Transition Metal-base Component Patents (Class 428/655)
  • Patent number: 11224920
    Abstract: A coated tool may include a base member and a coating layer located on the base member. The coating layer may include an alternating layer having first layers and second layers. The first layers may contain (TibNbdMe)CxN1-x (where M is one or more kinds selected from metals of Groups 4, 5 and 6 in the periodic table except for Ti and Nb, and Al, 0.2?b?0.8, 0.01?d?0.2, 0?e?0.7, b+d+e=1 and 0<x<1). The second layers may contain M?N (where M? is metal of Groups 4, 5 and 6 in the periodic table except for Nb).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: KYOCERA Corporation
    Inventor: Satoshi Mori
  • Patent number: 11193210
    Abstract: A coated metallic substrate is provided, including, at least; one layer of oxides, such layer being directly topped by an intermediate coating layer comprising Fe, Ni, Cr and Ti wherein the amount of Ti is above or equal to 5 wt. % and wherein the following equation is satisfied: 8 wt. %<Cr+Ti<40 wt. %, the balance being Fe and Ni, such intermediate coating layer being directly topped by a coating layer being an anticorrosion metallic coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2021
    Assignee: ArcelorMittal
    Inventors: Jacek Goniakowski, Thi Ha Linh Le, Claudine Noguera, Jacques Jupille, Remi Lazzari, Jean-Michel Mataigne, Alexey Koltsov, Remi Cavallotti, Daniel Chaleix, Lucie Gaouyat
  • Patent number: 10596661
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an object including the steps of forming layers by adding successive layers of material to form the object by selective laser melting (SLM), and inducing plastic deformation and residual stress into solidified material of at least one of the successive layers of material to improve mechanical properties and a fatigue resistance of the object, wherein the plastic deformation and the residual stress are induced by a laser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Inventors: Nikola Kalentics, Roland Logé, Eric Boillat
  • Patent number: 10519559
    Abstract: In a method for improving the weldability of high-manganese-containing steel strips which contain (in % by weight) from 6 to 30% of manganese, up to 1% of carbon, up to 15% of aluminum, up to 6% of silicon, up to 6.5% of chromium, up to 4% of copper and also total additions of titanium and zirconium of up to 0.7% and total additions of niobium and vanadium of up to 0.5%, balance iron including unavoidable steel-accompanying elements the steel strips are coated with a zinc-containing corrosion protection layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2019
    Inventors: Kai Köhler, Marc Debeaux, Friedrich Luther
  • Patent number: 10486391
    Abstract: An amorphous structure layer is formed on a surface layer of a bonded portion of each of side brackets. A bottomed hole layer including a plurality of bottomed holes is formed on a surface layer of the amorphous structure layer. Each of the bottomed holes has a reverse-tapered shape, which has, between an opening portion and a bottom portion of each of the bottomed holes, a bulged portion having a larger inner circumference than the opening portion. An adhesive is injected into the bottomed holes. An outer circumferential surface of the bonded portion of each of the side brackets and an inner circumferential surface of an end portion of a center beam face toward each other with the adhesive interposed therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Katsuyuki Awano, Yasuhiko Saijo, Yoichi Toyooka, Masaaki Nishi
  • Patent number: 9476115
    Abstract: A multilayer solar selective coating on metallic and non-metallic substrates suitable for high temperature solar thermal power applications. The optimized solar selective coating of the present invention on stainless steel substrate exhibits absorptance of 0.954 and emittance of 0.07. A five layer coating is deposited using the sputtering process, and includes tungsten (W), titanium aluminum nitride (TiAlN), titanium aluminum silicon nitride (TiAlSiN), titanium aluminum silicon oxy-nitride (TiAlSiON), and titanium aluminum silicon oxide (TiAlSiO) layers. The first layer (W) acts an infrared reflector, the second layer (TiAlN), the third layer (TiAlSiN) and the fourth layer (TiAlSiON) act as the absorber layer and the fifth layer (TiAlSiO) acts as the anti-reflection layer. The high-temperature solar selective coating exhibits average emittance of 0.10 at 400° C. on stainless steel substrate in the wavelength range of 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventor: Barshilia Harish Chandra
  • Patent number: 8993122
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and apparatus of forming a sputter target assembly having a controlled solder thickness. In particular, the method includes the introduction of a bonding foil, between the backing plate and the sputter target, wherein the bonding foil is an ignitable heterogeneous stratified structure for the propagation of an exothermic reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Praxair Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul S. Gilman, Binu Mathew, Brian J. O'Hara, Thomas J. Hunt, Peter McDonald, Holger J. Koenigsmann
  • Patent number: 8980953
    Abstract: According to the present invention, there are provided a food and a food additive obtained using an alkaline decomposition product of a hop extract, and an agent for suppressing fat accumulation or for suppressing weight gain comprising the same as an active ingredient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Kirin Holdings Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Taniguchi, Fumitoshi Manabe, Yumie Kobayashi, Mikio Katayama
