Liquid Reactive Coating Composition Utilized Patents (Class 148/243)
  • Patent number: 11407921
    Abstract: An aqueous, acidic, anti-corrosion conversion coating composition (in particular, an aqueous, acidic Group IV metal-containing anti-corrosion conversion coating composition) for metal substrates comprising as an additive a catechol compound and/or the reaction products of at least one catechol compound and at least one co-reactant compound having one or more functional groups reactive with the at least one catechol compound, desirably the reaction product of a catechol and an polyamine (e.g., a polyethyleneimine), that enhances the anti-corrosion effects of the conversion coating composition; methods of making and applying the conversion coating compositions and coated metal substrates. The catechol-containing conversion coating composition can be applied to metal substrate surfaces at temperatures as low as below 40° C. and with exposure times of 5 minutes or less. The catechol compound or reaction product thereof can become incorporated into the conversion coating formed on the metal substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2022
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Louis Patrick Rector, Donald Robb Vonk
  • Patent number: 11339450
    Abstract: A method for controlling surface reactions on a steel strip running through a furnace includes, successively, a first section, a second section, and a third section separated by a sealing element, an atmosphere in the second and third sections being oxidizing and reducing respectively, the method including: heating, in the first section, the steel strip to between 600 and 750° C., while causing the atmosphere therein to be slightly oxidizing and to include: an H2 content inferior to 2%; an O2 content inferior to 0.1%; an H2O or CO2, or H2O+CO2 content superior to 0.03%; a controlled dew point ranging from ?50 to ?15° C.; and a controlled concentration of CO+CO2 maintained below 2%. All percentages are expressed in terms of volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2022
    Assignee: COCKERILL MAINTENANCE & INGENIERIE S.A.
    Inventor: Michel Dubois
  • Patent number: 11298719
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for modifying an aspect of an exterior polymer material or polymer type material of a linear substrate with a fluid. The apparatus include a variable exposure gap within which the linear substrate is exposed to the fluid. The width of the exposure gap is varied with the speed of the linear substrate traversing the exposure gap to maintain a constant exposure time of the linear substrate with the modifying fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Southwire Company, LLC
    Inventor: Juan Alberto Galindo Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 11186729
    Abstract: Provided is a humic acid-based coating suspension comprising humic acid, particles of an anti-corrosive pigment or sacrificial metal, and a binder resin dissolved or dispersed in a liquid medium, wherein the humic acid has a weight fraction from 0.1% to 50% based on the total coating suspension weight excluding the liquid medium. Also provided is an object or structure coated at least in part with such a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: Global Graphene Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Yi-jun Lin, Aruna Zhamu, Bor Z. Jang
  • Patent number: 10975482
    Abstract: The invention discloses a self-derivative iron-containing nickel anode for alkaline water electrolysis and its preparation method. The anode comprises a nickel substrate and catalytic material layer. The catalytic layer is disposed on and integrated with the surface of the nickel substrate. The catalytic layer contains nickel oxide with iron components. The nickel oxide results from the reaction of the surface layer of the nickel substrate with an oxidant-rich alkaline solution and forms a nanosheet array layer. A nickel-oxidation state containing the iron component is formed by electrochemically induced iron-ion corrosion of the nickel-oxidation state. The invention can effectively reduce the potential difference between the anode and cathode of an electrolysis cell, thereby significantly reduces energy consumption and improves the efficiency of water electrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Inventor: Haiming Li
  • Patent number: 10378120
    Abstract: A method for coating metallic surfaces with aqueous compositions, wherein a silane-based aqueous composition containing at least one silane and/or a related silicon-containing compound and optionally additional components is treated further, for example, at temperatures above 70° C., in a pretreatment step without drying the coating, by using at least one aqueous rinse step after this pretreatment step and then performing an electrodeposition coating, in which at least one surfactant is added at least in the last rinse step of the aqueous rinse steps. Coated metallic surfaces are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Kolberg, Peter Schubach, Manfred Walter, Carola Komp, Michael Dröge
  • Patent number: 10272415
