manufacturing method which includes: forming a first semiconductor composite layer, a semiconductor quantum structure layer, a second semiconductor composite layer, and a semiconductor quantum dot layer on a substrate in order; thermally treating the semiconductor quantum dot layer so that quantum dots of the semiconductor quantum dot layer are aggregated; and performing an etching process by using the aggregated quantum dots as a mask.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Seung Kyu Ha, Su Youn Kim, Il Ki Han, Jin Dong Song, Won Jun Choi
  • Patent number: 8871175
    Abstract: A quantum nanomaterial having a bandgap that may be tuned to enable the quantum nanomaterial to detect IR radiation in selected regions including throughout the MWIR region and into the LWIR region is provided. The quantum nanomaterials may include tin telluride (SnTe) nanomaterials and/or lead tin telluride (PbxSn1-xTe) nanomaterials. Additionally, a method of manufacturing nanomaterial that is tunable for detecting IR radiation in selected regions, such as throughout the MWIR region and into the LWIR region, is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Larken Elizabeth Euliss, Adam Franklin Gross, Keith John Davis, Nicole L. Abueg
  • Patent number: 8871295
    Abstract: A method for moving high aspect ratio molecular structures (HARMS), which method comprises applying a force upon a dispersion comprising one or more bundled and individual HARM-structures, wherein the force moves the bundled and/or the individual HARM-structure based on one or more physical features and/or properties for substantially separating the bundled and individual HARM-structures from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Canatu Oy
    Inventors: David P. Brown, Albert G. Nasibulin, Esko I. Kauppinen, David Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 8865611
    Abstract: A method of forming a catalyst, comprising: providing a plurality of support particles and a plurality of mobility-inhibiting particles, wherein each support particle in the plurality of support particles is bonded with its own catalytic particle; and bonding the plurality of mobility-inhibiting particles to the plurality of support particles, wherein each support particle is separated from every other support particle in the plurality of support particles by at least one of the mobility-inhibiting particles, and wherein the mobility-inhibiting particles are configured to prevent the catalytic particles from moving from one support particle to another support particle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventors: Qinghua Yin, Xiwang Qi, Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8859999
    Abstract: The movement-free bending method means the one of deformation methods for a one- or two-dimensional nanostructures using an ion beam capable of bending and deforming them and furthermore, changing a bending direction without requiring a motion such as a rotation of the nanostructures. The present invention affords a movement-free bending method for deforming the nanostructure 20 having the one-dimensional or two-dimensional shape by irradiating the ion beam 10, wherein a bending direction of the nanostructure 20 is controlled depending on energy of the ion beam 10 or a thickness of the nanostructure 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
    Inventors: Dal Hyoun Kim, Hwack Joo Lee, Sang Jung Ahn
  • Publication number: 20140284814
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a semiconductor device includes a first wiring, a second wiring disposed in the same layer as the first wiring, a first via connected to a bottom surface of the first wiring and formed of a carbon nanotube, and a second via connected to a bottom surface of the second wiring and formed of a metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: Tatsuro SAITO, Makoto WADA, Atsunobu ISOBAYASHI, Akihiro KAJITA
  • Patent number: 8841231
    Abstract: The invention concerns a novel process for the preparation of supported metallic catalysts in which the metallic phase is deposited in the form of agglomerates of nanoparticles of metallic oxide and forms a layer of fine thickness at the surface of the support. The process for the preparation of a catalyst comprises preparing in aqueous phase a colloidal suspension of agglomerates of nanoparticles of metallic oxide, then depositing that suspension on a porous support, drying the catalyst precursor obtained, and optionally calcining and reducing the precursor by means of any reducing compound. The invention also concerns the catalysts obtained by said process and their uses in reactions for the transformation of unsaturated organic compounds. The invention is applied to the refining field and more particularly to the treatment of gasolines obtained by steam cracking and/or obtained by catalytic cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventor: Antoine Fecant
  • Publication number: 20140269830