  • Publication number: 20150010776
    Abstract: Various methods including applying a coating material with an additive to an article are disclosed. The coating material may be in a powder form before a thermal spraying used to apply the coating material. The coating material may comprise a chromium nitride, a chromium carbide, a chromium silicide, or a tungsten carbide. Additional materials may be added, e.g., a molybdenum alloy such as molybdenum-chromium. In one aspect, thermal spraying includes melting the coating material, propelling the molten coating material toward the article to be coated, and coating the article with the molten coating material. In another aspect, the coated article is one or more piston rings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Thomas Stong, Thomas Smith, Jason Bieneman
  • Patent number: 8916675
    Abstract: A method for forming a polymer comprising the polymerization of a plurality of monomers, wherein at least one of the plurality of monomers is one or both of: a charge transporting unit and a hydrocarbon monomer in which at least one carbon atom has been substituted by an atom or group with a greater quantity of unshared valence electrons than the carbon atom it has been substituted for, and wherein at least one of the plurality of monomers comprises an end-capping compound at one end of said monomer, the end-capping compound preventing polymerization at the end, wherein the end-capping compound is not charge transporting and comprises at least two rings. The end capping compound preferably consists of or includes a structural unit having the formula: (Ar)n—X, wherein Ar in each occurrence independently represents an aryl or heteroaryl group; X represents a leaving group comprising a boron derivative group or halogen; and n is 2 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignees: Cambridge Display Technology Limited, Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited
    Inventors: Mary McKiernan, Thomas Pounds
  • Patent number: 8906822
    Abstract: This disclosure describes a coating composition comprising: MnxOy, MnCr2O4, or combinations thereof in a first region of a coating having a first thickness, wherein x and y are integers between 1 and 7; and X6W6(Siz, C1-z) in a second region of the coating having a second thickness, wherein X is Ni or a mixture of Ni and one or more transition metals and z ranges from 0 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Qtech, Inc.
    Inventors: Sabino Steven Anthony Petrone, Robert Leslie Deuis, Fuwing Kong, Yan Chen
  • Patent number: 8809696
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a copper surface treatment method capable of keeping certainly a bonding strength between a copper surface and a resist, or between a copper surface and an insulating resin without forming irregularities having sizes of more than 1 ?m on the copper surface, and a copper treated with the method. The surface treatment method, comprising: a first step of forming, on a copper surface, a nobler metal than the copper discretely; a second step, subsequent to the first step, of forming copper oxide on the copper surface by oxidation with an alkaline solution containing an oxidizing agent; and third step of dissolving the copper oxide so as to be removed, thereby forming irregularities on the copper surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoaki Yamashita, Sumiko Nakajima, Sadao Itou, Fumio Inoue, Shigeharu Arike
  • Patent number: 8758901
    Abstract: An ultrahigh-strength welded joint with superior strength and toughness, and a method for producing the ultrahigh-strength welded joint by means of single-pass welding by using laser hybrid welding, are provided, wherein the welded joint comprising a steel plate having a plate thickness of 4 mm to 12 mm and including weld metal of almost full martensite structure, wherein, in a cross-section of the welded joint in a direction perpendicular to a welding direction, a cross-sectional shape of the weld metal has a width W1 of 2.0 to 7.0 mm at a surface of the steel plate and a width W2 of 0.5 to 2.4 mm at a position where is separated from the surface by three-quarters of the plate thickness, wherein the weld metal comprises, by mass %, C: over 0.09% to 0.24%; Si: 0.2% to 1.0%; Mn: 0.5% to 2.5%; P: 0.02% or less; S: 0.02% or less; Al: 0.004% to 0.08%; Ti: 0.005% to 0.15%; O: 0.005% to 0.05%; and Ni: 1.0% to 9%, and wherein a carbon equivalent (Ceq) is 0.40% to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Shuichi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Kojima
  • Patent number: 8727203
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an orthopaedic implant device having a porous outer surface is described. In one embodiment, the implant device includes a porous layer, an intermediate layer, and a solid substrate. The porous layer is preferably bonded to the intermediate layer by cold isostatic pressing. The intermediate layer is preferably bonded by vacuum welding to the solid substrate such that the porous layer forms at least a portion of the outer surface of the orthopaedic implant device. Preferably, a diffusion bond is created between the bonded intermediate layer and the solid substrate by hot isostatic pressing. In another embodiment, a porous layer is created on an outer surface of a solid layer by selective melting. Preferably, the solid layer is bonded to the solid substrate such that the porous layer forms at least a portion of the outer surface of the orthopaedic implant device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Howmedica Osteonics Corp.