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for preparing a catalyst, comprising the following steps: (1) taking a noble metal salt solution A, adding a modified alumina support material, stirring until uniform and standing; (2) drying the material obtained in step (1) in a vacuum, and calcining at 500° C.-600° C. for 1-4 hours to obtain a powder material containing the noble metal; (3) mixing the noble metal powder material, an adhesive and other components to be added, and ball-milling to obtain a uniform slurry; (4) preparing a noble metal solution B and adjusting pH to 0.5-1; and (5) mixing the slurry of the step (3) with the noble metal solution B, coating the mixture on a support, drying, and calcining at 500° C.-600° C. for 1-2 hours to obtain the target product. The method for preparing the catalyst of the present invention is simple, the conditions of the preparation process are easy to control and the preparation method has strong practicality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: Sinocat Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dacheng Li, Yun Li, Yun Wang, Qin Wang, Yongxiang Cheng, Yaoqiang Chen
  • Patent number: 10159920
    Abstract: Disclosed are a sintered Fe—Al based alloy porous material with high temperature oxidation resistance and a filter element using same. The porous material has a porosity of 30-60% and an average pore diameter of 0.5-50 ?m, and has that: a) it mainly consists of three elements of Fe, Al and Cr, and the total weight of these three elements accounts for at least 90% of the weight of the porous material, wherein the weight of Fe is 60-85% of the total weight of Fe and Al, and the weight of Cr is 10-30% of the total weight of Fe, Al and Cr; b) the Cr in the porous material mainly presents in the form of a chromium compound of a Fe—Al based compound, or mainly presents in the form of a chromium compound of the Fe—Al based compound and FeCr, and is almost uniformly dispersed in the porous material; and c) it has a tensile strength?45 MPa, an air flux?80 m3/m2·KPa·h for the sintered Fe—Al based alloy porous material with a thickness?5 mm, a weight loss rate of at most 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: Intermet Technologies Chengdu Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Lin Gao, Tao Wang, Bo Li
  • Patent number: 9879349
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for coating metallic surfaces with a composition containing at least one of a silane, silanol, siloxane or polysiloxane that is capable of condensation, water and optionally an organic solvent. The composition also contains compound containing Ti, Hf, Zr, Al or B; and at least one type of cation or an organic compound d) selected from monomers, oligomers, polymers, copolymers and block copolymers. The coating freshly applied with this composition is rinsed with a fluid and is not dried thoroughly before this rinsing step so that the compound capable of condensation does not condense substantially before the rinsing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Kolberg, Manfred Walter, Peter Schubach
  • Patent number: 9755218
    Abstract: The present invention improves the performance of each lead battery, and simultaneously to establish overall balance, by inspecting the degradation state of each lead battery and performing the most suitable treatment while maintaining a state in which lead batteries are energized. This performance improvement method is for stationary lead batteries configuring a battery assembly which connects the terminals of the multiple lead batteries by means of a conducting plate, and involves a step for performing checks for inspection operations of the lead batteries, a step for measuring the internal electrical conductivity of each lead battery with the lead batteries still being in a normal use state, and a step for adding an electrolyte and purified water according to the state of each of the lead battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: K-Tec Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Kiichi Ito
  • Patent number: 9249509
    Abstract: Provided is a method for regenerating a nitric acid active treatment solution comprising: adding a zinc ion-aggregating agent to a nitric acid active treatment solution for a surface of a zinc-based material plated metal member, the nitric acid active treatment solution containing zinc ions, to thereby aggregate the zinc ions in the solution as an insoluble salt; and separating and removing the insoluble salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: DIPSOL CHEMICALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ryuta Kashio, Tomitaka Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 9127341
    Abstract: A surface-treated steel sheet for a container, comprising: a steel sheet, and a Zr compound film disposed on the steel sheet, wherein the Zr compound film being formed by a dipping or electrolytic treatment in a solution containing Zr ion, F ion, ammonium ion and nitrate ion; and the coating weight of the Zr compound film is 1 to 100 mg/m2 in terms of the amount of metallic Zr, and 0.1 mg/m2 or less in terms of the F amount. There is provided a steel sheet for container, which has an excellent processability in the can manufacturing, and at the same time, is excellent in drawing and ironing processability, weldability, corrosion resistance, adherence thereof to a coating material and adherence thereof to a film, and a process for producing such a steel sheet for container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shigeru Hirano, Akira Tachiki, Hirokazu Yokoya