    Abstract: Systems and methods related to the determination of one or more mechanical characteristics of a structural element are generally described. In some embodiments, a mechanical characteristic (e.g., a crack, a deformation, an inclusion, etc.) can be determined based at least in part upon the determination of a temperature generated, for example, by passing a current through a network of structures within the structural element. For example, in some embodiments, the structural element can comprise a network of electrically conductive nanostructures and, in some cases, a primary structural material that is not substantially electrically conductive. An electrical current can be passed through the network of electrically conductive nanostructures (e.g., by passing current through an electrical circuit comprising the network of electrically conductive nanostructures). This may result in resistive heating (also known as Joule-effect heating) of the nanostructure network.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian L. Wardle, Roberto Guzman de Villoria, Antonio Miravete
  • Publication number: 20140262747
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for functionalizing and/or separating graphene particles and other nanomaterials in which graphene and other nanoparticles are placed in a pile on one of two opposing conductive surfaces that are charged with a high D.C. voltage so that material of a certain character is attracted to the other conducting surface. This process takes place in an enclosed chamber that has been flooded with a designated gas at ambient pressure, with the material attracted to the second conducting surface passing through the designated gas. The high energy field creates a condition such that the material remaining on the first conductive surface takes on atoms of the designated gas and material the going to the second surface is further exposed to and characterized by the designated gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Graphene Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Wayne Dickinson, Donald Brookshire, JR., Lawrence Joseph Musetti, Theodore Joseph Musetti
  • Patent number: 8835215
    Abstract: A simple method is developed in the present invention for fabricating periodic ripple microstructures on the surface of an ITO film by using single-beam femtosecond laser pulses. The periodic ripple microstructures composed of self-organized nanodots can be directly fabricated through the irradiation of the femtosecond laser, without scanning. The ripple spacing of ˜800 nm, ˜400 nm and ˜200 nm observed in the periodic ripple microstructures can be attributed to the interference between the incident light and the scattering light of the femtosecond laser from the surface of the ITO film. In the present invention, the self-organized dots are formed by the constructive interference formed in the surface of the ITO film, where includes higher energy to break the In—O and Sn—O bonds and then form the In—In bonds. Therefore, the dots have higher surface current greater than other disconstructive regions of the ITO film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: National Tsing Hua University
    Inventors: Jih-perng Leu, Chih-Wei Luo, Chih Wang, Jwo-Huei Jou
  • Patent number: 8828239
    Abstract: A fabrication method for a flexible porous free-standing protein membrane formed by cross-linked protein includes (1) mixing nanostructured materials and protein to obtain a composite made of protein and nanostructured materials (for example metal hydroxide nanostrands); (2) forming a membranous body formed by the composite made of protein and nanostructured materials, and mutually cross-linking the protein by a cross-linker; and (3) dissolving and removing the nanostructured materials to produce a flexible porous free-standing protein membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: XinShen Peng, Izumi Ichinose
  • Patent number: 8822955
    Abstract: The present application relates to polymer-conjugated quantum dots. The quantum dots can include, for example, an inorganic core conjugated to a polymer. The quantum dots may, in some embodiments, be water-soluble and exhibit superior photoluminescence. Also disclosed are methods of making and using the quantum dots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: East China University of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Xinhua Zhong, Yan Li, Hua Zhang, Lu Liu
  • Patent number: 8809492
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for filtering a fluid containing nanoparticles. The systems and methods generally include introducing a stream of the nanoparticle-containing fluid into a holding vessel, and extracting at least a part of a nanoparticle-containing fluid accumulated in the holding vessel. The extracted nanoparticle-containing fluid is passed through a filtration module to separate a nanoparticle-containing retentate from a permeate, and the retentate is returned to the vessel. The filtration cycle can be repeated until a desired concentration of the nanoparticles is achieved in the holding vessel. In many embodiments, the generation of the nanoparticle-containing fluid and its filtration are performed concurrently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Cerulean Pharma Inc.