    Inventors: Aiguo Wang, Daniel E. Lawrynowicz, Haitong Zeng, Naomi Murray, Balaji Prabhu
  • Patent number: 8728630
    Abstract: Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity Ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current. Grain size can be controlled in alloys of two or more components, at least one of which is a metal, and at least one of which is most electro-active. Typically, the more electro-active material is preferentially lessened during negative current. Current density, duration of pulse portions, and bath composition are determined with reference to relations showing grain size as a function of deposit composition, and deposit composition as a function of Polarity Ratio, or a single relation showing grain size as a function of Polarity ratio. A specified size can be achieved by selecting a corresponding Polarity Ratio. Coatings can be layered, each having an average grain size, which can vary layer to layer and also graded through a region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Andrew J. Detor, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Patent number: 8691395
    Abstract: A composite material for brazing having features of: forming a homogenous distribution of components in the brazing filler material even after brazing; having an excellent workability; offering low manufacturing costs; and having satisfactory corrosion resistivity as desired. The composite material for brazing has a lamination of a brazing filler material layer thereon, wherein the brazing filler material layer is a layer of alloy that includes copper, aluminum, and nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Cable, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideyuki Sagawa, Kazuma Kuroki, Hiromitsu Kuroda
  • Publication number: 20130323530
    Abstract: An active solder is revealed. The active solder includes an active material and a metal substrate. There are two kinds of active materials, titanium together with rare earth elements and magnesium. The metal substrate is composed of a main component and an additive. The main component is tin-zinc alloy and the additive is selected from bismuth, indium, silver, copper or their combinations. The active solder enables targets and backing plates to be joined with each other directly in the atmosphere. The target is ceramic or aluminum with low wetting properties. The bonding temperature of the active solder ranges from 150° C. to 200° C. so that the problem of thermal stress can be avoided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventors: Shih-Ying CHANG, Lung-Chuan TSAO, Tung-Han CHUANG, Yen-Huan LEI, Cheng-Kai LI, Wei-Chia HUANG
  • Patent number: 8586194
    Abstract: Magnetic materials and methods exhibit large magnetic-field-induced deformation/strain (MFIS) through the magnetic-field-induced motion of crystallographic interfaces. The preferred materials are porous, polycrystalline composite structures of nodes connected by struts wherein the struts may be monocrystalline or polycrystalline. The materials are preferably made from magnetic shape memory alloy, including polycrystalline Ni—Mn—Ga, formed into an open-pore foam, for example, by space-holder technique. Removal of constraints that interfere with MFIS has been accomplished by introducing pores with sizes similar to grains, resulting in MFIS values of 0.12% in polycrystalline Ni—Mn—Ga foams, close to the best commercial magnetostrictive materials. Further removal of constraints has been accomplished by introducing pores smaller than the grain size, dramatically increasing MFIS to 2.0-8.7%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignees: Boise State University, Northwestern University
    Inventors: Peter Mullner, Markus Chmielus, Cassie Witherspoon, David C. Dunand, Xuexi Zhang, Yuttanant Boonyongmaneerat
  • Patent number: 8535441
    Abstract: A lid for a crystal growth chamber crucible is constructed by forming arcuate sector-shaped portions and coupling them in abutting relationship, for example by welding, to form an annular profile fabricated lid. The arcuate sector-shaped portions may be formed and removed from a lid fabrication blank with less waste than when unitary annular lids are formed and removed from a similarly sized fabrication blank. For example, the sector-shaped portions may be arrayed in an undulating pattern on the fabrication sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Andreaco, Troy Marlar, Brant Quinton
  • Publication number: 20130022995
    Abstract: A metal nanowire including gold nanoclusters on the surface thereof for binding a target material and a method of binding the target material to the metal nanowire are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Inventors: Gyeong-su PARK, Min-seok KIM, Seong-yong PARK, Jeong-gun LEE, Young-nam KWON, Yeon-jeong KIM
  • Publication number: 20120177943