  • Patent number: 9039845
    Abstract: Aqueous compositions useful as pretreatments prior to painting and to prevent the formation of white rust in the uncoated condition include an organopolyphosphonic acid or salt thereof, an organosilane, and a trivalent chromium compound. A method for treating a surface of a zinc-containing metal includes contacting the surface with an aqueous composition including an organopolyphosphonic acid or salt thereof, an organosilane, and a trivalent chromium compound. The composition may also include an agent for reducing hydrophilicity, such as a polyacrylic acid. The aqueous composition has been found to be particularly well-suited for treating a zinc-containing metal to passivate the surface, improve paint adhesion, and/or improve corrosion resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Bulk Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Ted M. Schlosser, Edward M. Musingo
  • Publication number: 20150090368
    Abstract: The present invention provides a blackening treatment method for a black Cr—Co alloy plating film, the method comprising bringing a black Cr—Co alloy plating film having a Cr content of 1 to 15 wt. % into contact with a blackening treatment solution comprising an aqueous solution with a pH value of ?1 to 5. According to the present invention, the blackish color of a less blackish plating film formed from a plating bath containing trivalent chromium is enhanced to further improve decorativeness. Furthermore, the corrosion resistance of the film can be more improved by performing electrolytic chromate treatment after blackening treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: OKUNO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Junichi Katayama, Shingo Nagamine, Ryuichi Tamura
  • Patent number: 8980016
    Abstract: An acidic chromium-free solution for treating a metal surface containing: a vanadium cation source and/or a vanadyl cation source; an organic acid as an anion source; and at least one oxoacid as another anion source is provided. The oxoacid is selected from oxoacids of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, boron, and chlorine. A metal component composed of, for example, aluminum or magnesium is brought into contact with the chromium-free solution to form a vanadium coating film of a surface of the metal component. A surface treating process using this chromium-free solution is useful for formation of a coating film having low corrosion resistance and low electric resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nihon Hyomen Kagaku Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takaaki Sato, Misa Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8951362
    Abstract: Disclosed are replenisher compositions and methods of replenishing pretreatment compositions. The methods include adding a replenisher composition to a pretreatment composition wherein the replenisher composition includes: (a) a dissolved complex metal fluoride ion wherein the metal ion comprises a Group IIIA metal, Group IVA metal, Group IVB metal, or combinations thereof; (b) a component comprising an oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate of Group IIIA, Group IVA, Group IVB metals, or combinations thereof; and optionally (c) a dissolved metal ion comprising a Group IB metal, Group IIB metal, Group VIIB metal, Group VIII metal, Lanthanide Series metal, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Shan Cheng, James D. Chant, Nicephoros A. Fotinos, Mark McMillen, Edward F. Rakiewicz, David A. Raney
  • Publication number: 20150024222
    Abstract: A process for passivation of strip steel plate, having the following steps: electrochemical treatment of the black plate by passing the black plate through an electrolyte to form an inert steel surface; rinsing the black plate; and application of an aqueous chromium-free treatment solution to at least one surface of the black plate to form a conversion layer that protects against corrosion and an adhesion layer for paints and organic coating materials. The black plate treated in accordance with this process is characterized by high corrosion resistance and has good bonding capacity for paints and organic coatings and therefore is very suitable as a substitute for tin-free steel (TFS or ECCS) and tinplate for the production of packagings, in particular cans. In contrast to the traditional manufacturing and passivation processes for tin-free steel and tinplate, no chromium VI, which is environmentally hazardous and hazardous to health, is used in this process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Reiner SAUER, Andrea MARMANN, Helmut OBERHOFFER, Tatjana KASDORF, Gerhard MENZEL, Dirk MATUSCH, Rainer GOERTZ
  • Publication number: 20150024137