    Inventors: J. Michael Ramstack, John Podobinski
  • Patent number: 8795734
    Abstract: Methods and materials for delivering biologically active molecules to cells in vitro or in vivo are provided. The methods and materials use carbon nanotubes or other hydrophobic particles, tubes and wires, functionalized with a linking group that is covalently bound to the nanotubes, or, alternatively, to the biologically active molecule, such as a protein. The biologically active molecule is preferably released from the nanotube when the complex has been taken up in an endosome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Hongjie Dai, Nadine Wong Shi Kam, Paul A. Wender, Zhuang Liu
  • Patent number: 8790534
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for the precision fabrication of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS), Microsytems, Nanosystems, Photonics, 3-D integration, heterogeneous integration, and Nanotechology devices and structures. The disclosed system and method can also be used in any fabrication technology to increase the precision and accuracy of the devices and structures being made compared to conventional means of implementation. A platform holds and moves a substrate to be machined during machining and a plurality of lasers and/or ion beams are provided that are capable of achieving predetermined levels of machining resolution and precision and machining rates for a predetermined application. The plurality of lasers and/or ion beams comprises a plurality of the same type of laser and/or ion beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Corporation for National Research Initiatives
    Inventor: Michael A. Huff
  • Publication number: 20140204647
    Abstract: A racetrack memory cell device include a dielectric, an electrode disposed in the dielectric, a metal strap disposed in the dielectric, a nanowire disposed in the dielectric between the electrode and the metal strap and a magnetic tunnel junction disposed in the dielectric on the metal strap, and axially with the nanowire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Anthony J. Annunziata
  • Patent number: 8784542
    Abstract: The invention relates to a nanofiber membrane layer having a basis weight of 0.01-50 g/m2 and a porosity of 60-95%, comprising a nanoweb made of polymeric nanofibers with a number average diameter in the range of 50-600 nm, consisting of a polymer composition comprising a semicrystalline polyamide having a C/N ratio of at most 5.5. The invention also relates to water and air filtration devices comprising such a nanofiber membrane layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Konraad Albert Louise Hector Dullaert, Marko Dorschu, Arnaud David Henri Chiche
  • Patent number: 8772756
    Abstract: A method of forming a nanowire structure is disclosed. The method comprises applying on a surface of carrier liquid a layer of a liquid composition which comprises a surfactant and a plurality of nanostructures each having a core and a shell, and heating at least one of the carrier liquid and the liquid composition to a temperature selected such that the nanostructures are segregated from the surfactant and assemble into a nanowire structure on the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Research and Development Authority
    Inventors: Roman Volinsky, Raz Jelinek
  • Patent number: 8771933
    Abstract: This invention provides methods utilizing a microfluidic device that can quickly and accurately discern differences in deformability between individual cells and sets of cells and continuously fractionate populations of cells based on their deformability. This information may be important in disease diagnosis and treatment efficacy monitoring. For example such a device may be able to determine the stage of malarial infection by using red blood cell deformability. Additionally, methods of the invention may be used as a tool to screen drugs that can make cells more flexible in diseases such as sickle cell anemia that causes sickle cell crises. The relatively low manufacturing and operation costs of methods of the invention enable this device to be used in resource-limited settings to diagnose and monitor disease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Jongyoon Han, Hansen Bow, Patrick Abgrall
  • Publication number: 20140167563
    Abstract: Provided are flexible piezoelectric generators and methods of manufacturing the same. The piezoelectric generator includes a first insulation layer disposed on a first electrode, a piezoelectric structure disposed on the first insulation layer, a second insulation layer disposed on the piezoelectric structure, and a second electrode disposed on the second insulation layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicants: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORPORATION, SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Young-jun PARK, Zhong-lin WANG, Sang-min LEE
  • Patent number: 8753494
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a gas sensor including a nanopore electrode and a fluorine compound coated on the nanopore electrode, and also relates to a preparing method of the gas sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Ewha University—Industry Collaboration Foundation
    Inventors: Youngmi Lee, Myung Hwa Kim, Min-Cheol Oh, Hyunkyung Do, Kyung Jang, Ji-Hyang Jang
  • Patent number: 8753772
    Abstract: Rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries having a cathode that includes a graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can exhibit improved characteristics. The graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can be characterized by graphene sheets with particles of sulfur adsorbed to the graphene sheets. The sulfur particles have an average diameter less than 50 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Jun Liu, John P. Lemmon, Zhenguo Yang, Yuliang Cao, Xiaolin Li
  • Patent number: 8748330