    Abstract: A metal substrate for a solar battery capable of inhibiting power generation efficiency of a unit solar cell from decrease due to a defect of the unit solar cell is provided. This metal substrate (1) for a solar battery includes a cladding material having a first metal layer (11) with a first surface (11a) formed with a unit solar cell (2) and a second metal layer (12) bonded to the first metal layer on a second surface (11b) opposite to the first surface, while a kurtosis (Rku) serving as an index indicating surface roughness of the first surface is not more than 7.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventors: Shinji Yamamoto, Ryouji Inoue, Keita Watanabe, Masaaki Ishio
  • Patent number: 8216691
    Abstract: Metal, ceramic and cermet articles produced from low viscosity suspensions. The articles include micro diameter hollow fibers, meshes and open cell foams. The articles are useful for filters, catalyst media, fuel cell electrodes, body implantation devices, structural materials, vibration and noise control, heat exchangers, heat sinks, heat pipes, heat shields and other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Inventors: Alexander Lobovsky, Mohammad Behi
  • Publication number: 20120088121
    Abstract: A turbine component having a protective bilayer coating thereon comprising: a superalloy substrate; and a bilayer protective coating applied to the substrate wherein the bilayer protective coating comprises a first inner layer of platinum and aluminum; and a second outer oxidation-resistant layer applied over the first inner layer, the second outer layer comprising an MCrAlX alloy where M is selected from Fe, Ni and Co, and where X is yttrium or another rare earth element. A method of improving oxidation resistance of a Ni or Co-based superalloy turbine component comprising: depositing a bilayer protective coating on a turbine component by depositing a first inner platinum-aluminum layer on a surface of the turbine component; and depositing a second outer layer comprising an MCrAlX alloy over the first inner layer, wherein M is a metal selected from Fe, Ni and Co, and X is yttrium or another rare earth element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Publication date: April 12, 2012
    Inventors: David V. BUCCI, Kathleen B. MOREY
  • Patent number: 8147981
    Abstract: An alloy, in particular for an anti-friction coating, includes elements which form a matrix and at least a soft phase and/or a hard phase, which soft phase elements and/or hard phase elements form a solid solution or a bond with the matrix element. The soft phase and/or hard phase is dispersed in the matrix and the solid solution or bond is formed only in the region of the phase boundary of the matrix with the soft phase and/or with the hard phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Miba Gleitlager GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Lang, Thomas Rumpf
  • Patent number: 8142898
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrocatalytic coating and an electrode having the coating thereon, wherein the coating is a mixed metal oxide coating, preferably ruthenium, titanium and tin or antimony oxides. The coating uses water as a solvent that provides for a smoother surface than alcohol based solvents. The electrocatalytic coating can be used especially as an anode component of an electrolysis cell and in particular a cell for the electrolysis of aqueous chlor-alkali solutions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: De Nora Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard C. Carlson, Kenneth L. Hardee, Dino F. DiFranco, Michael S. Moats
  • Patent number: 8138303
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel polymers comprising a repeating unit of the formula (I) and their use in electronic devices. The polymers according to the invention have excellent solubility in organic solvents and excellent film-forming properties. In addition, high charge carrier mobilities and high stability of the emission color can be observed, if the polymers according to the invention are used in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Natalia Chebotareva, Roger Prétôt, Paul Adriaan Van der Schaaf, Thomas Schäfer, Beat Schmidhalter, Peter Murer
  • Patent number: 8114526
    Abstract: A composite substrate for superconductors and methods for making the same are described. The composite substrate of the present invention includes at least a core layer having and a sheath layer having a cube texture on at least a portion its surface. In certain embodiments, the core layer can include a nickel-tungsten-molybdenum alloy having about 2-10 atomic percent tungsten and 2-15 atomic percent molybdenum. In some embodiments, the sheath layer can include nickel or a nickel-tungsten alloy having about 0 to 6 atomic percent tungsten. Generally, the core layer is stronger than the sheath layer and an interdiffusion zone can exist between the core layer and the sheath layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignee: American Superconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Cornelis Leo Hans Thieme, Elliott D. Thompson