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for the application of an aqueous treatment solution onto the surface of a steel strip that is moved, at a prespecified strip speed, in a direction of movement of the strip, with the following steps: drying of the moving steel strip with a gas flow; application of the aqueous solution on at least one surface of the steel strip with a rotary sprayer with several spray rotors that are situated next to one another, transverse to the direction of movement of the strip, to which the aqueous treatment solution is supplied and which are rotated by a drive, so as to spray the treatment solution, as a result of centrifugal force, in the form of a spray jet, onto the surface of the steel strip and, there, to form a wet film of the aqueous treatment solution; equalization of the applied wet film of the aqueous treatment solution by driven smoothing rollers; and drying of the applied wet film of the aqueous treatment solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Andrea Marmann, Michael Wild, Paul Michels
  • Patent number: 8916005
    Abstract: A slurry and slurry coating process for forming a diffusion aluminide coating on a substrate, including internal surfaces within the substrate. The process involves preparing a slurry of a powder containing a metallic aluminum alloy having a melting temperature higher than aluminum, an activator capable of forming a reactive halide vapor with the metallic aluminum, and a binder containing an organic polymer. The slurry is applied to surfaces of the substrate, which is then heated to burn off the binder, vaporize and react the activator with the metallic aluminum to form the halide vapor, react the halide vapor at the substrate surfaces to deposit aluminum on the surfaces, and diffuse the deposited aluminum into the surfaces to form a diffusion aluminide coating. The process can be tailored to selectively produce an inward or outward-type coating. The binder burns off to form an ash residue that can be readily removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Dennis William Cavanaugh, Canan Uslu Hardwicke, Matthew James OConnell, Todd Steven Moran
  • Patent number: 8916006
    Abstract: A metal surface treatment method for a metal base material in order to improve the uniformity of a cathodic electrodeposition coating film, the method including: a surface treatment step for forming a chemical conversion film on a metal base material by contacting the metal base material with a metal surface treatment composition including zirconium and/or titanium ions and an adhesive imparting agent characterized in being at least one selected from the group consisting of (A) silicon-containing compound, (B) adhesive imparting metal ion, and (C) adhesive imparting resin; and a heating/drying step to heat and dry the metal base material, on which the chemical conversion film is formed, at 60° C. to 190° C. for at least 30 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshio Inbe, Kazuhiro Makino, Hiroshi Kameda, Masanobu Futsuhara
  • Publication number: 20140360630
    Abstract: The invention relates to a wet-chemical pretreatment of zinc surfaces prior to applying a corrosion-protection coating, which deposits a thin inorganic coating of oxide and/or metallic iron. An iron layer structure which is applied according to the invention, hereinafter referred to as ferrization, improves the achievable corrosion protection of wet-chemical conversion coatings on zinc surfaces. Furthermore, the ferrization process causes both a reduction of the contact corrosion of joined metal components which have zinc and iron surfaces as well as a reduction of corrosive coating migration on cut edges of galvanized steel strips with coating layer structures. In particular, the invention relates to an alkaline composition containing an iron ion source, a reducing agent based on oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus, and water-soluble organic carboxylic acids with an amino group at the ?, ?, or ? position with respect to the acid group and/or the water-soluble salts thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Andreas ARNOLD, Michael WOLPERS, Marcel ROTH, Uta SUNDERMEIER
  • Patent number: 8906990
    Abstract: Disclosed is a surface treatment agent for galvanized steel sheets, which comprises epoxy-containing silane derivates, alkyl-containing silane derivates, alkoxy silane derivates and one or more selected from the group consisting of a cationic polymer aqueous dispersion, a non-ionic polymer aqueous dispersion and a water-soluble polymer. Also disclosed is a method for producing it, which comprises mixing each component uniformly for 0.5 to 8 hours at 5 to 70° C. Further provided are galvanized steel sheets coated with the surface treatment agent on the surface and a production method thereof. The surface treatment agent for galvanized steel sheets has excellent corrosion resistance, alkali resistance, solvent resistance, recoating property, high temperature resistance and electrical conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Inventors: Frank Wan, Jimmy Zhang, Kevin Meagher
  • Patent number: 8871309
    Abstract: A method for coating a metal substrate with a white to off-white or gray colored autodeposited coating comprising water, polymeric resin, HF and pigment particles comprising a core of titanium dioxide, an intermediate zirconia and/or alumina layer, and an outer organic layer, optionally the particles are treated with an anionic surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Omar Lufti Abu-Shanab, Bashir Ahmed, Manesh Nadupparambil Sekharan, William E. Fristad, Nicholas Herdzik