    Abstract: This disclosure provides methods of making an enhanced activity nanostructured thin film catalyst by radiation annealing, typically laser annealing, typically under inert atmosphere. Typically the inert gas has a residual oxygen level of 100 ppm. Typically the irradiation has an incident energy fluence of at least 30 mJ/mm2. In some embodiments, the radiation annealing is accomplished by laser annealing. In some embodiments, the nanostructured thin film catalyst is provided on a continuous web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Mark K. Debe, Robert L. W. Smithson, Charles J. Studiner, IV, Susan M. Hendricks, Michael J. Kurkowski, Andrew J. L. Steinbach
  • Patent number: 8741801
    Abstract: Platinum (Pt)-based alloys are effective catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) or fuel oxidation in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). A wet-chemical approach for preparing monodisperse Pt3Ni, Pt3Co and Pt3Fe nanocubes and Pt3Ni nanoctahedra which are terminated with {100} and {111} facets, respectively, were developed. Such nanoscaled electrocatalysts supported on carbon black with controlled shape, e.g., octahedral configuration, is provided. ORR activity on the Pt3Ni nanoctahedra is ˜5.1 fold higher than that of nanocubes with a similar size, and their C-supported samples are highly active with respect to commercial Pt/C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: The Research Foundation for The State University of New York
    Inventors: Jiye Fang, Jun Zhang
  • Patent number: 8741152
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a flexible free-standing ultrathin (nano) or thin protein membrane that includes (1) keeping a dilute metal (Cd, Cu or Zn) nitrate or chloride solution under neutral or weak basic pH to spontaneously form metal (Cd, Cu or Zn) hydroxide nanostrands; (2) mixing the metal (Cd, Cu or Zn) hydroxide nanostrands and protein solution to obtain composite nanofibers made of protein and the metal (Cd, Cu or Zn) hydroxide nanostrands; (3) filtering the obtained dispersion of composite nanofibers on a filter; (4) cross-linking the proteins contained in the composite nanofibers by a bifunctional cross-linker; and (5) removing the metal (Cd, Cu or Zn) hydroxide nanostrands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: XinShen Peng, Izumi Ichinose
  • Patent number: 8734904
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for forming topographical features. In one method, a pre-patterned structure is provided which comprises i) a support member having a surface and ii) an element for topographically guiding segregation of a polymer mixture including a first polymer and a second polymer, the element comprising a feature having a sidewall adjoined to the surface. The polymer mixture is disposed on the pre-patterned structure, wherein the disposed polymer mixture has contact with the sidewall and the surface. The first polymer and the second polymer are segregated in a plane parallel to the surface, thereby forming a segregated structure comprising a first polymer domain and a second polymer domain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Joy Cheng, Hayato Namai, Charles Thomas Rettner, Daniel Paul Sanders, Ratnam Sooriyakumaran
  • Patent number: 8734748
    Abstract: A method of purifying a nanomaterial and the resultant purified nanomaterial in which a salt, such as ferric chloride, at or near its liquid phase temperature, is used to penetrate and wet the internal surfaces of a nanomaterial to dissolve impurities that may be present, for example, from processes used in the manufacture of the nanomaterial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Ching-Cheh Hung, Janet Hurst
  • Publication number: 20140138863
    Abstract: A method of preparing particles comprises forming by optical lithography a topographic template layer disposed on a surface of a substrate, which is suitable for spin casting. The template layer comprises a non-crosslinked template polymer having a pattern of independent wells therein for molding independent particles. Spin casting a particle-forming composition onto the template layer forms a composite layer comprising the template polymer and the particles disposed in the wells. The composite layer is removed from the substrate using a stripping agent that dissolves the template polymer without dissolving the particles. The particles are then isolated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Joy Cheng, Daniel J. Coady, Matthew E. Colburn, Blake W. Davis, James L. Hedrick, Steven J. Holmes, Hareem T. Maune, Alshakim Nelson
  • Patent number: 8727112
    Abstract: Methods and articles of manufacture for storage and shipping of nanowires are disclosed. One disclosed method includes: (a) providing a nanowire suspension including nanowires suspended in a liquid; and (b) disposing the nanowire suspension in a container for storage and shipping, where the container is configured to inhibit agglomeration of nanowires from the nanowire suspension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Innova Dynamics, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Eugene Young, Arjun Daniel Srinivas, Matthew R. Robinson
  • Publication number: 20140119981
    Abstract: A Bi1-xSbx thin film is provided that includes a Dirac-cone with different degrees of anisotropy in their electronic band structure by controlling the stoichiometry, film thickness, and growth orientation of the thin film, so as to result in a consistent inverse-effective mass tensor including non-parabolic or linear dispersion relations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Shuang Tang, Mildred S. Dresselhaus
  • Publication number: 20140091279
    Abstract: Non-planar semiconductor devices having germanium-based active regions with release etch-passivation surfaces are described. For example, a semiconductor device includes a vertical arrangement of a plurality of germanium-rich nanowires disposed above a substrate. Each nanowire includes a channel region having a sulfur-passivated outer surface. A gate stack is disposed on and completely surrounds the channel region of each of the germanium-rich nanowires. The gate stack includes a gate dielectric layer disposed on and surrounding the sulfur-passivated outer surface and a gate electrode disposed on the gate dielectric layer. Source and drain regions are disposed on either side of the channel regions of the germanium-rich nanowires.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventors: Jessica S. Kachian, Willy Rachmady, Robert B. Turkot, Jr.