  • Patent number: 8062552
    Abstract: The invention relates to platinum-metal oxide composite particles and their use as electrocatalysts in oxygen-reducing cathodes and fuel cells. The invention particularly relates to methods for preventing the oxidation of the platinum electrocatalyst in the cathodes of fuel cells by use of these platinum-metal oxide composite particles. The invention additionally relates to methods for producing electrical energy by supplying such a fuel cell with an oxidant, such as oxygen, and a fuel source, such as hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Radoslav Adzic, Junliang Zhang, Miomir Vukmirovic
  • Publication number: 20110262769
    Abstract: A surface hardened substrate includes a base, a transition layer disposed on a surface of the base, and a hard layer disposed on the transition layer. The transition layer includes at least two kinds of transition metals. The hard layer includes a composite that comprises the at least two kinds of transition metals and a nonmetal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
  • Patent number: 8029922
    Abstract: Methods and associated structures of forming microelectronic devices are described. Those methods may include forming a magnetic material on a substrate, wherein the magnetic material comprises rhenium, cobalt, iron and phosphorus, and annealing the magnetic material at a temperature below about 330 degrees Celsius, wherein the coercivity of the annealed magnetic material is below about 1 Oersted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Paul McCloskey, Donald S. Gardner, Brice Jamieson, Saibal Roy, Terence O'Donnell
  • Publication number: 20110220170
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell and a transparent conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell which, when used as electrode base materials of a dye-sensitized solar cell, have high resistance to corrosion by iodide ions contained in an electrolyte layer and can prevent a reduction in the fill factor and conversion efficiency of the dye-sensitized solar cell to achieve high power generation efficiency, a dye-sensitized solar cell and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using such conductive base materials. To attain the object, provided is the conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell comprising: a first metal layer made of a metal having a specific resistance of 6×10?6 ?·m or less; and a second metal layer formed on the first metal layer, made of any one of metals of Ti, Cr, Ni, Mo, Ta, W, Nb, and Pt, and having a thickness of 500 nm or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Inventors: Naohiro OBONAI, Miho SASAKI
  • Publication number: 20110203831
    Abstract: A composite coating on metal strips or prestamped metal strips with an improved friction coefficient and/or good contact resistance and/or good friction corrosion resistance and/or good wear resistance and/or good formability includes carbon nanotubes and/or fullerenes and a metal. A method for producing a metal strip coated according to the invention with carbon nanotubes and/or fullerenes and a metal is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Inventors: Helge Schmidt, Isabell Buresch, Udo Adler, Dirk Rode, Sonja Priggemeyer
  • Patent number: 7998594
    Abstract: Methods are provided for bonding pure rhenium to a substrate comprising a material. Non-lubricated components configured to have friction contact with another component are also provided. In an embodiment, by way of example only, a method includes disposing a eutectic alloy over the substrate to form an inter layer, the eutectic alloy comprised essentially of a base alloy and one or more melting point depressants and having a melting temperature that is lower than a melting temperature of the substrate material and a melting temperature of rhenium, placing pure rhenium over the inter layer, and heating the inter layer to a temperature that is substantially equal to or greater than the melting temperature of the eutectic alloy, but that is below the melting temperature of the substrate material and the melting temperature of the pure rhenium to bond the pure rhenium to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Don Mittendorf, Scott Sperl
  • Publication number: 20110195273
    Abstract: A bonding structure and a method of fabricating the same are provided. A first substrate having a first bonding element and a second substrate having a second bonding element are provided, wherein at least one of the first bonding element and the second bonding element is formed with an alloy. A bonding process is performed to bond the first bonding element with the second bonding element, wherein a diffusion liner is generated at the exposed, non-bonded surface of the bonding structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Inventors: Kuan-Neng Chen, Wei-Chung Lo, Cheng-Ta Ko
  • Patent number: 7985488