  • Patent number: 8858734
    Abstract: A method of superfinishing a large hollow wheel gear in a vibratory bowl having a center hub comprises at least partially filling the vibratory bowl with an amount of finishing media, laying the gear horizontally into the bowl over the center hub, supplying a quantity of an active chemistry into the bowl and agitating the vibratory bowl at a frequency such that the gear settles into and is fully supported by the media. By controlling the process parameters, the hollow wheel gear may be caused to rotate in the media and can be made to float at a desired level. The method is particularly suitable for hollow wheel gears for large wind turbines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: REM Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Michaud, Edward David Summers
  • Patent number: 8852357
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for treating metal substrates that include contacting the metal with pretreatment compositions comprising: (a) a group IIIB metal, a group IVB metal and/or a group VB metal; and (b) a rheology modifier composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc
    Inventors: Nathan J. Silvernail, Thor G. Lingenfelter
  • Patent number: 8852358
    Abstract: A process for surface treating aluminum or aluminum alloy comprises the following steps. Providing a substrate made of aluminum or aluminum alloy. The substrate is treated with a chemical conversion treatment solution containing molybdate as the main film forming agent, to form a molybdate conversion film on the substrate. Then, a ceramic coating comprising refractory compound is formed on the molybdate conversion film by physical vapor deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignees: Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (ShenZhen) Co., Ltd., Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hsin-Pei Chang, Wen-Rong Chen, Huann-Wu Chiang, Cheng-Shi Chen, Dun Mao
  • Publication number: 20140251502
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate generally to methods of treating metal surfaces to enhance adhesion or binding to substrates, and devices formed thereby. In some embodiments of the present invention, methods of achieving improved bonding strength without roughening the topography of a metal surface are provided. The metal surface obtained by this method provides strong bonding to resin layers. The bonding interface between the treated metal and the resin layer exhibits resistance to heat, moisture, and chemicals involved in post-lamination process steps, and therefore can suitably be used in the production of PCB's. Methods according to some embodiments of the present invention are especially useful in the fabrication of high density multilayer PCB's, in particular for PCB's having circuits with line/spacing of equal to and less than 10 microns.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Atotech Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Jen-Chieh Wei, Zhiming Liu, Steven Z. Shi, Werner G. Kuhr
  • Patent number: 8815021
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a chromium-free aqueous agent based on water-soluble compounds of titanium and/or zirconium and a source of fluoride ions, copper ions and metal ions selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, aluminum, boron, zinc, iron, manganese and/or tungstene and to a method for the anti-corrosive conversion treatment of metal surfaces. The chromium-free aqueous agent is suitable for the treatment of various metal materials, joined in composite structures, amongst others of steel or galvanized steel or the alloys thereof or any combinations of said materials. Furthermore, surfaces of aluminum and alloys thereof can be treated in an anti-corrosive manner using the agent according to the invention. The anti-corrosive treatment is intended in particular as a pretreatment for a subsequent dip-coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Jan-Willem Brouwer, Jens Kroemer, Sophie Cornen, Michael Frank, Nicole Teubert, Franz-Adolf Czika
  • Patent number: 8801871
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an aqueous composition and to a method for the anticorrosion conversion treatment of metallic surfaces, particularly metallic materials which are assembled into composite structures, comprising steel or galvanized or alloy-galvanized steel and any combinations of these materials, the composite structure being composed at least in part of aluminum or the alloys thereof. The aqueous composition according to the invention is based on a phosphating solution and contains, in addition to water-soluble compounds of zirconium and titanium, a quantity of free fluoride in a ratio that both permits phosphating of the steel and galvanized and/or alloy-galvanized steel surfaces and determines low pickling rates with regard to the aluminum substrate with simultaneous passivation of the aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Jan-Willem Brouwer, Jens Krömer, Matthias Hamacher, Stephan Winkels, Frank-Oliver Pilarek, Marc Balzer
  • Patent number: 8764916
    Abstract: An agent for the production of anti-corrosion layers on metal surfaces is produced by producing an aqueous solution, which contains at least oxo-cations and halogen complex anions, and forming nanoparticles in the solution in situ by physical and/or chemical treatment of the solution. The oxo-cations are selected from MnO3+, VO3+, VO2+, WO22+, MoO22+, TiO2+, ZrO2+ and mixtures thereof, and the halogen complex anions have the structure MXab?, wherein M is selected from B, Ti, Zr, Si, Al, X is selected from F, Cl, Br, I, a is an integer of between 3 and 6 and b is an integer of between 1 and 4. The nanoparticles have a mean particle diameter of <500 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Atotech Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Hermann Donsbach, Udo Hofmann, Joerg Unger
  • Publication number: 20140174608
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a high strength galvanized steel sheet has a first heating step including heating to 400° C. to 750° C. in an atmosphere containing O2: 0.1 to 20 percent and H2O: 1 to 50 percent and heating to 600° C. to 850° C. in an atmosphere containing O2: 0.01 to less than 0.1 percent and H2O: 1 to 20 percent is applied to a steel sheet, a second heating step includes holding the steel sheet in an atmosphere containing H2: 1 to 50 percent and having a dew point of 0° C. or lower at 750° C. to 900° C. for 15 to 600 s, cooling to a temperature of 450° C. to 550° C., and holding is performed at that temperature for 10 to 200 s, and a galvanization treatment is applied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Mai Miyata, Yoshitsugu Suzuki, Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yasunobu Nagataki
  • Patent number: 8759070
    Abstract: The present invention relates a recombinant Clostridium expressing one or more heterologous Wood-Ljungdahl (WL) genes. In particular, the recombinant Clostridium produces a metabolite at an increased level. The present invention also relates to a method for producing a metabolite by the recombinant Clostridium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: University of Delaware
    Inventors: Eleftherios T. Papoutsakis, Mohab Ali Al-Hinai, Shawn William Jones, Dinesh Chanukya Indurthi, Daniel Knox Mitchell, Alan Fast
  • Patent number: 8741074
    Abstract: A non-chromate conversion coating for copper or other alloys. The conversion coating is composed of hydrotalcite-like compound (HTlcs). The conversion coating adheres well with the alloys, and provides excellent corrosion protection. In addition, corrosion inhibitive species were incorporated into the coating. The coating with inhibitors incorporated showed damage-responsive properties. The corrosion protection property of the conversion coating was further enhanced through applying a surface sealer. The coating has applicability in industrial heat exchangers that use reclaimed water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: NEI Corporation
    Inventors: Hongbo Ding, Jiong Liu
  • Patent number: 8728251
    Abstract: A chromium-free aqueous treatment solution for coating metal surfaces is described. The treatment solution contains fluorocomplex ions of titanium and/or zirconium and molybdate ions, vanadium ions and one or more aromatic carboxylic acids with at least one carboxyl groups and at least two further functional groups, wherein the two further functional groups are selected from the group comprising carboxyl groups, hydroxyl groups, amino groups and nitro groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Bulk Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Stephanie Greber
  • Publication number: 20140124100
    Abstract: Methods of reducing an initial cross-sectional area of a hole in a component to a predetermined cross-sectional area including preparing a composition comprising at least an aluminum alloy with a melting temperature higher than aluminum, applying the composition to an interior surface of the hole, and then heating the component to cause a metal within the component to diffuse from the component into the composition and react with the aluminum alloy in the composition to form a coating on the interior surface of the hole. The heating step is performed to selectively modify the initial cross-sectional area of the hole and thereby directly attain the predetermined cross-sectional area thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2012
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Stephen Gerard Pope, Dennis William Cavanaugh, John Gregory Obeirne, Eric Eicher McConnell, Mark Lawrence Hunt, Canan Hardwicke
  • Publication number: 20140116574
    Abstract: A chemically etched two dimensional matrix symbol is provided on a substrate. The substrate may be metal or plastic. In another embodiment, a process is described for forming a plurality of two dimensional matrix symbols at the same time in batches. The two dimensional data matrix symbol comprises a substrate, a plurality of grooves and a plurality of raised areas and a plurality of ink spots disposed in the grooves according to a predefined code. The matrix is readable by a scanning device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Texas Namepolate Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Roy Dale Crownover