    Abstract: An ultrathin copper foil with a carrier not causing blistering at a release layer interface, having a low carrier peeling force, friendly to the environment, and enabling easy peeling of a carrier foil and an ultrathin copper foil even under a high temperature environment and a printed circuit board enabling a stable production quality of a base of a printed circuit board for fine pattern applications using the ultrathin copper foil with the carrier, that is, a ultrathin copper foil with a carrier comprising a carrier foil, a diffusion prevention layer, a release layer, and an ultrathin copper foil, wherein the release layer is formed by a metal A for retaining a release property and a metal B for facilitating plating of the ultrathin copper foil, a content “a” of the metal A and a content “b” of the metal B forming the release layer satisfying an equation: 10?a/(a+b)*100?70 and a printed circuit board prepared by using such a ultrathin copper foil with a carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuuji Suzuki, Takami Moteki, Kazuhiro Hoshino, Satoshi Fujisawa, Akira Kawakami
  • Patent number: 7964290
    Abstract: A magnetic materials construct and a method to produce the construct are disclosed. The construct exhibits large magnetic-field-induced deformation through the magnetic-field-induced motion of crystallographic interfaces. The construct is a porous, polycrystalline composite structure of nodes connected by struts wherein the struts may be monocrystalline or polycrystalline. If the struts are polycrystalline, they have a “bamboo” microstructure wherein the grain boundaries traverse the entire width of the strut. The material from which the construct is made is preferably a magnetic shape memory alloy, including polycrystalline Ni—Mn—Ga. The construct is preferably an open-pore foam. The foam is preferably produced with a space-holder technique. Space holders may be dissolvable ceramics and salts including NaAlO2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignees: Boise State University, Northwestern University
    Inventors: Peter Mullner, Markus Chmielus, David C. Dunand, Yuttanant Boonyongmaneerat
  • Patent number: 7959830
    Abstract: This invention discloses novel nanocomposite material structures which are strong, highly conductive, and fatigue-resistant. It also discloses novel fabrication techniques to obtain such structures. The new nanocomposite materials comprise a high-conductivity base metal, such as copper, incorporating high-conductivity dispersoid particles that simultaneously minimize field enhancements, maintain good thermal conductivity, and enhance mechanical strength. The use of metal nanoparticles with electrical conductivity comparable to that of the base automatically removes the regions of higher RF field and enhanced current density. Additionally, conductive nanoparticles will reduce the surface's sensitivity to arc or sputtering damage. If the surface is sputtered away to uncover the nanoparticles, their properties will not be dramatically different from the base surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Sungho Jin
  • Patent number: 7955715
    Abstract: In a known method for coating a crucible for use at a high working temperature in a crucible drawing method for quartz glass, a base body wall of tungsten has applied thereto a protective layer containing a coating metal consisting of the group selected from iridium, rhenium, osmium and ruthenium. Starting therefrom, to provide a method for producing such a component exhibiting high corrosion resistance to the quartz glass melt at low material costs, it is suggested according to the invention that the protective layer should be produced from a layer material which contains tungsten and the coating metal, and in which the amount of the coating metal should be dimensioned such that it exceeds the limit amount of a coating metal-rich phase boundary of a solid mixture phase of tungsten and the coating metal, with the solid mixture phase being thermodynamically stable at the working temperature, by not more than 25 at. % (based on the total amount of tungsten and the coating metal in the layer material).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Heraeus Quarzglas GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Trommer, Rainer Berg, Nigel Whippey, Helmut Leber, Joerg Becker
  • Publication number: 20110123824
    Abstract: A brazing material comprising a substrate metal and a second metal, e.g., an aluminum alloy and zinc alloy, is disclosed. The zinc alloy serves as a temperature depressant to reduce the resulting liquidus point of the resulting mixture substantially below 540° C. such that the resulting alloy may be used in applications where the base metals to be joined require a filler metal with a lower liquidus point. The brazing material may further include a flux, e.g., as a core or coating. The flux shall have an active temperature substantially lower than that of the liquidus point of the brazing material. The brazing material may be delivered in a variety of different forms such as strips, rings, washers, rods, wires, and other such preforms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Inventors: Alan Belohlav, Felipe Cardona, Creed Darling