  • Publication number: 20140120357
    Abstract: An aqueous composition for forming a chemical conversion layer on a metal surface, wherein the composition contains at least one active component for the formation of the chemical conversion layer, as well as at least one thickener, and has a viscosity in the range between 10 mPa*s and 10000 mPa*s.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicants: EADS Deutschland GmbH, Airbus Operations GmbH
    Inventors: Sonja Nixon, Martin Beneke, Dominik Raps
  • Patent number: 8691028
    Abstract: A method for protecting a surface of an article includes preparing or otherwise providing a reactive solution of a form of polyaniline and an acid, thereafter applying the reactive solution to the surface of the article to form an adherent conversion coating on the surface, thereafter oxidizing the adherent conversion coating to form an oxidized coating, and thereafter contacting a chromate-free, corrosion inhibiting organic compound such as a salt of a dithiocarbamate or a salt of a dimercaptothiadiazole to the oxidized coating to form a fixed conversion coating on the surface of the article. The resulting article has the fixed conversion coating adhered to the surface of the article. The fixed conversion coating has a mixture of a reduced polyaniline salt, and a fixed disulfur-linked dithiocarbamate polymer or dimer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Martin W. Kendig, Melitta M. Hon, Leslie F. Warren, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8679586
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for improving the corrosion-protecting pre-treatment of metal surfaces and using rinse water in a manner to conserve resources in such a corrosion-protecting pre-treatment, comprising a conversion treatment step using an aqueous composition comprising at least 50 ppm of the elements B, Si, Ti, Zr and/or Hf in the form of water-soluble compounds at a pH value of 3 to 5.5, wherein a minimum fraction of 10 ppm of the elements B, Si, Ti, Zr and/or Hf in the form of water-soluble compounds is present in the last pre-rinse step and a portion of the aqueous composition of the conversion treatment step is contained in the first post-rinse step. The resource-conserving use of the rinse water is accomplished according to the invention by way of a cascaded return of rinse water from the last rinse step to the first rinse step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Franz-Adolf Czika, Sophie Cornen, Jens Kroemer, Michael Frank, Nicole Teubert, Jan-Willem Brouwer
  • Publication number: 20140048181
    Abstract: A flat steel product, intended to be formed into a component by hot press forming and having a base made of steel, onto which a metal anti-corrosion coating of a Zn or a Zn alloy is applied. A separate finishing coat is applied to at least one of the free surfaces of the flat steel product. The finishing coat includes at least one base metal compound (oxide, nitride, sulphide, sulphate, carbide, carbonate, fluoride, hydrate, hydroxide, or phosphate). Also, a method enabling the production of a flat steel product of this kind.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP STEEL EUROPE AG
    Inventors: Janko Banik, Marc Blumenau, Maria Koeyer, Tobias Lewe, Axel Schrooten
  • Patent number: 8617321
    Abstract: The present invention provides a surface treatment method for an aluminum alloy and a surface treatment method for a magnesium alloy, which enable providing the surface of an aluminum alloy containing magnesium or the surface of a magnesium alloy with sufficient corrosion resistance to corrosive gases, while preventing the surface from scattering magnesium therefrom even when used in a vacuum at a temperature of not less than 300° C. In this method, a carbon fluoride compound is applied over the surface of the aluminum alloy containing magnesium or the surface of the magnesium alloy, followed by heating in an oxygen atmosphere, thereby forming a fluoride passivation film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignees: Ulvac, Inc., Ulvac Techno, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunji Misawa, Sakae Inayoshi, Hiroshi Sato
  • Patent number: 8608869
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for improving the corrosion behavior of cast magnesium alloy articles in which the magnesium alloy comprises an average composition of more than about 5 per cent by weight of aluminum. A microstructure with regions of varying aluminum content is developed during solidification. The microstructure comprises magnesium-rich grains generally surrounded by an aluminum-enriched phase on the boundaries between adjacent grains. The magnesium-rich grain interiors are then selectively chemically or electrochemically attacked to leave a more corrosion resistant aluminum-enriched surface on the articles. The corrosion resistance of the articles may be further enhanced by one or more of anodizing, aluminizing or painting the corrosion-resistant aluminum-enriched surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Deepika Sachdeva, Arun M. Kumar, Guangling Song
  • Patent number: 8591638
    Abstract: A tin or tin alloy plating film surface treatment aqueous solution that can reduce whiskers on the surface of a tin or tin alloy plating film, and can provide a favorable tin or tin alloy plating film using a simple method for tin or tin alloy plating films that are used on electronic components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventor: Yutaka Morii
  • Patent number: 8568522
    Abstract: Process for passivating metallic surfaces, and a preparation suitable for implementing the process, comprising at least water, an acid, and a copolymer of functionalized (meth)acrylic esters, monomers containing phosphoric and/or phosphonic acid groups, monomers having COOH groups, and, if appropriate, further monomers. Copolymer which comprises said monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Klippel, Alexander Göthlich, Gunnar Schornick, Dietrich Fehringer, Thomas Heidenfelder, Helmut Witteler, Walter Bertkau
  • Patent number: 8540826
    Abstract: A process for surface treatment of aluminium foils includes steps of applying an etching solution to chemically etch at least one surface of the foil to form an etched surface, and forming an aluminium oxidized coating on the etched surface. The etching solution comprises an aqueous solution which includes hydrogen peroxide as an oxidant and sulfuric, orthophosphoric or nitric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: University of Windsor
    Inventors: Srimanta Ray, Jerald A. D. Lalman
  • Publication number: 20130244057
    Abstract: A magnetic storage and retrieval system and a manufacturing technique thereof are disclosed herein. A chemical reaction is triggered upon a surface of each Metallic layer of a plurality of metallic layers disposed on a substrate. It is also determined whether a metallic material of the surface has transformed to a new metallic material that is more chemically resistant than the metallic material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Darin D. Lindig
  • Patent number: 8530100
    Abstract: A method of surface treating a separator plate of a fuel cell comprises reacting the separator plate with an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide. The aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide comprises one or more salts of one or more transition metals. The one or more transition metals have variable oxidation states. This method makes the surface of the separator plate hydrophilic (˜35 deg contact angle of water) and improves its electrical conductivity. The method of surface treating a separator plate (e.g., a graphite and/or graphite composite plate) of a fuel cell can further comprise a method of modifying wettability of the separator plate comprising treating the separator plate with a solution comprising one or more silanes. In another embodiment, a method of modifying wettability of a separator plate (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignees: Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company
    Inventors: Dmitri Vdovine, Natalia Kremliakova, Andrei Bogdanov
  • Patent number: 8506728
    Abstract: In a process which is before a treatment process of forming a chemical conversion, TiO2 fine particles as an electron releasing-related substance (electron releasing substance) are attached onto a surface of a vehicle body. Then, a chemical conversion treatment is applied to the vehicle body having the TiO2 fine particles attached thereto. Thereby, an energy band gap of a finally-formed chemical conversion film can be smaller than that of a chemical conversion film formed by using only a chemical conversion treatment agent. Accordingly, the number of electrons (free electrons) which can be supplied onto the surface of a chemical conversion film can be increased during a voltage application in an electrodeposition coating process, and reducing reaction at a cathode can be promoted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Daiji Katsura, Tsutomu Shigenaga
  • Patent number: 8496762
    Abstract: A method of preparing an aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate to accept an adherent coating thereon is provided. The method includes the steps of degreasing the substrate, deoxidizing the substrate, and providing a prepaint conversion coating on the degreased and deoxidized substrate. The prepaint conversion coating composition comprises i) a source of fluoride ions; ii) a source of zirconium ions; iii) an acrylic resin; and iv) an optical brightener and forms a colorless, chromium-free conversion coating on the aluminum substrate that can be observed by exposing the treated substrate to UV light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Inventors: Roberto Zoboli, Sara Salsa, Massimo Garzone
  • Publication number: 20130115421
    Abstract: There is disclosed a multilayered protective coating and use thereof, the protective coating comprising of at least an inner silane layer and an outer parylene layer, for protecting metallic surfaces of implant materials from corrosion processes and release of heavy metal ions from implant into a patient's organism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2013
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Applicant: Uniwersytet Jagiellonski
    Inventor: Uniwersytet Jagiellonski