  • Patent number: 7914915
    Abstract: A highly charged ion modified device is provided that includes a first metal layer or layers deposited on a substrate and an insulator layer, deposited on the first metal layer, including a plurality of holes therein produced by irradiation thereof with highly charged ions. The metal of a further metal layer, deposited on the insulator layer, fills the plurality of holes in the insulator layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Commerce, The National Institutes of Standards and Technology
    Inventors: Joshua M. Pomeroy, Holger Grube, Andrew Perrella, Fern Slew, legal representative
  • Patent number: 7879453
    Abstract: The invention relates to an alloy, in particular for an anti-friction coating, comprising elements which form a matrix (2) and at least a soft phase (3) and/or a hard phase (5), which soft phase elements and/or hard phase elements form a solid solution or a bond with the matrix element. The soft phase (3) and/or hard phase (5) is dispersed in the matrix (2) and the solid solution or bond is formed only in the region of the phase boundary (4) of the matrix (2) with the soft phase (3) and/or with the hard phase (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Miba Gleitlager GmbH
    Inventors: Hubert Lang, Thomas Rumpf
  • Patent number: 7875364
    Abstract: An electrically conductive connector housing body (16, 17) of aluminum or an aluminum compound, and a surface layer on the aluminum which comprises an adhesive layer in the form of a chemical nickel-plating, a corrosion protection layer, and a metallic passivation layer provided in sequence. In order to avoid the use of toxic metals and their compounds in a housing part of this type and nevertheless to assure sufficient conductivity and corrosion resistance, the corrosion protection layer is formed by a zinc-cobalt-iron compound, the passivation layer is constituted by a compound made of trivalent chromium, and a sealing layer made of an inorganic compound containing silicate is applied as the exterior layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: ITT Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: Achim Raad, Ralf Kabott
  • Publication number: 20110008646
    Abstract: Coated articles and methods for applying coatings are described. In some cases, the coating can exhibit desirable properties and characteristics such as durability, corrosion resistance, and high conductivity. The articles may be coated, for example, using an electrodeposition process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Applicant: Xtalic Corporation
    Inventors: John Cahalen, Alan C. Lund, Christopher A. Schuh
  • Publication number: 20100321814
    Abstract: An electrical lap guide having a first layer, the first layer including a material having a first resistivity, the first layer having first and second contact regions for electrically connecting the electrical lap guide to electrical leads; a second layer, the second layer including a material having a second resistivity, wherein the electrical lapping guide has a lapping axis and a layered axis, the layered axis being perpendicular to the lapping axis, the electrical lapping guide has an air bearing plane, the air bearing plane being perpendicular to the lapping axis, the second layer is disposed adjacent to a portion of the first layer in the direction of the layered axis, and the first layer extends farther in the lapping axis than does the second layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2009
    Publication date: December 23, 2010
    Inventors: Jie Zou, Zhongyan Wang
  • Patent number: 7851070
    Abstract: A diffusion barrier alloy film has a diffusion barrier layer which has more excellent diffusion barrier properties than an Re—Cr alloy film, and can stand usage at higher temperatures (e.g., 1150° C. or higher). The diffusion barrier layer is made of an Re—W alloy ? phase containing 12.5 to 56.5% of W in terms of atomic composition and the remainder of Re excluding unavoidable impurities. A metal base has a surface coated with a diffusion barrier layer. If required, the diffusion barrier layer has a surface coated with a diffusion alloy layer containing 10% or greater and less than 50% of Al, Cr, or Si in terms of atomic composition, providing a high-temperature apparatus member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: National University Corporation Hokkaido University
    Inventors: Toshio Narita, Hiroshi Yakuwa
  • Publication number: 20100255340
    Abstract: Soft and porous material is coated with a multilayer ceramic coating by physical vapor deposition. The coated material is suitable for use as foodware, particularly, a copper foodware article including a plain copper substrate, a base coating, and a ceramic coating. The base coating is deposited by sputtering and cathodic arc in combination, providing the good corrosion resistance and adhesion to the substrate. The ceramic coating includes a PVD nitride or carbonitride layer, providing a tarnish-free surface, good durability, and thermal stability. The coated copper foodware article has the same heat conductivity as pure copper, good corrosion resistance, high durability, excellent cooking, and ease of cleaning. A metal article having a multilayer coating and a method of making a metal article are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Inventor: Molly Mo Hui Ge
  • Patent number: 7767314
    Abstract: Disclosed are a weld joint and a stainless steel-based weld metal composition for the weld joint. The composition and weld joint made therefrom are suitable for welding a zinc-based alloy coated steel sheet. The weld is excellent in corrosion resistance and liquid-metal embrittlement crack resistance. This is accomplished by inhibiting liquid-metal embrittlement cracks of the stainless-steel-based weld metal when the zinc-based alloy coating steel sheet is welded using the stainless-steel-based weld metal. The weld joint comprises a welded portion of weld metal made of stainless-steel-based components, the weld metal containing in mass percent (%): C: 0.01-0.1; Si: 0.1-1; Mn: 0.5-2.5; Ni: 5-11; and Cr: 17-25, and the balance being iron and residual impurities, wherein the following expression are met: ?0.81×Cr equivalent+23.2?Ni equivalent?0.95×Cr equivalent?8.1 . . . (1); Ni equivalent=Ni+30×C+0.5×Mn+30×N . . . (2); Cr equivalent=Cr+Mo+1.5×Si . . . (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Kodama, Hideki Hamatani, Nobuo Mizuhashi, Kenichi Asai, Manabu Mizumoto
  • Publication number: 20100167084
    Abstract: Methods of producing one or more biaxially textured layer on a substrate, and articles produced by the methods, are disclosed. An exemplary method may comprise electrodepositing on the substrate a precursor material selected from the group consisting of rare earths, transition metals, actinide, lanthanides, and oxides thereof. An exemplary article (150) may comprise a biaxially textured base material (130), and at least one biaxially textured layer (110) selected from the group consisting of rare earths, transition metals, actinides, lanthanides, and oxides thereof. The at least one biaxially textured layer (110) is formed by electrodeposition on the biaxially textured base material (130).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2005
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: Midwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Raghu N. Bhattacharya, Sovannary Phok, Priscila Spagnol, Tapas Chaudhuri
  • Patent number: 7744986
    Abstract: A coating system is used on an engine component having an outer surface configured to be exposed to a first plurality of particles impinging against the outer surface at an angle within a first angle range and a second plurality of particles impinging at an angle in a second angle range. The system includes a bond layer overlying the engine component outer surface, a first erosion-resistant layer comprising a first material that is more resistant to erosion by particles impinging the component outer surface at an angle within the first angle range than by particles impinging within the second angle range, an interlayer overlying the first erosion-resistant layer, and a second erosion-resistant layer comprising a second material that is more resistant to erosion by particles impinging the component outer surface at an angle within the second angle range than by particles impinging within the first angle range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Derek A. Rice, Adrienne Lamm
  • Patent number: 7691442
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a method for depositing materials on substrates. In one embodiment, the method includes depositing a barrier layer containing tantalum or titanium on a substrate, depositing a ruthenium layer or a cobalt layer on the barrier layer, and depositing a tungsten bulk layer thereover. In some examples, the barrier layer may contain tantalum nitride deposited by an atomic layer deposition (ALD) process, the tungsten bulk layer may be deposited by a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process, and the ruthenium or cobalt layer may be deposited by an ALD process. The ruthenium or cobalt layer may be exposed to a soak compound, such as hydrogen, diborane, silane, or disilane, during a soak process prior to depositing the tungsten bulk layer. In some examples, a tungsten nucleation layer may be deposited on the ruthenium or cobalt layer, such as by ALD, prior to depositing the tungsten bulk layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Srinivas Gandikota, Madhu Moorthy, Amit Khandelwal, Avgerinos V. Gelatos, Mei Chang, Kavita Shah, Seshadri Ganguli